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The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914

4.13  ·  Rating Details  ·  5,230 Ratings  ·  295 Reviews
During the fateful quarter century leading up to World War I, the climax of a century of rapid, unprecedented change, a privileged few enjoyed Olympian luxury as the underclass was “heaving in its pain, its power, and its hate.” In The Proud Tower, Barbara W. Tuchman brings the era to vivid life: the decline of the Edwardian aristocracy; the Anarchists of Europe and Americ ...more
Paperback, 588 pages
Published August 27th 1996 by Random House Trade Paperbacks (first published February 1966)
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Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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Feb 16, 2016 Kalliope rated it really liked it

While from a proud tower in the town
Death looks gigantically down

The City in the Sea – Poe.

This book is really a collection of essays published separately in various journals. Any book tackling the social, political and artistic situation of the world in the couple of decades before it entered its first global war, could only offer a partial view. These essays offer a series of selected aspects of this bellicose universe seen through shifting points of view.

There are considerable absences. Fo
The Proud Tower: Barbara Tuchman's View of the World on the Road to War

Channel Firing
That night your great guns, unawares,
Shook all our coffins as we lay,
And broke the chancel window-squares,
We thought it was the Judgment-day

And sat upright. While drearisome
Arose the howl of wakened hounds:
The mouse let fall the altar-crumb,
The worms drew back into the mounds,

The glebe cow drooled. Till God called, “No;
It’s gunnery practice out at sea
Just as before you went below;
The world is as i
Wes Freeman
Dec 12, 2008 Wes Freeman rated it really liked it
Engaging history of white people from late 19th century to WWI. Written by American journalist living in U.K. and published in 1966, book purports to be "A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914" -- which it ain't by a damn sight -- and works as a pretty good oil painting of the U.K., France, Germany, and the U.S. (with smatterings of Russia, Spain and Italy thrown in for spice) before they all started killing each other with gas and machine guns. Author shows us the political, social, ...more
Dec 08, 2013 Jim rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history, reread
It is a thankless job to write a book about the origins of a widespread conflagration such as the First World War. Where is one to draw the line? Where author Barbara Tuchman apparently drew it was the countries of Western Europe -- Britain, France, and Germany -- plus the United States. But what about the view from St. Petersburg or Vienna or even Istanbul? It is all well and good to talk about the rise of international socialism, but what about all the energies released by the decay of the Ott ...more
May 27, 2014 Michael rated it really liked it
Recommended to Michael by: Kalliope
I simply love Tuchman’s writing style, which tells stories around various figures and themes relevant to understanding the origins of the First World War. Except in her introduction and final scene on the verge of mobilization of armies she avoids explicit reference to the war because of the power of the lens of hindsight to distort the accuracy of historical truth. She leaves it to other accounts, including her earlier book, “The Guns of August”, to elucidate the political evolution leading to ...more
Jun 24, 2010 Trevor rated it really liked it
Shelves: history
We humans like to think that there are single moments in our lives and in history around which the rest of history pivots. The point of these pivots is that they explain not only what comes after, but (and not unlike my new reading glasses) also snaps into focus all that went before. Suddenly the world makes sense. Strangely enough I don't think this was the experience the world had with the First World War – although it probably ought to have been. The war was so terrible (in the sense of strik ...more
May 24, 2012 Dan rated it it was amazing
Shelves: nonfiction
This is another outstanding book by Barbara Tuchman. It paints a vivid and fascinating picture of the world in the period before World War 1. I think she manages to avoid the obvious danger of seeing everything through the lens created by our modern perspective, knowing, as we do now, that the War was coming and that it would change everything about the world forever. The descriptions of society in Britain, the US, and in particular France (I found the in-depth explanation of the Dreyfus affair ...more
Evan Leach
Jul 03, 2013 Evan Leach rated it really liked it
In The Proud Tower, historian extraordinaire Barbara Tuchman takes on the 25 years leading up to World War I. Focusing on events in England, France, Germany, the U.S. and (to a lesser extent) the rest of the West from 1890-1914, Tuchman presents eight essays that, taken together, provide a revealing look at the “Gilded Age.”

The Patricians – England: 1895-1902

The first of two essays focusing on England, The Patricians presents the world of the top 1% in all of its shameless, decadent, nineteenth
Clif Hostetler
Dec 29, 2010 Clif Hostetler rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
Barbara Tuchman is a widely respected historian, and I have always assumed I'd get around to reading all her books some day (I read two of her books in my pre- days). I had not previously read The Proud Tower probably because the era prior to World War I is of limited interest to me. Things changed recently when Ken Follett came out with his book, Fall of Giants, and a book group I belong to decided to read, Edith Wharton's book The Age of Innocence. These are both fictional storie ...more
Jan 25, 2015 Dwight rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: world-war-1
The Proud Tower is a series of loosely connected summaries of key political, economic and cultural movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tuchman’s writing style is enjoyable and stimulating. Her talent for selecting a compelling character (Thomas Reed, Arthur Balfour and others) on whom to center her narrative of surrounding events is effective and in a similar vein to her award-winning efforts with General Stillwell in China.

She deftly jumps from the world of English aristocrats
Dec 17, 2009 Kent rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history
I'm hesitating between a simple recommendation: "This was tremendous. Go forth and read ye likewise," and a more voluminous splatter of opinions and unhelpful comments.

No, actually, I'm not hesitating. The choice is simple.

Tuchman's object is to reveal the last decade or two of the Christendom, its pillars and its dynamiters. She covers the magnificent aristocracy of England in the first chapter. In their contempt of ideology the House of Lords were very Burkean, and incidentally reminded me a g
Patrick Gibson
Apr 21, 2009 Patrick Gibson rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: history aficionados
Recommended to Patrick by: NPR, of course
1850 is my favorite year. What? You don’t have a favorite year? Sure you do. It is the one you picked during the late night drunken college game of ‘What If You Could Go Back in Time Where and When Would You Go?’ I could waver a little on my date. 1849 or 1851 would be all right. And I’d have to land somewhere in Europe. Wagner, Beethoven, Brahms, Berlioz, Balzac, Hardy, Flaubert, Monet, Manet, et. al. where clustered either at the beginning or the end of their lives and the great Romantic Age c ...more
Sep 24, 2008 Cera rated it liked it
Tuchman is rightfully famous as a historian, but I found this book disappointing. It's a sound scholarly look at the period 1890-1914, focusing on the social movements within the powerful European nations & the United States that, according to Tuchman, set the stage for the outbreak of WWI. Unfortuantely, Tuchman doesn't obviously tie her thesis (presented in the introduction) to the rest of the book, and thus her admirable work on issues such as international Socialism, the Dreyfus Affair, ...more
Mikey B.
May 25, 2013 Mikey B. rated it really liked it
Shelves: history
This book consists of eight sections, or as the title suggests – portraits. They are uneven in scope and not that inter-connected.

One of the strongest ones is on the Dreyfus affair in France and it is full of passion as one would expect. Ms. Tuchman gives a stupendous view of the colliding forces at work. There is also one chapter on the Anarchist movement with an intriguing analysis of these rather eccentric and misguided people. The last chapter is on “International Communism” with a good expo
Dec 19, 2011 Tony rated it really liked it
Shelves: history
THE PROUD TOWER. (1966). Barbara W. Tuchman. ****.
In this highly researched and very readable book, the author examines what was going on in several countries just prior to WW I. Although she claims that other countries could have been picked, she decided on the final grouping using no real set of criteria other than interest to the general reader. “This book is an attempt to discover the quality of the world from which the Great War came...I have tried to concentrate on society rather than the
Jul 15, 2012 Owen rated it really liked it
Barbara Tuchman is a very good writer of history. It's one of those situations in which you thank the Lord, or somebody, that this particular person decided to go ahead in this particular direction. I don't know if just anyone will enjoy "The Proud Tower," since it deals with a very precise period in history, the Victorian Age in Britain, or the time leading up to the First World War. However, for me Tuchman's book, while not actually revelatory (her book on the origins of W. W. I - "The Guns of ...more
Sarah Bringhurst
Dec 08, 2014 Sarah Bringhurst rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history, britain, europe
I've been thinking a lot about World War I during this centennial year, and I am fascinated by anything to do with the Long 19th Century, so when I was browsing for commute audiobooks on Overdrive and saw this, I knew I had to read it. It's an engagingly written history of the Western world before WWI that tries to paint that world as it was and seemed at the time to those who lived in it, and not as it looked (or looks) through the rosy glasses of war-wearied remembrance.

The book consists of se
Taha rabbani
اول از همه از اسم کتاب شروع کنم. برجِ فرازان ترجمهی خیلی سنگینی برای proud tower هست. من که خودم بدون کسرهی موصوفی و به صورت صفت جمع میخوندمش.
اما ترجمه. حتماً یکی از دلایل این ترجمهی روان، تسلط زیاد مترجم بر زبان انگلیسی، و همچنین بر دیگر زبانها از جمله لاتین، هست. البته دارم به این شک میافتم که نکند به خاطر علاقهای که به عزتالله فولادوند پیدا کردهام انقدر ترجمههایش به نظرم عالی میرسه. به هر حال عزتالله فولادوند تحصیلکردهی آمریکا در رشتهی فلسفه است و تسلطش بر زبان چیز عجیبی نیست. اما فقط تسلط ب
Genia Lukin
Apr 23, 2013 Genia Lukin rated it really liked it
Tuchman, as usual, is incisive and sharp in the best sense of these words. The book was not quite as fascinating to me as Guns of August has been, but then, that is really not much of a criticism, as Guns of August is a book one produces once a lifetime.

This book surveys the portrait of Europe and America before the First World War; it presents chapters on England, the Socialists, the Anarchists, a chapter on the Dreyfus affair, and another on German music and culture. It presents a world both v
Sep 19, 2013 Rebecca rated it liked it
Shelves: history
Back in high school (not for high school, just during), I read A Distant Mirror and was very impressed. So when I saw this on the shelf at the library, I snagged it.

This odd book. On the paragraph level, the writing is first rate. The scholarship is excellent. But the overall book is rather disjointed. There's no overarching thesis or storyline, so it ends up just being "here are some things that were important that happened in some countries that were important in this time span". Each
Mar 11, 2012 Clif rated it it was amazing
This is a book that I read many years ago, liked enough to keep and have now had time to re-read.

Though we think of our own time as one of great change, there was a feeling in the air at the end of the 19th century that will never again be experienced. It was a combination of innocence, wonder and anxiety produced by capitalism as technology and industry recreated the world.

The innocence came from a still powerful religious sense along with a strong idea of how things should be. But the lives pe
Robert Isenberg
Feb 25, 2008 Robert Isenberg rated it it was amazing
Ever wary of the Edwardians, I knew that Barbara Tuchman could enliven this dreary industrial period. And my, did she ever: The story of English nobility, mad anarchists, high-minded Socialists and the throbbing heart of impending war all become glaring signs of the world's most pointless and catastrophic olympiad. One can see the origins of German nationalism, the symptoms of French self-importance (by way of the Dreyfus Affair), and the transformation of America from a philosophical experiment ...more
Oct 21, 2013 S. rated it really liked it
I've been punching out the four stars lately, but in justification, if the book is a two I usually just let it gather some dust. Even the threes take longer to finish and then I usually find some excuse to delay the write up. Fours I can consume like potato chips.... Munch munch munch. Supposedly reading is good for you, but after three hundred books this year, non fiction even, I know even less and less.

Tuchman is famous for "guns of august" which probably established the concept of the popula
Andrew Obrigewitsch
Feb 11, 2014 Andrew Obrigewitsch rated it really liked it
It amazes me that every time I read one of Tuchman's books I realize how utterly ignorant I am oh history. And I got strait As in history in school and watch history documentaries for fun. How it seems that most of these documentaries seem to only focus on wars and school history books don't teach one must of anything.

After reading Tuchman's books I realize that school history books are made to go through the motions of teaching, without upsetting carefully contrived political believes that are
Sam Ferree
Jul 12, 2014 Sam Ferree rated it it was amazing
Shelves: history
It's exactly 16 days before the centennial anniversary of World War One and I've been listening to this book while I walk to and from work. Originally, I had it in a collection of Tuchman I got from the Library of America, but I gave that copy to a friend and so I listened to it as a book on tape from the library.

The book, as Tuchman explains in the introduction, is a snapshot of the world before the first World War. She deliberately never mentions the Event itself, because to do so would make e
Erik Graff
Mar 24, 2013 Erik Graff rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: Richard Allen Hyde
Shelves: history
This was the first book I ever read about Europe just prior to the first world war. Tuchman's accessible style and choice of topics representative of the period inspired the reading of her book about the onset of the war itself, The Guns of August, immediately thereafter.

Decades later, in 1990, I reread the thing.
Matt Brady
Sep 27, 2014 Matt Brady rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I really love Tuchman's writing, it has this great immersive quality to it. There's an entire chapter devoted to the Dreyfus Affair, a French military and political scandal which seems in restrospect fairly silly but was deadly serious at the time, and Tuchman makes it incredibly gripping and even suspenseful. This is an overview of Europe and the United States in the decades preceding the First World War characterized as an age of new mass movements; pacificism, socialism, anarchism, imperialis ...more
Josh Friedlander
An amazing blend of political economy, history of ideas and poetic sensibility. Tuchman describes, with some degree of nostalgia, the "proud tower" of pre-war life: the aristocrats and the anarchists, the pacifists and the patriots, the romance and opulence of life in the 1%, and the misery of the proletariat. Dealing with issues as diverse as the Dreyfus Affair, Richard Strauss and the annexation of Hawaii, she shows the ideological changes coming to consciousness in the western mind, leading t ...more
Brian Eshleman
Feb 29, 2016 Brian Eshleman rated it it was amazing
I am convinced of that Barbara W. Tuchman could draw lasting principles about the behavior of humanity from a trip to the grocery store and could make understated comments on the folly revealed which are more and more penetrating as time passes. Couple that skill with the transformation so many have noted between 1890 and 1914, and we have a book that almost anyone would find worth reading. I doubt anyone else could have organized such a vast amount of material from a quarter-century and from so ...more
Peter Mcloughlin
This classic about the world prior to the first world war is portrait of Europe and America from about 1890 to 1914. Tuchman present about a half dozen snapshots of different aspects of the era. The chapter opens on upper class life in England during the 1890 and is followed by the flipside of Anarchist movement that assassinated six heads of state at this time. It covers the Dreyfuss Affair, and the Spanish-American war as seen by Imperialists and anti-Imperialists in congress, Their was a fai ...more
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Barbara Wertheim Tuchman was an American self-trained historian and author. She became best known for The Guns of August, a history of the prelude and first month of World War I.

As an author, Tuchman focused on producing popular history. Her clear, dramatic storytelling covered topics as diverse as the 14th century and World War I, and sold millions of copies.
More about Barbara W. Tuchman...

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“The proud tower built up through the great age of European civilization was an edifice of grandeur and passion, of riches and beauty and dark cellars. Its inhabitants lived, as compared to a later time, with more self-reliance, more confidence, more hope; greater magnificence, extravagance and elegance; more careless ease, more gaiety, more pleasure in each other's company and conversation, more injustice and hypocrisy, more misery and want, more sentiment including false sentiment, less sufferance of mediocrity, more dignity in work, more delight in nature, more zest. The Old World had much that has since been lost, whatever may have been gained. Looking back on it from 1915, Emile Verhaeren, the Belgian Socialist poet, dedicated his pages, "With emotion, to the man I used to be.” 6 likes
“Without a country, you are the basket of humanity.” 2 likes
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