Using the latest research on the workings of the human brain, Tony Buzan, one of the world's leading authorities on learning techniques, provides step-by-step exercises for discovering the powers of the right side of the brain and learning to use the left side more effectively. By increasing our understanding of how the mind works, he teaches us:
How to read faster and mUsing the latest research on the workings of the human brain, Tony Buzan, one of the world's leading authorities on learning techniques, provides step-by-step exercises for discovering the powers of the right side of the brain and learning to use the left side more effectively. By increasing our understanding of how the mind works, he teaches us:
How to read faster and more effectively
How to study more efficiently and increase overall memory
How language and imagery can be used for recording, organizing, remembering, creative thinking and problem solving
This completely updated Third Edition of a classic work provides a proven way of using our brains to their fullest potential and to our best advantage.
Overall: The book tries successfully to prove the points it is trying to make by giving examples and making the reader take exercises before introducing a technique and on the same / similar example/exercise after showing the technique. The techniques introduced work well. The MindMap technique, if applied, should help one remember more stuff for longer time. The speed reading technique also should help. However, the practice is necessary to get the full use of the book. The technique to reviewOverall: The book tries successfully to prove the points it is trying to make by giving examples and making the reader take exercises before introducing a technique and on the same / similar example/exercise after showing the technique. The techniques introduced work well. The MindMap technique, if applied, should help one remember more stuff for longer time. The speed reading technique also should help. However, the practice is necessary to get the full use of the book. The technique to review material frequently should work well too. Very useful for especially for students. Book reading methodology sounded little difficult and inefficient to me after about half of it is done. Overview concept however is good.
Directly from the book (my comments in brackets):
Pg. Quoted 1 Chapter 1 Summary: Even though one’s performance in the past has not been good, one can change that completely to a great performance. 13 Healthy body, healthy mind; Healthy mind, healthy body. 15 Chapter 2 summary: The mind is better than we think. The analogies are given to prove that the nature’s creation—the brain is much more capable than anything than any manmade technologies’ creations. The chapter also shows that the child’s mind works great. 17 Subsequent searches showed that when people were encouraged to develop a mental area they had previously considered weak, this development, rather than detracting from other areas, seemed to produce a synergetic effect in which all areas of mental performance improved. 18 Dominant Processes of each side of the brain: Right brain: Rhythm, Spatial awareness, Gestalt (whole / the big picture), imagination, daydreaming, color, dimension. Left brain: Words, logic, numbers, sequence, linearity, analysis, lists. 30 Chapter 3 summary: It just says (which is very well shown later) that the current education systems don’t consider / tell how the brain works. 37 The definition of reading has 6 parts: Recognition, Assimilation, Intra-integration (comprehension), Extra-integration (Analysis), Retention, Recall, Communication. 38 There are typically two methods with which students are taught the alphabet (etc): Phonic or Alphabel method, and the other Look and Say method. 40 Speed: Even if the eye moved as slowly as one line per second, words would be covered at the rate of 600-700 words per minute (wpm). As the average reading speed on even light material is 240 wpm, it can be seen that even those estimating slower speeds assume that they cover words much more rapidly than they really do. (The effective reading speed is less mainly because the reader stops in between two words – called as fixations. One can increase the effective reading speed by reading two-three or more words at a time and reducing fixations). 41 See PDF 42 See PDF 42 The slower reader has to do more mental work than the faster, smoother reader because he has to add the meaning of each word to the meaning of each following word. The more efficient reader, absorbing in meaningful units, has fewer additions to make. 43 Myths about reading: • Words must be read one at a time • Reading faster than 500 wpm is impossible • The faster reader is not able to appreciate: Actually since the faster reader will be understanding more of the meaning of what he reads, will be concentrating on the material more, and will have considerably more time to go back over areas of special interest and importance to him. • Higher speeds give lower concentration • Average reading speeds are natural and therefore the best: The average reading speeds are produced by an incomplete initial training in reading, combined with an inadequate knowledge of how the eye and brain work at the various speeds possible. 44 – 45 (Guiding the eye with a finger below the words being read is not a bad thing. Without the hand guiding when one tries to draw a circle mentally, it turns out as a polygon; however with the hand guiding, the eyes rotate in nearly circular pattern. When one moves the finger faster on a paper, the words are read faster as the eye is guided by the finger and tries to keep up. One can increase the reading speed effectively with this.) 47 Calculation of the wpm reading speed: • Read for one minute – note start and stopping points • Count the number of words on (any) three lines. • Divide that number by three to give you the average number of words per line. • Count the total number of lines read (balancing short lines out). • Multiply the average number of words per line by the number of lines you read, which will equal your reading speed in wpm. WPM = (number of pages read) x (number of words per average page) / (number of minutes spent reading) 60 Under normal circumstances and with understanding fairly constant, we tend to recall: more at the beginning and ends of learning periods; more of items which are associated by repetition, sense, rhyming etc.; more of things which are outstanding or unique (this is called Von Restorff effect); and considerably less of things from the middle of learning periods. 61 See PDF 64 The person who does not review is continually wasting the effort he does put in to any learning task, and putting himself at a serious disadvantage. 65 See PDF 66 The advantages of reviewing are enormous. The more you maintain your current body of knowledge the more you will be able to absorb and handle. When you study, the expanding amount of knowledge at your command will enable you to digest new knowledge far more easily, each new piece of information being absorbed in the context of your existing store of relevant information, see pg 65 PDF. The process is much more like that of the traditional snowball rolling, where the snowball gets rapidly bigger the more it rolls and eventually continues rolling under its own momentum. 71-73 See PDF 85 In the conventional note taking method, ~90% of the words are not necessary for recall purpose. 94-95 See PDF 97 Typical problems encountered in the first exercise of the MindMap include: Order, Logical sequence, Beginning, Ending, Organization, Time distribution, Emphasis of ideas, Mental blocking. 99-106 See PDF 109 The mind maps are an external “photograph” of the complex interrelationships of your thought at any given time. They enable your brain to ‘see itself’ more clearly, and will greatly enhance the full range of the thinking skills. 111-112 MUST READ for STUDENTS / Lazy folks! See PDF 118 – 132 The mind map organic study technique is divided into two main sections: Preparation and Application. Each of these sections is divided into four sub-sections: 1. Preparation: Browse, Time and Amount, Knowledge Mind Map, Questions and Goals. Browse = Read Table of Contents Time and Amount: Decide on the time to be devoted to a book / section before starting reading it. Then decide the target amount to cover in the time. Knowledge Mind Map: Draw maximum amount in a mind map in ~two minutes. Questions and Goals: Decide what you want out of the book / what questions you want answered, which should be in the context of goals aimed for. 2. Application: Overview, Preview, Inview, Review. Overview: What is essential in a reasonable approach to study texts, especially the difficult ones, is to get a good idea of what’s in them before plodding on into a learning catastrophe. Overview does that task. Cover the following: Results, Summaries, Conclusions, Indents, Glossaries, Back Cover, Tables, Table of Contents, Marginal Notes, Illustrations, Capitalized words, Photographs, Subheadings, Dates, Italics, Graphs, Footnotes, Statistics. Preview: During Preview, concentration should be directed to the beginnings and the ends of paragraphs, sections, chapters, and even whole texts. Inview: It involves “filling in” the ideas still left. Review: Necessary if further information is still required after previous tasks to complete goals, answer questions, or solve problems. 132 Text Notes and Mind Mapping: Noting while studying takes two main forms: 1. Notes made on the text itself a. Underlining b. Personal thoughts generated by the text c. Critical comments d. Marginal straight lines for important or note-worthy material e. Curved or wavy marginal lines to indicate unclear or difficult material f. Question marks for areas that you wish to question or that you find questionable g. Exclamation marks for outstanding items h. Your own symbol code for items and areas that relate to your own specific and general objectives i. Mini mind maps in the margins If the pencil is soft enough, and if a very soft eraser is used, the damage to the book will be less than that caused by the finger and thumb as they turn a page. 2. A growing Mind Map. a. Use the earlier described mind map techniques (Also see PDF) If one associates the completion of study tasks with personal celebration, the context of your study will become increasingly more pleasant, and thus the probability of your studying far greater. 144 See PDF Buzan Centers P. O. Box 3029, Palm Beach, FL, 33480 407-833-2563. Fax: 407-659-1832
Awesome and practical. Great for young teenagers. It has helped me to be a better student. The thoughts on memory are particularly insightful. I have tried to implement its principles throughout high school and college and feel like they have been very helpful.
Incredible book on learning and how the mind works. I've found the exercises incredibly beneficial to reading faster, acquiring and maintaining knowledge and making learning an adventure. A true value for any human that wants to use their brain more effectively.
Tony Buzan is an author and educational consultant. He is a proponent of the techniques of Mind Mapping and mental literacy. He has worked with: corporate entities and businesses all over the world; academics; Olympic athletes; children of all ages; governments; and high profile individuals, in teaching them how to maximize the use of their brain power.
Buzan was born in London, is an alumnus of KiTony Buzan is an author and educational consultant. He is a proponent of the techniques of Mind Mapping and mental literacy. He has worked with: corporate entities and businesses all over the world; academics; Olympic athletes; children of all ages; governments; and high profile individuals, in teaching them how to maximize the use of their brain power.
Buzan was born in London, is an alumnus of Kitsilano Secondary School, and received double honors in psychology, English, mathematics and the General Sciences from the University of British Columbia in 1964. He is probably best known for his book, Use Your Head, his promotion of mnemonic systems and his Mind Mapping techniques. He launched his own software program to support mind mapping called iMindMap in December 2006. His website, Buzan World, cites trademarks on the phrase 'Mind Maps' which he has registered in many countries.
Following his 1970s series for the BBC, many of his ideas have been set into his series of five books: Use Your Memory, Master Your Memory, Use Your Head, The Speed Reading Book and The Mind Map Book. He has since authored or co-authored over 100 books.
Most of his teaching generally divides up into: general awareness of the extensive capabilities and capacities of the brain and its functions, memory skills, reading skills, Mind Map note-taking and note-making, creativity, and how brain function can be improved over time into old age.
Buzan developed Mind Mapping whilst at university, out of the frustration that traditional notes took up so much time to create and review. He has argued that Mind Maps are an efficient way to take notes from lectures or books. His brother Barry Buzan, who co-wrote The Mind Map Book, suggested the technique could also be used to capture notes from one's own creative ideas and is useful in business.
As a popular psychology author, Tony Buzan has written on subjects relating to the brain, genius quotient (GQ), spiritual intelligence, memory, creativity and speed reading. He is the founder and President of the Brain Foundation (not to be confused with various medical-related bodies with the same name) and also the Brain Trust Charity, the World Memory Championships and the World Championships of the Brain. He was a co-founder of London's Mind Body Spirit Festival as well as the Mind Sports Olympiad....more