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Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History

3.93  ·  Rating Details  ·  2,548 Ratings  ·  237 Reviews
Uncovering the ancient roots of conflict in this explosive region, veteran reporter Kaplan presents a vivid portrait of a land ruled by ethnic violence and political oppression, and of a people struggling to create their own future.
Hardcover, 307 pages
Published April 28th 1993 by St. Martin's Press (NY) (first published 1993)
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Feb 06, 2010 Gina rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
One of the worst books about the Balkans ever published. Filled to the brim with Kaplan's trademark factual inaccuracies, personal prejudices, stereotypes, inexplicably bad or inconsistent transliterations (Kossovo stands out as the most ridiculous) and translations, and lazy journalism.

To Kaplan, the Balkans are Europe's wild west, characterized by lawlessness, lurid tales, lots of prostitutes, and (his favorite term) "ancient ethnic hatreds." To me, this is just an expression of both his prej
Calling this a travelogue doesn't excuse the abject ignorance that characterizes most of the book. Period.

The fact that most positive responses seem to come from either people without first-hand knowledge of the Balkans, or Greeks and Bulgarians--Greece and Bulgaria being Kaplan's actual area of expertise--is a significant detail, not to be ignored.

There is little historical fact here, and what passes for research might as well have been churned out by a starving Hollywood writer. Kaplan seems
Un tărîm al viziunilor înguste

Istoria m-a fascinat de cînd mă ştiu. Nu neapărat pentru „adevărul istoric” pe care mi-l oferă (la urma urmelor acesta e „in the eye of the beholder”, la fel ca frumuseţea sau ca adevărul ficţional), ci în primul rînd pentru personajele ei fascinante, pentru atmosfera ei nostalgică sau terifiantă, pentru problemele etice, sociale şi (mai ales) estetice pe care le ridică. În fond, ce este istoria de azi dacă nu mitul de mîine?

Aşa că nici prin cap nu-mi trece să pun l
Mikey B.
An interesting portrayal of this tortured area of the meeting place between Europe, Asia and Russia. Even though it is now somewhat out of date it does provide insights of the developments of the 1980’s and early 1990’s.

The general observations indicate backwardness and poverty in Romania, Bulgaria, Greece and what use to be Yugoslavia. These countries have a long way to go to catch up to Western Europe in their housing, transportation, and educational level. Plus there are overwhelming regional
May 25, 2015 Jeff rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
First, the positives.
The author was a very good writer and engaged in the subject. He obviously cared a great deal for the subject, having traveled and lived there extensively for many years.

Now, the negatives,
Granted, the premise of the book was the role of history on the development of current Balkan mindset and culture. However, while Kaplan was a good writer, this is where his background as a journalist really hurt the book. instead of telling a good objective story, he looked for the flashy
Feb 28, 2008 Anna rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
Not the best travel book about the Balkans. I think it got an unfair boost when Clinton was seen reading it. It's jumpy in rhythm and conclusions. Kaplan makes acute observations and extrapolates them to be indicative of an entire culture the way any traveler might, but as a travel writer I think he should have delved deeper before jumping to some of his conclusions.

Also, because the book is really more a composition of articles from the Atlantic than a travelogue, it is often repetitive, using
Feb 26, 2008 George rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A rather dark overview of the Balkans, but once the book of choice for those venturing into Europe's heart of darkness in the 90's, the former republic of Yugoslavia, and trying to get a basic grasp of the peoples and issues on the plane ride in. I read it on the road to Kosovo, during the war there between the KLA and the Yugoslav Army. There are better books, if you're willing to spend quality time reading them, but if you're just trying to establish a base line to draw from, this will do nice ...more
I'm glad I persevered with this. The first part which is about Yugoslavia in the late 80s/early 90s is very disjointed and quite difficult to follow in terms of linear events. The second and third sections, about Romania and Bulgaria respectively, are excellent and really informative. The Romanian section visits the country immediately post-Revolution, 1989, and gives a lot of historical background to the different regions which was fascinating. The Bulgarian section covers a period from the ear ...more
Jul 22, 2012 Jeff rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Though this book is now quite dated, it provided a good insight for me into several aspects of the history and culture of several Balkan nations. My own connection with Bulgaria led me to read that section first, but I found quite a bit of interesting material in other sections as well - particularly in the author's discussion on Greece during the 1980s, since I was there as a child at the same time as the author (my father was in the USAF). Much of my recollection is inaccurate, as childhood re ...more
Panayoti Kelaidis
A must read for anyone who has the slightest interest in contemporary history: Kaplan has captured the fantastic complexity of the Balkan politics that have been the root cause of so much world tension and little things like World War I. Each chapter of the book focuses on a key country: Kaplan blends his extensive personal experience there, recapping the threads of historical and cultural issues faced by that country, pointing to future outcomes. Written in the 20th Century, many of Kaplan's pr ...more
There is very much an 'outsiders' perspective in many ways on the cultural turmoil of the region, but the interviews he does with locals during his travels are really interesting. If only the history pieces didn't seem to have some spin or editorial feel to them. I think as I continue to read on the Balkans and former Yugoslavian region, I will work harder to find works from those native to the area.
Feb 19, 2009 Brent rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
not as helpful as I would have liked when trying to learn about the history of the Balkans...
Mar 26, 2014 Liam rated it it was amazing
"'Here, we are completely submerged under our own histories.'" (quoting Bulgarian foreign minister Luben Gotzev, xxi)

"[T]o judge by what Milosevic was turning into bu early 1989, Communism would exit the world stage revealed for what it truly was: fascism, but without fascism's ability to make the trains run on time." (76)

"As always in the Balkans, bare survival provides precious little room for moral choices." (89)

"'Ceaucescu kept donkeys as pets. Think of that.'" (quoting 'Gheorghe', 163)

Jul 27, 2010 Tubs rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
quick thoughts:

1. i expected this book to cover primarily (the former) yugoslavia. while the first section focused on yugoslavia, it was very weak compared to the final sections on romania, bulgaria, and greece. it feels maybe tacked on simply because ethnic conflicts were so obviously escalating in the early 1990s. kaplan is clearly more comfortable and knowledgeable about romania, bulgaria, and greece. thus:

2. the sections on romania, bulgaria, and greece were great, and they helpfully broaden
Jul 24, 2013 S. rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
-- Kaplan's 2005 BALKAN GHOSTS probably deserves the fourth star, but after the 5/5 tour de force of ENDS OF THE EARTH and the probably over-generous 4/5 rating on COMING ANARCHY, I'll for these two separate reasons (the over-accomplishment on the former; the over-rating on the latter) ease down on what is the most widely-read and possibly most influential work of an author spoken in the same breath as historian Fukuyama, political scientist Samuel Huntington, economist Taleb. if Kaplan doesn't ...more
Daniel Simmons
Though I would not use Kaplan's book as a policy manual for How To Understand the Balkans (and he makes it clear in his preface that he never meant it to be considered as such), it made for an engaging and sometimes eye-opening travel companion during my recent trip through the area. On p. 57 Kaplan writes that "Macedonia, the inspiration for the French word for 'mixed salad' (macedoine), defines the principal illness of the Balkans: conflicting dreams of lost imperial glory. Each nation demands ...more
Cyrus Carter
The first 3/4 of the book is a delight as Mr. Kaplan recounts personal encounters through most of the Balkans in a prescient account before the strife of the early through late 1990s. However, he stumbles when he gets to Greece. Perhaps for the self-stated reason that he spent 7 years there, he loses his story-telling ability and even his objectivity. For example, after talking about the ethnic homogenization of the region, he writes only TWO sentences on the population exchange between Greece a ...more
Mar 19, 2008 Irina rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history
A good introduction to much Balkan history over the past century, uncomfortably mixed with a travel narrative which tries, much too hard, to be literary. I liked that Kaplan tried to include as much nuance as possible in his historical descriptions, and he seems to feel a connection to the places he describes. Unfortunately, that connection seems to be founded more on a sensationalist understanding of the area than a realistic connection with all types of people.

(Also, and I have to add this, hi
Mar 18, 2015 Monique rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I thought this was an excellent book. It is detailed in both its description of the landscape and the people. It also weaves history into the current landscape. I must admit that at a certain point I had to stop reading it, as I could not bear to read about the atrocities done to the Jewish people in Romania. It was like a bad nightmare and so distressing to know that this is history, and that even the Nazis were distressed by their treatment--especially the children. I will have to take a break ...more
Aug 30, 2013 Charly rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
A bit torn. I eagerly devoured the history between these pages, but at the same time, his writing lacked both balance and technical panache. His view of the Orient was alarmingly one-sided and laughably out-of-date. I did feel, however, that certain essays in here (that's all it really is, a collection of travel essays and op-eds) are worth the price of admission. (I liked most of those on Romania and Bulgaria ... his views on Greece and Albania and especially Kosovo just rubbed me the wrong way ...more
Mowena Glunch
Dec 18, 2011 Mowena Glunch rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: history, travel
This was a great way to gain at least an introductory understanding to seven Balkan countries in a seductive and memorable way. As with most journalistic histories, I had the nagging feeling throughout that creating a juicy story might have jettisoned an objective approach along the way. So, relatively superficial, but that fit with the amount of energy I had for the project. Entertaining throughout. Great for contributing to a cocktail party conversation where you are the only one who has read ...more
Janez Hočevar
This is a great book on the Balkans, its modern and contemporary history, political, social, religious and cultural intricacies that normally remain hidden not only to the Westerners, but also to the Balkan nations themselves. Although I have read this book earlier, some feeling remains with me, just as the first time. It is the feeling that something is missing, not included or is omitted in a way. Perhaps this feeling is symptomatic when reading Kaplan??
Apr 11, 2016 Sue rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
I wanted to read something about the history of the Balkans since I just returned from a trip to Croatia, Montenagro, Bosnia & Herzogovina, and Slovenia. I saw this book referred to multiple times, so I decided to read it. It was written about as a travel book, but it sounded more like a history of the area. I liked how the chapters were divided up by the various countries. I did learn a lot about the history of the area which is marked by continuous fighting and unrest for nearly two thousa ...more
Matt Brant
This is a flawed but recommended history of the hatred and fighting among the nationalities of the former Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece. Published before the wars in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, there's heavy emphasis on so-called ancient hatreds. The historical overviews – especially of little known Romania and Bulgaria – make the book worth reading, especially for us Americans.
I enjoyed much of the history in this book, but it was evident immediately that Kaplan had a pretty strong, and in some cases unfounded, bias against the Turks (or perhaps Muslims in general). I dont agree with his hawkish stance on Bosnia or Kosovo either. Nevertheless, I did learn a few things. I think it would be best to read a real history book about the region, however.
May 04, 2016 Roshin rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Found this a strange book in many ways. The author loves Reagan and capitalism so his general viewpoint was hard for me to read. And it's scatty in that his approach is inconsistent across countries. Having said that, I only knew the history of the region relating from the 1990s back to Tito and knew nothing of the overall history, and this book is great for giving a much longer historical perspective. the first quarter of the book, I was wondering if I'd finish it, but then I found it gripping. ...more
Feb 08, 2014 Jonathan rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
This book completely fails to understand the nature of Balkan conflict. It does a disservice to all who read it, perpetuating the false notion of causal "ancient ethnic hatreds." While it has other issues, a good corrective to this general mindset can be found in "The Myth of Ethnic War," by VP Gagnon.
Maia Goodman Young
Let me first say that I cannot, in any way, rate Kaplan's historical or cultural accuracy. I know very little about the Balkans and therefor cannot evaluate and assess the author's biases and prejudices. Thus my rating is merely of my enjoyment of the book and the author's style. This collection of essays follows one man's travels in the Balkans; it is not however, as Kaplan claims, a travelogue. It is instead a series of observations and claims that creates a cohesive (if potentially inaccurate ...more
Tessa Fixter-Coniglio
So many things to say. Most of them not particularly flattering. First, it took me a month to read it--only Russian 19th century novels have taken me that long and they were infinitely better.

The biggest issue with this book is that the political and cultural histories were buried beneath self-indulgent and flowery writing. While it was part travelogue, it became a bit self-involved at times describing the minutia of what he was drinking, eating, etc. While this is fine for your own journal or
Ned Mozier
Mar 16, 2014 Ned Mozier rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A “big” book, traversing millennia of history of the Balkans exceeded my expectations. A newsman, Kaplan, wrote this shortly after a series of visits just when the communist era was beginning to crumble in this area precipitated by Romania’s uprising and the execution of Nicolae Ceausescu. Kaplan’s account is imminently readable in a traveler’s journalistic style, with his cultural bias transparently acknowledged, and brings out firsthand what was actually seen, heard and smelled.

There is so mu
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plum brandy 4 64 Jan 09, 2013 06:59PM  
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Robert David Kaplan is an American journalist, currently a National Correspondent for the Atlantic Monthly. His writings have also been featured in The Washington Post, The New York Times, The New Republic, The National Interest, Foreign Affairs and The Wall Street Journal, among other newspapers and publications, and his more controversial essays about the nature of U.S. power have spurred debate ...more
More about Robert D. Kaplan...

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“Romania was an original mix: a population that looked Italian but wore the expressions of Russian peasants; an architectural backdrop that often evoked France and Central Europe; and service and physical conditions that resembled those in Africa.” 3 likes
“The train passed through a series of tunnels. Because the overhead light fixtures had no bulbs in them, some people lit candles inside the tunnels, which dramatically illuminated their black, liquid eyes. There was a solemn, almost devotional cynicism to these eyes, reflecting, as though by a genetic process, all of the horrors witnessed by generation upon generation of forebears.” 2 likes
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