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Le Discours De La Methode (World Classics (Paperback))

3.70  ·  Rating Details  ·  10,984 Ratings  ·  205 Reviews
Descartes' Discourse marks a watershed in European thought; in it, the author sets out in brief his radical new philosophy, which begins with a proof of the existence of the self (the famous "cogito ergo sum"). Next he deduces from it the existence and nature of God, and ends by offering a radical new account of the physical world and of human and animal nature. Written in ...more
Paperback, 251 pages
Published January 1st 1999 by Distribooks (first published 1637)
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J.D. Descartes deduced that "cognito, ergo sum" -- which means that by the act of thinking, there must be someone thinking, therefore someone exists.…moreDescartes deduced that "cognito, ergo sum" -- which means that by the act of thinking, there must be someone thinking, therefore someone exists. Whether existence precedes the thinking or coincides with it depends upon how you define things. For example, if you believe that thinking is a necessary part of existing, then thought would be proof of existence, and so 'existing' would happen the moment the thought occurred. On the other hand, if you believe thinking isn't a necessary part of existence, then thought would just be a confirmation of it, and so 'existing' would have happened before the thought, and would've just been confirmed by it. -- There are perhaps more ideas on different orders and conditions of thought/existence, but these are the two that came to mind.(less)
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Stephen
3.0 to 3.5 stars (though as mentioned below, the first four sections get 4 to 5 stars).

One of the most influential works in history of modern science/philosophy, the full name of the work is "Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences." It is a work that deals with the ascertaining of knowledge from "first principals" and creates a method from which all research into scientific principals could be based.

He begins by saying that because so ma
...more
Rowland Bismark
Jun 03, 2010 Rowland Bismark rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The Discourse on the Method is a fascinating book, both as a work of philosophy and as a historical document. Descartes lived and worked in a period that Thomas Kuhn would call a "paradigm shift": one way of thinking, one worldview, was slowly being replaced by another. Descartes's work, while part of the new paradigm, still has one leg in the old mode of thought.

The old, waning worldview was scholastic Aristotelianism. The Aristotelian paradigm had a conception of the mind, of knowledge, and of
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Bugenhagen
Summary of my notes on the Discourse, by part:

I. The premise is introduced that reason is naturally equal in all, and truth is to be found by conducting it correctly. Descartes attempts to show how he himself has attempted this, not to dictate how everyone should.

II. The method. Descartes wished to rebuild the very foundations upon which his opinions and views were formed. He decided to do this by systematic doubt. The key point is to never accept as true anything that is not known to be evident
...more
Abdulla Awachi
Mar 25, 2016 Abdulla Awachi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
مراجعة كتاب “ حديث الطريقة “ للفيلسوف الفرنسي رينيه ديكارت


هذا الكتاب هو أول كتاب أقرأه لديكارت ، بعد أن قرأت عنه كثيراً هنا و هناك ، و لكني كنت قد آليت على نفسي ألا أقرأ للفلاسفة إلا من كتبهم و أتجنب أي سرد أو تلخيص أو شرح لفكرهم و نتاجهم و ذلك بعد سماع نصيحة شوبنهاور، و إني لأعتقد أن هذه النصيحة قد فادتني كثيراً في نظرتي للكثير من الأمور ، فنحن كثيراً ما نسمع عن مذهب فكري معين و ديانة معينة و نحكم عليها قبل أن نرجع لنتاجات أصحابها و نتأملها جيداً و من ثم نحكم عليها.

و لم يكن كتاب ديكارت بمنأى عن
...more
sahar salman
Mar 30, 2013 sahar salman rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
فكرة هذا الكتاب هي منهج العقل. ودراسات تشملها سنوات من حياة الفيلسوف رينيه ديكارت عن البحث عن الحقيقة والطريقة المثلى في التفكير وإنشاء كل الحقائق الإنسانية وكشف اللثام عنها بالطريقة التي ينتقيها كل إنسان في أصولية تفكيره. ما أعجبني في ديكارت هو توازنه الفكري، وإختلافه عن بقية الفلاسفة في الفكر وطريقة عرضه لأفكاره التي يحب أن يتأكد من صحتها كما أن إختلاف النسق الفكري عنده لدى الناس لا يمثل بالضرورة صحة أو عدم صواب أرائهم بل هو يعده "إختلاف" في النسق. فالمعرفة اليقينيه هي أكثر أفضلية من اتباع نسق ...more
Mahdi
دکارت، در بیست و دو سه سالگی، بیشتر مابعد الطبیعه ی خودش رو پی ریزی کرد که البته، خیلی هم مابعد الطبیعه نبود. بلکه فقط مقدمه ی مختصری بود تا از شک رها بشه و بتونه به علوم دیگه بپردازه. چرا که به قول خودش، مابعدالطبیعه مثل تنه ی درخته و علوم دیگه، مثل شاخه. تا این تنه در جای درستی ریشه نداشته باشه، شاخه ها بار نمی دن.
این رساله، شرح همون مابعدالطبیعه ای هستش که یک شب زمستانی، خمیده در کنار شومینه ساخته.
samar salman
Feb 07, 2016 samar salman rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
يشارك ديكارت سقراط و أفلاطون في قناعته بأن العقل هو السبيل الوحيد للمعرفه وهو بذلك يعيد إنشاء المنظومة الفلسفيه وفقاً لقوانين محدده تتكون لتكون المنهج الذي يسير عليه ديكارت. فهو أولاً يبدأ بالشك في كل شيء ثم يأخذ المشكلات الفلسفيه من الصفر فيبدأ في تقسيمها إلى مشكلات أصغر منها ليبدأ بالسهل و ينتهى بالأصعب و الأعقد وبذلك هو يرتكز إلى العقل و يرى أن الحواس غطاء يعمي البصيره، كما أن الحلم مهما بدا واقعياً فهو أضعف من أن يكون حقيقه و بالتالي فالواقع هو الدليل الفعال للبحث الجاد عن الحقيقه. و من منطل ...more
Ahmed Azimov
Feb 08, 2013 Ahmed Azimov rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
لابد لنا من الوقوف هنا لننظر متأملين الى احدى مكتسبات الانسانيه

هنا مرحلة انعطاف هامه في تاريخ الهوموسابيانز والعلوم الانسانيه المكتسبه تماما حالها كحال منازعة كوبرينيكوس لافكار بطليموس القائله بمركزية الارض والتي روّج لها جاليلو لاحقا، وماديّة نيوتن، وتطوّر داروين، ونسبية اينشتين، وووو - رضي الله عنهم أجمعين -

يوم أن صُودر الكثير من العظمة المزعومة للانسان البدائي الذي كان يرى نفسه وكوكبه مركزا للأجرام السماويه حيث يدورون خضوعا له بينما هو يبقى ثابتا !! حتى بدى لنا أننا مجرد أجرام صغيره حقيره لا
...more
Raúl
''La diversidad de nuestras opiniones no procede de que unos sean más racionales que otros, sino tan solo de que dirigimos nuestros pensamientos por caminos distintos y no consideramos las mismas cosas. No basta, ciertamente, tener un buen entendimiento: lo principal es aplicarlo bien''.

Se suele hablar de la revolución de 1600 en referencia al triunfo del helicocentrismo copernicano y al nacimiento de la ciencia moderna, pero estas cosas funcionan a su ritmo, y no hay que olvidar que en aquella
...more
Timothy Matias
Rene’ Descartes’ “Discourse on the Method” is one of the most difficult books for me to review, in that it is half inspiring to me, and half disappointing; what starts out as a brilliant doubting methodology, eliminating whatever can be doubted until there is nothing left than can be by any conjecture or hypothesis be reasonably doubted- arrive at a basic, fundamental truth, providing a firm rational foundation from other truths can be derived. Unfortunately, once Descartes discovers this truth, ...more
TrumanCoyote
Hard for me to take seriously someone who talks about perfection like it's a trait--when really it's more of a relationship between traits, or an aesthetic response to them. A master of taking 500 words to say something obvious (like Proust); and the relentless latinate style grew tiresome quickly. Also full of ridiculous insincerities: on the one hand he's leaving notes to posterity, then saying nobody cares about a schmucky little goober like himself. And with the last sentence he seems to be ...more
Mel Vincent
Apr 14, 2011 Mel Vincent rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Rene Descartes is not only a pure optimist and a wide thinker but he too is very eloquent, charismatic, simple and very brilliant in how he fuses his ideas and arguments to that of different sciences such as anatomy and to an extent, psychology itself.

While reading this it is as if you are not reading a highly charged philosophy book but instead it makes you think that it is in fact a travel novel, which is amazing. Rene Descartes articulately draws his own opinions on the environs, perceptions,
...more
Yann
Jul 23, 2011 Yann rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
C'est agréable de se replonger dans ce classique des étudiants de terminale. Les trois premiers chapitres sont exemplaires. Descartes sert ici plus une autobiographie et une justification de son parcours intellectuel, qui consiste principalement en une remise à plat de ses connaissances suite à l'insatisfaction qu'il a ressentie des fruits qu'il a tiré de ses études, principalement Aristote. Il est clair que pour l'étude de la nature, on peut facilement trouver à reprendre les anciens. La méthod ...more
Nuzhat Shaikh
Apr 14, 2016 Nuzhat Shaikh rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
4.5 "Cogito ergo sum" (Latin to English) "I think, therefore I am"
I came across this book while teaching mathematics to my students and right then determined to explore it. Why? I was already very inspired by Rene Descartes, his contributions to the several fields of sciences. Undoubtedly, I've had quite an intellectual talk with him through this Discourse In his very own words: “The reading of all good books is like conversation with the finest men of past centuries.” It was phenomenally th
...more
Daniella Insalaco
Even though I am not a fan of Descartes, I did enjoy the edition that I read (courtesy of The Focus Philosophical Library) because it contained a thorough introduction, great footnotes as well as an interpretive essay at the end. This is one of the reasons why I am giving it two stars rather than one.

I really disagree with Descartes on a number of levels and frankly I don't want to get into all of that on here because then I would have to divulge my personal beliefs and I don't feel comfortable
...more
Sara
Feb 27, 2016 Sara rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: classics, philosophy, 2016
Lo primero que puedo decir sobre este libro es que me ha sorprendido y gratamente. La verdad es que me he llegado a considerar antiracionalista, la causa: mi profesor de filosofía. Cuando tienes un profesor cuyo racionalismo es hasta descarado y te suelta frases del tipo: el racionalismo es lo más mejor o 100% racionalista llegas a aborrecer la imagen que se te da (o que te creas) del racionalismo.
Pero la imagen mental que me había creado del racionalismo como algo dogmático dista mucho de la re
...more
Yurasawa
Apr 28, 2016 Yurasawa rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves:
21 avril 2016
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La première partie :
Descartes commence son bouquin par : " le bon sens est la chose du monde la mieux partagée ; car chacun pense en être si bien pourvu, que ceux même qui sont les plus difficiles à contenter en toute autre chose n’ont point coutume d’en désirer plus qu’ils en ont ".
Une citation qui m'a montré dès le début que je suis devant un livre pas comme les autres, mais une source d'illumination.
Descartes écrit aussi que ce discours n'est qu'une histoire, pl
...more
Sidharth Vardhan
The first four sections deserved full five stars for what they have done for thought-philosophy but last two sections are redundant to say the least and that is where my rating declined.
Ali
Aug 14, 2013 Ali rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
این کتاب درون کتاب سیر حکمت در اروپای فروغی پس از فصل دکارت به عنوان پایان جلد اول آورده شده است.بدون شک برای فهم فلسفه باید دکارت را خواند و برای فهم دکارت هم باید گفتار در روش را خواند
هاشم
لعل ديكارت هو من اواخر الفلاسفة الأصوليين، ان جاز التعبير، من بعده او من بعد كانط، بدأت الفلسفة تنحدر، حول مواضيع لا تتجاوز الإنسان.
اعتقد ان ارادة ديكارت لجعل منهجه لا يتخلله خطأ وبحثه عن اليقين المطلق، امر موغل في المثالية، لكن ما فعله فعليا -بحسب الادوات الموجودة عنده- مذهل، استدلاله الهندسي على الله، عبقري، لكن رد كانط في الحاشية غير واضح، لكن اظن انني فهمت اين وقع ديكارت في المصادرة على المطلوب، سأعود لنص كانط عموماً، يشكر المقدم على الحواشي الرائعة.
ديكارت متزن، وأفكاره طبخت على نار هادئ، ل
...more
Bilgehan
Mar 03, 2012 Bilgehan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Brilliant yet wrong in almost every aspect.
Erick
Jan 16, 2016 Erick rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I have some amount of ambivalence toward skeptical philosophy in general. It's a tradition that engendered enlightenment errors and, later, influenced atheistic materialism. Descartes wasn't an atheist or a materialist as such, but his system of skeptical doubt is still incredibly silly in my opinion. First of all, a system of doubt is a contradiction in terms; a system must be based on positive and actual constituents; doubt is a negative, not a positive, so it cannot be a foundation for any ge ...more
Eti Mishra
"Discourse on Method" to me seems like a difficult book to be reviewed. The first three parts of the book are kind of inspiring, while the last three parts where he gets involved with theology is a total disappointment. For the first three parts I give this book 4.5/5 stars.Well I even like the fourth part, quiet good.


Here are my notes that I made while reading this book, by part:


Part 1:

In this part, he claims that we are essentially rational animals, that we are equally endowed with reason
...more
Tina Nazari
1.روش دکارت برای درست راه بردن عقل این است که همه آن چه آموخته رها کند و از نو شروع کند به ساخت نظام فکری خود به این صورت که از بدیهی ترین حقایق آغاز کند و حقایق دیگر را با استدلال منطقی از آن مقدمات نتیجه بگیرد. اولین اصل بدیهی هم که در می یابد و می خواهد باقی حقایق را از آن به دست آورد، جمله معروف اوست: " من فکر می کنم پس هستم." پس از آن سعی می کند وجود خدا را با روشی تقریبن هستی شناسانه اثبات کند به این شکل که چون من به کمال فکر می کنم و منشا این اندیشه خودم نیستم چرا که من کامل نیستم پس باید ...more
Lana
Dec 31, 2014 Lana rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
There are certain books that no matter how many times you read, it is as if each time you read them again you're getting in touch with a new story, a new discovery, a new realization, a new reality. There are not many books to which I could attribute this peculiar characteristic, but the Discourse on Method is assuredly one of them.

I don't know how to describe what I think about this treatise seeing that every time I read it I find myself with different questions and conclusions. I cogitate that
...more
Ľuboš
Nov 08, 2014 Ľuboš rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: thesis
Though I cannot deny the heavy influence Descartes' method had on the development of the modern period science, that it - so to speak - paved the way for the science, I cannot overlook some of the rather grievous ramifications it had on all of our understanding of the world.

One of them is the strengthening of the notion of privileged position of humans above all other beings (also explicitly explained in Part V). Also the unshakable faith in man's ability to discover truths about the world usin
...more
Διόνυσος Ψευδάνωρ
One of the very finest products of the history of philosophy, René Descartes' Discourse on the Method is, in this Focus Philosophical Library edition, translated by the late Richard Kennington. Of special importance in this edition is Kennington's very good interpretive essay, "Descartes' Discourse on Method," which is only elsewhere found in a posthumous collection of his essays, On Modern Origins: Essays in Early Modern Philosophy . My understanding is that this was originally a lecture deliv ...more
Omnipotent Dystopian Now
I find Descartes to be very narrow-minded. If you can sift through the run-on sentences, this book helps one understand the evolution of philosophy, but overall, this supposed "method" is nothing but a series of contradictions. For example, Descartes talks about God, saying that "it is highly probable that he in some way fashioned me after his own image and likeness." But he also speaks of God as a perfect being who is incapable of creating something imperfect. Obviously this is a contradiction, ...more
Sunil
Feb 20, 2016 Sunil rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Descartes writes in an amateur style which I quite liked. I enjoyed his rejection of everything until he was left with just his mind (cognito ergo sum). The influence this has on western thought was obviously tremendous. If this was it the book would be five stars. My rating is less than this, however, because: a) I couldn’t follow Descartes proof of god (I may need to reread this) b) the final section on the human circulatory system was muddled.
Ben Loory
HOW AWESOME I AM AND HOW I GOT TO BE THIS WAY

the first part's great, where he's talking about re-educating himself from the ground up and throwing away all the nonsensical crap that got poured into him by other people as he was growing up. but then once he gets started again from first principles or whatever, he immediately wanders off into some pretty shaky god stuff and then it just turns into a description of how the innards of the body work which hey, might be right, but ain't so interesting
...more
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  • Theological-Political Treatise
  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
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René Descartes, also known as Renatus Cartesius (Latinized form), was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer. He has been dubbed the "Father of Modern Philosophy," and much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which continue to be studied closely. His influence in mathematics is also apparent, the Cartesian coordinate system that is ...more
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“And thus, the actions of life often not allowing any delay, it is a truth very certain that, when it is not in our power to determine the most true opinions we ought to follow the most probable.” 174 likes
“At last I will devote myself sincerely and without reservation to the general demolition of my opinions.” 37 likes
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