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Empire (Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri)

3.77  ·  Rating Details ·  1,766 Ratings  ·  81 Reviews
Imperialism as we knew it may be no more, but Empire is alive and well. It is, as Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri demonstrate in this bold work, the new political order of globalization. It is easy to recognize the contemporary economic, cultural, and legal transformations taking place across the globe but difficult to understand them. Hardt and Negri contend that they sho ...more
Paperback, 496 pages
Published 2001 by Harvard University Press (first published 2000)
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It is difficult, I think, to read a work considered “new” and/or “groundbreaking” in the very recent past after the ideas it contains have become pervasive- and not necessarily because the work ‘broke the story’ about them- and are still very active in society. Due to the many years of debate on an issue afterwards, reading the original argument can end up, through a kind of auditory dissonance, being aligned with the naïfs of the present or, even worse, the apocalyptic extremes that some people ...more
Oct 16, 2010 Jesse rated it it was ok
With respect to the authors of this strange, postmodern Marx-masturbation fest, I felt my intelligence insulted on "many levels of consciousness" and, even more strangely, given the ostensibly anti-transcendent intent of this book, condescended to from an altogether transcendent plane of existence. I shall not feign an understanding of this book in order to review it; I simply shall say I read it and felt at times rather intensely stimulated in a subjective way. But when the sun sets upon the co ...more
Well, it's...very...provocative. Not to say annoying. "Empire" was billed as the Next Big Thing--- the first Deleuze/Guattari postmodern revisioning of Marxist ideas of international politics, the path through the rhizome to 21st-century visions of re-territorialised or post-territorial empire. And it's interesting on an abstract level--- the book is rather good at deploying postmodern and post-structuralist authors to make its point. Though...the actual concrete political thoughts here really a ...more
Nov 24, 2015 Leonardo rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: world-order
Último libro de 2015. No voy a terminar nada para mañana.

Lo primero que tengo para decir es que nuevamente caí en el error de leer cosas viejas. Me da la sensación de que para leer algo viejo tiene realmente que ser un hiper clásico. Este es un texto importante en la bibliografía marxista, pero no sé si hoy en día vale la pena dedicarle tanto tiempo.

Agregué un millón de libros mientras lo iba leyendo. Creo que me pasa eso con estos libros marxistas, por dos razones: 1) citan una cantidad de bi
Mar 01, 2010 Robert rated it liked it
I have the same issue with this book as I do most books of the genre, and it is a money making genre btw. My problem is lack of realistic resolution or proposal for solution. The critique, as is the case in most of these types of books was pretty accurate. Of course there was the overgeneralization us v. them archetype, but it is necessary to make the story compelling. Also, at the end of the day this is a narrative not a history.
The critique which is essentially Marxism applied to modern globa
Jim Coughenour
Jul 19, 2007 Jim Coughenour rated it did not like it
Shelves: europeanhistory
An astonishing book – unfortunately, the herculean effort required to translate its tortured academese into intelligibility yields minimal insight. "Theory" guaranteed to neutralize any activist, but one star for sheer chutzpah.
Feb 08, 2015 Baris rated it did not like it
Shelves: comps
disclaimer: I could not read the entire book.
This book is dated, overrated, boring, lacks focus and non-original. Avoid it.
Jan 02, 2009 Christoph rated it it was amazing
Hardt and Negri have developed a post-modern tour de force with Empire. They have systematically identified the shortcomings of modern capitalism while maintaining the vernacular and spirit of avant philosophical thought. Developing on the work of Baudrillard, Foucault, and Deleuze/Guatarri, perhaps the most cogent critique of contemporary capitalist hegemony has been achieved.
By diagraming the development of capatalism from its hierarchial origins to its modern decentralized form of oppression
Jan 10, 2008 Eric rated it it was ok
Empire is a colossal disappointment, moving as it does from an excellent problem statement concerning the state of Marxist intellectualism in the face of a changing formation of capital, then to Foucault's notion of biopower, then to an apologia for the arguments the authors have already called deprecated.

But the borrowing from Foucault is an intellectual red herring. In no sense are Negri and Hardt following Foucault's notions of history, but rather wrapping themselves in his intellectual earn
Mar 14, 2009 Joseph rated it really liked it
. . . because I sound ignorant if I don't give it four stars. Also, they conclude by discussing the relevance of the term posse to their Marxist worldview. They get an extra star for that alone.
Jun 11, 2011 sologdin rated it liked it
kinda the major statement arising out of the confrontation of D&G style postmodernism with marxism proper regarding actually existing imperialism. labor intensive, but very much worthwhile.
Sencer Turunç
Jul 16, 2017 Sencer Turunç rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Kitap günümüz dünyasının ekonomi-politiğini kavramak için bir bakış açısı sunuyor ve bu yönüyle oldukça tatmin edici, gelgelelim kitapta yer alan öneriler, geleceğe ilişkin beklentiler bir wonderland, bir neverland ayarında... Şahsi fikrim tamamen absürt oldukları, üzgünüm ama hep cehalet ve sömürü dünyayı siyasi olarak şekillendirecek... Ancak kitap, kapitalizmi ve onun siyasi mekanizmasını anlamak isteyen herkes için tavsiye olunur...
René Toet
Oct 10, 2015 René Toet rated it it was ok
I was really looking forward to this book...

15 Years after its publication and – to me – this book feels quite out of date. I’m not sure how revolutionary or insightful this academic work was 15 years ago. Today, however, much of the content has found its way into contemporary culture, society and debate. Some of it is even more at home in the early 20th century. And although I didn’t read the book from cover to cover, the segments I did read felt like common sense and historic knowledge wrapped
Jun 17, 2014 Juan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Juan by: Roberto Rivera
Como cualquier libro de autores marxistas contemporáneos, tiene una literatura complicada, muy académica, llena de constantes citas y retruécanos incomprensibles; no es un libro para pasar el rato, sino más bien para leerlo poco a poco, embeberse de lo que dice y luego intentar digerirlo si no habías llegado tú previamente a la misma conclusión.

Porque yo sí lo había hecho. Los autores nos conducen apresuradamente (lo cual no es malo dadas las circunstancias) a través de la Historia moderna desde
Jc Martinez-sifre
Aug 07, 2016 Jc Martinez-sifre rated it really liked it
Once one acclimates to the specificities of Hardt and Negri's terms such as their concept of the "singularity" (totally different from how it's used by futurist Ray Kurzweil), one finds it discloses a more detailed examination of the mechanics of a concept similar to Francis Fukuyama's "The End of History," i.e. the West's continued enterprise and often forceful assertion of the attainment of providential perfection through progress.

While not explicit in their discussion, my own take-away was th
Scriptor Ignotus
A flawed but critical reconsideration of Marxism for the Post-Cold War era. With revolutionary leftism seeming to all but evaporate after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of the final major barrier to the global capitalist system, Hardt and Negri took on the task of reformulating the marxist conception of class struggle and the materialist conception of history for a post-modern, post-industrial society in which liberal capitalism is ubiquitous as a hegemonic ideology.

Their star
Dec 19, 2012 Yakup rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Aslında birşeyleri yorumlarken, bilindik,tanıdık veya klişe kavramları kullandığımızda pek etki etmediğini görebiliyoruz.Yani her taşın altından emperyalist bir Amerika'yı çıkarmak, yorumdan sayılmaz oldu.Çünkü bu nasıl bir emperyalist güçtür ki, evimize hatta yatak odamıza kadar işlesin bizi engellesin, birazda yaşamdaki mutluluklarımız veya kaygılarmızda buna dahil etmeliyiz.
Böylelikle mutlaka bunu bir sistematik işleyişi vardır.Hatta neden-sonuç ekseninde büyükler ve küçükler zorunlu bir şeki
Sara Barberá
Apr 21, 2016 Sara Barberá rated it liked it
El panorama político actual se está convirtiendo en un bochornoso espectáculo en todas partes. Es un hecho. Basta con ver la obra esperpéntica que se está escribiendo en España, donde seguimos sin gobierno tras las últimas elecciones, lo que quizás fuera el primer capítulo de esta pésima obra teatral.
En cualquier caso, no somos los únicos, en América están llevando la campaña política hacía nuevos límites esperpénticos con el mediático personaje de pelo imposible Donald Trump (cuyo apellido ori
Gizem Kendik
Sep 23, 2013 Gizem Kendik marked it as to-read

this book is on the reading list for local election candidates of Justice and Development Party in Turkey
The List ( )
- The Age of Extremes: A History of the World 1914-1991 - Eric Hobsbawn
- Utopia - Thomas More
- Yol, Bilgi, Varlık - İmam Gazali
- The End of History and the Last Man - Francis Fukuyama
- The Prince - Nicolo Machiavelli
- Küresel Barış Vizyonu - Recep Tayyip Erdoğa
- Küresel Bunalım - Ahmet Davutoğlu
- Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in Demo
Oct 03, 2016 Phillip rated it really liked it
This is no doubt an incredibly important and influential text in contemporary political economics and cultural theory. But I think there have been important changes since this book was published in 2000, and so we get a more developed and current view of Hardt and Negri's though in Commonwealth. Of course, Empire sets the stage for Commonwealth (and for Multitude, which I'll be reading relatively soon) by explaining Hardt and Negri's theory of how postmodernity and late capitalism supersede mode ...more
Aug 13, 2007 Mike rated it really liked it
What I found most interesting about this one was the focus it had on transnational politics, political bodies larger than nations spanning around the globe. Where I am from (the U.S.) people across the political spectrum are protective of the nation as a sort of top-level political entity. We talk of building fences, preventing outsourcing, national security, etc. Perhaps the nation—at least as we have known it since the 19th century—is due for a change.

I've seen some criticism that this book is
Jul 12, 2012 Pooriya rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
سرانجام، افلاتون جدید بر سر ما فریاد خواهد کشید که شما مشتی آنارشیست بیش نیستید. این درست نیست، ما آنارشیست میبودیم اگر (همچون تراسیماخوس و کالیکلس، این هم بحثهای جاویدان افلاتون) از موضع مادیتی سخن نمیگفتیم که در شبکههای مشارکت تولیدی ساخته و پرداخته شده است؛ به عبارت دیگر از ایستار انسانیتی که به صورت تولیدی و از گذر «نام مشترک» آزادی ساخته و پرداخته شده است. نه، ما آنارشیست نیستیم، بلکه کمونیستهایی هستیم که دیدهایم چقدر دولتهای بزرگ لیبرال و سوسیالیست، موجب سرکوب و نابودی انسانیت شدهاند. دیده ...more
Jan 22, 2008 solidad rated it it was amazing
Wow, what a book! Not easy going, be prepared to give some times to work through the muck and mire - if I could, I'd knock off half a star for its academese. Someone seriously needs to write a short book or pamphlet breaking down why this book is important, and more critically, how to make sense of what they're positing without taking the days or weeks it takes to digest it all.

Short version: combine Foucaultian biopolitics with the militancy and self-affirming collectivization and resistance o
Jul 22, 2013 Adam rated it liked it
Shelves: autonomism
Interesting concepts for sure, but I ultimately have mixed feelings on it. It kind of downplays the role of the US a lot, as well as ignoring that the shift from material->immaterial labor isn't as prevalent in the third world. It makes a lot of sweeping claims, and gets optimistic when not necessary. But it's also a really interesting post-autonomia/post-modern analysis of globalization, and has a lot of useful things on how constitution, lockean right, and what not are used in globalization ...more
Jan 18, 2008 Jillian rated it really liked it
Empire identifies a radical shift in concepts that form the philosophical basis of modern politics, concepts such as sovereignty, nation, and people. Hardt and Negri link this philosophical transformation to cultural and economic changes in postmodern society--to new forms of racism, new conceptions of identity and difference, new networks of communication and control, and new paths of migration. They also show how the power of transnational corporations and the increasing predominance of postin ...more
Mar 09, 2008 Robin marked it as to-read
"Certainly, there must be a moment when reappropriation [of wealth from capital] and selforganization [of the multitude] reach a threshold and configure a real event. This is when the political is really affirmed—when the genesis is complete and self-valorization, the cooperative convergence of subjects, and the proletarian management of production become a constituent power. […] We do not have any models to offer for this event. Only the multitude through its practical experimentation will offe ...more
This book is interesting and also infuriating. Lots of hand waving post-modern word salads are mixed in with occasionally lucid and relevant arguments. I think the arguments in this book could be presented in plain English via a slimmed down pamphlet which would increase its use value. Concrete examples to illustrate the ideas would go a long way to convincing me that the arguments have merit, rather than just being polysyllabic adjectives aimed at impressing a few academics churning out papers ...more
Michael Caylo-Baradi
Oct 17, 2010 Michael Caylo-Baradi rated it really liked it
Ideas about empire are inherently dense. And this book shows it. Indeed, the empire of labor is letting itself known through internet technology, these days, especially through social networking. To have an account in one of these networks is labor itself, means working for the owners of these networks, more subtle regimes that work through methods used in advertising. This book sees this, in its own sense of dense insightfulness.
Apr 21, 2007 Jonny rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: Liberals, Autonomist Marxists
If ever there was a text to drag the left liberals from the fence (if Capital didn't already do the job) then this is it, from the concentration and international transfer of capital to the decline of the nation state into what Negri calls the "Empire" this book has it all, although the English translation from Italian could have been better, some of the phrases are a little confusing. 5/5, no doubt about it.
Jun 04, 2007 Andrewf rated it it was ok
Recommends it for: orthodox marxists
More interesting for the breakthrough it made into the mainstream and for how it raised issues with sections of the left that otherwise would have ignored them but highly flawed for simply ignoring the fact that much of its basic argument is not new but as old as the anarchist movement. And in terms of predictions and solutions the less said the better.

I published a detailed review back in 2002 that can be found at
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Michael Hardt is an American literary theorist and political philosopher perhaps best known for Empire, written with Antonio Negri and published in 2000. It has been praised as the "Communist Manifesto of the 21st Century."
Hardt and his co-author suggest that what they view as forces of contemporary class oppression, globalization and the commodification of services (or production of affects), hav
More about Michael Hardt...

Other Books in the Series

Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri (3 books)
  • Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire
  • Commonwealth

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“Throughout the world what remains of the vast public spaces are now only the stuff of legends: Robin Hood’s forest, the Great Plains of the Amerindians, the steppes of the nomadic tribes, and so forth… Rousseau said that the first person who wanted a piece of nature as his or her own exclusive possession and transformed it into the transcendent form of private property was the one who invented evil. Good, on the contrary, is what is common.” 14 likes
“- ما يتجلى هنا ليس منطقا جديدا بل سيناريو جديد لأفعال عقلانية مختلفة، أفق نشاطات ومقاومات وإرادات ورغبات ترفض نظام الهيمنة، وتقترح مخارج هروب، وتجترح مسارات تأسيس بديلة. وهذا الأساس الحقيقي القابل للنقد يمثل المرجع الوجودي الحقيقي للفلسفة، أو الحقل المناسب حقا لإحدى فلسفات التحرير. ولا يلبث هذا الموقف أن يقطع صلته منهجيا مع كل فلسفة للتاريخ بمقدار ما يرفض أي فهم حتموي جبري لتطور التاريخ وأي احتفال "عقلاني" بالنتيجة. إنه يبين ،على النقيض من ذلك، كيف يكون الحدث التاريخي كامنا في الإحتمال...
- ليست الفلسفة بومة منيرفا التي تحلق بعد تحقق التاريخ احتفالا بنهايته السعيدة، بل تبقى الفلسفة،بالأحرى، طرحا ذاتيا، رغبة، ونظرية مستمدة من الممارسة العملية ويجري تطبيقها على الحدث”
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