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Uncertainty: Einstein, Heisenberg, Bohr, and the Struggle for the Soul of Science

3.94  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,343 Ratings  ·  95 Reviews
The more precisely the position is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known in this instant, and vice versa.
—Werner Heisenberg

That God would choose to play dice with the world is something I cannot believe.
—Albert Einstein

Nothing exists until it is measured.

—Neils Bohr


The remarkable story of a startling scientific idea that ignited a battle among the greatest m
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Hardcover, 272 pages
Published February 20th 2007 by Doubleday
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Mohamed CJ
Mar 16, 2016 Mohamed CJ rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites

عنوان الكتاب: مبدأ اللايقين - آينشتاين، هايزينبيرج، بور، والصراع من أجل روح العلم
الكاتب: ديفيد ليندلي
عدد الصفحات: - سبع ساعات ككتاب مسموع
التقييم: خمس نجوم

عندما قررت قراءة هذا الكتاب كان قراري مبنيًا بدرجة أساسية على عنوانه الجذاب الذي وقعت عليه صدفةً أثناء بحثي عن كتاب آخر. لم يخيّب الكتاب ظني، بل من الأدق أن أقول أنه فاق كل توقعاتي لدرجة أنه سلبني لذيذ النوم، فلم أنم ليلة البارحة إلا ساعةً واحدة!

كما هو واضح في العنوان فالكتاب يتناول موضوع مبدأ اللايقين وهو مبدأ فيزيائي ظهر في العام على يد كل
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Mahmood Almutasim
Nov 04, 2011 Mahmood Almutasim rated it really liked it
Shelves: my-best

لم يسبق لي أن قرأت أو سمعت عن كتاب لتاريخ العلم و العلماء, والصورة النمطية المرسومة في ذهني للعلم و التي تكونت نتيجة أسلوب التدريس العقيم في المدرسة و الجامعة توحي بأن العالم عبارة عن شيء شبيه بمسخ غير إنساني يقضي وقته كله في البحث و التجريب و أن العالم هو عالم فقط يتحول لشخص عادي أو أقل من عادي حالما يخرج خارج وسطه المفضل, هذا الكتاب و بأسلوبه المشوق و السلس يعطي فكرة -و إن كانت غير واضحة تماما- عن حياة العلماء و كيف أن العنصر الإنساني من شغف و صراع و نضال كان حاسما في تكون العلم الذي بين أيدين
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Byron Miller
Jul 13, 2011 Byron Miller rated it really liked it
I read this book as if I was watching a movie in my head. This book has little to do with the complex formula of Quantum Mechanics but everything to do about the complex characters that created the concepts that led to Quantum Mechanics.

I was slightly amused to finish the book and feel I had a better understanding of how Quantum Mechanics came about but now i was more lost than ever as to the people that made it so. Its a lot to wrap your head around when your continually blown away how people
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Alyazi
Aug 24, 2012 Alyazi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
تحدث " مبدأ الريبة " عن لايقينة العلم و سيّر علماء الفيزياء النظرية في ألمانيا - خاصة - وصراعهم المحموم لإثبات ميكانكا الكم بطريقة حتمية .. رغم ما أثبتته لهم التجارب من عشوائية و فوضى الإلكترونات . فلقد كان السؤال الأكثر إلحاحاً و الأكثر جدلاً حين ذاك هو : عن من الذي يجعل الإلكترون يقرر خطوته التالية .. ما الذي يجعله يقفز و يدور و يتفاعل و يتحرك ؟ ما السبب الذي يدفعه لذلك ، لماذا لا يخضع هذا الشيء الصغير لقوانيبن الطبيعة المتعارف عليها ، لم يصر على معاندتنا و يثير الحيرة في نفوسنا؟ كنت متحمسة لأ ...more
Anoud
Feb 11, 2014 Anoud rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
ساعدني الكتاب جداً مع منهجي في الكيمياء و أيضا الرياضيات والفيزياء طيل مرحلة الثانوية .. من الجميل أن تتوقف مرة عن التأفف من القوانين التي يدسونها بالمناهج الدراسية و تبدأ بقراءة قصة كفاح العلماء لإيجاد قانون واحد منها و كم استغرق منهم ذلك ..

كتاب تاريخي يتحدث عن الكثير .. بالأساس نظرية الكم .. بور و هايزنبرج و شرودنجر و آينشتاين و ديراك وكرامر و الحركة البراونية و الكثير جداً .. قضيت معه وقتاً ممتعاً و مفيداً
Clif Hostetler
Jan 08, 2014 Clif Hostetler rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
This book is a history of the development of the uncertainty principle (a.k.a. Heisenberg principle). It explains the interaction of Einstein, Heisenberg and Bohr (as well as the contributions of many others) in the development of this principle. The book makes the history clear, but I'm still trying to get my mind around the principle. The principle applies to atomic and subatomic particles, and basically says that it's impossible to know location and velocity (or momentum) at the same time.

It
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Hank Mishkoff
Feb 02, 2016 Hank Mishkoff rated it liked it
I think I liked this book.

But I'm not sure. :)

In a futile quest to understand quantum mechanics, I consume every layman's book on the subject that I can find. If you're as obsessed with that mystifying subject as I am -- and if, like me, you lack the serious mathematics and physics background that you'd need to be able to acquire a *real* understanding -- then I think you'll enjoy this book.

"Uncertainty" is more of a history of the milieu from which quantum mechanics sprang than an attempt to im
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Faisal
Mar 03, 2013 Faisal rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: علم
استفدت منه في معرفة كواليس الاكتشافات والنظريات العلمية في مجال ميكانيكا الكم .. والقليل عن سير العلماء المؤثرين في هذا المجال ..
لكن على المستوى العلمي لم أستفد الكثير .. لبساطة الكتاب وصعوبته في الوقت ذاته !!
بساطته في التطرق للأفكار هذا المجال .. وصعوبته في الألفاظ الصعبة والمبهمة بالنسبة لي .. لم أفهم الكثير منها ..
ربما للترجمة دور في ذلك ..
Ghatis Bamussalam
Nov 28, 2012 Ghatis Bamussalam rated it really liked it
مبدأ الريبة.. او هكذا اراد تسميتة "بور"
كتاب شيق جداًَ و يتحدث عن الصراع الجدلي الأزلي الذي ابتدأ في مطلع القرن الفائت بين جباهذة الفيزياء في المانيا خصوصاً فيما يتعلق بنظرية الكم و محاولة إثباتها رغم عشوائيتها!
الكتاب كُتب بطريقة أدبية شيقة و هذا ما جعلني اكملة لآخرة رغم بعض ما كنت اواجهه بعد فهم بعض اجزاء الكتاب
G Budai
Mar 15, 2015 G Budai rated it it was amazing
Shelves: physics
Albert Einstein, Heisenberg, Bohr, Schrödinger, Planck, Rutherford, De Broglie, Dirac, Chadwick, Yukawa...
"Nobis natus, nobis datus"

It was unintentionally to write review on Pi day that is AE's Birthday as well! But, I like this coincidence.
Back to review!
It was disturbing experience when first time encountered "uncertainty"! In my read I understood that our possibilities to acquire full knowledge about the world that is surrounding us on it's macro and micro scale are very limited! We can't kn
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Pierre
May 01, 2013 Pierre rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
قصة نشؤ نظرية "ميكانيكا الكم"، طرق وأساليب العلماء النظرية والتجريبية وكذلك الشخصية في صياغة هذه النظرية. صراع مبدأ الحتمية (السببية) مع مبدأ الريبة (اللايقين) ومحاولة فهم كيف تفكر الجسيمات ومطاردتها. حتى انتهى الأمر بصياغة مبدأ الريبة: (تقيس سرعة الجسيم أو قد تستطيع أن تقيس موضعه غير أنك لا تستطيع أن تنجز المهمتين معاً).
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ميكانيكا الكم: انقسم العلماء في تفسيراتهم إلى أسلوبين الأول ميكانيكا الموجات (طبيعة موجية) في زيورخ والثاني ميكانيكا المصفوفات (معادلات رياضية) في جوتنجن، وهناك
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A.
Aug 25, 2013 A. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
الجيد في هذا الكتاب أنه منحني اطلاعًا على شخصيات العلماء الذين أسهموا في نظرية الكم وغيرها منها العلوم وكيف أثرت بعض الأحداث العالمية كالحروب وغيرها عليهم.
المعلومات التي أضافها - بالنسبة لي - فيما يختص بنظرية الكم ليست جديدة وقليل منها لم يذكر في كتب غير متخصصة قرأتها من قبل، ولكن أعتقد أن الأمر يرجع إلى صعوبة شرح نظرية الكم المعقدة إلى حدٍ ما لغير المتخصصين، الجميل في الأمر أنني رأيت معلومات كنت أعرفها بوجهة نظر أخرى أكثر إنسانية وواقعية ومحتدمة بالصراع المستمر بين أولئك الذين دافعوا عن الفيزي
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Noah
Oct 01, 2008 Noah rated it it was ok
Shelves: jeters_defense
I was disappointed. Not completely, but what's the point of a book on Einstein, Heisenberg, et al without the formulas? Where were the scientific formulas? I'm not going to pretend I would have understood them all (ok or even 97% of them), but I was most interested in how they came up with the theories -- and I got the history and some of the science, but none of the specifics. I wanted to see some of those crazy mathematical symbols that are used in NUMB3RS.

I get that the book was written for
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Gaby
Feb 14, 2014 Gaby rated it it was amazing
Shelves: science, technology
I've had a passing interest in quantum mechanics since high school, and now as a chemistry major with a special interest in nanotechnology I've run into quantum theories a lot. this past quarter I took the second physical chemistry class, and started reading this shortly after we started the quantum section. a lot of the theories I learned about in class were covered in this book, sometimes being mentioned the day it came up in lecture. i was highly interested in the historic view of all of thes ...more
dejah_thoris
Jul 21, 2014 dejah_thoris rated it liked it
Shelves: non-fiction, history
Very well-written and does a good job of explaining EXTREMELY difficult scientific concepts like discovering a unifying theory between chemistry and physics. Also good at highlighting how science is influenced by personalities and derived via consensus, no matter how wrong a theory is at the time. I especially enjoyed learning how relativity differs from uncertainty and why Einstein found the latter so lacking in terms of a unified theory. A nice job highlighting Born as well, who mentored the m ...more
Caroline
Jan 14, 2015 Caroline rated it liked it
Shelves: own
I first learned about a version of the Uncertainty Principle in high school. I remember at the time thinking that it was pretty trippy - that you could only know the position or the speed of a subatomic participle, not both. How where there things that you couldn't learn about the physical world?

Turns out the Uncertainty Principle as I remember it is both slightly inaccurate (it's the momentum, not speed) and much simplified. And, the story behind how it came to be is just fascinating.

Lindley's
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Pierre Menard
Nov 27, 2014 Pierre Menard rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Who knows only absolute certainties
Buon saggio divulgativo scritto dal fisico teorico David Lindley, che ha al suo attivo diversi volumi di storia della fisica moderna. L’intento è quello di raccontare in modo scientificamente rigoroso e storicamente accurato i passi che hanno portato Werner Heisenberg alla formulazione del cosiddetto “principio di indeterminazione” (in inglese: uncertainty principle), e di valutarne l’impatto sulla scienza e sull’epistemologia, in particolare sui limiti connessi alla nostra capacità di conoscere ...more
Ryan
Nov 09, 2011 Ryan rated it really liked it
The early 20th century was by no means an orderly, calm period in the world of theoretical physics. New discoveries in relativity and quantum mechanics were casting increasing doubt on classical physics. Scientists were learning that some phenomena, taking place at the unseeable atomic level, seemed not to be deterministic and predictable, but probabilistic and not so predictable.

Uncertainty provides an informative overview of the major players during this era, and explores the disarray that a c
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Peter
Mar 04, 2012 Peter rated it liked it
When I was an philosophy undergraduate, I had this annoying itch. I was vaguely dissatisfied that almost none of my philosophy courses addressed the philosophical implications of developments of theoretical physics, particularly quantum mechanics - about which I knew next to nothing but the Heisenberg uncertainty principle somehow trickled down to the (un)conscious of a earnest nineteen-year-old. Growing up, I was distracted, but even if that itch subsided to a degree, it still nagged at me. Thi ...more
Robert Delikat
When I give a lecture on patient assessment I start off by saying “Begin your assessment from across the room. You want to first view your patients with as little influence upon them as possible. You know, like the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: the process of looking at something changes it.” Then come the deer-in-the-headlight looks from most of my students. That’s perhaps the look that will obtain from many of the readers of this book. Unless you’re a theoretical physicist, taken a class i ...more
Seth
Aug 01, 2009 Seth rated it it was amazing
I found this narrative of the transition from a deterministic, Newtonian view of the physical world to the statistical probabilities (and uncertainty) of quantum interactions really entertaining. It had much the same feel as James Watson's Double Helix: a sort of clubby, intellectual-but-confused, adversarial-but-friendly atmosphere of early twentieth century science. Towards the end, David Lindley does go off on a minor tangent ranting about other historians of science who see this narrative di ...more
Heather Denkmire
I preferred The Age of Entanglement (http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/50...) for its explanations of the actual physics and for the deep descriptions of the people involved. It was only at around chapter 18 (of 19) of this book that I really felt like it was worth the investment. That isn't to say it wasn't really good. It was very good. It just wasn't a lot of new information, though it was engaging and interesting. But the part that really got me thinking was at the end when there was some d ...more
Jennie
Aug 04, 2009 Jennie rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Uncertainty> provides a thorough, historical overview of the legendary figures involved in the discovery of quantum mechanics and the bizarre and controversial revelation that the act of observing a particle changes the nature of the thing being observed. This detailed account diagnoses the idiosyncrasies of the key players and recounts the battles and breakthroughs that proved integral to the development and eventual (if decidedly begrudging) acceptance of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle ...more
KennyO
Nov 24, 2014 KennyO rated it liked it
Well, it isn't riveting but it is quite good about sticking to the title topic, something not said about a lot of books. There's a misconception among people who aren't conversant with science that scientists think alike and speak with one voice. Here's a book illustrating the fallacy of that view. It isn't laden with math or theory so those who aren't mathematicians or engineers can enjoy it as well as scientists.
Jim
Sep 28, 2011 Jim rated it liked it
A very fast, high level read on the origins and development of quantum mechanics, focusing on the people involved. I think the one thing I'll really take from this book is the author's presentation of the Schrodinger's Cat thought experiment as something Schrodinger proposed to illustrate the absurdity of an opposing theory, not in support of it (Einstein also proposed this thought experiment, in a slightly different form).

I think there were a total of two equations presented in this book, and
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Lisa
If you want to read about the science, this is not the book for you- this is the history of the science, specifically the development of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and quantum physics. I liked the beginning, as the author set out the developments in physics that led to the clash between Einstein, who famously had difficulty accepting that randomness and uncertainty might have a place in physics, and the scientists at the forefront of quantum physics who insisted that it did. But as the b ...more
Paolo Latini
Spesso si dilungua e si perde in oziosi particolari biografici degli scienziati discussi. Più utile come una piccola antologia biografica che come pratica introduzione alla nuova scienza, ma una lettura comunque affascinante.
Oliver Hodson
Apr 28, 2014 Oliver Hodson rated it really liked it
Really liked it. It was a very good explanation and contextualisation of the science and the personalities involved. Especially well handled was the internal conflict of the German scientists over metaphysics, quantum theory and ww2.
Garnett
Much more sympathetic to Einstein's options than other histories of quantum mechanics that I've read. Also does an excellent job of placing the quantum mechanical view of uncertainty relative to Laplace's Demon.
رائد الحربي
Sep 20, 2014 رائد الحربي rated it really liked it
بعض الاجزاء بالكتاب غير مفهومة لانها تحتاج لفهم اكبر للفيزياء
لكن بشكل عام الكتاب جميل وسلس
يتحدث عن اثر ميكانيكا الكم على الفيزياء الكلاسيكية
وعدم تقبل الكثير من العلماء لها منهم اينشتاين
كما يتطرق لحياة العلماء بشكل مختصر
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