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The State and Revolution

4.01  ·  Rating Details ·  2,904 Ratings  ·  129 Reviews
No, democracy is not identical with the subordination of the minority to the majority. Democracy is a state which recogizes the subordination of the minority to the majority, i.e., an organization for the systematic use of violence by one class against the other, by one section of the population against another.
Paperback, 116 pages
Published June 1st 2004 by Kessinger Publishing (first published 1918)
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The Communist Manifesto by Karl MarxDas Kapital by Karl MarxThe State and Revolution by Vladimir Ilyich LeninReform or Revolution by Rosa LuxemburgThe Jungle by Upton Sinclair
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محمد وفيق زين العابدين
في زيورخ عام 1917 بدأ لينين بكتابة هذا الكتاب تحت اسم (الماركسية والدولة) لينتهي منه في العام التالي في فنلندا تحت اسم (الدولة والثورة)، فيُعيد إحياء تعاليم ماركس الأولى بشأن الموقف من الدولة، وليخرج بفكرة جوهرية عن الثورة هي ضرورة تحطيم جهاز (الدولة)، ففكرة الاستحواذ على هذا الجهاز وتطويعه لخدمة الثورة أمر غير وارد، فهو مرتبط عضويًا بالطبقة البرجوازية المُستغلة الحاكمة، ولا يُمكن أن يتخلى عن دوره في تمكينها من استغلال الطبقات الشعبية العاملة الكادحة.

فهذه الطبقة العاملة التي ستُحرر المجتمع وتبني
Apr 28, 2015 Jonathan rated it really liked it
I lurk on reading people's recommended book lists (surely the sole purpose of that website) and this came up a few times.

I was, for many years, completely disengaged with the political process and the world in general, through some vague and incredibly privileged liberal sense that everything is bad, so who cares?

Various factors have led me back to worrying about the world and, subsequently, Marxism, but I am still very inexperienced in reading political theory of any kind and hesitant
Jun 13, 2014 Stuart rated it it was amazing
If you happen to get the version which has a forward by Richard Pipes, I strongly suggest reading the text of Vladimir Lenin first, maybe Google or Wikipedia some of the historical references, and draw your own conclusion. Richard Pipes is your classical establishment propaganda clerk who's job is to 'help' you see the text the way the State wants you to, that is, defanged of its revolutionary message.
Pipes slides in his prejudice hidden by historical facts, intent on having you view this remark
There's an episode of The Simpsons in which an enraged gigantic Lenin smashes out of his tomb and starts stomping on people in Red Square shouting "Crush Capitalism".

As far as I can recall this is a surprisingly concise and accurate synopsis of "State and Revolution" (so long as one substitutes the term bourgeoise for capitalism).

Presumably in the political context of 1917 this pamphlet urging readers to crush the bourgeoise was an attempt to create clear blue water, or choppy red water, between
Dec 22, 2011 Michael rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Anarchists, Communists, Russian historians
Recommended to Michael by: Bob Avakian
Shelves: politics
This is the famous book in which Lenin asserted (quoting Engels) that “the state will wither away” under Communism, and which is therefore sometimes oddly accused of being “utopian” and “anarchist.” It is neither of these, but it does require some work to parse out.

Historically, this essay was written at the moment when Lenin was in exile in Switzerland, after the February, 1917 revolution and before the October revolution which ended with him and his party in power. One would think that his min
May 20, 2016 Pablo rated it it was amazing
Un clásico, no todo lo dicho por Lenin es util ahora, pero hay temas esenciales y trascendentales, que pueden ser aplicados aun hoy.
Dec 08, 2008 Eric rated it it was amazing
Being a dirty red, I found it amazing (and surprising) that I had never sat down with this piece. I had read sections in Marxism classes years ago, but it was refreshing to get back into it. Excellent. A must.
Ibrahim Niftiyev
Aug 21, 2016 Ibrahim Niftiyev rated it it was amazing
Demokratiya azlığın çoxluğa tabe olması deyil. Demokratiya hakim sinifin aşağı sinifləri istismar etməsi məqsədi ilə azlığın çoxluğa tabe olduğunu qəbul edən dövlətin yaratdığı illüziyadır. "Dövlət və inqilab" əsəri ilə Lenin sinfi cəmiyyətdə baş verən istismarı (proletariat və burjuaziya arasında) "qanun" və "demokratiya" adı altında necə qanuniləşdirdiyini göstərir. Karl Marks və Fredirik Engelsin əsərlərinə əsaslanan Lenin, dövlət adlanan prazit quruluşun sinfi cəmiyyətin mənafelərinə necə xi ...more
Apr 09, 2007 Theodora rated it it was amazing
Lenin was the one to put the gulag system in place, not Stalin.
Lynn Beyrouthy
The February Revolution of 1917 goaded the fall of the Romanov dynasty when tsar Nicholas II abdicated, and things started to look surprisingly auspicious for Vladimir Ilich Lenin and his Bolshevik party. However, the Provisional Government of Georgi Lvov, in the midst of the colossal military turmoil of World War I, wasn't particularly sympathetic of Lenin's anti-war stance. After his arrival in Petrograd (to be renamed after him Leningrad), Lenin was falsely accused of being a German agent and ...more
Apr 19, 2014 Johnnie rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Essential reading for anyone interested in proletarian revolution and its relation to the state. Very well written, inspiring, and certainly has the fire of immediacy stewing in it. You can tell it was written with great energy, probably quickly. The only issue is that sometimes it's repetitive and sometimes Lenin goes into some very historically-rooted discussions that don't have as much relevance as it did when he wrote the book. For instance, he spends a fair amount of time taking Kautsky to ...more
Jan 24, 2014 Elagabaal rated it really liked it
this was (perhaps unfortunately) the first work of marxist theory i ever read and as such has shaped a lot of my approach to basic political questions. to be fair, lenin provides an introduction to revolutionary theory and the theory of the state that is true enough to marx and engels and is very accessibly written. it covers some very important topics for people new to radical politics- the role of the state as an organ of class rule, the role of police and jails, and perhaps most critically th ...more
Jun 25, 2012 Operaista rated it it was amazing
If one wants to engage with Lenin, it's important to engage with him at his best. Yes, some of his flaws still shine through (mainly that, due to the class nature of the inner core of the Bolshevik party (a class nature encouraged by the Russian material conditions), Bolshevism was always given to bureaucratisation), but Lenin at his best - and what "could have been", had it not been for the isolation of the revolution and the emergence of the counterrevolution as the degeneration of the Bolshev ...more
Mar 12, 2014 Caligula rated it it was ok
I found this quite tedious for being such a short book.

It pretty much consists on a long rant, in which Lenin discredits his opponents by repeatedly quoting Marx and Engels. And it's done in a quasi religious way, reminds me of how the different branches of Christianism bash each other by claiming that theirs is the true interpretation of the Scriptures.

He argues (once and again) about the impossibility to abolish the state overnight and advocates for a more democratic proletarian state, which w
Yaser Maadat
Feb 24, 2015 Yaser Maadat rated it really liked it
يظهر لينين في هذا الكتاب نظرته للعلاقة بين الدولة و الثورة من ناحية حتمية اضمحلال الدولة عقب استيلاء البروليتاريا الثورية المسلحة على السلطة بناء على فهمه لآراء ماركس و انجلز،و لكن الظاهر للعيان عبر آراء لينين في هذا الكتاب هو ايمانه المطلق بهذه الحتمية و سعيه لأن ترى النور على أرض الواقع عبر السوفييتات التي يرى انها تشابه كومونة باريس التي يركز عليها في بسط آراء ماركس و انجلز حول ضرورة القضاء على وجود الدولة بعد استيلاء البروليتاريا المسلحة على السلطة،اضافة الى هذا يشن لينين هجوما شرسا على من ي ...more
May 03, 2016 Tyler rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Readers of Marxism
The Penguin edition of The State and Revolution comes in two parts:

Part I - Introduction by Robert Service. What a strange chance it is to read an introduction to a book written to refute the contents. In the Penguin edition of The State and Revolution Mr. Service explains that this work is the product of a deranged mind whose disjointed, incomprehensible rant has little real value.

Lenin, he notes, often quotes Marx and Engels in the present tense, as if they were still alive; so for Lenin, at l
Rosa Ramôa
Jan 13, 2016 Rosa Ramôa rated it it was amazing
Sobre a ditadura do proletariado...
"O proletariado só precisa do Estado durante algum tempo (...),utilizando temporariamente contra os exploradores (burgueses e contrarrevolucionários) os instrumentos do poder político - tal como +e necessário instigar a ditadura temporária da classe oprimida para abolir a sociedade de classes.(...)Sob a ditadura do proletariado, será necessário reeducar milhões de camponeses e pequenos proprietários,centenas de de milhares de empregados de escritório,oficiais e
Mar 01, 2008 Michael rated it really liked it
drawing heavily on the works of marx and engels, lessons drawn from the paris commune of 1871, and his own experiences from 1905 and 1917, lenin sums up the armed workers' revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat, and then outlines the eventual withering away of the state in the higher phase of communism.

throughout he berates the anarchists and social democrats for their opportunism, philistinism, and vulgarism. for lenin, there was a lot at stake at this historical moment as it was q
Eric Phetteplace
Apr 28, 2010 Eric Phetteplace rated it it was ok
Shelves: philosophy
I always find it a bit preposterous when supposed "historical materialists" use fidelity to Marx and Engels as proof of truth. Isn't that exactly the sort of textual game reserved for postmodernists and literary critics, not historians? Lenin goes about refuting his opponents by repeatedly quoting M&E at length and calling them "philistine" which strikes me as an abject method of argumentation. Similarly, attacking Kautsky and other opportunists is a bit myopic; the book would be more releva ...more
Oct 04, 2008 C rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: phenomenal
"The state is a product and a manifestation of the irreconcilability of class antagonisms."

"Another reason why the omnipotence of wealth is more certain in a democratic republic is that is does not depend on defects in the political machinery or on the faulty political shell of capitalism. A democratic republic is the best possible political shell for capitalism, and, therefore, once capital has gained possession of this very best establishes its power so securely, so firmly that no c
Oct 07, 2008 Mr. rated it it was amazing
Lenin's State and Revolution is the most crucial analysis of the Marxian theory of the state and its relation to class struggle. Lenin was a revolutionary determined to reveal the provisional government's capitulation to the forces of imperialism and to revivify the revolutionary edge of Marxism that "socialists" had attempted to obscure. Lenin writes
"According to Marx, the state is an organ of class domination, an organ of oppression of one class by another; its aim is the creation of "order"
Magdy Samy
Feb 11, 2015 Magdy Samy rated it it was amazing
في ذكري خلع حسني مبارك بحاول افهم ليه فشلنا..وبعد الكتاب ده جيه سؤال في دماغي ليه ساعتها توهمنا النجاح اصلا؟
احنا ازاي تشربنا اوي كدة ان احنا في لعبة شطرنج ولما الملك يموت نكسب؟
رفقاء نازلين الشارع للمطالبه باصلاحات سياسية بسيطة لقوا معاهم قوة جماهيرية كبيرة فرفعوا سقف المطالب حبة صغيرين وكل سنة وانت طيب
مفيش هدف واضح مفيش تنظيم واحد كويس (غير الاخوان،وقصدي كويس تنظيميا) وبعد السنين دي معدش في خالص
الكتاب هنا بيحاول يوضح ايه هي الدولة والدولة بتعمل فينا كدة ليه والثورة المفروض تعمل ايه.

I can see why Rothbard liked it, and reading it gave me new insights into Rothbardian political strategy. However, it also made me feel as though the Soviet Union as it existed was more or less what Lenin was aiming for, and what he describes in this book as the first stage of Communism. It just seems like the results were much different from those he envisioned, and that Communism never progressed to the "higher" stage. Also, lots of crazy sounding claims I've heard made about Lenin are
Apr 29, 2015 Emma rated it liked it
the first half of the book is definitely an interesting read, whereas the rest of the book is pretty much just repetition. However if you don't understand something in the first half you can be sure that he'll repeat it 6 or 7 times in the remaining part.
Aaron Crofut
Lenin's books are not worth reading. Calling upon people to destroy the state is easy enough; building up something after that, not so easy. Claiming that people will magically fall in love with laboring for others doesn't actually solve the problem, even if Marx (the great prophet) declared it so.

Also, I can't help but mock the "scientific" nature of Lenin's plans. As we all know, Russia was indeed ripe for communism. If only we could all live in a world as good as the Soviet Union! Oh, wait..
Sep 16, 2016 Scott rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: Anyone
Fascinating book, and Lenin is a fluent, engaging, and interesting writer. That said - the whole premise of communism laid out by this book seems completely full of holes, unworkable, vaguely defined, brutal, and absolutely nightmarish.

First, the workers (who is classified as a "worker" and by whom is not defined) seize power from the exploiters (again, not defined) violently, and brutally repress them. At the same time, there's supposed to be universal suffrage and direct democracy for all.

May 02, 2016 Chazz rated it it was amazing
Lenin’s, “State and Revolution” by far has to be his most compelling and processed work he has distributed. Diving into his own interpretations of work by Marx and Engels while also refuting the work of other socialist thinkers. Lenin uses his interpretations of Marx and Engels work to begin forming what we know today as Leninism. Lenin also utilizes what Marx and Engels formulated to challenge the thought of other socialists as being “opportunists.” Lenin, ultimately in the end, justifies his s ...more
Michael David
I never want to be caught with my foot on my mouth, so in the interest of accuracy, I wanted to know more about Communism, especially because it's one of the go-to anathemas for one of the presidential candidates here in the Philippines. This isn't even my first Lenin book: I've also read What is to be Done?

Lenin, having written this, simply proved once more that he truly was a political genius by elucidating certain passages from Marx and Engels themselves. Ultimately, by being Communist, one a
Jun 07, 2016 Sieg rated it really liked it
Quite a read it is. It was interesting to read this book and see how much the Lenin's vision was perverted both by the so called communist parties and social-democrtatic parties of the 1st world countries and 3rd world countries. By Lenin's vision I obviously mean the refined communism the Lenin has proposed build upon the works of Marx and Engels. It was quite surprising to see that the end goal of the communist evolution(the second stage, that followed the communist revolution) was the aboliti ...more
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Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich (1870-1924) - one of the leaders of the Bolshevik party since its formation in 1903. Led the Soviets to power in October, 1917. Elected to the head of the Soviet government until 1922, when he retired due to ill health.

Lenin, born in 1870, was committed to revolutionary struggle from an early age - his elder brother was hanged for the attempted assassination of Czar Alexande
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“During the lifetime of great revolutionaries, the oppressing classes constantly hounded them, received their theories with the most savage malice, the most furious hatred and the most unscrupulous campaigns of lies and slander. After their death, attempts are made to convert them into harmless icons, to canonize them, so to say, and to hallow their names to a certain extent for the “consolation” of the oppressed classes and with the object of duping the latter, while at the same time robbing the revolutionary theory of its substance, blunting its revolutionary edge and vulgarizing it.” 22 likes
“We are not utopians, we do not “dream” of dispensing at once with all administration, with all subordination. These anarchist dreams, based upon incomprehension of the tasks of the proletarian dictatorship, are totally alien to Marxism, and, as a matter of fact, serve only to postpone the socialist revolution until people are different. No, we want the socialist revolution with people as they are now, with people who cannot dispense with subordination, control, and "foremen and accountants".” 15 likes
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