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Genealogía de la moral

4.09  ·  Rating Details  ·  9,887 Ratings  ·  280 Reviews
This is one of the most accessible of Nietzsche's works. It was published in 1887, a year after Beyond Good and Evil, and he intended it to be a continuation of the investigation into the theme of morality. In the first work, Nietzsche attacked the notion of morality as nothing more than institutionalised weakness, and he criticised past philosophers for their unquestionin ...more
224 pages
Published (first published 1887)
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Edward
Chronology
Introduction & Notes
Note on the Text and Translation
Further Reading


On the Genealogy of Morals: A Polemic

--Preface
--First Essay: 'Good and Evil', 'Good and Bad'
--Second Essay: 'Guilt', 'Bad Conscience' and Related Matters
--Third Essay: What Do Ascetic Ideals Mean?

Notes
Rowland Bismark
Jun 03, 2010 Rowland Bismark rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.

The first essay, "'Good and Evil,' 'Good and Bad'" contrasts what Nietzsche calls "master morality" and "slave morality." Master morality was developed by the strong, healthy, and free, who saw their own happiness as good and named it thus. By contrast, they s
...more
Jacob
Imagine that you are in a nameless suburb, say California for example, and you stumble home drunk on bad whiskey and stoned off of cheap weed. This is purely hypothetical. You hover over the toilet and puke up the bad whiskey and some nameless food substance. The next morning you sit on the toilet reading this book. You read the lines "the complete and definitive victory of atheism might free mankind of this whole feeling of guilty indebtedness towards its origin, its causa prima. Atheism and a ...more
Nikos Tsentemeidis
Jan 24, 2016 Nikos Tsentemeidis rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: owned
Από τα πιο ώριμα έργα του Νίτσε και πιο "επίσημα" σε ύφος. Σίγουρα χρειάζεται κι άλλη ανάγνωση, αφού προηγηθούν τα πιο πρώιμα.

Δε χρειάζονται πολλά λόγια για τον Νίτσε. Πρόκειται για φιλόσοφο με τρομερή διαύγεια σκέψεων τις οποίες εκφράζει με αξιοσημείωτη ευθύτητα.
Pooriya
Apr 20, 2013 Pooriya rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, religious
مانیفستِ ضد اخلاق نیچه! نیچه در این کتاب کاری را که در ابتدا آغاز کرده بود و در آثار بعدی و به خصوص فراسوی نیک و بد ادامه داده بود به سرحدات خود میرساند. او با اخلاق میجنگد و جنگ خود را یکی از معلولهای خود آن اخلاق میداند.
نیچه در این اثر به خوبی واژگونگی مفاهیم را به ریشخند میگیرد و بیان میکند چگونه مفاهیم «نیک» اخلاق روزگاران گذشته امروز «شر» تفسیر میشوند و برعکس. او برای کار خود از زبانشناسی، تاریخ، اسطورهشناسی، فیزیولوژی، دین و حتی خود اخلاق برای اثبات مدعایش استفاده میکند و در بیشتر مواقع در
...more
ماهرعبد الرحمن
الجينيالوجيا تعني علم الأنساب، وهذه هي الترجمة العربية المتاحة والتي لا توفي المعنى الأصلي للكلمة حقه؛ بمعنى أنها ترجمة اختزالية وتلك قصة طويلة عن أزمة المصطلح التي تجعلنا نستخدم ونفضل اللفظ الأجنبي في أحيان كثيرة؛ لأنه الأفضل والأدق تعبيرا، والمكتمل المعنى.. وهذه المشكلة ليست مشكلة نقص كلمات في اللغة العربية، وإنما هي مشكلة نقص إنتاج معرفي، مشكلة تخلف حضاري..هذه المصطلحات هي جزء من مسيرة بُنى علمية ومنهجيات وفلسفة وجدل متواصل، بل إن المصطلح بذاته يتطور معرفيا؛ فجينيولوجيا نيتشه ليست هي جينيالوج ...more
Dylan Grant
A truly delightful intellectual romp that is both entertaining and disturbing.

It is entertaining because Nietzsche is an outrageously brilliant writer who expresses his complex philosophical ideas in a creative way, and who makes even the most cynical ideas sound beautiful. Nietzsche is truly blessed for having the analytical brain of a philosopher as well as masterful skill in sculpting beautiful phrases, like a poet.

It is disturbing because of Nietzsche's tremendous cynicism, which can often
...more
Lila Dimaki
Jan 24, 2016 Lila Dimaki rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Πιστεύω πως η κριτική μου σε ένα τέτοιο μεγαλειώδες έργο είναι ασήμαντη και περιττή.Θα περιοριστω στο να εκφράσω τον αμέριστο θαυμασμό μου για το μυαλό αυτού του Ανθρώπου.
Hamidreza Hosseini
ما اهل دانش رفته رفته به هرچه اهل ایمان است بدگمان شده ایم. و این بدگمانی ما را رفته رفته به نتیجه گیری هایی باژگونه ی نتیجه گیری های روزگاران پیشین رسانده است: یعنی هر جا که قوّت ایمان بسیار به نمایش گذاشته می شود، حکایت از ضعف برهان دارد و ناممکنی درونمایه ی ایمان. ما هیچ انکار نمی کنیم که ایمان مایه ی سعادت است، بلکه درست به همین دلیل بر آنیم که ایمان چیزی را اثبات نمی کند …
Kyle van Oosterum
Feb 22, 2016 Kyle van Oosterum rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
This treatise stands as the most sustained criticism of Judaeo-Christian values, or rather, the origin of said values. Nietzsche redefines them as the products of the brutal conditioning of our animal instincts over the centuries. The failure to retaliate became "goodness", fear into "humility", submission to those who one hates "obedience" and cowardice into "patience".

Discarding the methods of his contemporaries, Nietzsche comes up with a theory, which delineates how morals come to evolve wit
...more
Grace
Mar 30, 2011 Grace rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Very readable, once I got into it. I would recommend to anyone wanted to make a start with Nietzsche, and it's really short too. He was obviously a very troubled man as well as a bit of a psychologist. I'm pretty sure he wouldn't give a second thought to my opinion though - I'm definitely one of the sick. From a history of ideas point of view, his take-up of ideas about degeneration and frequent health and illness related metaphors are particularly useful. And good to read in conjunction with Fo ...more
Dana Garrett
It's difficult to identify what is most drudging about Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals. There is so much to choose from: the incessant implicit boasting of how the author transcends the puerile morality of the masses or the juvenile tirades against democracy and egalitarianism or the unmistakable misogyny (rife in his other writings as well) or the flimsily concealed antisemitism (Nietzsche's denunciations of blatant antisemitism notwithstanding) or the brutish exaltation of violence and conques ...more
Said Abuzeineh
Feb 16, 2016 Said Abuzeineh rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
هذا الكتاب وكتابان سيتلوانه هما (غسق الأوثان، ونقيض المسيح) هما ذروة فلسفته وأكثر صورها وضوحا وجرأة وإفصاحا عن نظريته في انحلال الغرب
في هذا الكتاب يروي نيتشه قصة الأخلاق من وجهة نظره كيف نشأت ويرد نشأتها إلى صورة صراع طبيعي بين السادة والعبيد
وهو يسر د التحول الذي نشأت فيه الأخلاق عند العبيد كرد فعل على تفوق الأسياد.

وما يهمنا في أعمال نيتشه عند هذه النقطة هو أنه ما أوغلنا فيها إلا وبان لنا عميق صلة فلسفته بنظرة ابن خلدون للطبيعة الصراعية للتاريخ ، وأعني طبيعة التغلب وطلب المجد ، وأن هذه الفلسفة
...more
Dustyn Hessie
Feb 14, 2012 Dustyn Hessie rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Young Thinkers
Recommended to Dustyn by: Michel Foucault
I think it will be useful for future readers that I point out a few of Nietzsche's highly problematic ideas in this book (this book is not one of my favorite Nietzsche books, but it's still full of great ideas):

1) Nietzsche goes a little too far in his attack of dirtiness when he states that we should segregate the sick from the healthy, he suggests that the healthy and happy men should, "keep clear of the madhouses and hospitals". Didn't Nietzsche spend quite a lot of time in a madhouse?

2) He
...more
عهد زرزور
القلق النيتشاوي الذي يبعثه في مباحثه الثلاثة *الخير والشر * الضمير المتعب *المثل الزهدية،
هذا القلق الذي بتّ في أمر حقيقة عدم وجوده رغم سخريته ممن يدعي امتلاك كنه الحقيقة، يوصلك إلى أبعاد أخرى غير التي قصدها، من غيرالعقلاني أن أضع تقييماً للكتاب من موقف نيتشه اتجاه الدين والروحانيات وإلا لكنت احترزت من قراءته أصلاً،
في النهاية الإنعكاسات الإجتماعية والسياسية لأية افكار تجعل لها مساحات جيدة وكثيرة قابلة للفرد والإلغاء وخاصة في مراحل الإنحطاط الحضاري، ومراحل الإنغلاق على التاريخ والقيم والشيء الجاهز
...more
Domhnall
Apr 23, 2015 Domhnall rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I found this the most accessible of Nietzsche's books because it comes closest - especially in the second essay - to a straight exposition of his theories. The trouble is I liked it too much to paraphrase anything. I will only give one quote, which you will notice is excessively lengthy:

Section 13: To give at least an idea of how uncertain, how supplemental, how accidental the “meaning” of punishment is, and how one and the same procedure can be employed, interpreted, adapted to ends that differ
...more
saizine
Mar 14, 2015 saizine rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Nietzsche's On The Genealogy of Morals is an interesting one - I find it difficult to say that I liked the book, for 'like' seems to be an inadequate moniker for how I approached the work. I enjoyed the read, not because I agree with everything Nietzsche writes and not because I found the structure compelling or the argument entirely cohesive, but because reading Genealogy makes you think and encourages critical engagement: Do value systems have inherent value? Have morals always been as we conc ...more
Sheldon L
Aug 02, 2011 Sheldon L rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In this stunningly awesome book, Nietzsche investigates the origins of morality!

Unlike other philosophers who look for the origins of morality in utility (i.e. what is good is what is useful qualitatively not quantitatively to most persons), Nietzsche conducts an etymology of sin and morals.

Surprisingly, the root words of moral actions have several links with ideas of nobility and slavery.
Nietzsche fleshes this out as the opposition of master/noble morality vs. slave morality.

The master morality
...more
Fadi
Apr 09, 2016 Fadi rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
"perhaps an even more ‘modern’, pleasure-seeking, voluptuous type who flirts with life as much as
with the ascetic ideal, who uses the word ‘artist’ as a glove and commandeers for himself the praise of contemplation: oh, how thirsty these cloying wits make me even for ascetics and winter landscapes! No! Let such ‘contemplative’ people go to the devil! I would vastly prefer to wander through the most sombre, grey, cold mists with those historic nihilists!"
Farnaz
Apr 10, 2016 Farnaz rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
در مجموع کتاب خوبی بود به خصوص بخش دوم که راجع به گناه و بد وجدانی است، کاملا برای کسانی که علاقهمند به روانکاوی فرویدی هستن توصیه میشه. تنها مشکلش از نظر من شیوهی ارائهای از زبان فارسی بود که مترجم انتخاب کرده بود. واقعا شیوهی ترجمه رو دوست نداشتم ...more
Rebecca McNutt
May 13, 2015 Rebecca McNutt rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves:
detailed and extensive account on the history of ethics and how religion and idealism has changed and shaped human morality over time. It was incredibly interesting, well-written and definitely worth reading.
Trilok
Jan 04, 2011 Trilok rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Once in a while something so truly shocking is written that even if you don't agree with what the author says, it still makes you take stock and examine your beliefs. This Essay by Nietzsche made me question the nature of my conscience and made me realize how much guilt is a part of it. I had read "Thus spoke Zarathustra" by Nietzsche before, but it didn't have the same effect on me. This may have come along at a key point in my life, or perhaps, it really is a phenomenal Essay.
I gave it 4 star
...more
Rosa Ramôa
Jun 26, 2015 Rosa Ramôa rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"A Fragilidade dos Valores


Todas as coisas «boas» foram noutro tempo más; todo o pecado original veio a ser virtude original. O casamento, por exemplo, era tido como um atentado contra a sociedade e pagava-se uma multa, por ter tido a imprudência de se apropriar de uma mulher (ainda hoje no Cambodja o sacerdote, guarda dos velhos costumes, conserva o jus primae noctis). Os sentimentos doces, benévolos, conciliadores, compassivos, mais tarde vieram a ser os «valores por excelência»; por muito temp
...more
Kyle
Nietzsche is, as he always is, awesome. His criticism of empiricism and Kant could be more elaborate but the value of his thoughts is more in the process rather than the result. Challenging the methods and ultimately their results is where Nietzsche succeeds. His whimsical polemic emphasizes a historical approach and challenges the standards of his time. The re-evaluation of values is his ultimate conclusion due to the prevailing Christian morality, which seems to be on the right track.
Ahmed Azimov
Jan 29, 2013 Ahmed Azimov rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
شوط اخر في سعي الانسان الى الشقاء بتفسيراتٍ حياتيّه تزيد من جرعته، فالانسان اعجز من أن يبرر ذاته أو يؤكدها، فيبقى شقيّا أمام حياته ومعناها

من أرفع الأعمال النيتشويه بجوار زرادشت وماوراء الخير والشر
Yasmina Elhayane
Mar 29, 2016 Yasmina Elhayane rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves:
Expect a lot of utterly charming prose. Unfortunately, there are at least a couple of inflammatory statements in here that would give the antisemite or racist a real boner. This isn't a philosophical treatise. It's meant to be inflammatory and to provoke thought. Don't expect carefully laid out arguments, but instead a biased historical analysis and some etymological arguments that make sense only to the philologist or linguist. If you believe the premise to be true that the Jewish priestly clas ...more
John Pistelli
I feel like I've been reading this book all my life, but I've never done it carefully and cover to cover before. I first tried it when I was too young to understand (18 or 19--a crack-spined copy purchased at a now-defunct occult shop on the South Side of Pittsburgh), then again in the summer of 2003, when I did understand a bit, more than I wanted; it put me off Nietzsche for a while--the description of the beast of prey, performing murder, rape, and arson like a schoolboy playing a prank, soun ...more
Lotz
For all his brilliance, Nietzsche was not one for exposition or systematic investigation. He writes in impassioned bursts rather than extended thoughts—a style in keeping with his abhorrence for all things stale, academic, and ‘English’. This quality is evident right from the preface, which is divided into several shorter prefaces. These frequent breaks are maintained throughout the book, each essay being divided into chunks too short for subchapters, but too long for aphorisms.

On one level, thi
...more
pearl
May 31, 2012 pearl rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites, philosophy
This little number packs a wallop.

Unlike The Gay Science and Beyond Good and Evil, the writings here are not in Nietzsche's usual aphoristic form (though still not long by any means). The essays sprawl, ebb into ellipses, and start again with dashes. They are decorated at random by curiously-placed ?'s and !'s, and what can be the most disruptive parenthetical asides, sometimes all within the same sentence. He quotes himself. He seems to be yelling at times, laughing and lamenting in others. He
...more
Julie Rylie
Feb 29, 2016 Julie Rylie rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A Genealogia da moral é composta por três ensaios, “O bem e o mal”; “A culpa ou má consciência” e “o ideal ascético”. É promulgada uma interpretação do que é a moral, começando por procurar definir, através da dissecação histórica o que é o bem e o mal, aborda a moral escrava e o que denomina de “ressentiment” contra a moral aristocrática. Aborda o judaísmo, o cristianismo, o que chama de “platonismo” numa critica constante ao poder eclesiástico. Questiona a fé dos que denomina como sendo mais f ...more
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  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
  • Nietzsche and Philosophy (European Perspectives)
  • Fear and Trembling/Repetition (Kierkegaard's Writings, Volume 6)
  • Monadology
  • The World as Will and Representation, Vol 2
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Economic & Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844/The Communist Manifesto
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • De Anima (On the Soul)
  • Of Grammatology
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  • Meno
  • On the Aesthetic Education of Man
  • On Certainty
1938
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) is a German philosopher of the late 19th century who challenged the foundations of Christianity and traditional morality. He was interested in the enhancement of individual and cultural health, and believed in life, creativity, power, and the realities of the world we live in, rather than those situated in a world beyond. Central to his philosophy is the ide ...more
More about Friedrich Nietzsche...

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“We are unknown to ourselves, we men of knowledge - and with good reason. We have never sought ourselves - how could it happen that we should ever find ourselves? It has rightly been said: "Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also"; our treasure is where the beehives of our knowledge are.” 17 likes
“. . . there is no being behind doing, effecting, becoming; "the doer" is merely a fiction added to the deed—the deed is everything.” 7 likes
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