To Have or to Be? The Nature of the Psyche
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To Have or to Be? The Nature of the Psyche

4.19 of 5 stars 4.19  ·  rating details  ·  2,337 ratings  ·  106 reviews
To Have Or to Be? is one of the seminal books of the second half of the 20th century. Nothing less than a manifesto for a new social and psychological revolution to save our threatened planet, this book is a summary of the penetrating thought of Eric Fromm. His thesis is that two modes of existence struggle for the spirit of humankind: the having mode, which concentrates o...more
Paperback, 182 pages
Published September 6th 2005 by Continuum International Publishing Group (first published 1976)
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من أهم وأمتع الكتب التى قرأتها
العنوان الأصلى أكثر دلالة على الموضوع : أن نتملك أو أن نكون
To be or to have
يتحدث المؤلف عن نمطين للحياة يمكن أن ينقسم إليها الناس وبالطبع يمكن أن يكون لدى الشخص الواحد النمطين معا فى مجالات مختلفة من حياته
نمط التملك هو النمط الإستهلاكى حتى لو كان فى الثقافة أو الدين أو التعاملات : الرغبة فى الإستحواذ على الأشياء وتملكها أو الرغبة فى الإكتناز والسيطرة على الناس أو حتى المعلومات والمعرفة. أيضا التدين الشكلى الظاهرى
فى مقابل هذا نمط الوجود الذى فيه يهتم الإنسان بنوعية ع...more
To have or to be? Well, it’s simple really. To be, of course. To be rich!
Now, jokes aside.
I don’t normally read philosophical books because I share Lara's, from Doctor Zhivago, view on philosophy. She says: "I am not fond of philosophical essays. I think a little philosophy should be added to life and art by way of spice, but to make it one's speciality seems to me as strange as feeding on nothing but pickles"
Philosophy is, to me, a kind of brain game. A little like Sudoku, only with ideas inst...more
To have or to be?

“I have a problem,” or “I am troubled?”

“I have insomnia,” or “I cannot sleep?”

In To Have or To BE?, the psychologist Erich Fromm describes the having and the being modes of existence and argues for the latter. Do we live in the realm of objects, to get them, to manage them, to secure them, to use them? Or do we live in the realm of experiences, to sense our surroundings, to relate to other, to understand ourselves?

To Have or To Be

Fromm published the book in 1976, but his analysis of society r...more
اتومبیلی که می رانیم دارایی مان است یا بلدیت لذت بردن از تماشای سبز و آبی دریا؟ شنیدن قطعه ای از موسیقی اعجاب انگیز در جایی شبیه به تاکسی و یادآوری همواره اش دارایی ما می شود یا قفسه های مملو از لوح های البته ارزشمند موسیقی که سال تا سال حتی رنگ گردگری به خود نمی بینند؟ بی شک پاسخ این سوال های کلیشه ای از پیش مشخص است. سوال هایی کلیشه ای که با تعدادی از همتایانش از کودکی آشناییم. از جمله اضطراب تصور برتری ثروت اما الزام به والا نشان دادن مرتبه ی علم.همگی می دانیم مهم نیست اسکناس های باقی مانده د...more
Matthias Zellmer
Es gibt eine ganze Reihe von Themen, die mich sehr beschäftigen. Dazu gehören u.a. die Kritik am Kapitalismus, am Bildungssystem, an Medien, Werbung und Konsumverhalten. Auch treiben mich Themen um, wie einem bedingungslosen Grundeinkommen oder auch dem vorherrschenden Menschenbild ("Der Mensch ist faul"). Und nun musste ich feststellen, dass Erich Fromm sich ebenfalls mit diesen, und noch weiteren existenziellen Themen beschäftigt hat ... und das schon vor Jahrzehnten. Und in einer Art und Weis...more
Tam Nguyen
Nếu muốn hiểu về xã hội Việt Nam bây giờ, hãy nhìn vào nước Mỹ của những năm 1950.

Mình có tìm hiểu về lịch sử Mỹ và đọc vài cuốn sách như The Great Gatsby nên mình biết, Mỹ lúc đó nhìn thật tráng lệ ở "bên ngoài" nhưng họ đang ở trong khủng khoảng trầm trọng về "bên trong"; họ tôn sùng chủ nghĩa vật chất, họ "sở hữu" nhiều thứ nhưng họ không thực sự sống. Và, đây là câu châm ngôn lúc bấy giờ: "sở hữu một chiếc xe hơi thể hiện bạn là một ngừoi thành đạt". Còn bây giờ ở Việt Nam có thể sẽ là: "sở...more
Absolutely brilliant book. It takes a lot for a book to move me, or present a new idea that totally affects my perceptions of reality. This book got right to core of a deep-seated culturally accepted norm that was so hard to see I didn't even realize it was there. I have been aware of others talking about the alienating nature of Western culture without getting at the heart of why it is alienating. Erich Fromm makes it simple to understand; it is entirely our life-orientation towards having over...more
This book continued my reading into ecology economics. Fromm is a psychoanalyst, genius, German philosopher that promotes radical humanism in response to the dead, capitalistic society that exists in Western countries. The main tenet of the book is the differences between the "having" and "being" modes. The having mode supports greed, envy and an consumption based economy that likens development with growth. He argues that the unlimited growth of economies has failed to produce the greatest good...more
Shane Avery
Truly, this is Fromm at his most idealistic and least academic. Fromm identifies two basic modes of human living, one of "having," the other of "being." He characterizes the having mode as developing along with the notion of private property and capitalism, particularly twentieth century capitalism, which is based on maximal consumption. In the having mode of existence, one's relationship to the world is one of possession, possession not only of property and objects, but also of people and ideas...more
Icarus Phaethon
I consider this book by Erich Fromm to be a masterpiece of thought. I read it in my twenties after returning from a long overseas trip and returning to a large city for work. It just seemed to sum up everything I was thinking about Western society's obsession with materialism and consumerism and the consequential destruction of the environment and the basic values of humanity. It's a short book, but Fromm seems to be able to concisely and eloquently get his point across with incredible impact wi...more
Apr 01, 2008 Matthew rated it 5 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: humans everywhere
Another mind-blower of a book - another one that read like a meditation - running the ideas though my mind was like adopting a new world view - THIS is what I want from a book.

It also opened my eyes to serious Talmudic and Biblical study from a POV I only suspected it contained - a great feat seeing as I'm a former Hebrew School drop out. Actually made the ideas of a religion I always associated with authoritarianism and dogma (like most people tend to feel about a religion forced on them) seem...more
To Have or to Be? 1976, differentiates between having and being, how the modern society has become materialistic and prefers "having" than "being". The question should be what is good for man, rather what is good for the growth of the system. The materialistic nature of people of "having" has been more developed than "being". This is the truth that people of modern world have completely lost their inner selves.
این کتاب دو ترجمه از دو مترجم دارد. و به دلیل تفاوت های آشکار در مفاهیم، این تردید از...more
Zachary Moore
I read this book after having earlier read the same author's Fear of Freedom. I found To Have or to Be a much weaker effort with much less intellectual "meat" to digest. The first part of the book makes some solid and incisive points while not endlessly repeating the tired theme of the debased state of modern society while the second part issues a call for a new technocratic system constituting the "New Society." Fromm explicitly denounces technocracy at several points in the book but his propos...more
This book outlines two orientations to the world: "having" and "being." Fromm argues that much of the frustration of modern life stems from too much emphasis on "having," which does not provide as much satisfaction as "being." "Having" is a game we cannot win, there's always more we could have, and thus we become dissatisfied. Instead, he urges us to prioritize "being," focusing on sensory awareness, social activity, and other experiential pursuits that can provide a bounty of happiness, nearly...more
Andrea Bovino
L'arte di essere e non di avere.
Volumetto piccolo ma preziosissimo, utile ad aprire la propria mente verso uno stile di vita non convenzionale alla società odierna. Il più grosso errore della cultura moderna è credere che ne esista soltanto una.
Vivere bene è un'arte che va imparata e imparare quest'arte richiede fatica, ded ... (continua)

Volumetto piccolo ma preziosissimo, utile ad aprire la propria mente verso uno stile di vita non convenzionale alla società odierna. Il più grosso errore dell...more
Fromm asks his readers to consider how we determine the value of other individuals and ourselves--whether we should be valued according to what we have, or who we are. It is a fascinating approach to the dangers of consumption, and raises questions that are particularly relevant at this moment, as we face the dismal consequences of years of greed as a society.
The central argument is beautifully persuasive but the last chapter is depressing in it's abstraction and vagueness...even the great thinkers can't come up with an alternative. I sensed he was getting cantankerous when he wrote this, frustrated after a lifetime of writing and speaking to little effect, but all his predictions are coming true.
Titik Musyarofah
in this section, you'll choose who you are.
You'll be some one who have something, (for example you have love like you have a book)...
you'll be someone who to be...., (for example you always loving...)
just read.. its difficult to write in this spot
صلاح أبوقاسم
هذا الكتاب يُعتبر بوابة جيدة لمن أراد الدخول إلى عالم النفس الإنسانية، بسبب بساطة مفرادته وتعمقه بنفس الوقت.. الكتاب يتحدث عن أسلوبين للحياة : أسلوب التملك، وأسلوب الكينونة.
باختصار، أسلوب التملك هو السائد لدينا للأسف، وهو رغبة التملك بداخلنا لأي شيء، للمقتنيات للمال للأشياء الحديثة، وحتى امتلاك الأشخاص والتحكم بهم، وامتلاك المعلومات .. لأننا عندما نملك أكثر نشعر بأننا موجودون أكثر، وهذه مصيبة كما قلت قبل فترة.
أسلوب الكينونة هو على العكس، أن تبحث عن نفسك وأن تكون ( أنت ) بغض النظر عمّا تملك، وأن...more
I haven't read Fromm for a while and it's such a pleasure to read; nuanced ideas expressed so clearly and with warmth rather than dry academic prose (but then what would I expect from the person who wrote the wonderful the art of loving).

For me philosophy at its best is about recognising that how we think fundamentally shapes our worlds and views of ourselves, what we allow ourselves to become. For instance, Fromm points to the ways on which our language demonstrates an alienated 'having' orien...more
Sep 16, 2008 Valarie rated it 5 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: Anyone who wants to break free of the madness!
Shelves: favorites
I could feel my life change while reading this. My copy, which was used in the first place, is now well underlined, dog-eared and full of post-its for easy reference.

An amazing read! Fromm completely changes your perspective on life and what it means to truly live... I recommend reading it not only once, but multiple times throughout life...
Another basic must-read to gain insight into man's attachment to material things and what consequences this kind of orientation has on individual and social happiness
Für mich persönlich eines der wichtigsten Bücher, die ich je gelesen habe, auch weil es bis heute nichts von seiner Aktualität und Bedeutung verloren hat.
Aug 28, 2009 nanto marked it as wishlist-‎a-k-a-buku-buruan  ·  review of another edition
Biar ada kabar juga via FB soal terjemahan buku ini.

Btw, kok link goodreads sama FB gue jadi gak otomatis yah?
نسو عصفورة
كتاب جميل .. لكن لا أعلم كيف سأتقلم مع هذا الفكر الجديد .. لايد أن اعتاد على التغيير .. لكي نرتقي
Flavia Sparacino
Fromm's work is current even today. I keep re-reading his books from time to time.
Evet, öğrendiğim şeyler de oldu ama kitap tam bir 'vırvırı vırvırı vırvırı vırvırı'
Sarah Mostafa
انه الماتريكس..نحن نحيا في الماتريكس..تصنيع صيني كمان:/
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Erich Fromm was a German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. His works include The Art of Loving; Love, Sexuality, and Matriarchy; and Man for Himself. He died in 1980.

Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other word...more
More about Erich Fromm...
The Art of Loving Escape from Freedom The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness The Art of Being Man for Himself: An Inquiry into the Psychology of Ethics

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“Our conscious motivations, ideas, and beliefs are a blend of false information, biases, irrational passions, rationalizations, prejudices, in which morsels of truth swim around and give the reassurance albeit false, that the whole mixture is real and true. The thinking processes attempt to organize this whole cesspool of illusions according to the laws of plausibility. This level of consciousness is supposed to reflect reality; it is the map we use for organizing our life.” 49 likes
“لقد أصبح الإنسان كائنا أعلى (سوبرمان) ... ولكن هذا الإنسان الأعلى الذي يمتلك قوة تفوق قوة الإنسان لم يرتفع إلى مستوى عقلاني أعلى بل إنه ليزداد فقرا بقدر ما يزداد قوه... وأحرى بضميرنا أن ينتابه القلق ونحن نشهد أنفسنا نزداد تجردا من إنسانيتنا كلما ازددنا اقترابا من حالة السوبرمان” 6 likes
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