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La Maladie Comme Métaphore: Le Sida Et Ses Métaphores

3.93  ·  Rating Details ·  2,233 Ratings  ·  144 Reviews
Diagnosticada nos anos 70 como portadora de câncer, Susan Sontag, uma das intelectuais mais influentes e polêmicas de nossa época, mergulhou no estudo da doença para compreender suas metáforas em nossa cultura. O resultado dessa reflexão é o célebre ensaio Doença como metáfora, de 1978. Uma década depois, quando o mundo assistia perplexo e desorientado ao crescimento de um ...more
Published (first published 1989)
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Community Reviews

(showing 1-30)
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Aubrey
4.5/5
Of course, one cannot think without metaphors. But that does not mean there aren't some metaphors we might well abstain from or try to retire. As, of course, all thinking is interpretation. But that does not mean it isn't sometimes correct to be "against" interpretation.
Somewhere and at some past in the history of the world, someone woke up to the news of the AIDS epidemic and was thrilled. It is no longer 1989, two years before my birth and therefor permanently irretrievable in the direc
...more
KamRun
Dec 16, 2016 KamRun rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
کتاب در واقع دو رسالهی جدلی برای مبارزه با یکی از غیراخلاقیترین و بیرحمانهترین قضاوتهای بشر در مورد فرد بیمار است، آنگاه که بیماری به مثابه استعاره در نظر گرفته میشود و متعاقبا بیمار به عنوان یکی از "آنها"، غریبهای از آنجا
سونتاگ در این دو رساله که به فاصله زمانی ده سال نوشته شده است به کاربرد استعاری بیماریهای گوناگون هجوم می برد و برای زدودن هرگونه استعاره و معنایی از بیماریها تلاش می کند. او در رساله نخست به استعارههای بیماری سرطان و مقایسه ان با استعاره بیماری سل می پردازد. این رساله در شرایط
...more
Jessica
Feb 12, 2009 Jessica rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: anyone who has a filthy, horrible disease
Recommended to Jessica by: ariel, et al
A part of me thinks you shouldn't be allowed to write a book that's just your random, personal opinion about something, even though a bigger part of me wishes that that were my job.

I can see how this book was probably really important when it came out, and I'll bet it's done a lot of great things for people's thinking about illness. But although I did really love a few bits of it, on the whole I didn't like this much, even though I was expecting to. I was never totally sure whether this was beca
...more
Hadrian
Aug 12, 2014 Hadrian rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This has obvious personal significance to me. As someone who has been through (and beaten) a severe illness, and seen friends go through other ailments, the main points of the book are incisive.

Life-threatening diseases are bad enough to deal with, of course. I won't go on about that. But one thing I've certainly noticed, and which Sontag expounds on at length, is how people impose different stereotypes upon you based on what disease you have. There's also the awful business of 'blaming the vic
...more
Edward
--Illness as Metaphor

--AIDS and Its Metaphors
Razieh Shahverdi
چرا پنج نگيرد كتابى كه خوب نوشته شده، خوب ترجمه شده، از خواندنش لذت برده ام و براى پژوهشى كه رويش كار ميكنم كلى ايده داده؟
هميشه آدمهايى را كه در يك موقعيت بحرانى تنها به غم خوردن بسنده نكرده اند و به انديشه و نوشتار و تامل دست زده اند، تحسين كرده ام. سونتاگ وقتى مبتلا به سرطان ميشود اين كتاب را مينويسد و اگر بخوانيدش ميفهميد كه چقدر براى نوشتنش تحقيق و تلاش كرده و انصافا كار خوبى از آب درآمده.
پاراگراف آخر را بخوانيد:
نه، "كلى" بودن هيچ منفعتى براى پزشكى ندارد، چنان كه براى جنگ نيز نداشته. بحرانى
...more
Brodie
Sep 16, 2007 Brodie rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Personally I found the first essay, Illness as Metaphor, to be more thought provoking than the second one. In part, while a dodgy argumentative strategy, I found the comparisons and contrasts between tuberculosis and cancer to be very interesting, particularly as I had not read that much about TB in the 19th century.

Sontag's main argument is that our capacity for metaphorical thinking, while mostly a wonderful thing, is generally counter-productive when it comes to thinking about disease. She re
...more
Andrew
Language in service of ideology, the danger of metaphor, the struggle to expose the material truth behind the veils of capitalist society. All the vintage Sontag topics are here, and all of them are fantastic. A short book with a punch that should give pause not only to anyone discussing the nature of disease, but also the reading public in general-- how easy it is to fall prey to our own stories about the world.

The comments on AIDS are especially trenchant, and, unlike many books of critical th
...more
Cher
Jul 10, 2008 Cher rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: nonfiction
Sontag does the world a wonderful favor and reminds it that illness can be just a malfunction of the body. When faced with her own cancer struggle, she discovers via the reactions of others, that much spiritual or psychological weakness is projected onto her by others. The mind/body connection, she argues, is not a thing to ignore, but it is important to be able to extricate a person's illness from their character, to examine the cultural metaphors the illness signifies to the populace. Her foll ...more
Amanda
Jun 13, 2016 Amanda rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I do not read a lot of non-fiction so I don't really have much to compare this with. However, in the two essays Sontag presents some really interesting ideas and revealed some approaches to things that I had not really considered before.

Illness as Metaphor
I liked this essay a lot. Unfortunately I felt like I did not know enough about tuberculosis and its history to fully appreciate those discussions. On the other hand, I found the parts elaborating on cancer and its metaphors to be very interes
...more
Michelle
Sep 05, 2015 Michelle rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: aids, owned-books
I've always had a certain disdain for Sontag. My understanding is she was quite closeted as a queer through most of her life, and was the subject of much criticism from the AIDS movements with which she also had many personal connections. AIDS and Its Metaphors has a very poor understanding of how thoroughly homophobia, racism, and poverty saturated every aspect of AIDS as a political and psychic construction. But it is beautifully written, and although very limited her core theses are helpful a ...more
Steven
I have reviewed both works in this volume - Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and its Metaphors - separately, so I will not discuss them here again in detail. Overall, the two treatises offered a compelling account of and challenge to how we think about disease, as well as a successful plea for abandoning the metaphors that are commonly employed in thinking about them. The first work was more focused and convincing than the second; the two of them together are, however, mutually enhancing.

Links to re
...more
Mia
Dec 01, 2014 Mia rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: books-i-own
These essays had a couple of interesting points, but it didn't feel like they progressed in any logical order. Sontag's ideas are presented in what felt to me like an unstructured manner, and this lessened some of the impact of the ideas. Perhaps if I had read either of these essays at the time when they were written, back when there was more mysticism and prejudice surrounding cancer and AIDS (not that there is none now, there was just more in the '80s) these essays would have been more impactf ...more
Yara (The Narratologist)
If you're at all interested in diseases or the power of language and metaphor, this is a fascinating read.

It's just a shame that AIDS and Its Metaphors is largely... Not about AIDS, but about influenza, polio, cholera, and other diseases. Then again, Sontag wrote this piece when the US epidemic was still at its peak, so she didn't have the benefit of hindsight on this one.
Jessica D. Bicking
I've came to this one right after reading Didion's Year of Magical Thinking, right after reading paper after paper after doctor's diary on the handling of death in the hospital situation.

Cancer has been eating through my family for as long as I can remember. I think I must have been to a funeral every two years since I was 5 (The year between being the one for the bad news, of who is gonna go next). You get used to death; it is in your thoughts and you make peace with it early on. I've never bee
...more
verbava
May 30, 2014 verbava rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
не знаю, чи мала б ця книжка нагоду стати явищем в українському культурному житті – все-таки речі, про які пише зонтаг, уже чи не дуже актуальні, чи доволі банальні, чи просто занадто суб'єктивні, щоб спровокувати серйозну дискусію довкала. однак навіть якщо якийсь шанс і був, то видавець зітнув йому голову, а потім для певності пробив груди погано обструганим осиковим кілком. і провернув кілька разів. ну, щоб уже точно.
куррва, де вони примудряються знаходити перекладачів, які так ненавидять мов
...more
Iryne
Dec 05, 2016 Iryne rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
The essay opens with the following lines:

Illness is the night-side of life, a more onerous citizenship. Everyone who is born holds dual citizenship, in the kingdom of the well and in the kingdom of the sick. Although we all prefer to use only the good passport, sooner or later each of us is obliged, at least for a spell, to identify ourselves as citizens of that other place.


Susan Sontag dares to explore the many metaphors associated with various illness throughout history. How we selectively r
...more
Donna
Jan 19, 2008 Donna rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
We are discussing the power of metaphors in two separate classes at the same time — Advanced Theory and Medical Anthropology — and the counterpoint between the two is fascinating. Sontag’s book, while certainly dated, is an excellent examination of the military metaphors that surround the “battle for cancer,” with “rogue” cells “invading” the body. She deftly weaves together excerpts from popular literature to bring these issues to the forefront of your thinking. As my Medical Anthropology lectu ...more
Fiona
I actually want to give this book a rating of 2 and a half stars. It is quite positively more than a just "okay" piece of non-fiction. The subject matter interested me very much, these are indeed two important essays, and I felt satisfied with the way Sontag delivered certain parts of her discourse, however this is a book I must disappointedly state did not meet my needs and failed to live up my expectations since it has such a huge reputation and continues to be so highly-acclaimed. Specificall ...more
Blake Charlton
Apr 25, 2010 Blake Charlton rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
i read this book determined to ignore the dated (and perhaps simply uninformed) portrayal of the biology and sociology of cancer and HIV/AIDS. this was not easy. those who have made in depth study of these subjects will find a near infinite number of objections.

however, if you can excuse these limitations, you will see that the idea at the center of this thesis was--and sadly to some extent still is--revolutionary. writing as a medical professional, i can say that most of us have trouble recogni
...more
M. J.
Sep 18, 2012 M. J. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Sontag wrote Illness as Metaphor while she was being treated for cancer and AIDS . . . 10 years later. Both point out that the metaphors we used about these diseases add greatly to the patient's suffering. In "Illness" Sontag pointed out that the way we regard cancer often prevents people from seeking and receiving the best possible care.
When an illness is regarded as a death sentence, be it syphilis, TB, cancer of AIDS, all too often the patients are regarded as somehow deserving it because of
...more
Ralowe Ampu
Feb 04, 2015 Ralowe Ampu rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
as you'd probably expect, a very engaging text about the uses of illness that turns out to veer with ethical gusto away from the type of cold meditation on rhetoric.
Zöe Yu
Jul 27, 2011 Zöe Yu rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I love her essays about illness and AIDS. She was the only heroine in my mind. I can not forget her words"can not image even one I am no longer alive"
David James
Nov 01, 2016 David James rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor & AIDS and its Metaphors

Illness as Metaphor was first published in 1978, since when the world-wide epidemic of AIDS has taken first place in the catalogue of diseases to which humans have been exposed. Susan Sontag, who has endured the ravages of both tuberculosis and cancer, considers the myths behind these illnesses. Tuberculosis (TB) was considered incurable until X-rays allowed its arrest through drugs, surgery, and to some extent, a change of life-styl
...more
Hope
Nov 01, 2016 Hope rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I feel like this book would have been extremely amazing when it was first published, however, I am not sure it has 'aged' that well. It would be amazing to see a follow-up text, especially in relation to the AIDS epidemic today.
Anavie Alegre
Oct 16, 2015 Anavie Alegre rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: scholarly
It’s almost 5 years since I’ve read an essay of hers. That essay was entitled On Photography which we were required to read for our Political Science 192 class: classical political theory. I remembered how we were so awed at that essay even though it was a difficult thing to read for our sophomore minds. Looking back at it now, while reading this couple of essays I realized that indeed I’ve become more mature mentally and for that I am happy. So now to my review of this compilation.

This is a
...more
Andrew
Jan 01, 2017 Andrew rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Illness as Metaphor is continuously astonishing, but it leaves AIDSand Its Metaphors to do little but repeat arguments previously made. One original contribution of the latter, though, is its last chapter's discussion of the apocalyptic mindset.
Tammam Aloudat
Jun 26, 2016 Tammam Aloudat rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is actually two books put into one volume, the first is Illness as Metaphor written in 1977 and the second is AIDS and Its Metaphors written 11 years later. I am happy they are together as the second clearly continues the line of thought of the first.

This is, to begin with, not a medical textbook despite having medical information. It is an anthropological, sociological, and literary exploration of how illness, and by extension health, is seen in our current society.

Sontag was a cancer pati
...more
Catherine Fletcher
I couldn't finish this book. It seemed theoretically thin and a little repetitive.
Eliana Rivero
Mar 11, 2015 Eliana Rivero rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: kindle
Este es un libro con un tema muy interesante y con una investigación bien planteada: la mitificación de la enfermedad. Entre las enfermedades que se explican en el primer texto, La enfermedad y las metáforas, están la tuberculosis y el cáncer. La tuberculosis, como se puede ver en obras de la literatura universal, daba a quien la padecía un carácter especial, bello, trascendente. Lo cierto es que la tuberculosis ha sido mitificada como una enfermedad de gran belleza, a pesar de que muchos morían ...more
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Jewish American literary critic, theorist, novelist, and filmmaker.
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“A large part of the popularity and persuasiveness of psychology comes from its being a sublimated spiritualism: a secular, ostensibly scientific way of affirming the primacy of spirit over matter.” 16 likes
“Abuse of the military metaphor may be inevitable in a capitalist society, a society that increasingly restricts the scope and credibility of appeals to ethical principle, in which it is thought foolish not to subject one's actions to the calculus of self-interest and profitability. War-making is one of the few activities that people are not supposed to view 'realistically'; that is, with an eye to expense and practical outcome. In all-out war, expenditure is all-out, unprudent--war being defined as as an emergency in which no sacrifice is excessive.” 8 likes
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