Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
Start by marking “Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind” as Want to Read:
Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind
Enlarge cover
Rate this book
Clear rating
Open Preview

Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind

4.04  ·  Rating Details  ·  543 Ratings  ·  52 Reviews
Exploring the complex relationships that determine how we perform as members of a group, the authors build upon their previous work and examine concepts such as culture shock, ethnocentrism and stereotyping, as well as the consequent effects it has on the individual and on society as a whole.
Paperback, 279 pages
Published November 1st 2007 by Profile Books(GB) (first published March 1993)
More Details... edit details

Friend Reviews

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Add this book to your favorite list »

Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 1,667)
filter  |  sort: default (?)  |  Rating Details
The book gives you an insight of the cultural differences of nations and explains why behaviors/values/heroes/symbols have a certain meaning and how they start to evolve from inside the family. It is interesting to have a closer look into the "power distance" or the "avoidance uncertainty" concepts and understand how they reflect on people's mindsets and how they translate into organization's culture.

Still, I do believe the book is too long and that the author could have make it a more compact r
Adrena Johnson mcdonald
Trudged Through It

I am currently working on my doctorate in global leadership, and I was hoping that this text would be a great resource for my program. Though the book contains some very good information and some intriguing insights, much of it is a very long recount of the authors' research, along with reasons why their research is so good and others' so lacking. The last few chapters were interesting but filled with so much opinion and culturally-laden "should" and "should not" statements tha
Jan 13, 2016 Benny rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Both practical and theoretical, this is the only book that I know of that really describes and explains cultural differences on various levels (family, school, work...) AND on a more or less universal scale. While most other books on the matter either remain hopelessly vague, or loose themselves in academic abstractions, Hofstede really gets down to it. In parts the book might be a bit dated, but imho Hofstede's cultural dimensions are still essential in understanding cultural diversity.

In our g
Mina Soare
Sep 24, 2015 Mina Soare rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Anyone, you lazy buggers
Recommended to Mina by: Meanings and Messages textbook
This is a book about culture, not stereotypes as much as statistically verified constants. As usual, I'm going to make my case on why you should read it rather than the Wikipedia summary (oh, yes, there are a few cliffnotes on the author's cultural dimensions Wiki page)

This book represents several decades of research, all around the globe, so nothing is passed off as "but those are the (insert nationality here), they're crazy". In his worldwide interviews and surveys, Hofstede discovered certain
Angelo John Lewis
I've read a lot of books about cultural differences or diversity, but Hofstede's masterwork is just on a different order than the rest. It is a research-based examination of national and organizational cultural differences across a number of domains, such as power distance differences, attitudes towards individualism and collectivism, gender cultures and several others. He then goes on to discuss implications of this research to intercultural and interorganizational encounters.

This is a must rea
Mar 02, 2015 Willis rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This took a long time for me to get through because it is packed with information. It is a fascinating study into "culture" and what that word really means. There is a large discussion of different elements that distinguish different cultures based on survey data. They show how countries differ from each other in terms of these elements, which I thought was quite interesting, to think about how someone from Japan or China might have a different idea of how to approach a particular situation comp ...more
Joao Azevedo
May 10, 2015 Joao Azevedo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: my-library
In times of globalization, understanding and accepting cultural diversity and appreciating other people's views about life and how human beings should relate to one another is increasingly important. In the late sixties, Dr. Geert Hofstede became interested in the cultural differences between countries and has researched this subject since then. This book presents his work for the general reader. It is not an easy book, but the interested reader will be able to fully understand the ideas; readin ...more
Bryant Macfarlane
To be fair, the 'onion' and 'pyramid' models provided in the opening chapter are of use when applied broadly and the anecdotal evidence provided throughout the work is compelling on the surface. But then...
The fundamental issue at hand is the authors are trying very hard to force a 'cherry picked' body of research into a theory that is masquerading as a universal theory on mental modeling and cultural relativism. It simply falls flat when the primary thesis - here built from a survey of global
Allen Hamlin Jr.
This book is a thorough and useful exploration of the ramifications of culture on national and organizational differences.

In comparison to Hostede's book "Culture's Consequences", this work is intended to be more accessible and less of a professional research text. While I'm sure the author attained this aim, I still find "Cultures and Organizations" to be a very dense read: many of the best conclusions are to be found buried between tables and outlines of research surveys. Even as a mathematic
Oct 12, 2009 Sarah rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2009
This was a pretty interesting comparative perspective on culture (organizational and otherwise). It's easy to forget sometimes how the culture we're born into can influence our perspective, often in ways we're completely unaware of. And if one finds oneself engaged in pastimes such as...oh, I don't know...nation-building, it bears remembering that even something as Perfect and Flawless as American democracy can be difficult, if not downright impossible, to export to a nation or region that has a ...more
Apr 09, 2011 Doug rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Title may sound dry, but if you, like me, find cultural differences fascinating/annoying you really must read this book, or something similar. If you have an interest in international business or politics, you really should take advantage of this field of study. I found Geert Hofstede while trying to research the cultural challenges of the NATO (American) effort in Afghanistan. This is a non-judgmental recognition of how different cultures provide for the psychological needs of human nature. It ...more
Mar 05, 2015 Aksay rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Concise and detailed insights of how societies breathe in & out through its cultural lungs , to each and every scrutinised aspects of its daily functioning- stereotyping, barriers to languages,semantics etc. But , albeit being a great socio-litterary, it is quite long to discuss on visible cultural differences. But amazing Hofstede, he got it right to be the most cited European sociologist in today's sociology.
Dec 18, 2013 Lorette rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: for-school
Interesting research from the 1960is at IBM, Hofstede using factor analysis, found 4 dimensions where national values are plotted (used data from over 50 countries; that latter study, with Minkov, had data from over 90 countries). 2 more dimensions were subsequently added in the third edition of this book. The authors contend that social class has culture; corporate culture is a different animal altogether, and has different dimensions, according to the authors. Despite the "global" world we liv ...more
Mad Hab
Apr 02, 2014 Mad Hab rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a very good book.

There are a lot definitions of what culture and what values are. Most of them are in the form of romantic poetry, personal experience and feelings. What Hofstedes actually did, they quantified value systems, gave them names, dimensions and showed how values for different cultures differ ( or cultures for different cultures differ, which way you like :)). However the most important stuff to take from the book is the fact that even Western countries differ a lot. This is e
Wendy  Nungesser
May 03, 2015 Wendy Nungesser rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book has been on my shelf for several years as a resource and was used initially for my Masters project. It is a challenging read; yet, Hofstede writing is researched based and the author has a solid reputation. I go back to this book from time to time to reflect on my Masters project and what I took away from the book.
Aug 28, 2011 Benny rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Beetje een flauwe titel voor deze nieuwe (herwerkte) uitgave van Hofstedes Cultures and Organisations Software of the mind. De dimensies blijven echter essentieel voor wie enig inzicht wil krijgen in cultuurverschillen. De concrete aanpak van Hofstede blijft verfrissend in dit studiegebied waarin nogal wat boeken verschijnen met abstract academisch getheoretiseer...naast ook een hele stapel boeken die helaas niet verder komen dan enkele goedbedoelde clichés.

Dit boek zou in heel wat opleidingen (
Sep 28, 2012 Catherine rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

The book offers and synthesis of Geert Hofstede's scientific model of intercultural differences. It presents the details of the 5 factors differentiating cultural values (and much more).

It is a 'short' version (560 pages) of his work, easy to read and meant for non-academics. The long and detailed version of his academic work is found in his other book "Culture consequences".

It is important to buy the last edition. Compared to the previous edition, the last edition to this date (2010) brings s
Drew Coffman
Jun 23, 2016 Drew Coffman rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
One of the most interesting academic-esque texts I've ever read. I hadn't heard of Hofstede's studies before reading this, and it's helped me frame the world, and each culture, much better.
Marcus Solberg
Aug 22, 2014 Marcus Solberg rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Great book! Gives a really good framework for understanding different cultures, as well as specifics for different countries.

Not sure which year I read this one.
Robert Morrow
Hofstede's model is very useful on a macro level, but you can learn the theory and its application more efficiently by visiting his website.
Jun 01, 2014 Paul rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is interesting, but the author tends to essentialize and naturalize cultural and national identity, ignoring the fact that there are usually more differences within groups than there are between them. Statistically speaking, it is easy to find even tiny ggregate differences between groups if the sample size is large enough; unfortunately these (usually small) statistically significant differences are translated into the media and popular culture as binary oppositions (i.e., Asians are ...more
Lachesis Braick
Dec 10, 2015 Lachesis Braick rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Fantastic insight on culture and the globalized world.
Jan 25, 2014 Bibi rated it really liked it
Ik registreerde een boek op!
Dec 01, 2015 Anum rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Very dry, but mind blowing!
Mahmoud Bsharat
Oct 20, 2015 Mahmoud Bsharat is currently reading it  ·  review of another edition
Bill Lalonde
Feb 03, 2012 Bill Lalonde rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A very interesting book giving a lucid exposition of Hofstede's attempts at cultural quantification. Also notably it argues for observing different moralities arising from different cultural experiences, yet also contains arguments in favor of the authors' moral particularities. To be fair, this is lampshaded implicitly when calling for world citizens to learn about others' values while remaining rooted in their own.
Aug 31, 2008 Ad_blankestijn rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The masterwork for the general public by Prof. Geert Hofstede, who with his four dimensions of culture singlehandedly laid the basis for the academic study of intercultural differences, which in its turn became the inspiration for the flourishing consultancy world of today. Everybody in this field stands on the shoulders of Hofstede. The book is a pleasure to read and highly recommended.
Jan 31, 2008 Jeff rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I had so many questions about what it is to be human, what is environmental and what is genetic. This author takes a look at extensive data from studies from IBM which traverse the globe, and he charts patterns of human behavior. He show which countries value independence or being in groups, which are more or less hierarchical, more or less masculine or feminine, etc., etc. I love this book.
Jul 21, 2007 Irwan rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: finished
In my thesis I worked with issues of multicultural collaboration in developing software. This book gave me clues on how to approach the corelation between cultural issues and the technical/organizational ones. Although highly critisized or not so popular by most researchers whom I met or with whom I shared a research group, I found this book and theory can be practical and easier to use.
Yorgos Christoforou
One of my favourite books. A fascinating effort to quantify cultural aspects and allow the user to relativize and understand what went wrong whenever he/she hits against unexpected problems due to cultural differences.
« previous 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 55 56 next »
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Be the first to start one »
  • Riding the Waves of Culture: Understanding Diversity in Global Business
  • Beyond Culture
  • When Cultures Collide: Leading Across Cultures
  • Organizational Culture and Leadership (The Jossey-Bass Business & Management Series)
  • Images of Organization
  • Organization Theory: Modern, Symbolic, and Postmodern Perspectives
  • The Dance of Change: The challenges to sustaining momentum in a learning organization
  • Essentials of Organizational Behavior
  • The HR Scorecard: Linking People, Strategy, and Performance
  • The Corrosion of Character: The Personal Consequences of Work in the New Capitalism
  • Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture: Based on the Competing Values Framework
  • Leading with Cultural Intelligence: The New Secret to Success
  • Prototyping: A Practitioner's Guide
  • The Adult Learner, Sixth Edition: The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development
  • Card Sorting
  • Remote Research: Real Users, Real Time, Real Research
  • Systems Thinking: Managing Chaos and Complexity - A Platform for Designing Business Architecture
  • Open Space Technology: A User's Guide
Gerard Hendrik Hofstede is an influential Dutch writer on the interactions between national cultures and organizational cultures, and is an author of several books including Culture's Consequences and Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, co-authored by his son Gert Jan Hofstede. Hofstede's study demonstrated that there are national and regional cultural groupings that affect the behav ...more
More about Geert Hofstede...

Share This Book

“In most collectivist cultures, direct confrontation of another person is considered rude and undesirable. The word no is seldom used, because saying “no” is a confrontation; “you may be right” and “we will think about it” are examples of polite ways of turning down a request. In the same vein, the word yes should not necessarily be inferred as an approval, since it is used to maintain the line of communication: “yes, I heard you” is the meaning it has in Japan.” 12 likes
“We are; therefore, we evolve.” 4 likes
More quotes…