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Das Heilige und das Profane. Vom Wesen des Religiösen

4.08  ·  Rating Details ·  4,682 Ratings  ·  148 Reviews
In a book of great originality & scholarship, a noted historian of religion traces manifestations of the sacred from primitive to modern times, in terms of space, time, nature, the cosmos & life itself. The Sacred & the Profane serves as an excellent introduction to the history of religion, but its perspective also encompasses philosophical anthropology, phenom ...more
Paperback, 187 pages
Published 1998 (first published 1957)
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Riku Sayuj

This Ontological Thirst

More a survey of sacred practices than an insightful deconstruction, Eliade’s work gets repetitive beyond a point as it keeps on multiplying examples, never coming to conclusions that go past a premise that is interesting but is also a truism, by construction.

Eliade’s primary objective is to define the fundamental opposition between sacred and profane. This is done by showcasing the very perception of human mind towards the sacred and by categorizing the human mind/socie
This is one of those books which aims for a universal approach to its subject, but then dropped off the map in terms of citations and further research and remains only in introductory courses. Almost like the historians' elephant in the room - Toynbee.

This volume presents a synthesis of several ideas, with the majority of the text devoted to examples. Eliade proposes a strict division between what is defined as 'the sacred' and 'the profane', marked in space and time through stories of the orig
Erik Graff
May 22, 2015 Erik Graff rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: religion fans
Recommended to Erik by: Robert Neale
Shelves: religion
Eliade was frequently assigned for seminary classes. As a consequence I came to perceive him as redundant, each book repeating many of the points made by others previously read. This book is a bit different in that he consciously works off Otto's Idea of the Holy, a book I'd read in college. What struck me as original at the time was Eliade's treatment of the axis mundi, whereby all is oriented.

Eliade's personal history was unknown to me at the time of reading his books. Since then, thanks to an
Jul 31, 2009 Carvedwood rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
Every new initiate to any religion eventually finds themselves at a point when they're no longer satisfied by "Because God said so!" as the only answer to every question they ask. This book was recommended to me at a point when I was struggling to advance past the neophyte stage in my faith. It was incredibly frustrating that all the books I could find regarding the subject were written for absolute beginners, and I latched onto this book the way a drowning person would latch onto a lifesaver.
Michael Brady
The atheist is probably right, but homo religiosus has all the fun. Me, I find indulging my agnosticism - by way of a deep interest in the history and philosophy of religion - more interesting that being an angry anti-theist. In that pursuit I am indebted to historians, philosophers, psychologists, and theologians of the 20th century. Useful guides in this territory have included Tillich, Otto, James, Jung, Campbell, and several times now, Eliade.

“The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religi
Gondolatébresztő és inspiráló olvasmány, mint általában az összes Eliade tanulmány. Megéri elolvasni. A történettudományban eltöltött kis idő után azonban egyfajta egészséges szkepszis alakul ki az emberben az összehasonlító vallási stúdiumokkal szemben. Ez akár a behaviorizmus versus kulturális meghatározottság szembeállításának végletéig is vezethetne bennünket, noha erre semmi szükség nincsen: mindössze annak fel- és elismeréséről van szó, hogy az egyes kulturális képződmények látszólagos has ...more
Kelly Bryson
Feb 18, 2012 Kelly Bryson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I'm learning lots of new words! This very scholarly work is a look into the archetypal symbols that differentiate the sacred and the profane- from mythology to architecture, even the way we experience time. But since, as Eliade purports, archetypes cannot be changed, only added upon, it's very helpful to this writer to have a more conscious understanding of what symbols I invoke.

Lots of interesting thoughts after reading this- is there one way to approach God of are the symbols all pointing in
Jay D
Feb 09, 2013 Jay D rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A great work on comparative religion. Eliade is a master - knowledgable of all traditions, and able to collate and analyze them, yet not in a dry, rational way. The chief thesis here is that traditional man understood the entire cosmos, as well as time, as sacred. Modern man, due to materialism and naturalism, has rejected this aspect and thus lost his soul. Esotericists and liturgists will have to read this.
Mar 24, 2012 Kevin rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
If my history is right, i believe it was Durkheim who first established the sacred/profane dichotomy. Eliade puts it to good use. And though it is unclear to me at present which of the 4 primary interpretations of Husserl Eliade adopts, his analysis of a religious intentionally seems to me altogether accurate. Eliade's story of the phenomenologically universal makeup of people's sacred/profane categories, and their manifestations in sentimentality does not make an appearance here--so far as i ca ...more
Sort of boring--

I don't know, I was fascinated by the distinction between the sacred and the profane. Although lucidly written, the book didn't engage me throughout. He has interesting things to say and makes interesting comments about the religious man and the modern man, but most of his arguments were buried under anthropological examples. Granted, it is an anthropological study on the phenomenology of the religious man. It might be that the time was not right for me to read it. My interest le
اثری از الیاده با نظریات شگفت در مورد تقدس و تقدیس، عمدتن در آیین مسیحیت، در حول و حوش مقدسین و مکان های مقدس، بررسی چگونگی تقدیس و تقدس در کلیسا، روایات و افسانه هایی در این زمینه. کتاب توسط نصرالله زنگویی به فارسی برگردانده شده و انتشارات صدا و سیمای جمهوری آن را در 1375 منتشر کرده است
Mircea Eliade is a famous specialist on mythology, religion, mysticism and ritual elements among human’s beliefs. His language is not heavy, such as most of philosophers, but almost kind of a literary narration,
Aitziber Madinabeitia
Uno de tantos textos básicos del estudio comparado de las religiones, en el Mircea Eliade, respetado experto en el tema trata a través de múltiples ejemplos que no intentan sin embargo ser excesivamente exhaustivos, las diferentes formas del ser humano de entenderse a si mismo y al mundo, especialmente en las tres dimensiones físicas y en la dimensión temporal generando dicotomias, entre la que se destaca la de lo sagrado y no sagrado (profano).
Introducción simple también al concepto de homo rel
Apr 30, 2013 Alex rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Eliade (1907-1986), a Romanian novelist and historian/philosopher of religion, is one of the world's most celebrated experts on religion and a must read for anyone interested in the topic. Nic describes him as an academic much like his predecessors in that he believes Christianity to be the highest from or religious thought, but who arrived at this conclusion through secular and widespread study rather than a simple Bible-bashing and brainwashing train of thought. He was in a unique position, be ...more
Jan 03, 2009 Nikki rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: mythology
Well, I hope to one day read the whole book. For now, one section was assigned for reading in my "Ritual" course at Pacifica.
I loved it!
"Sacred Space and Making the World Sacred."
Eliade demonstrates how whenever we make something, a home, a city, a church, we are re-enacting the form of creation, and, as religious individuals, are seeking union with God. He discusses the sacredness of "transforming [any] dwelling place" (52).
My favorite passage:
"Exactly like the city of the sanctuary, the house
David Withun
Nov 05, 2014 David Withun rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: religion
In his exploration of the long ago, the far away, and otherwise seemingly primitive, Mircea Eliade reveals to each of us so-called modern men a part of ourselves we have long been missing, whether we realized our loss or not. This aspect of ourselves which we must rediscover is the experience of the sacred. The loss of this aspect of man is not inconsequential; on the contrary, it is, as a loss of that very thing which makes us human, a loss of our own humanity. As Eliade says (pg 68), "for nonr ...more
Mar 04, 2008 Kyle rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Jeez, what an amazing read. Made me analyze what truly defines the spiritual or the sacred in my life and put that into the context of space and time. "The homogeneity of time and space" is the truth of the profane. Eliade shows exactly how this breaks down in human activity.
May 22, 2015 Wael rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Si vous êtes intéressés par la notion du sacré et de ses manifestations, alors lisez ce livre
Si vous tenez à comprendre en profondeur les notions de centre du monde, de l'espace sacré, du temps sacré, des rites, de l'initiation et de la vie de l'homme religieux alors lisez ce livre.
180 pages de pure bonheur, une érudition sans précédent. Un travail exceptionnel qui mérite d'être découvert par tout esprit curieux.
Le livre parle dans sa grande partie des religions de l'homme archaïque, mais des c
مقدس و نامقدس همون طور که نویسنده میگه یک مقدمه ای هست بر تاریخ ادیان
در بخش های مختلف کتاب، نویسنده توضیح میده چطور انسان دینی، با قدسی کردن فضا - زمان - طبیعت ، خود و همه ی کیهان، میل خودش رو به سعادت و فراوری از طبیعت خودش نشون میده. مثال های کتاب از اعمال دینی در اقوام مختلف و چرایی اجرای اونها خوندنیه و شباهت ها و بعضا تفاوت های ادیان ابتدایی و سپس ادیان پیچیده تر مثل یهودیت و مسیحیت و اسلام به خوبی آورده شده
کتاب البته بخش کمی رو به انسان غیر دینی اختصاص میده که قابل انتظار هم هست ولی توضیح
المقــــدس والمدنــــــس
مرســـــــيا إليـــــــاد

من منا لم يفكر يوما في ماجعل المقدس مقدسا وماجعل المدنس مدنسا! هنا هذا المؤرخ الغريب يبحث جيدا في حدود المقدس والمدنس(الدنيوي)

مرسيا إلياد

مؤرخ روماني للأديان، يبحث جيدا في نشأة الأديان ونشأة الفكر المتدين والأساطير وسلوك الانسان اللامتدين أيضا يعتقد أن الهدف الكلي لمؤرخ الديان هو أن يفهم وأن يوضح للغير سلوك الانسان المتدين وعالمه العقلي

هنا في هذا الكتاب يقدم لك إلياد تصورا عن نشأة المقدس وماجعل من المقدس مقدسا وأثر الطبيعة على التدين ونشأة بعض ال
Barbara Klaser
Jul 14, 2012 Barbara Klaser rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
I read this many years ago for a college course in religious philosophy, so I don't remember the specifics of it all that well. But I do recall that it provided an excellent perspective on religion and its place in human society, presumably since humanity began. I recall that the other text we used in that course was by Huston Smith, I believe it was The Religions of Man, which is since retitled The World's Religions.

As someone who grew up in a not very religious family but one nonetheless groun
Apr 22, 2008 Tami rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Years ago, I was assigned this book in one of my university classes. I number it in my most memorable and personally influential works that I have ever read. At the time, I had just begun to study archaeology and had very little understanding of the concept of ethnocentricism. My personal way of thinking was very black and white. The only real experience that I had with the dichotomies of the sacred versus the profane at that point was my own experiences.

The Sacred and the Profane gave me an en
Mahmoud Radi
يحمل الكتاب مضامين بالغة الأهمية، محاولاً من خلالها التأصيل لطبيعة التفكير الديني منذ بداية الخليقة، ولكني شعرت بأنه كان من المستحسن لو قام مرسيا إلياد بمناقشة هذه المضامين من خلال دراسة بحثية، وليس من خلال كتاب، لأن الكتاب ينطوي على الكثير من الاسهاب والتكرار في مناقشاته واللذان كنت أشعر بأنه لم يكن لهما داعي في عدة مواضع في الكتاب، حيث تجد المؤلف يعيد مناقشة وتأكيد الفكرة الواحدة أكثر من مرة بالرغم من كونها وصلت بالفعل للقاريء.

أضف أيضاً أن الكتاب كان يحتاج للمزيد من الأمثلة غير تلك التي طرحها
Jul 27, 2011 Shannon rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Excellent anthropological analysis, but I would rate Eliade as a first-rate historian before approaching philosophy of religion. He conducts an analysis of the religious man based primarily of his views of a primordial worshipper and does not fully take into account how Christianity differs in terms of goals: the Christian man's goal is not necessarily to become the Center and return to the origin, although he does nod to the fact that the sacred time for Christianity is influenced more on the l ...more
It's perfect for non initiated people since it's an introductory book to the symbols of religion that still have influnce in our lives despite our actual "atheism". Maybe you'll have to look up some words at first, but it really gets better and you get the ideas across when reading so I'd recommend it to anyone interested in this topic. It reminded me a bit of Jung's work with less psychological analysis and complexity indeed. But I could pretty much say that the conclusion is the same even if E ...more
Sep 25, 2016 Sabin rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Pentru o istorie a miturilor accesibilă persoanelor nespecialiste, citiți-l pe Joseph Campbell. Pentru o reflexie asupra influenței miturilor arhaice aspura omului modern, "profan", citiți-l pe Joseph Campbell. Pentru o comparație între variantele diferitelor popoare pentru miturile ontologice, eroice, escatologice, etc. citiți-l pe Joseph Campbell.

In afară de interpretarea locurilor sacre, unde, spune el, avem unirea directă cu sacrul, sau manifestarea sacrului pe acest pamânt, lucrarea e greoa
Oct 02, 2012 Scot rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: spiritual, amazing
Fantastic introduction to Eliade and the field of History of Religion as a whole. The book looks at the differences between religious/sacred man versus profane/modern man. He does not use the platform as a way to beat up modern man or Christianity/Judaism but instead digs into our ancestral roots to look at our sacred relationship with God(s) and Goddess(es), nature, time, and spirit. Wonderful read that I may not have had the patience nor concentration for in the past, but the timing was perfec ...more
Although I’m self-proclaiming myself as an agnostic/atheist, I have to admit that I was never fully able to cast aside a deep, subterranean hope in a magical force that would give meaning to the amorphous matter which surrounds us.

Therefore, Eliade’s book hit me where it hurts the most: I would give anything to possess the ability of perceiving the world as a sanctified creation, imbued with myths and symbolic purposiveness. My mind, taken over by a blood-thirsty rationality, cannot probably ev
Jun 06, 2016 Kate rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
По следам "Золотой ветви" я решила "прощупать" идеи других специалистов в данной области. Вот, к примеру, Элиаде упоминает Фрезера во введении и говорит, что придерживается несколько иной точки зрения. Как раз то, что нужно!
Фрезер пытается увязать самые различные религии мира под одну гребёнку, а именно вложить всю мировую мифологию (точнее только часть её, которая согласуется с утверждением) в ритуал задабривания бога плодородия. Элиаде в данной книге тоже хочет обобщить мировые религии, но чут
Shane Wagoner
Feb 21, 2016 Shane Wagoner rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In this critically acclaimed introduction to religion, Mircea Eliade decides to focus on what he calls the Nature of religion, as opposed to its history. By conducting a wide ranging survey of symbols and traditions throughout the world, Eliade creates a persuasive framework with which to interpret religious practices. He argues that religion forms, at its core, an existential relation to the "real" by orientating its adherents towards the "sacred" by means of geographic locations and physical p ...more
Cris N.
Dec 18, 2015 Cris N. rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"The Sacred and the Profane" is not only Mircea Eliade's best book, in my opinion, it is also the number one most essential book for understanding the nature of religion in a global sense, and also why religion and spirituality is not only important in human history, but why it is also valid. There's a broad amount of concepts covered in this book and it is probably the most comprehensive of Eliade's works.

This work has everything: the nature of the Sacred (the transcendent or the supernatural,
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Romanian-born historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, professor at the University of Chicago, and one of the pre-eminent interpreters of world religion in this century. Eliade was an intensely prolific author of fiction and non-fiction alike, publishing over 1,300 pieces over 60 years. He earned international fame with LE MYTHE DE L'ÉTERNAL RETOUR (1949, The Myth of the Eternal Return) ...more
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“It was lunar symbolism that enabled man to relate and connect such heterogeneous things as: birth, becoming, death, and ressurection; the waters, plants, woman, fecundity, and immortality; the cosmic darkness, prenatal existence, and life after death, followed by the rebirth of the lunar type ("light coming out of darkness"); weaving, the symbol of the "thread of life," fate, temporality, and death; and yet others. In general most of the ideas of cycle, dualism, polarity, opposition, conflict, but also of reconciliation of contraries, of coincidentia oppositorum, were either discovered or clarified by virtue of lunar symbolism. We may even speak of a metaphysics of the moon, in the sense of a consistent system of "truths" relating to the mode of being peculiar to living creatures, to everything in the cosmos that shares in life, that is, in becoming, growth and waning, death and ressurrection.” 40 likes
“Do what he will, he [the profane man] is an inheritor. He cannot utterly abolish his past, since he himself is a product of his past. He forms himself by a series of denials and refusals, but he continues to be haunted by the realities that he has refused and denied. To acquire a world of his own, he has desacralized the world in which his ancestors lived; but to do so he has been obliged to adopt an earlier type of behavior, and that behavior is still emotionally present in him, in one form or another, ready to be reactualized in his deepest being. ” 17 likes
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