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درجه صفر نوشتار

3.87  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,017 Ratings  ·  38 Reviews
این اثر در دو بخش تدوین شده است ، بخش نخست شامل:ـ
اسلوب نوشتار چیست
نوشتارهای سیاسی
اساوب نوشتار و رمان
آیا اسلوب نوشتار شاعرانه وجود دارد
بخش دوم شامل:ـ
پیروزی و شکست نوشتار بورژوازی
صناعت سبک
نوشتار و انقلاب
نوشتار و سکوت
نوشتار و گفتار
آرمانشهرزبان
Paperback, چاپ چهارم, 112 pages
Published April 2nd 2011 by هرمس (first published 1953)
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Celeste Corrêa
Jul 12, 2015 Celeste Corrêa rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: owned-books
O Grau Zero da Escrita data de 1953 e é uma reflexão livre sobre a condição histórica da linguagem literária.

Excerto:

“Sabemos que a língua é um corpo de prescrições e de hábitos, comum a todos os escritores de uma época. Isto quer dizer que a língua é como uma natureza que passa inteiramente através da fala do escritor, sem contudo lhe dar nenhuma forma, e sem mesmo a alimentar….À letra, o escritor não extrai nada dela: para ele a língua é mais como uma linha cuja transgressão talvez designe uma
...more
أحمد شاكر
Jun 05, 2015 أحمد شاكر rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: أدب-نقد
حول الكتابة في درجة الصفر والكتابة والثورة والكتابة والصمت، ينقب رولان بارت في اللغة وفي تاريخ الكتابة معطيا قواعد جديدة انطلقت منها أغلب الكتابات الحديثة.
Bob
Mar 28, 2011 Bob rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Often just as impenetrable and abstruse as you fear - Susan Sontag's introductory essay to the 1968 English translation is enormously helpful in suggesting what to look for and laying out the ground rules of Barthes' thought - also by suggesting which essays to start with (not at the beginning).
Inevitably a reader educated in the Anglo-American tradition, first language English, is going to retain a bit of ethnocentrism, so it is good medicine to read someone for whom "literature" means "French
...more
Mohammed Yusuf
Feb 28, 2013 Mohammed Yusuf rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

الكتابة,الأسلوب,اللغة أعمدة أساسية للأدب سواء أكان سياسيا ,روائيا أو غير ذلك
أول قراءاتي للكتب النقدية ولقد واجهت صعوبة في التعامل معه .. تحولت إلى إستمتاع بعد فترة وجيزة .. حيث بدأت أتحرك معه فكريا
بنية الكتاب ورؤيته في إعتقادي تمثل إفتراضات وليست بالقطعيات ولكن تعد نظرة من خبير كما يقال ..
مفهوم الكتابة في درجة الصفر تناقض عندي بين عدة رؤى للكاتب بين التأثير وغيابه في الحالة الصفرية وبين ما حمله للكلمات التي أصبحت إتكاءة على المفهوم لها دور في توضيحه لكن ليست مرتكز فهذه الصورة الغيابية هي حالة ص
...more
Pooya Kiani
مشخصا شروع کار رولان بارته، اون ابهت فکر و کلام همیشگی رو نداره، اما خیلی قابل اعتناست؛ و مهم برای هر نویسنده. ...more
Soeine
May 08, 2012 Soeine rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: critical-essays
Roland Barthes succinctly expresses his concern about the separation between the (writer’s) individual “style” and the “language” of society. According to him, these two “objects” of convention (“style” and “language”) escape the writer’s control. The writer cannot choose them; they are given to him. Style results from one’s habits formed over the passage of time in his personal and biological conditions, and is alien to language which results from social convention, common to all social members ...more
Nikola Tasev
Nov 12, 2014 Nikola Tasev rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Written in a style heavy with complex, unneeded, heavy expressions and clumsy similes. Using words outside their normal definitions without providing his own definition. Using different meanings of a word without clarifying which one he means (Language, History - personal and societal). Talking about Literature and meaning just French literature. A whole lot of fluff you need to go through before you can see what he means. The author never states clearly something he can dance about - "let me te ...more
Ahmed
Mar 09, 2015 Ahmed rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتاب تقدي هام لكن اعتقد انه يخص اللغة الفرنسية و الثقافة الفرانكوفونية بشكل اساسي ، فصعب بل من شبه المستحيل فهم الكتاب كاملا اذا لم نكن نملك حد ادنى من الفهم للغة و الثقافة و التاريخ الفرنسي ، فهو يتحدث مثلا عن الماضي البسيط في الفرنسية و هو صيغة زمن له خصوصية في الفرنسية و لا يمكن ادراك تطور اللغة و الاسلوب دون فهم هذه الصيغة ، ايضا معظم استشهاداته بل اعتقد ان كلها مستمدة من الادب الفرنسي و مرتبطة بالتاريخ الفرنسي....... لذلك لا اعتقد انه كتاب مهم بالنسبة للأشخاص غير المهتمين بالفرنسية ، بالرغم ...more
M.
Nov 22, 2014 M. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
my notes:

ix: America vs Europe, in Sontag's eyes, the level of discourse in the US is still retarded

xiii-xiv: "writing" vs. "ecriture" (further, note page 1). "form considered as human intention"

xvii: "literature verges on becoming a total experience"

10: language is not a "fund" but rather a "limit"
11: language: "a vertical & lonely dimension of thought"
not historical, but biological or biographical

17-18: change in form evidences a change in "mentality and conciousness" i.e. the revolutation
...more
Kent
Mar 02, 2010 Kent rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: comps
Barthes' primary allegiance is to the impulse that leads an artist to write. The language the writer uses, his style, is an organic response to what he feels needs to be said. It all seems so simple. And what I'm especially interested in is his statement describing accessibility in literature. It is merely a decision, for the writer, to participate in the dominant (for Barthes, this reads "bourgeoisie) rhetoric of that time. The writer is the one in control, then. There is no one language system ...more
عبلة جابر
Oct 23, 2015 عبلة جابر rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتاب نقدي هام
verbava
May 26, 2014 verbava rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: on-literature
у всьому цьому (недовгому) тексті про літературу (взагалі, помітьте) барт аж двічі покликається на не-французьких письменників: агату крісті (не називаючи ні її, ні "вбивство роджера акройда", до якого, власне, й відсилає) і франца кафку (втім, не на нього самого, а на те, що про нього писав французький бланшо). і так багато говорить про особливості французької мови (простий минулий час у романі) як засадничі для розуміння літератури, що навіть сумніви виникають, чи вважає він літературою щось, ...more
Stefan Szczelkun
Nov 03, 2013 Stefan Szczelkun rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
In 1953 I was five and the coronation of Queen Elisabeth II of England was the main event. There was a surge in TV buying as the ceremony was relayed live and someone on our street got one and soon after we got our own black and white set and I was watching Bill & Ben the Flowerpot Men and Andy Pandy and Hopalong Cassidy.

Meanwhile over in Paris the renegade critic Roland Barthes had his first book of essays printed - Writing Degree Zero. These essays contained startling and brilliant insight
...more
احمد سعيد
Oct 10, 2015 احمد سعيد rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
يتحدث الكاتب عن الكتابة من الدرجة صفر .. لغة بيضاء متحررة من كل تبعية لنظام محدد من أنظمة اللغة .. ومثالها الشفاف تجده في "الغريب" لـ كامي حيث اسلوب غياب .. الكتاب أمثلته كلها مستمدة من الأدب الفرنسي فقط ..اللسان قبل الأدب .. و الأسلوب هو ما بعده .. الأسلوب : انه ميثولوجيا الكتاب الفردية و السرية أيضاً ..
إنه الشيء الذي يملكه الكاتب و هو بهاؤه و سجنه و هو عزلته .. الأسلوب لا مبال و شفاف بالنسبة إلى المجتمع .. مسيرة الشخص المغلقة و ليس نتاج اختيار على الإطلاق أو تأمل حول الأدب
..
Oscar Fuentevilla
No es mi favorito de Barthes, definitivamente tiene mucho mejores. O tal vez es el tema que analiza no es tan estudiado de mi parte cómo otros... pero siempre analiza la literatura en cualquier libro de él, aunque sea un poco.

Pero para alguien que quiere escribir y entender el fino arte de la literatura así como su historia, está de lujo. De echo una de mis particularidades favoritas de Barthes en todos sus libros es su figura narrativa y de redacción... es en verdad un gran escritor y tiene un
...more
Nicolás Rivas
Nov 15, 2015 Nicolás Rivas rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Difícil, opaco, un texto inmensamente valioso como testimonio del que llegó a explorar las últimas profundidades del arte de escribir. No me detuve a repensar en cada salto entre cada frase, más me dejé llevar por la sed de querer a volver a encontrar esas ideas brillantes, precisas, que se hayan cada dos o tres párrafos. Cada una de ellas revela un nuevo mundo o conecta lo que hasta entonces, durante lecturas, habían sido en mi mente leves murmuraciones. Unificador y clarificador, abre nuevos c ...more
Gilbert Wesley Purdy
"I was recently at a bookstore to pick up a copy of Writing Degree Zero I had ordered. The bookstore was a franchise of one of the old chains being driven out of business by the new mega-stores. In the particular area there are few privately owned bookstores and all are at a considerable distance. My desire to keep alive diversity and to prevent the publishing industry from descending to a mere commodity exchange would have to be satisfied by this ambivalent and surely inconsequential act.

I felt
...more
Scott
Oct 30, 2007 Scott rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: literarytheory
Cryptograms of the writing of novels and histories with an singular approach using the styles of Flaubert, Camus, Balzac, Voltaire, Rousseau, Cayrol, Gide, Borges, Beckett, and on and so forth, to make some point about the Novel, History, and the languages found and made. It's a dense book, and it even seems that Susan Sontag is trying to make you not read it in her preface. This book was probably too much for the heavy American literary audience at one time, but I'm not so sure now. Then again ...more
Tosh
Nov 07, 2014 Tosh rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Not my favorite of the Barthes book, but the "Empire of Signs" is the one that springs to mind as being a masterpiece of some sort - as well as his great "Mythologies." Nevertheless, a very dense piece of work and an early Roland title as well. Geared totally to French literature, it is interesting in how it conveys a thoughtfulness on the art of reading and writing literature. There's text, and then there is how Barthes looks at that text. He is the scientist of the mood, and therefore probably ...more
Erwin Maack
Jul 24, 2012 Erwin Maack rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition


Existe imagem mais voluptuosa do que a de um leito em deriva? Imagem profunda, pois reúne três ideias: a do amor, a da flutuação e a do pensamento de que o desejo é uma força em deriva - razão por que se propôs como a melhor abordagem, senão como a melhor tradução, da pulsão freudiana (conceito que provocou muita discussão) a própria palavra deriva: a deriva do tenente Loti (sobre as águas da Tessalônica, no bairro de Eiub, ao sabor das tardes de inverno, com Aziyadé ou dos degraus da devassidã
...more
Mohamed Embaby
رولان بارت سخيف جداً
ميساوي missaoui missaoui
read in french
Eric
I only feel like reading Barthes mid-morning, at the caffeine crest. I'm skimming this as part of an obligatory lit-survey. His particular statement of 'classic vs. romantic' is perceptive (smooth, monotonous, compacted 'relational' diction as opposed to a more various and individually colorful word-choice) but needlessly elaborate; Strachey says the same thing, but in less than half the page-space.
Timothy
Oct 20, 2013 Timothy rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I enjoyed feeling like I actually understood most of his book, and Susan Sontag's introductory essay helped. I don't actually like the schema that Barthes uses of language, style, and writing: the idea that the first two are immutable givens (linguistic/social and biological, respectively) doesn't make sense to me in light of later theory. But the rest of the book is a great read.
Daryn
Dec 10, 2007 Daryn rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Barthes was trained as a philosopher, so his account of French literary history is a little dated. Also, his lectures are too brief and one-sided to be compelling. That said, this presents a provocative counterargument to Jean-Paul Sartre's equally relevant What is Literature?, pointing up some of the weaknesses in Sartre's case for a "committed" or "engaged" literature.
Yoana
Не мога да й дам оценка, защото разбрах най-много 25% от съдържанието, като какво по дяволите разбира Барт под "почерк" (ecriture) попада в останалите 75%. Никога преди книга не ме е карала да се чувствам толкова глупава. Отивам да чета обяснения на Барт за идиоти.
Grace
Aug 07, 2011 Grace rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
The introduction, by Susan Sontag, gave me a clear picture of what to expect. This was a really tough read. I think it's something I will read again when I have a little more background, more than likely after I've read Sartre's What is Literature?
Ryan
Sep 13, 2008 Ryan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I wouldn't recommend this book as an intro to Barthes. Susan Sontag even seems to think the same. She wrote the preface. I might rather recommend Mythologies if you want to ease into Barthes. Of course, how you read is up to y o u.
Conor
Mar 15, 2010 Conor rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: read-non_fiction
Not exactly what I expected, but not a bad time either. I really only liked the later half when Barthes talks about the drive toward fresh language in the novel. One wonders what he'd make of something like Ridley Walker.
Anna
Aug 04, 2010 Anna is currently reading it  ·  review of another edition
Thank you, Matthew for taking me up on the suggestion to read something at the same time. The conversations are proving very fruitful! And Barthes to be a wonderfully lucid craftsman.
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Roland Gérard Barthes was a French literary theorist, philosopher, linguist, critic, and semiotician. Barthes' ideas explored a diverse range of fields and he influenced the development of schools of theory including structuralism, semiotics, social theory, design theory, anthropology and post-structuralism.
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