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Defenders of Reason in Islam: Mu'tazililism from Medieval School to Modern Symbol
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Defenders of Reason in Islam: Mu'tazililism from Medieval School to Modern Symbol

4.36  ·  Rating Details ·  22 Ratings  ·  5 Reviews
Drawing on texts both ancient and modern, this book explores rational theology in Islam, from ninth and tenth century Mu'tazilism to rationalist modernist scholarship.
Paperback, 288 pages
Published October 30th 1997 by Oneworld Publications (first published October 1st 1997)
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Aasem Bakhshi
Jun 07, 2011 Aasem Bakhshi rated it really liked it
This is a multifarious survey of past and present of Islamic rationalism and an invaluable work as far as contemporary sense of classical Mutazilite rationalism is concerned. Authors have also contributed greatly to Islamic studies by introducing comparatively lesser known modern scholars like Harun Nasution and Hassan Hanafi. One can just hope that more works like this would tremendously help reviving the spirit of Kalam.
Hanafi Student
Dec 17, 2015 Hanafi Student rated it really liked it
Shelves: theology
This book presents the historical context and core theological principles of the now, long defunct yet essentially important school of rational theology in early Islam; the Mu'tazilites. This it does by presenting in translation a theological primer (Kitab al-Usul al-Khamsa) by it's last greatest exponent, Qadi 'Abd al-Jabbar and furthermore, it presents the enduring significance of neo-Mu'tazilite thought and it's potential implications for the post-modern future. The value of the book lies in ...more
Joel
May 22, 2015 Joel rated it really liked it
At the very beginning of Islamic theological history a group of mutakalliman (the word for theologian Islamic tradition) in Baghdad and Basra, in an attempt to defend their new religion from external detractors and internal corruption, developed “the first systematic thought-out creed for Islam”; the kalam (theology) called the Mu’tazila.

The Mu’tazila is a rationalist approach to the interpretation of the Qu’ran defending human freedom and positing that reason came before faith; stating that onl
...more
Tariq Mahmood
Oct 07, 2012 Tariq Mahmood rated it it was amazing
Shelves: sufi
Its a rare book on the value of Reason in Islam. yes there was a time when the words (Kalam) were really valued within the power corridors of Islam, when thinkers and philosophers had lengthy dialogues where they openly argued for their opinions, without fear of reprisals from either the government or the people. Impossible to believe? Yes I am talking about the age where Freedom-of-Speech was celebrated and blind-faith derided in knowledge bases like Baghdad. I can still see the remnants within ...more
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Mar 27, 2017 Muhammad Lutfi rated it it was amazing
Should one wonder whether has there even been rational school of thought in Islam then this book will provide a brief glimpse of that long-lost era. Era when scholars showcase each other's case in a grand hope of building the foundation of an entire religious and philosophical school of thought. This ever more relevant in the 21st century reality.
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