Millennium: Έτος 1000: Η Ευρώπη στο κατώφλι των σύγχρονων καιρών
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Millennium: Έτος 1000: Η Ευρώπη στο κατώφλι των σύγχρονων καιρών

3.76 of 5 stars 3.76  ·  rating details  ·  946 ratings  ·  107 reviews
Η Ευρώπη το έτος 1000 μ.Χ. Τι είχαν απογίνει τα υπολείμματα της Ρωμαϊκής Aυτοκρατορίας, και τι σχέσεις διατηρούσαν με το Βυζάντιο, ποιες οι ισορροπίες ανάμεσα στην κοσμική εξουσία, τους βασιλιάδες και τους αυτοκράτορες, και τον Πάπα; Ο αναγνώστης θα ανακαλύψει πολλά ευρήματα που θα του επιτρέψουν να αντιληφθεί πώς διαμορφώθηκε η Ευρώπη στη συνέχεια και πώς φτάσαμε ώς το σή...more
736 pages
Published December 2009 by Ωκεανίδα (first published 2008)
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Green Troll

Blah, Blah, AND Blah. I didn’t like this one.

For me, the period of late antiquity and the Early Middle Ages is a difficult one. Studying Ancient Rome is easy because it’s compartmentalized. You basically have Rome and barbarians with old enemies popping up occasionally; but, it’s not until the fall of the Western Empire you realize you've been punk’d.

Standing at the gates of the Middle Ages, you realize all these Barbarians have a history and they move around ALL the time. It’s like Europe is...more
Guy
The two centuries from 900 to 1100 were a fascinating time in Europe. Somehow the centuries of chaos and decay after the fall of Rome were brought to an end and a dynamic and expansive Europe was born. This book attempts to tell the tale of those years and (according to the author in his Preface) to identify some of the key factors that contributed to Europe's rise. "Attempts" being the operative word: the telling is stylistically flawed, and the key factors insufficiently analyzed and structure...more
Terri
I had my ups and downs with this book, but all in all I enjoyed it. If you are into history, then this is really only a retelling of everything you already know from 900AD to 1100AD with some history of religion and religious houses thrown in. Whilst I am very familiar with England's history during this phase, along with the Saracen's and the Northmen, I did learn much about France and the Wends and the Hungarians. Good book. It made me want to try another of Holland's books. I think I'll try Pe...more
Justin Evans
A classic example of the 'don't expect Barolo when you're drinking Vinho Verde' class; this is airplane history and as such quite successful- easy to read and rollicking tales, backed up by little analysis and couched as a tendentious and quite frankly pointless 'argument.' All you need to know about this book can be learned from the titles: in Australia and the UK, it's called 'Millennium: The End of the World and the Forging of Christendom.' In the U.S., it's called 'The Forge of Christendom:...more
TAB
Now that was a history book. As a fierce crusader for fictiondom all my life, this book shook my literary faith to its core. Well organised and superbly written, non-fiction or history like this stand above the rest.

I received this book as a present from my future wife for Christmas one year after she had seen me take great pleasure in The Silmarillion and in watching Ken Follet's Pillars of the Earth miniseries. I can't say I was thrilled when I opened the present as well what can I say it was...more
Sean DeLauder
The best histories tend to have a solid theme and narrow focus. With Rubicon and Persian Fire Holland captured this technique admirably. With Millennium, he may have bitten off more than he could chew, at least in a mere 400 pages.

The work deals primarily with the centuries prior to the year 1,000 AD, a momentous year by the accounts of this book, filled with foreboding about the loosing of Satan and the Anti-Christ upon the world for the next thousand years, and the solidification of Christiani...more
F.R.
I have previously read, and was highly impressed by, Tom Holland's previous historical books 'Rubicon' and 'Persian Fire'. (I also read The Vampyre - his Byron as a bloodsucker novel, which wasn't so great.)

In this book he looks at the pre-millennial angst that took place at the end of the first millennium, where it was widely assumed that the Antichrist would return (SPOILER ALERT: He doesn't.) Holland then uses it as an exploration of how Christinaity spread across Europe and relations between...more
Mechelle
So interesting. I learned so much from this book. I was so disappointed when I finished it to not be able to read anymore.
Katharine
As a huge admirer of Tom Holland's earlier books "Rubicon" and "Persian Fire" I came to this one with high expectations, which it didn't quite meet. The theory behind the book, that many of the changes of the 10th and 11th centuries were caused by the idea that the Millennium heralded the coming of the end of the world, was fascinating and I learnt a great deal about the history of the Holy Roman Empire and its conflict with the Papacy. Add in the rise of castle building in France, the influence...more
Tom Ippen
This is between a 2 and a 3 star for me, but i'm feeling generous.

It's like an attempt at Homer or Livy more than a modern historical account, filled with run-on heroic and flowery verse from the moving perspectives of kings and church fathers. For example:

"So it was, at the great tipping point of his reign, that Otto spoke not as a Saxon, not even as King of East Francia, but as the defender of all Christendom; and it was as a Christian that he now urged his followers into battle. Wheeling his...more
Doug
Takes a while to get moving, but when it does it is extremely engrossing. This is a subjective history with a clear thesis - that millennial angst shaped the period of 900-1100 CE, and that this period was a turning point in the Christian West.

He makes his point lucidly and with style, and a clear feeling for the individuals who made the history in this period. He has a clear sympathy, but very spare admiration, for these people - mostly violent, egotistical, obsessive, greedy and vain very few...more
EvilNick
As an antidote to all those books that appeared in 1999, sensationalising the end of the previous millennium and the idea that everyone thought the world was going to end, it tries to piece together the social and religious upheaval across Europe of the period 900-1100. In doing so, it mostly reinforces the idea that only some people thought the world due for imminent destruction. Unfortunately this small group of doom-believers tending to coincide with the small group of people who were general...more
Carlos
Interesantes hechos sobre el cambio del papel de la Iglesia en los albores del siglo 11. Muy bien explicada la evolución del imperio otomano desde los bárbaros francos.

Sin embargo, Holland tiene un estilo recargadísimo que va poco con el libro y hay interpretaciones sociales que están demasiado ancladas en una visión actual. Echo de menos una visión de procesos más que de personas, que historiográficamente es más explicativa que las motivaciones individuales, la cual da la impresión de que los a...more
Libby
I am learning to cherish Tom Holland, both for his original insights into history and for his clear, lucid writing. Holland could make medieval laundry lists fascinating. His subject in this book, end of the world thinking in Medieval Europe, is compelling enough, but he heightened my interest by approaching from it from angles I had never considered before.All history is retelling a story, but Holland's books are never repetitive. His viewpoint is always fresh, his narratives always new and ing...more
Benjamin
This is an excellent way to teach history, finding people who embodied the broader historical movements and, rather than just name-and-dating everyone and everything, humanize each of those people, make them accessible and real, which makes the arcs easier to follow.

It also helps that there is a great deal of narrative action throughout, and wars to be fought with someone, always. But the important transitions of power from the broken Roman Empire to the kingdoms of Europe, and back to the Pope...more
Palmyrah
This is an action-packed overview of an era when the Dark Ages were just becoming the Middle Ages. The author does a heroic job of helping the reader distinguish between the various mailed thugs — Frankish, Saxon, Norse (or Norman) and English — whose unedifying deeds form the basis of the action. Even so, the parade of Ottos, Henrys, Godfreys and the rest tends to blur into an undifferentiated mass as you keep reading. The same goes for the various revolting characters who passed through the tu...more
John Nebauer
A guy that I once played Dungeons and Dragons with was (and for all that I know is still) a member of the Society of Creative Anachronism. Its members dress as lords and ladies, knights, priests and monks (so far as I know, never as peasants). When we think of the Middle Ages in Western Europe, we think of a society with a strict hierarchy of classes based on birth in which peasants are tied by law to the land of a particular lord. More specifically, we think of a society in which the Roman chur...more
Kenny Taylor
The time period is interesting and Holland illuminates it well.
I like Holland's writing - accessible history based on the narrative. Focusing on certain figures and running for a chapter or two brings things to life and perspective. Sometimes this unavoidably hits 'school history book' though with a few sections where you can practically hear him say "Ok class, you just have to get through the names and dates in the next few pages as you'll need them for the next great fun set of anecdotes".

But...more
Kevin Tole
This is the third of Mr Holland's epic works I have laboured through and hopefully it will be the last. Not as poor and airy-fairy as the book on the Persians, and not as raunchy as the book on the Romans, Mr Holland does manage to over-reach himself in his writing style with this one.
This is garbling goobledegook to make even a politician or stat man blush. Furthermore it is expressed in a sentence structure which leads one to believe that Yodda the Jedai Knight came down and entered the body...more
Babak Fakhamzadeh
Holland picks interesting moments in history and writes accessible accounts of related events. This time, he focused on the turn of the previous millennium where, indeed in similar fashion as a few years back, many were expecting the end of times and the appearance of the antichrist.
Interesting though these times were, Holland's time frame covering some 200 years does feature too many players to comfortable and constantly follow the whole tale.

What Holland does show is that in contradiction to...more
David
About a thousand years ago Europe was gripped with fear. Improbably, in the face of obstacle after obstacle, Christianity had spread itself from Jerusalem to Rome to Constantinople, throughout Western Europe, Saxony, even into England, Scandinavia, and Russia. Now, after that incredible diffusion and the fascinating power-play that underlaid it, Europe was finally united in worldview, moral foundation, and a sort of ecstatic anxiety that the end of the world was rapidly approaching. The very fou...more
Tripp
The Dark Ages are typically skipped over in most histories. Despite books like the History of the Middle Ages, the period following the fall of Rome and before the Renaissance gets little coverage in the popular histories. Tom Holland, writer of vigorously entertaining and thoughtful histories of the West, has now turned to this era with Millennium: The End of the World and the Rise of Christendom. In the book, he explores how Christendom, and therefore the West as we know it, arose. The book be...more
Gavin
Tom Hollands’ ‘Millennium: The End of the World and the Forging of Christendom’, is truly a Herculean undertaking. It attempts to explore a period ranging from 8th century right through to the dawning of the 12th. The task seems all the more insurmountable as Holland attempts to write not merely a Grand Narrative, addressing the characters of true power and influence of the period, the grandees as it were. Rather, Holland also explores themes a wide ranging as the ideological war for control of...more
Endre Fodstad
I read this one on the recommendation of Tim O'Neill over at the Armarium Magnum (http://armariummagnus.blogspot.com/). I think he rates it a bit too high. It is a quite decent popular history, and gives an ok if slightly confused overview of the 11th century church reform movement and the Investiture conflict, but I felt that more time should have been spent on explaining how integral bishops were, administration-wise, to the kings in early medieval germany. Less time could be spent on...a lot...more
Bruno Bouchet
This was a fascinating read with amazing energy and enthusiasm for a vast topic. The book sweeps across countries and centuries with verve and is packed with fascinating information. The rise of the knights in the 8/9th century France, the development of castles and villages I found awful yet compelling. Above all, Tom Holland is great at bringing historical characters to life - a book like like encompasses dozens of historical characters that would make gripping books and films in their own rig...more
Daniel Hulmes
Tom Holland's RubiconRubicon: The Last Years of the Roman Republic remains the best book I've read this year. Holland is a brilliant storyteller and the events of the late Roman Republic provided the perfect canvas for his considerable talents. Therefore, I began this book with high hopes of an equally absorbing story about the rise of Christendom.

It has to be said that Holland has taken on an absolutely monumental task in trying to convey the events around the first millennium AD. The book atte...more
Gary
Tom Holland provides a thoroughly readable history, showing a sharp grasp of the history of the Dark Ages, as well as a passion for his subject. He reviews the history of Europe roughly from 900 CE to 1000.
Always in the background is the alarm about the possible end of the world, Armageddon and the promise of the return of Christ, popularly known as millennial fever, as we saw again in the 1990s and the first few years of the 21st century.

Chapter One , 'The Return of the King' discusses the decl...more
Johanne
I really enjoyed Tom Hollands' previous book Rubicon, but I found Millennium a little bit less coherent.

Rubicon is more dramatic, with charismatic personalities and huge political shifts that sweep the reader up in the excitement and get them interested. This book seems more unfocussed as it switches between the histories of different nations without much of a common theme between them (other than each starts with that country's conversion to christianity).

There are other stories in this book th...more
Andy
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Leander
Although I had previously enjoyed Holland's Rubicon, Millennium was still a very pleasant surprise. With commendable ambition, Holland sets out to provide a panoramic survey of Europe and the Mediterranean world in the two centuries straddling the first millennium. Moving from Egypt to Scandinavia and Constantinople to England, he identifies a widespread trend of societies in flux. In the Christian world, at least, he argues that this was motivated by a desire for 'renovatio' and order in the le...more
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52292
An acclaimed British author. He has written many books, both fiction and non-fiction, on many subjects from vampires to history.

Librarian Note: There is more than one author in the Goodreads database with this name.

Holland was born near Oxford and brought up in the village of Broadchalke near Salisbury, England. He obtained a double first in English and Latin at Queens' College, Cambridge, and af...more
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