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Theological-Political Treatise
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Theological-Political Treatise

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3.98 of 5 stars 3.98  ·  rating details  ·  2,095 ratings  ·  45 reviews
Rational examination of the Old Testament to show that freedom of thought and speech is consistent with the religious life. True religion consists in practice of simple piety, independent of philosophical speculation.
Paperback, Second Edition, 296 pages
Published November 15th 2001 by Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. (first published 1670)
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Vince Clancy He can be! Applying mathematical principles to philosophy can be very tiring-I hated geometry in school! I did, however, just finish reading "A Book…moreHe can be! Applying mathematical principles to philosophy can be very tiring-I hated geometry in school! I did, however, just finish reading "A Book Forged in Hell" by Steven Nadler. The book helped explain Spinoza a lot. He was already interesting in that he was banned by both the Jews and Christians(the Jews excommunicated him). He was definitely a champion of his times; not that I'm into secularism, he was the supposed originator of it.(less)

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Mohmed Abd el salam
هذا كتاب في فلسفة الأديان .. ترجمه للعربية د. حسن حنفي ، لا أعلم هل يمكن طباعته في العصرالحالي أم لا

كان من حظي أن وجدت نسخة قديمة مطبوعة

يسعدني مشاركتكم بنسخة ال pdf :)

http://www.4shared.com/office/k8uLTwV...

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بعد القراءة

" ياللعجب ! لقد أصبحت التقوى وأصبح الدين أسرارا ممتنعة ، وأصبح أصحاب النور الإلهي لا يعرفون إلا بشدة احتقارهم للعقل وبحطهم من شأن الذهن ونفورهم منه ، وقولهم أنه فاسد بالطبع . والحق أنه لو كان لديهم قبس طفيف فحس
...more
Kelly Head
Like Nietzsche, who adored Spinoza and called him "the purest philosopher," and Hobbes, whom Spinoza had read and admired, there is a certain brutal honesty in Spinoza's philosophy that comes through vividly in the Theological-Political Treatise. This short work, produced in Amsterdam in the 17th-century at the height of Calvin's influence, was actually written after his more famous Ethics, though published before it. Spinoza here describes his views of the relationship between Scripture, the St ...more
Owlseyes
An in-depth incursion, of an excommunicated Jew*, into the authorship of the Pentateuch and other Old Testament books. Moses at [the] stake; insightful analysis of the language,by an expert in Hebrew language,as Spinoza was. The writings of the Apostles are approached too.

Finally, the analysis of the foundations of the State, the nature of the Law....and the main point of Baruch Spinoza: the King is not above criticism, but he may be the object of.

ON ÉTABLIT QUE DANS UN ÉTAT LIBRE
CHACUN A LE DR
...more
Joe
Review:

June 2007

Philosophy, the Elite, and the Future

"Men would never be superstitious, if they could govern all their circumstances by set rules, or if they were always favored by fortune..." Thus begins one of the greatest books in the history of philosophy. Spinoza is an esoteric writer; he doesn't shout everything he has to say, though an attentive reader has a chance, however slight, to discern at least part of it. The existence of this philosophical-political esotericism, first adequately
...more
Dima
Amazing work for seventeenth century! I have to admit that I just purchased bible on tape to try to keep up with the biblical analysis offered here :)
Mary
The Enlightenment book on tolerance. Argues that scripture is not just interpreted subjectively but was written subjectively, because God can communicate to men only elliptically, using symbolism and cultural tropes. Calls for intellectual freedom all over the place.


"[P]eople must be governed in such a way that they can live in harmony, even though they openly hold different and contradictory opinions. We cannot doubt that this is the best way of ruling, and has the least disadvantages, since it
...more
WT Sharpe
This was a mixed bag for me. The Treatise was very forward thinking for it's time, but still contained much theological rubbish. Granted, Spinoza lived in a day when it was dangerous to speak certain opinions too plainly, and it was clear that he was hardly a fundamentalist by any stretch of the imagination, but I felt he accorded too much authority to the Hebrew and Christian scriptures.

That being said, there were some real gems between its covers. From the Preface:

"I have often wondered, that
...more
Jamie
Brilliant work by a genius. This book is very influential and Spinoza's insights are today and will remain topical so long as men have any sort of religion.

Spinosa starts with an analysis of whether it is proper for Judeo Christian theocrats to use divine authority as a basis for their power over society and, once that topic is basically exhausted by rigorous logic, then shifts to an argument that moral choices are personal and allowing individual choice is the best legitimate form of government
...more
JP
Here we have a religious philosopher in the mid-1600's who finds religion very much a misinterpretation against the freedom that God intended and sees a strong distinction between the intent of religious practice and spiritual law. Superstition (including prayer and other religious beliefs) prevents people from using true reason. From the Preface: "I have often wondered that persons who make a boast of professing the Christian religion, namely, love, joy, peace, temperance, and charity to all me ...more
Sarah Nichols
If you have over-looked Spinoza (as I had), then this would be an excellent, introduction to his thought. This is an amazing work which prefigures the political and religious revolutions of the Enlightenment and the ideological origins of the US constitution. The discourse on prophesy in the scriptures and the human authorship of the Bible is as relevant today as it ever was. Compared to other 17th century philosophical works (Hobbes, Locke eg.), this translation is very concise and clearly writ ...more
Reed
Spinoza is frustrating. Not simply because he's "hard to read" (there's that), but because of the kind of inferences he feels warranted in making. Spinoza was a rationalist, so he believed (without a doubt) that there are certain immutable truths accessible to human reason. This might be true - I feel pretty confident in asserting that I know, with certainty, that 2 + 2 = 4 - but when he applies his rationalism to theological considerations, his reasoning gets tricky.

Take his essay "Of Miracles,
...more
David S. T.
“Since love of God is the highest felicity and happiness of man, his final end and the aim of all his actions, it follows that he alone observes the divine law who is concerned to love God not from fear of punishment nor love of something else, such as pleasure, fame, ect., but from the single fact that he knows God, or that he knows that the knowledge and love of God is the highest good”. (pg 60)

Spinoza's Theological-Politcal Treasise has intrigued me for a while, here was one of the earlier bo
...more
Kamran Swanson
Summary: Published anonymously in 1670 Netherlands, Spinoza's attempt here is to address and critique the widespread religious beliefs and biblical interpretations that people use to justify various moral and political beliefs. Spinoza's ultimate stance is that the Bible is written by human hands, that prophets have insight to divine will but dress their stories in human imagination, that miracles are a testament to our own ignorance rather than supernatural intervention, and that the only true ...more
Shinynickel
Dec 28, 2010 Shinynickel marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Off this review:

Anthony, we’re going to talk about five books which weigh religion and secularism. I think that’s how we’ve decided to frame this discussion? This will be the first of a series of interviews with various people addressing the same subject from a number of different angles.

The first book that I’ve chosen is from a long time ago: 1670. It was written by Spinoza and published after his death. It’s called "Tractatus Theologico-Politicus" and there are a number of reasons why I think
...more
Robert
Nov 14, 2007 Robert rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: philosophy students
A formal study of the Bible, with one foot in (forced) respect and sanctity and the other foot in analytical heresy. In short, Spinoza draws a line between Biblical inerrancy (completely true) and Biblical infallibility (correct on spiritual matters, but incorrect science and history), and does from a great knowledge of Hebrew and the text. He debunks the ideas of Miracles because he believes that Nature is an extension of God, and that God cannot go against his own rules. He goes on to then exp ...more
Terry
Sep 02, 2014 Terry rated it 3 of 5 stars
Recommended to Terry by: Spinoza's ghost
I had an interesting two and a half months with this renegade, excommunicated, 17th-century Jew, who had haunted my reading for a couple of months before I agreed to ponder his ideas. Samuel Shirley's translation is very readable and Spinoza's methodology and prose are crystal clear compared to what he used in his Ethics. His Biblical interpretation foreshadowed the 19th-century German historical-critical movement that transformed Biblical Studies. He provided an interesting perspective on the N ...more
Zouheir Bitar
لقد قام الدكتور حسن حنفي بمجهود راءع من حيث تعريب و تقديم هذا الكتاب ، و خلق سؤال مههما هل من حقنا ان ننظر الي الكتب المقدسة نظره علميه؟ ، مهما كان اختلافنا مع وجعه نظر المؤلف فإنني أتفق مع المترجم ان حريه الفكر والتفلسف لا تمثل خطرا علي الدين والتقوي او علي سلامه الدول حتي و لو قامت هذه الدول علي أساس ديني
W. Littlejohn
This book is modernity in nuce. It's all there—historical and textual criticism of Scripture, the development of a universal religion based on reason, the reduction of religion to the ethical, the creation of a full-blown concept of political religion, in which the state becomes the highest good, and the development of a distinctively modern rationale for tolerance. And, thanks to Jonathan Israel's masterful translation, Spinoza really feels like one of us; he speaks our language and our idiom. ...more
Alfred Yun
A great philosopher who prompted me to read more carefully. His views are often very sound and outdated due to lack of scientific knowledge. Certainly a good read. Famous for his compelling and perhaps the only relevant definition of God.
Faez
Amazing how this old book is so relevant to our present day, especially in the Middle East. It reminds you of the depth and power of the secular arguments.
Rodrigo
I'm loving it. I had never thought much of Spinoza, I mean, his definition of love and hate, as well as all other "active" emotions were pretty awesome, but I had always thought of him as "that other rationalist guy", the "guy who's like Descartes only he's not", etc...
Turns out his work is just as ground-breaking, if not more, than Descartes' method.
The only thing that bothers me is his lack of an "epistemological experiment" thingy, like Descartes did. I mean, how the hell could he answer the
...more
dameolga
Okay, technically I skimmed parts of this, but I figured I read the majority of the text, so it should count. Spinoza's views on Biblical interpretation and democracy undoubtedly changed the playing field for theology, philosophy, and political theory during the Enlightenment. Nuggets of wisdom and brilliancy pepper the whole text amidst numerous Biblical examples. However, as I had to read this for my Enlightenment and Critics class, I found the text quite winding at times, especially because o ...more
Luke Echo
Clearly sacrilegious!
Andrew
I like Spinoza a lot, but this was nowhere near as good as the Ethics. That said, there's still a great deal of wisdom in here. What I loved about the Ethics was that Spinoza managed to forge an entirely new path. However, in the Tractatus, he relies far too much on Biblical exegesis and what have you. Boring. But I can imagine that for religious folk, this would be a really refreshing book to read, both in its Biblical exegesis and its claims of the commensurability of religion and reason.
Lisa
Fascinating--I'm glad I finally read this. Being raised an Atheist and knowing little about religion, I found this book very challenging, but informative. Spinoza's ultimate message seems to be that God/Religion is in the world around us--i.e. nature is God and God is nature. I'm surprised that he was allowed to advance this philosopy at the time that he did. He also seemed to employ quite a bit of sarcasm, which also surprised me, but which enlivened the reading.
Ericka
nice student edition. One of the irritations of spinoza research is that people quote different editions of the TTP, and the chapters are long. But this is a safe, much quoted edition. For whatever reason, people don't seem to be jumping on the Shirley Complete Works, so when the Curley (v2) one comes out -- just buy that, as it will become the standard in English without a doubt.
Teggan
This is the one that's had a bigger influence on my understanding of religion and government than anything else. If you hate arguing with me then read this and know where I'm going before I open my mouth or shame me with your superior interpretation.
Rebecca
Spinoza was the beginning of key elements in modern Biblical criticism. Anyone interested in the topic must read this.
I'm also quite enamored of his strict definition of a moral/just life. It takes a lot of patience, but this book rewards you.
Jay
Really enjoyed this and expanded my thought process in a lot of new directions, particularly on questions of political theology and pantheism/naturalism. Also going to help a lot with my upcoming conference paper.
Zack Shaeffer
Jul 23, 2008 Zack Shaeffer is currently reading it
My friend wanted me to read this so much that he bought me a copy as a graduation gift. Slowly but surely. I will say this, Spinoza is very clear and readable, which you can't always say about philosophers.
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  • Philosophical Essays
  • Spinoza: Practical Philosophy
  • Elements of the Philosophy of Right
  • Introduction to Metaphysics
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
  • The New Organon
  • The Discourses
  • Epitome of Copernican Astronomy and Harmonies of the World
  • Critique of Judgment
  • Philosophical Fragments (Writings, Vol 7)
  • Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit
  • Negative Dialectics
  • Untimely Meditations
  • The Enneads
  • De Anima (On the Soul)
  • Sophist
122092
"Baruch or Benedict de Spinoza (Portuguese: Bento de Espinosa, Latin: Benedictus de Spinoza) (November 24, 1632 – February 21, 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Jewish origin. Revealing considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until years after his death. Today, he is considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century phi ...more
More about Baruch Spinoza...
Ethics The Ethics/Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect/Selected Letters A Spinoza Reader: The Ethics and Other Works On the Improvement of the Understanding Complete Works

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“No to laugh, not to lament, not to detest, but to understand.” 35 likes
“I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.” 28 likes
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