Written over the last 18 months of his life and inspired by his interest in G. E. Moore's defence of common sense, this much discussed volume collects Wittgenstein's reflections on knowledge and certainty, on what it is to know a proposition for sure.
You have an invisible friend who is the most important being in the world and responsible for everything that happens.
The great strength of science is that all its findings are provisional and subject to revision at any moment if new evidence comes in. This is why you should trust it.
Even 0.1% growth over a few tens of millenia would result in an economy bigger than the known universe. But, although it is impossible ...more
On Certainty was a rather enjoyable read despite the fact that it contained 676 numbered paragraphs of somewhat repetitive analysis. But if one is as fascinated by philosophy as I am, then it’s no bother. Some would say Witt ...more
How certain am I, that I have never been to Jupiter?
"It is as certain as any grounds I could give for it."
On Certainty comes as close as Wittgenstein ever does to being a systematic philosopher rather than just playing at being a skeptic, phenomenologist, speculator or analyst of languag ...more
wonderful wittgenstein. 90 excruciating pages (676 numbered sections) on whether G. E. Moore was justified in holding up his hand and saying, "I know that here is my hand." the second half is quite creepy to read, as he was dying of cancer while writing it. the dates are on the entries, with the final page written two days before he died.
127 - how do i know that someone else uses the words "I do ...more
I was happy to notice that this book was not so hard to read and gave the reader opportunity to form own opinions. At one point I even noticed that there was a flaw in Wittgenstein's thinking.
If you do not have any or very limited previous knowledge about philosophy and wish to read ...more
This book sometimes feel like its a head on collision between philosophy and the everyday. What we can say and its implications within varied contexts, contexts that can never be nailed down. It's almost like what it would be like if an AI computer had a mental breakdown. Good stuff.
در قم بيشتر در باب يقين ويتگنشتاين غور كردم.
ويتگنشتاين آن چيزي نبود كه تصور ميكردم. بعدها سه كتاب از او را خواندم.
در باب يقين او حاصل دو سه سال آخر عمر اوست كه بعدها عليالظاهر جمع و نشر شده.
دو وجهه متفاوت از او برداشت كردم.
يك. ويتگنشتاين در خدمت تجدد
دو. ويتگنشتاين در خيانت به تجدد.
دوستانم معتقد به گزينهي دوم هستند. اما من ويتگنشتاين را ادامه مدرنيته و در خدمت جهان متجدد فهميدهام. البته فعلاً. ...more
Some readers take Wittgenstein's stance in these notes to be sceptical. I personally don't sympathize with this view. If anything, Wittgenstein is starkly anti-s ...more
The text was written mostly, but not exclusively in German. I benefited from having the German and English side-b ...more
That said, the numbered statements are really interesting and sometimes quite odd while quite logical. Also, as a beginning German student, it's wonderful to have short statements like this in a bilingual edition. Many words are used over and over again, and it p ...more
Anyway, Wittgenstein's numbered series of questions and remarks strikes me as a more appropriate way to render philosophical ideas -- more appropriate than the grammatically confusing literature of all those Modern Western giants. W's writing seems less im ...more
The Beetle Box concept: "What I have in this box is a beetle. Tell everyone it is so." And then and only then when the masses understand the concept in the language it's in, can discourse about it occur.
Also, he writes in aphorisms.
Wittgenstein gives us in these notes from his last year a glimpse into a philosopher's mind. We ask endless questions, sometimes seeming to ask the same thing again and again, but as any philosopher knows, the same words strung together twice very likely mean something slightly different in the second occurrence as a result of the intervening context.
I wish Wittgenstein had lived to see the Apollo landing on the moon since one of his prime examples ...more
Described by Bertrand Russell as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived, passionate, profound, intense, and dominating", he helped inspire t ...more