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Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings

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4.53 of 5 stars 4.53  ·  rating details  ·  2,620 ratings  ·  144 reviews
Originally composed for the Samanid princes of Khorasan in the tenth century, 'Shahnameh' is one of the most important pieces of Persian literature. This prodigious narrative tells the story of pre-Islamic Iran, beginning in the mythic time of Creation and continuing forward to the Arab invasion in the seventh century.
Paperback, 886 pages
Published February 27th 2007 by Penguin Classics (first published 1010)
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J.G. Keely
The history of the world is a history of jerks. Starting with Gilgamesh, our earliest epic hero, who makes everyone wrestle him until they are exhausted then goes off to sleep with their wives while they pray to the gods to deliver them, to Achilles sulking in his tent, the Athenians sentencing Socrates to die because he talks too much, or Tacitus writing of how Caligula, Claudius, and Nero ruled through assassination and manipulation.

Sure, there are always a few level-headed, intelligent fellow
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Samaneh Khanlari
با دبیر ادبیات مان کل انداختم یک بار... او می گفت برترین سوگنامه ادب پارسی سوگ تهمینه در مرگ سهراب است... من میگفتم نوحه ی مجنون در مرگ لیلی ست...الان که فکر میکنم برای او که مادر بود قطعا سوگ تهمینه سوزناک تر است...برای من که عاشق بودم به زعم خود نوحه مجنون در مرگ لیلی...
Caroline
The olden kings gave us the gift of a peaceful holiday.
Calling for wine and musicians at the onset of spring
They forgave, they forgot, and drank their worries away.


This is a review of the edition of Shanameh published by the Quantuck Lane Press. It is an adaptation, as labeled on the first page; it is certainly shorter than the full text as listed for the Penguin etc. editions. But it is accompanied by beautifully ornate, full illustrations on every page, original to the edition, and the text ce
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Mahdi
سرایش شاهنامه
قصه ی سرایش شاهنامه معروف است. فردوسی برای تظلّم به غزنه (پایتخت محمود غزنوی) می رود. در قصر شاه، سه شاعر نامدار دربار را می بیند. می پرسند "کیستی؟" می گوید "شاعرم."
شاعران دربار، برای دست انداختن دهقان زاده ی دهاتی، می گویند "ما هر یک فی البداهه یک مصرع می گوییم، تو مصرع چهارم را بگوی تا قدرت شاعری هر یک معلوم شود."
می سرایند:
چون عارض تو ماه نباشد روشن
همرنگ رخت گل نبوَد در گلشن
مژگانت همی گذر کند از جوشن
و فردوسی می سراید:
مانند سنان گیو در جنگ پشن

سه شاعر دیگر مبهوت می مانند و می پرسند
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Vincent Asaro
This is perhaps the greatest collection of stories I have ever read! It is a true "dream book"; if you love wonder stories, myths and heroic epics this is the kind of saga you dream about. Every story is better than the one preceding it and it keeps mounting until it reaches heights of imagination and storytelling that are all but untouchable. As in Persian poetry the language is rich, layered and achingly beautiful. It is basically a long family saga but it never gets too complicated to follow. ...more
Mrs. Miska
My literary travels around Iran continued this month with Shahnameh, and boy was it a long trip. Clocking in at 854 pages (not including glossaries and indices), it took me nearly a month to read, and not for lack of interest; the stories are, for the most part, fascinating.

Originally, my plan was to sample stories from Shahnameh to get an idea of Persian mythology. Shahnameh is roughly the Persian equivalent of The Odyssey or Beowulf, covering stories of Persian heroes and historical events. Un
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Fahad
الشاهنامة

الملحمة الفارسية الشهيرة التي وإن كتبت في وقت متأخر نسبياً – ألف ميلادية، وهو وقت مبكر مقارنة بالمهابهاراتا والألياذة والأوديسة -، إلا أنها تعتمد على أصول وأساطير فارسية قديمة، وكعادة هذه الملاحم تكتظ الشاهنامة بالرجال الخارقين، وبالأحداث الغريبة، وتروي التاريخ الفارسي منذ أقدم عصوره حتى سقوط الإمبراطورية الفارسية على أيدي المسلمين.

جزء هائل من روعة الملاحم يفقد في الترجمة، حيث تفقد الأبيات الشعرية ترددها، وتتحول إلى سطور قصة خرافية طويلة، ولكن لازالت الملاحم تقرأ رغم ذلك، وتبهرنا بمضا
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Parsa
شاهنامه کتاب مقدس فرهنگ ایران زمین است ما ایرانیان به چه کسی بیشتر از فردوسی مدیونیم ؟
کتابی که با خواندش مغرور و مفتخر از ایرانی بودنمان میشویم .
شاید که هرچه که بر سر ما میرود از بی توجهیمان به شاهنامه این شاه بیت زبان پارسی است.
Lord artan

برسي پادشاهان شاهنامه(قسمت اول)
سلام من يه چند وقتي هست كه شديدا درگير شاهنامه شدم يعني فكر كردم كه تا الان كه نخوندم كلي عمرم حدر رفته.چون احساس مي كنم هر كسي كه خودش رو ايراني مي دونه بايد شاهنامه بخونه

خوب شروع مي كنيم

كيومرث

اولين پادشاه شاهنامه كيومرث بود كه 30 سال حكومت كرد.فردوسي در وصف او چنين مي گويد

چنين گفت كه كايين تخت و كلاه كيومرث اوورد و او بود شاه

چو امد به برج حمل افتاب جهان گشت با فر و ايين و اب

بتابيد از ان سان ز برج بره كه گيتي جوان گشت با فر و ايين و اب

كيومرث شد بر جهان كدخداي نخست
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Robert Sheppard
PERSIAN MASTERPIECES OF WORLD LITERATURE--RUMI'S "BOOK OF LOVE & SUFI POEMS," OMAR KHAYYAM'S "RUBAIYAT," ATTAR'S "PARLIAMENT OF THE BIRDS," NIZAMI'S "LAYLA & MAJNUN," FIRDUSI'S "SHAHNAMA," POEMS AND GHAZALS OF HAFIZ & GHALIB ---FROM THE WORLD LITERATURE FORUM RECOMMENDED CLASSICS AND MASTERPIECES SERIES VIA GOODREADS—-ROBERT SHEPPARD, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF


Goethe honored Persian Literature as one of the four great literary traditions of World Literature, or "Weltliteratur" as he named it. I
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Iman
Feb 27, 2007 Iman rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: All iranians
Shelves: persian
An extraordinary book, I believe that this book has saved my mother tongue respectful language, Persian, it has saved our history. All true iranians owe Ferdousi. This is the book we need to remember ourselves.
علی
The Shâhnameh recounts the history of Iran, beginning with the creation of the world and the introduction of the arts of civilization (fire, cooking, metallurgy, law, etc.) to the Aryans and ends with the Arab conquest of Persia. The work is not precisely chronological, but there is a general movement through time. Some of the characters live for hundreds of years (as do some of the characters in the Bible), but most have normal life spans. There are many shahs who come and go, as well as heroes ...more
Jee Koh
Finally finished reading Shahnameh today, the Persian Book of Kings, translated by Dick Davis. Arranged like a royal chronicle, the book falls into two parts, the first legendary half, teeming with hero-kings and demons, and the second more "realistic" half, closer as the history is to Ferdowsi's own time. The turning point lies in the reign of Sekandar (Alexander the Great), who is depicted initially as a world conqueror, but later, more importantly, as a seeker of knowledge.

I like the legends
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seyyed reza
دستنویس فلورانس از آن نسخههای پرسر و صدایی بوده که تاکنون یافته شدهاند. خدا خیر دهاد آنجلو پیه مونتسه را که این نسخه(و بعدها نسخهای از منطقالطّیر در تورینو) را یافت که اگر او نبود، شاید این نسخه هنوز هم به اسم «تفسیر قرآن فارسی» در طاق فراموشیِ کتابخانۀ فلورانس بود.
نسخه را از این لینک میتوانید ببینید:
http://teca.bncf.firenze.sbn.it/Image...
متن از متون نسبتاً سالم شاهنامه تا اینجاست و خصوصاً در مقایسه با متن بریتانیا(675) ابیات الحاقی و جابجایی کمتر دارد؛ از آن جمله نسخههایی است که نیمۀ ابتدایی ش
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أسيل
قرأت عن الملحمة تعليقات ومقاطع شعرية مترجمة قبل ان اقرأها بترجمتها للغة العربية
ولكنها جاءت نثرية ومع ذلك اسلوبها جذاب ومؤثر خاصة انه يمزج بين الحقائق بالخرافات، والوقائع بالأساطير
ووصف الملوك والاميرات فهي تيجان الملوك




تذمر قباذ ذات يوم من المجاعة التي عمت بلاده واحضر مزدك للتشاور فاقنعه باشاعة الاستيلاء على خزائن الاغنياء في
وقت المجاعة فعمت الفوضى وكثرت البلوى والسرقة فتذمر قباذ مرة اخرى واحضر مزدك للتشاور فأصر مزدك على صواب مشورته وفعله وسداد رأيه لأن الجائع كالملدوغ من سم الحية فإن اعطي له الت
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Manon
I am not so presumptuous as to review the Shahnameh. Does one review Shakespeare or Augustine? But I will comment on Dick Davis' excellent translation. Some people complain that it's written in prose; others complain that it's written in poetry. Yet the magic of this translation is the incorporation of the two. As he says in the introduction, Davis' goal is not to faithfully reproduce the tens of thousands of lines of poetry that took Ferdowsi 30 years to write. Rather, he opts for a combination ...more
Rosanne Hawke
Who am I to rate or review Abolqasem Ferdowsi's ancient and classic Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings? Since I only know a smattering of Persian, nor can I comment on Dick Davis' translation from the original into English, which I have heard is excellent, but cannot verify. This is a volume which I dip into and will still be doing so in the years ahead, so I will take it from my currently reading list even though I am halfway. It is fascinating and I am enjoying it but that is not the only re ...more
Mossein
It has been called the "Persian Quran" by Ibn al-Athir, even though this title is not common knowledge among the Persian speakers but somehow indicates the importance of this book for all Persian speakers of the Iranian world, including Afghanistan and Tajikistan, to other Persian speakers of Central Asia, Pakistan and as far as China, the Republic of India, as well as the many Iranians living abroad all around the world since the Revolution of 1979.

This book is also important to the remaining 2
...more
محمد على عطية
سيرة ملوك فارس من البداية إلى الفتح الإسلامى.ملحمة شعرية تمثل جوهرة الأدب الفارسى ترجمها الى العربية عبد الوهاب عزام,هى بمثابة الإلياذة لدى الفرس
Hanie Hoseini
بسی رنج بردم در این سال سی
عجم زنده کردم بدین پارسی
Chris
Well, it's been a while since I tackled this bad boy, and what a big boy it is. Picture this: you're a poet, you're Zoroastrian, it's about 1000 years after this Christ fellow (whom you don't know) got to meet his maker (curiously, himself), and you decide it would be a good idea to record the complete history of the great Persian empires whose final vestiges has been overrun by those pesky Moslems. Oh yeah, and it takes you thirty years to write it. There is a reason it is a cornerstone of Pers ...more
Rodney
Dick Davis’s English is the closest I’ll ever get to Persia’s national epic, a multivolume poem condensed here to a version that leavens the inevitable tedium of the chronicle with a remarkable string of well-realized vignettes related in supple, vivid language. In Dick’s translation, each of the many kings and heroes of Ferdowsi’s giant epic miraculously stay distinct, and you get enough of each story—especially the famous Rostam’s—to develop a feel for the aesthetic predilections of classical ...more
Monica
Why am I giving this book a star rating? Obviously it's a 5, it's the basis of literature, it's the Old Testament of Iran. And it's dense, and poetic, and lovely, and repetitive, and slightly boring, and I'm glad I read it, and I never will again, but I do wish I'd read it in a classroom setting, because I'm from a completely different culture, and I don't even have any friends that are from Iran, much less anyone that speaks Farsi. I probably missed literally everything important in this poem. ...more
لی لا
به نظر من از تمام شکوه ایران و فرهنگ موقر پارسی فقط شاهنامه است که مونده و چه خوب فردوسی نامدار گفته :
پي افكندم از نظم كاخي بلند كه از باد و باران نيابد گزند
براستی که شاهنامه کاخیست با عظمت از فرهنگ و همه داشته های ایران و ایرانی ...
Pejman Yousefzadeh
The Shahnameh’s overriding message is a humble and fatalistic one; however much wealth and power we enjoy in our lives, we are all going to die, and in death, we will be humbled despite whatever station we held in life. The only thing that we can do is to live a good life, so that even after our deaths, our names will be rememebred with fondness and glory. This message is reinforced by a number of the Shahnameh’s heroes–I am thinking mainly of Fereydoun and Rostam, here–whose works and legacy he ...more
Ameer
جلد سوم از این تصحیح را بنا به اتفاق به دست آوردم که تنها برای مدت کوتاهی- کمتر از یک روز- نزدم می ماند. از روی کنجکاوی آغاز کردم به خواندن نبرد مازندران - که شرح هفت خوان رستم دستان است. شیفته شدم! و آرزومند که کاش کتاب با من می ماند. به هر روی به لطف کوشش های پرمغز دکتر جوینی که در ابتدای کتاب تمام آنچه به نظم در این جلد آمده به نثر برگردانده چنان که واژه ی دشواری در آن نباشد، پر ولع و شتابان آنچه از ماجرای نبرد مازندران و نبرد هاماوران آمده بود خواندم و تشنه تر پیش رفتم چنان که در پی رستم برا ...more
Kevin Bell
Brilliant poem. It's fascinating how little they focus on europe (although there were dynastic reasons for this; the later dynasties destroyed much of the records of the earlier dynasties' achievements). For being the Persian historic myth par excellence you'd think it would focus more on Greece. Nope. The traditional enemy was the Turks. Imagine that.
Either way, these are excellent stories with real appeal. The form is kind of alien to most westerners; there are only a few characters or episod
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Stan Murai
Dick Davis has produced the most complete translation
of the Persian poet Ferdowsi's primary work The Shahnahmeh
(sometimes known as 'The Book of Kings'). The original
work consists of some 60,000 verses, rendered mostly into
prose by Davis. His translation is over 800 pages long.
This work is self-described and structured as a history
of the reign of some 50 Persian Kings, although most are
mythical and legendary accounts rather than actual historical
events. It is proabably the longest poetical
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Cymru Roberts
Cultural appropriation FAIL.

It's kinda funny too, because the culture at issue here is my own heritage, or half of it at least. My problem isn't with the story or characters or culture; in fact it was really interesting (and unsurprising) how multicultural Iran has always been (even if they do think they are the best culture..).

My problem is with the translation. It goes something like this: "This happened. Then this happened. Then this happened." I get the feeling I could wikipedia these chapte
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Donnie Corrêa
Much like the Bible's Old Testament, the Book of Kings is a veeeery beautifull piece of persian classic literature. I fell in love with it the first time I came into contact, and a good part of my love for the middle east and it's beauty was born with the last page of this book.
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  • غزلیات سعدی
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6584435
Alboqasem Ferdowsi (Persian: ابوالقاسم فردوسی), the son of a wealthy land owner, was born in 935 in a small village named Paj near Tus in Khorasan which is situated in today's Razavi Khorasan province in Iran.
He devoted more than 35 years to his great epic, the Shāhnāmeh. It was originally composed for presentation to the Samanid princes of Khorasan, who were the chief instigators of the revival o
...more
More about Abolqasem Ferdowsi...
رستم و سهراب رستم و اسفنديار The Legend of Seyavash The Lion & the Throne: Stories from the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, Volume I شاهنامۀ حکیم ابوالقاسم فردوسی: مجلّدِ یکم / Book of Kings (Vol. 1)

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“But all this world is like a tale we hear -
Men's evil, and their glory, disappear.”
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“I am deathless, I am the eternal Lord
For I have spread the seed of the Word.”
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