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My Childhood (Autobiography #1)

3.98  ·  Rating Details ·  4,011 Ratings  ·  154 Reviews
Coloured by poverty and horrifying brutality, Gorky's childhood equipped him to understand - in a way denied to a Tolstoy or a Turgenev - the life of the ordinary Russian. After his father, a paperhanger and upholsterer, died of cholera, five-year-old Gorky was taken to live with his grandfather, a polecat-faced tyrant who would regularly beat him unconscious, and with his ...more
Paperback, penguin twentieth-century classics, 240 pages
Published November 1st 1991 by Penguin Books (first published 1913)
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In recalling my childhood I like to picture myself as a beehive to which various simple obscure people brought the honey of their knowledge and thoughts on life, generously enriching my character with their own experience. Often this honey was dirty and bitter, but every scrap of knowledge was honey all the same.

I sat at a table near the door of my English class when I was around thirteen. Hard by the door to its left was a slightly battered steel cupboard which held a library of books. The idea
"Çocukluğumda bir kovan gibi görürdüm kendimi: Basit, sıradan insanlar, hayat üzerine bilgilerinin, düşüncelerinin balını arılar gibi kovanıma taşır, sunabildikleri ne varsa ruhumu zenginleştirmek üzere getirip cömertçe sunardı. Bal her zaman temiz olmazdı, hatta çoğu kez acı olurdu. Ama her bilgi, yine de baldı!" (s.149).

Çocukluğum, Maksim Gorki'nin otobiyografisini oluşturan üç kitaptan ilki. Biyografi ve otobiyografi çok severek okuduğum bir tür değildir normalde, bu sebeple Çocukluğum'a da
Feb 13, 2015 dely rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 0-russia, ebook
What a wonderful book! I liked everything of it: the story, which is the autobiographical account of Gorky's childhood, but also the writing style. The language is so simple but powerful and there are wonderful descriptions of everything: the landscapes, the emotions of the people, Russian life and habits of that period and, above all, Gorky's considerations about his childhood.
It's impossible to hate even only one of the characters though sometimes they seem harsh and rude. I liked a lot how Go
Oct 02, 2008 C. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to C. by: Glenda
The most horrific violence, terrible poverty and degradation is described here, most frighteningly of all, in the indifferent voice of a child. It is terrifying to see how quickly the horror of this reality becomes an accepted, to the point of being almost ignored, part of Alexei's life. Only on two occasions does the voice of the adult Maxim Gorky give us an indication of the true effect of such experiences on a young child.

"...I couldn't believe any longer that all this was in earnest and that
عائشة عبد الله
Apr 15, 2011 عائشة عبد الله rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2011

كنتُ أجهل أن هذه سيرة ذاتية للمؤلف، عندما أنهيتها علمت فصُدِمت.
حياة مزرية عاشها هذا الطفل الصغير، خلت حياته من الرحمة من العلم من كل مايتمتع به الطفل، ولكن ذكاءه كان متوقدا دائما، وجهة نظره المختلفة لكل ماحوله ومن حوله، اعتزازه برأيه، نقده للأشخاص الذين عاش بينهم، أظهرت لنا شخصية مفكرة جميلة.

حديثه عن إله جده وإله جدته والفرق بينهم ذكرني بصديقة لأمي كانت تخاف أن زوجها يبحث عن زوجة أخرى فكانت تكثر الشكوى والإتصال على أمي، فقالت لها أمي ذات مرة: أنا مابيدي شي، إذا سجدتي ادعي ربك يسخره لك ويسخرك
May 22, 2011 Chrissie rated it it was amazing

Magnificent writing!:

I loved listening to those kind words and watching the red and gold fire flickering in the stove and milky white clouds of steam rising over the vats, leaving a dove coloured crust; like hoar frost, on the sloping rafters of the roof , where jagged chinks let through blue patches of sky. The wind died down, the sun came out, and the whole yard seemed sprinkled with ground glass. The screeching of sleighs came from the street, light blue smoke curled up from chi
Nov 13, 2016 Cem rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Roman tadında bir otobiyografi,daha doğrusu ilk bölümü;üç bölümden oluşuyor çünkü,bu daha ilk bölümü.

Mazlum Beyhan'ın akıcı tercümesi de rahat ilerlemeyi sağlıyor.

Çocuklukta geçirdiği olaylar demek ne kadar içine işlemiş ki Aleksey'in,büyüyünce çok net bir şekilde yazıya dökmüş her ayrıntıyı.Anlatmış da anlatmış.O daha çok küçük yaşta iken ölen babasıyla başlamış anlatmaya,votka içen enfiye çeken iyi kalpli ninesini,onu döven ama yetiştiren dedesini,ortadan bir kaybolup bir ortaya çıkan annesini
Omar Al-otaibi
حصلت على نسختي الورقية من هذا الكتاب قبل 3 سنوات تقريبا عندما أهداني إياها أحد الأصدقاء .. و قال لي ( ستندهش من مهارة هذا الكاتب على تصوير كل شي بمنتهي الدقة ) . 3 سنوات و أنا أحاول قراءة هذا الكتاب ، قبل أن تشغلني الحياة عن إتمامه و في كل مرة كنت أجد صعوبة في أن تبدأ قراءته من المنتصف . .

في هذا الكتاب الرائع ، يحكي مكسيم غوركي عن طفولته ، مصورا تفاصيل الحياة البائسة وقتئذ في ظلال القيصر .. و مبرهنا على أن الأدب الجميل يولد من رحم المعاناة ، و ان أولئك الذين عاشوا طفولة صعبة ، عوضوها بإبداعهم ال
Oct 24, 2011 لونا rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
للأسف لطالما كان البؤس مصدر يلهم الكُتاب لكتابة الروائع الأدبية ولكنها حقيقة أعتقد أن الجميع يعترف بها .. .. يتحدث مكسيم غوركي عن طفولته البائسة بين طيات هذا الكتاب بأسلوب قصصي جميل

كان موت والده وهو صغير سبب ترك والدته له مع جديه ليعيش أصعب سنوات حياته في فقر وبؤس الريف الروسي .. .. والدته التي كانت بالنسبة له غريبة وعندما يتذكرها تكون صورتها المنسوجة في مخيلته صورة امرأة جميلة قوية لا غير .. .. صورة فارغة لم تبعث في نفسه أي إحساس

أما مصدر تلك الأحاسيس الذي أضفت على نفسه الأمنً وغمرته حناناً فهي
Jul 20, 2013 Tony rated it it was amazing
Maybe the five stars I awarded this book are because I am so grateful to it. Let me explain. In my late teens, I deliberately turned my back on "cultural" pursuits, thinking that they would be very boring. Strange, seeing that I was training to be a junior school teacher at the time. I remember the child psychology lecturer recommending certain novels, such as "The Member of the Wedding", "A Death in the Family", "The Lord of the Flies" and this, because they were able to enter so completely int ...more
If you're looking for a plot of any kind, don't read this book.

With that said, this book celebrates the beauty of nature and at the same time indifferently reveals the often senseless cruelty of humans. Gorky--a celebrated Russian writer--writes autobiographically of his childhood with his Grandfather, Grandmother, and Mother. His mother is an absent figure for most of Gorky's childhood, be it physically or emotionally. His Grandfather is a practical man, stubborn, and violently abusive.

erica wissick
Feb 18, 2012 erica wissick rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
An extraordinarily poignant account of the author's childhood. Gorky tells his story as if one was his friend who he can divulge his experiences of loss, lament, rage, isolation, mischief... Notwithstanding the cruelty of the beatings inflicted on him, the poverty and squalor of the industrial towns known to him as home, and the overall bestial existence of all he knew, Gorky did not end up wearing an iron-collar that prevented him from looking back. Instead, he climbed high enough to view the t ...more
hale nur aydın
Feb 16, 2017 hale nur aydın rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Rus Edebiyat'ının Gogol'dan sonra en sevdiğim yazarı Gorki.Rus devrimci hareketine adadığı Ana adlı romanıyla tanıştım onunla ama kendi çocukluğunu okumak,gerçek olduklarını bilmek...
Gri Limanlar
Jan 17, 2017 Gri Limanlar rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: hatira, yabanci
Babasını çok erken yaşta kaybeden Gorki, annesiyle beraber büyükbabasının evine taşınıyor. Büyükbaba, sevgisiz, -nadiren iyilik emareleri gösterse de- genelde zorba bir insan. “Çocuk nasıl yetiştirilmemeli” konusunda adeta ders veriyor. Dayak atmanın bir yaşam biçimi halini aldığı bu ailenin, sürekli para kavgasına tutuşan, işe yaramaz iki erkek evlat ve kendi çocuğuna pek sevgi göstermeyen, yolunu kaybetmiş bir kız evlat üyesi var. Neyse ki, şefkatli ve fedakar büyükanne, bildiğimiz kutsal aile ...more
Mar 22, 2015 Leonie rated it really liked it
Shelves: russian
A memoir of childhood in a dysfunctional nineteenth-century Russian family. I like the way Gorky shows his experiences; they look like a melting between lived and remembered, worked on with the analysis of both. The sensory detail is well-chosen. There's not too much interruption from Gorky's older, writing self, which I think is good because that tends to emphasise the Russian Soul (TM) side of the enterprise. The story starts with the death of Gorky's father, when he and his mother come to liv ...more
Mamdouh Abdullah
Jul 17, 2015 Mamdouh Abdullah rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

يا قرائي الأعزاء، إن هذا ليس شيئاً من الماضي البعيد! أنتم مولعون بالحوادث المرعبة، وتستلذون قراءة روايات الرعب، ولا تنفرون من أن تدغدغ أحاسيسكم النزوات المعذبة. ولكنني عرفت أهوالاً حقيقة، أهوال الحياة اليومية، وأعرف أن من حقي أن أدغدغ مشاعركم وأثير فيها الخوف، بأن أروي عليكم هذه الأهوال بحيث تعرفون حق المعرفة أين تعيشون، وكيف تعيشون! أنا مغرم بحب المخلوقات البشرية، وأرفض أن أكدر إنساناً، وأرى أنه لا ينبغي علينا أن نكون عاطفيين، أو أن نخفي الحقيقة الأليمة وراء عبارات زائفة خداعة. يجب أن نقف في صف
Aug 04, 2011 Jaci rated it really liked it
The first in a trilogy that is a classic of Russian literature of the 19th century, Childhood is the autobiographical account of Maxim Gorkii's early life. "When his father died of cholera in 1871, three-year-old Aleksey Peshkov went with his mother to live in the home of his maternal grandfather, Vasily Vasilevich Kashirin, a successful artisan and owner of a dye shop in Nizhny Novgorod." Eventually, the child Aleksey would adopt the pen name of Maxim Gorkii(Gorky) as an adult and contribute to ...more
Mar 19, 2016 Enis rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Maksim Gorki'den okuduğum ilk kitap olan Çocukluğum, yazarın kendi hikayesini anlatan otobiyografik bir eser. Gorki'nin hayat hikayesini dramatize ederek anlattığı üç kitabından ilki olan eserde (diğerleri: Ekmeğimi Kazanırken, Benim Üniversitelerim), ana tema olarak çocukluk yıllarından ve o yıllardaki genel Rus yaşantısından bahsedilmiş.

Hikaye anlatım olarak çok yalın ve akıcı. Yazarın üslubu klasik Rus edebiyatına kıyasla gayet kolay anlaşılabilir diyebilirim. Yer yer sık ve detaycı doğa/ort
I had to read this autobiographical novel for school when I was no older than 12. I remember at that time the depressive, violent writing made me physically sick. I had just read about the fate of the young man nicknamed Gypsy, and couldn't fall asleep all night, instead uncontrollably shaking and sobbing. Never in my life had I such a strong reaction to any book. I think I wasn't of proper age to really appreciate the literary merits of Gorky's writing. Lately, however, I've been sort of curiou ...more
Apr 12, 2013 Rob rated it really liked it
Shelves: biography, kindle
Beautifully written but how saddening. A sort of social realism mixed with the great 19th Century novel. It does not have a story as such, it is more a series of recollections. Gorky does not get much of a mention in the Western Canon but he should. The only writing that I can think of that comes close to the wonder and horror of childhood described so beautifully in this book would be the beginning of 'Great Expectations'. There is none of the mawkish sentiment however that one gets with Dicken ...more
Esma Tezgi
Dec 14, 2016 Esma Tezgi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2016
Yazar kitabı yalın bir dille kaleme almış, yaşananların bir çoğu çok acı verici geldi. Babasız, yarı annesiz bir çocuğun göçebe yaşamı ve sürekli şiddet görmesi okurken beni çok etkiledi. ve bir kez daha anladım ki, ailenin insan hayatındaki yeri tartışmasız çok çok önemli.İlk ağızdan o zamanların Rusya'sını ve yaşam tarzını görmek güzel bir deneyim oldu, serinin diğer kitaplarını da okumak Gorki'yi daha çok tanımak istiyorum.
سمارا البياتي
المجلد الاول طفولتي

ممتع للغاية
Anoop Chatterjee
Beginning with a queer journey to live with his grandparents to finally leaving the house, the childhood of Maxim has been brought out with great effectiveness. The partial autobiographical work brings out the suffering and hope of contemporary Russia very well.

The childhood of Maxim is greatly influenced by three strong characters, his mother, grandmother and lastly his grandfather. The central influence of his grandmother can also be seen in another writing of Gorky ‘Mother’ which is a story p
Mar 21, 2013 Yani rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: gente que soporta el sufrimiento ajeno con entereza
Shelves: universidad
Terrible relato en donde Maxim Gorki rememora su agitada infancia. Antes de ser el autor que era, fue Alexei, un niño que, tras la muerte del padre, debe ir a vivir a la casa de los abuelos maternos. Después de eso, los hechos que se cuentan son asfixiantes, tanto para el niño como para el lector. Es bastante difícil mantener la sangre fría cuando una tiene que aguantar a los hombres golpeadores y gritones, las mujeres sumisas (la filosofía de vida de la abuela es sencillamente inaguantable), lo ...more
Guy Portman
Jan 02, 2015 Guy Portman rated it liked it
Shelves: non-fiction
3.5 Stars

My Childhood is the first volume of Russian author Maxim Gorky’s autobiographical trilogy. The book begins with the young Maxim viewing the dead body of his father, who has just died of cholera. Maxim is then sent to live with his grandparents. With an errant mother, abusive grandfather and quarrelling uncles, Maxim’s childhood is a tumultuous experience; its one saving grace being an affectionate grandmother, who becomes his closest friend.

This is a precarious existence where life mirr
Ivan Damjanović
Bildungsroman s ruskog dna. Infantilni pripovjedač/ prisjećanje u retrospektivi.
Vrlo moguć utjecaj na Nadasov "Kraj jednog obiteljskog romana".
Tema (citiram navode iz romana): "Preteške gadarije divljeg ruskog života… To je ona istina što je treba znati do korijena pa da se iz korijena iščupa…"
Prilično dosadno većinom, previše besmislenih opisa nevažnih osoba, prirode, doba dana i sl – često previše detalja - "svaka cigla ima svoju povijest".
Likovi žive gotovo kao životinje, tuku se k’o blesav
Oct 29, 2012 Supriya rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favourites
"The Childhood" is the autobiography of Russian Thinker, Writer and Political Activist Maxim Gorkey. He had written this book after a failed suicide attempt (a bullet wound to his chest). Maxim vividly describes his childhood, his growing up in Russia in late 19th century. The rigid ways he was brought up, coloured by poverty and brutality, the beatings and lashings. The life of his mother after his father dies and the life of common people in general at that time from the eyes of a 10 year old. ...more
Jun 14, 2015 Wy rated it it was amazing
Since this book was first written in Russian, I'd believe in the Chinese translation version having the same credential as the English translation version. I read it when I was a child myself, and having read it over and over again just because it moved me every time I refreshed my memory of it. I remember genuinely shedding tears for the ups and downs in the relationships he built with his grandmother, his mother, his grandfather, stepfather(s), and those tenants in his house. I remember there ...more
Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly
What a miserable childhood. Extreme poverty, father dead when he was just four years old, lived with his grandparents, mother married again to a sadistic brute, adults hitting children and husbands beating their wives as a matter of course, his first half brother dying as an infant, his mother dying too most likely of tuberculosis, the sad, sad boy that was Maxim Gorky.

"Long afterwards I came to understand that Russians, as a result of poverty and dullness of their lives, sought diversion in gri
The only thing I really have to compare this to is Tolstoy's series of autobiographical sketches : Childhood, Boyhood, Youth. In that regard, I definitely preferred Gorky's version. Gorky maintains the character of the child throughout, with the exception of a few flashback like reflections. In Tolstoy's version, the character is constantly slipping back and forth between a child and a child making adult-like realizations. It got very tedious and annoying. Also, Gorky is much more concise and le ...more
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Discovering Russi...: My Childhood by Maxim Gorky 13 57 Feb 27, 2015 11:54PM  
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Aleksey Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексей Максимович Пешков, better known as Maxim Gorky, Russian: Максим Горький), was a Soviet author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.He was also a five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize in Literature.

From 1906 to 1913 and from 1921 to 1929 he lived abroad, mostly in Capri, Italy; after his return to the Soviet Union
More about Maxim Gorky...

Other Books in the Series

Autobiography (5 books)
  • My Apprenticeship
  • My Universities
  • Autobiography
  • Детство / Сред хората

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“When the life is monotonous , even grief is a welcome event...” 19 likes
“In the monotony of everyday existence grief comes as a holiday, and a fire is an entertainment. A scratch embellishes an empty face.” 15 likes
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