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The Rise Of The Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding

3.81  ·  Rating Details ·  595 Ratings  ·  38 Reviews
In this influential study, Ian Watt traces the genesis and development of the most popular of all literary forms, the novel. In his penetrating and original readings of Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson and Henry Fielding, he investigates the reasons why the three main eighteenth-century novelist wrote in the way they did - a way resulting ultimately in the modern novel of t ...more
Paperback, 320 pages
Published January 6th 2000 by Pimlico (first published 1957)
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Paul Bryant
Mar 26, 2009 Paul Bryant rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: litcrit
O unread novelists don’t stare at me so
I’ve every intention to give you a go

Now no one should be forced to
Read any Paul Auster
And I think Malcolm Lowry
Is a little too flowery
And I couldn’t give a duck
About Pearl S. Buck
But I should have read a heck of
A lot more of Chekhov
And I find myself inchin
Towards Thomas Pynchon
(But Chimamanda Adiche
Is she really that peachy?
And does Joyce Carol Oates
Still float all my boats?
Is there now a gulf
Between me and Tom Wolfe?)

My relatives frighten
Me with Michael C
This is Dale Spender talking about this book: 'He devotes three hundred pages to male novelists and restricts his assessment of females to a single sentence: ‘‘The majority of eighteenth century novels were actually written by women.’’ '

This is the jacket blurb for Watt's book:

"The Rise of the Novel is Ian Watt's classic description of the interworkings of social conditions, changing attitudes, and literary practices during the period when the novel emerged as the dominant literary form of the i
Jun 03, 2016 Alan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A clarifying book, written with certainty. Ch I. Realism, the issue of correspondence between literary work and "reality" it imitates: cf Rembrandt's verité humain, not idéalté poétique. Ch II. The Reading Public and the Rise of the Novel: audience not such a wide cross-section as, say, Elizabethan drama, and not "popular" as half-penny ballads, chapbooks abbreviating romances, etc. Though Defoe's stories of criminals..!
Defoe's audience, the trading classes: economic individualism and secular p
Some reasons for my ug-ness.

1. Anyone which makes some random comparison to D. W. Griffith's skill in moviemaking (when it doesn't really have that much to do with the subject at hand) to show off your knowledge just shows you're a racist.

2. I hate books which assume everything ends and begins with England and dead white men and ignores the rest of the world and the other genders.
Justin Evans
May 28, 2009 Justin Evans rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In some senses, I guess this book is out of date. Watt deals with the most influential early English novelists, while taking care to show that they probably weren't 'Novelists' as we think of them today. He's not interested in expanding the canon, or arguing that less influential writers are better than his chosen three (Defoe, Richardson and Fielding). He doesn't focus on gender, or race, or class. He doesn't try to uncover inconsistencies within the novels he writes about. There's no political ...more
Nov 09, 2014 Antonia rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: research
It's a good reference book for those who are interested in the "rise of the novel" (in 18th century England to be precise). Even though it was written 50 years ago, it is still relevant in novel studies and also accessible for the non-academic. Watt focuses on three authors: Defoe, Fielding, and Richardson, and he also expands on the religious, economic, and social factors which enabled the popularity of the novel and the changes which the novel brought forth in terms of plot and characters. Whi ...more
Jun 09, 2014 Danny rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In this book, Watt investigates the origins of the early British novel by combining the formalist methodologies of The New Criticism (in its heyday then) with historical analysis. He argues that the novel emerges as the consequence of a distinctly new set of social and economic conditions associated with the advent of Western Modernity: the individualist orientation initiated by the Reformation and the writings of Locke & Descartes (as opposed to the traditionalism of the classical and medie ...more
Dec 11, 2014 Fahimeh rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The Rise of the Novel by Ian Watt is a classical study of history of the novel, or it is better to say its genesis in England. Watt analyzes three main English novelists in the advent of narrative fiction: Samuel Richardson, Daniel Defoe, and Henry Fielding. He also explains different types of their narration type from historical, sociological, economical, and biographical aspects while comparing and contrasting their themes and techniques of narration. This book is a good beginning to study the ...more
Antonio Gallo
Il suo Rise of the Novel: Studi di Defoe, Richardson e Fielding (1957) è un lavoro importante nella storia del genere. Anche se pubblicato nel 1957, la nascita del romanzo è ancora considerato da molti studiosi letterari come uno dei lavori più importanti sulle origini del romanzo. Il libro ripercorre la nascita del romanzo moderno filosofico, sottolineando le tendenze economiche e sociali, e le condizioni che diventarono di primo piano nel 18 ° secolo. E' utile anche oggi, come nel XXI secolo, ...more
Read this for my prelims. No comment other than this is a seminal work on the 18C novel, and so if you're interested in that topic, it'd probably interest you, and is very readable.
Chinwuba Somto
Mar 19, 2017 Chinwuba Somto rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
it's good
Jun 10, 2013 Nelson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A seminal (rather than ovular) text in the study of the origins of the novel. Watt ties the origins to boys and the emergence of what he calls formal realism. This linking lets him focus on Defoe as a slightly inept progenitor whose economic individualism allows him to write in almost granular detail about the lives of his protagonists, insofar as those lives are connected to material goods. So the big hits here are Crusoe and, especially, Moll Flanders. It is when Watt turns to Richardson, espe ...more
Apr 12, 2016 Ron rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
Undoubtedly an important text in the discussion of the role of the novel in modern literature. However, there are several glaring problems with it, some of them owed to the age of the text and the changes the past six decades brought with them.

Watt attempts to objectively analyse the differences between earlier literature and the more modern novel and calls attention to distinctions in language, topics, characters and narrative principles. Unfortunately, he links them so tightly to contemporaneo
Feb 02, 2010 Andrew rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A very compelling take on the history of the novel, both readable and sophisticated, if a bit dated. It's not just for scholars, which is probably why its lost some of its once daring critical lustre.

Watt sees the prime feature of the early novel (he begins it in the 18th Century, as opposed to those who date it back to DON QUIXOTE) as formal realism, and that this is an epistemological shift from the earlier allegories and romances. Its clear his sympathies lie with Defoe and Richardson, partic
finally finished this. main claim: lowest common denominator of the novel is its formal realism. this is what separates the novel from other literature (tragedy, comedy, poetry) : its emphasis on the ordinary. defoe, richardson, and fielding, as early progenitors of the novel, all have very different methods of reflecting the world, but they are not necessarily opposing methods, as all are realist approaches. as such, they can be seen as early exemplars/models of the variants of realism that hav ...more
I think Watt is unfairly maligned. Sure, he didn't pay enough attention to women novelists. Sure, some of his theses are overstated. But, seriously, 50+ years after this was written, it is STILL inspiring and thought provoking. Watt is a towering grandfather of the field on novel studies, and the fact that we're still chasing down his hypotheses speaks to the power of this book. It is damn thought provoking, and I find myself wondering and thinking about the ways that he has constructed the rise ...more
Zachary Hudson
I read this book on the recommendation of a history professor to use in a paper I wrote on the effect of novels on society. Ian Watt brought some interested points to the table, but failed to satisfy all the possibilities of novel's emergence and impact.
The language is generally clear, but instead of making his points clear-cut he alludes to further expansions developed later in the text that end up leaving the reader slightly dismayed at a lack of coherency. By spreading out his arguments, Watt
Hannah Givens
Sep 28, 2014 Hannah Givens rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: nonfiction, history
This is an engaging book about three of the very first novelists: Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding. It's systematic and easy to follow, but with a lot of content.

It is somewhat out of date, and cluelessly blinkered as far as material outside the white male canon, but it's still a foundational work in the field. It's worth expanding and modifying by those who've come afterward, not throwing out altogether. Much of the following research has done just that - expanded and modified.

I just skimmed the
Dec 27, 2011 Mandy rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
First of all, this book is definitely out-dated; it's a little sexist and Robinson Crusoe's desire for only a male slave as company just demands a queer reading, I think. That said, I thought the analysis of the circumstances leading to the rise of the novel was interesting, and the historical perspective is still relevant (though actual statistics not so much). I was less convinced by Watt's readings of the novels of Defoe, Richardson, and Fielding, buuuuuut I haven't read a single novel by any ...more
May 29, 2009 Kristin rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is surprisingly readable. I was a bit frustrated that he set out to argue why Richardson is a more influential writer than Fielding, but he's made me a convert. I still prefer Fielding, but his points are well-argued with clear examples. I wish he'd chosen to write more on Sterne as his thoughts there were fascinating and, as a big Austen fan, I of course loved his assertion that she was the first author to bring the different types of realism of Fielding and Richardson together into a ...more
Carol B.
Aug 25, 2016 Carol B. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
specifically focused on the section re: marriage and the novel/marriage as a literary theme.

subnote: I might begin employing brief reviews like this for my own bookkeeping of assigned/research materials. Sorry if this becomes bothersome to any of my GR friends!
Jun 23, 2008 Julie marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: own-in-library
For a class on The English Novel. I don't know that I'll be reading this all the way through. Only a short part of it is assigned for the class, and I may dip through the rest of it now and again. These lit crit/theory/history books are interesting to me, but they're also very slow going.
Pater Edmund
Apr 29, 2013 Pater Edmund rated it really liked it
A really brilliantly insightful and balanced analysis of the modern novel and its connection to modern individualism--both economic/social and philosophical. Watts is obviously highly influenced by Max Weber; he is I suppose a materialist of sorts, but not aggressively reductionist.
Oct 09, 2012 Humphrey rated it really liked it
Very interesting stuff. Even if one disagrees with some of Watt's conclusions, the text is still quite valuable for its readable and brisk delivery of historical information and neat readings of three authors who, for all their importance, probably aren't on the top of anyone's 'to-read' list.
How the novel as genre came into being in western literature.
Mar 09, 2009 Ryan rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Defoe is miserly.
Richardson is sentimental.
Fielding is rakish.
Sterne combined Richardson & Fielding.
Defoe reads like a deposition.
Oct 12, 2015 Fontaine rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
absolutely wonderful
Feb 16, 2010 Terry rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: teaching-english
Dense and dry, but quite interesting.
Jan 14, 2014 Paul rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Terrific introduction to the early novels, very readable ...
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