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The Epic of Gilgamesh

3.63  ·  Rating Details ·  55,374 Ratings  ·  2,446 Reviews
This revised edition (1972) provides a prose rendering of The Epic of Gilgamesh, the cycle of poems preserved on clay tablets surviving from ancient Mesopotamia of the third millennium B.C. One of the best and most important pieces of epic poetry from human history, predating even Homer's Iliad by roughly 1,500 years, the Gilgamesh epic tells of the various adventures of t ...more
Paperback, 128 pages
Published December 30th 1972 by Penguin Books Limited (first published -2000)
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Aidan 2100 BCE is the 'original date of publication', or the date when the work was created. This is the date of authorship in other words, and is…more2100 BCE is the 'original date of publication', or the date when the work was created. This is the date of authorship in other words, and is immutable. 'Date of publication' is the date which refers to when any particular edition of the work was released. For Gilgamesh, first published date is absolutely correct at -2100. It can't be any other date, and it definitely cannot be '2005 CE' because Gilgamesh wasn't written 11 years ago. (less)

Community Reviews

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J.G. Keely
Jul 03, 2009 J.G. Keely rated it really liked it
Shelves: epic, fantasy, reviewed
Why is it that I should feel a pit in my stomach when I think of the Library of Alexandria wreathed in fire? Cotton's Library, too, when we nearly lost Beowulf and The Pearl. Who knows what we did lose?

A copy of an unknown work of Archimedes was found to have been scraped clean, cut in half, and made into a Bible. To think: a unique book of knowledge--one that outlined Calculus 1800 years before its time--was turned into a copy of the most common book in the world.

As a young man, Tolkien once g
Ahmad  Ebaid
Jul 14, 2016 Ahmad Ebaid rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"لأنه ليس من قدر الإنسان أن يحيا إلى الأبد ولكن لإنجازاته أن تخلد اسمه للأجيال اللاحقة"


أقدم ملحمة أدبية في التاريخ -بعد حرق برديات الحضارة المصرية القديمة- .

"جلجامش" ثلثي الإله, رمز الأسطورة السومرية,

أصل كل القصص والحكايات, ارتوت جميع الحضارات القديمة منها,

منبع كل الأساطير والخرافات,

لسوف يدهشك معرفة الأصول القديمة للحاضر, فالبشر فقط يطورون ولا يخترعون من العدم,

ومجهود عظيم من العالم "طه باقر" في الكتاب, طه باقر قدم ترجمة عظيمة وتخيلات للنصوص الناقصة من القصة, وهوامش عن الأجزاء التي اقتبستها ا
5.0 stars. I thought this story was AMAZING. However, before I go any further I do want to point out that this review is solely for the version I read which was “Gilgamesh: A New English Version” by Stephen Mitchell. I say this because for a story written over 4000 years ago (approximately 2100 BC) about a King who lived over 4700 years ago (approximately 2750 BC) and was written in cuneiform in an extinct language (Akkadian), I imagine that the particular translation one reads may have a profou ...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
Shutur eli sharri = The Epic of Gilgamesh, Anonymous
عنوان: گیلگمش؛ نویسنده: ناشناس؛ برگردان: احمد شاملو؛ تهران، نگاه، 1379؛ در 240 ص؛ شابک: 9643510182؛ موضوع: اساطیر آشوری و بابلی - قرن 21 پیش از میلاد
گیلگمش، پادشاهی خودکامه و پهلوان بود. او نیمه آسمانی (دوسوم وجودش ایزدی و یک سومش انسانی) بود. حماسه ی «گیلگمش»، با بیان کارها و پیروزیهای قهرمان، آغاز میشود، به گونه ای که او را مردی بزرگ در پهنه ی دانش و خرد، معرفی میکند. او میتواند توفان را پیش بینی کند. مرگ دوست صمیمی اش «اِنکیدو»، او را بسیار
Riku Sayuj

He Who Saw The Deep: A Hymn to Survival

The Gilgamesh epic is one of the great masterpieces of world literature. One of the early translations so inspired the poet Rainer Maria Rilke in 1916 that he became almost intoxicated with pleasure and wonder, and repeated the story to all he met. 'Gilgamesh,' he declared, 'is stupendous!' For him the epic was first and foremost 'das Epos der Todesfurcht', the epic about the fear of death.

This universal theme does indeed tie together the various strands
در یکی از لوحه های حماسه ی "گیل گمش"، کهن ترین حماسه ی یافته شده ی بشری، ماجرای "اِنکیدو" نقل شده که ایزدبانوی آفرینش او را از خاک رُس و بزاق خود می آفریند. انکیدو دور از شهرها و آدمیان، در دشت و با حیوانات زندگی می کند. با حیوانات غذا می خورد و با حیوانات آب می نوشد. آهوان را از دام های شکارچیان دور می کند و نمی گذارد صیادان چیزی شکار کنند.
یکی از شکارچیان که از این وضع به تنگ آمده، حیله ای می اندیشد و دامی برای خود انکیدو می گشاید. به شهر می رود و یکی از راهبه های ایزدبانو ایشتار را همراه
Entisar Radhi
Mar 02, 2016 Entisar Radhi rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
الآن وبعد أن قرأت الإلياذة والأوديسة وأنا في طور قراءة الشاهنامة أجد أنه من الصعب أن تملك شغاف قلبي ملحمة كـ " جلجامش "
إنها الملحمة التي تجعلني ودون تبحر في الميثولوجيا أقول ليست إلا دعوة خالصة في البحث عن الحقيقة ..
مازلت أذكر ألواح جلجامش و لوح الفيضان في زيارتي للمتحف البريطاني في لندن يا إلهي لماذا لم يشغلني الفضول لقراءة هذا الجمال طوال الأعوام الفائتة !!

ملحمة جلجامش أقدم نوع من أدب الملاحم وأعرق ملحمة عرفتها الحضارات القديمة وكما يقول طه باقر " لو لم يأتنا من حضارة وادي الرافدين، من منجزا
Paquita Maria Sanchez
I've now read this dingdang poem at least four times. Though I read it in both high school and my sophomore year of college, the textbook versions I was dealing with must have been pretty darn tamed down, as I do not recall any overt references to sexual organs or Prima Nocta. Yeah, I definitely don't recall any sexysexy lines like "Open the hymen, perform the marriage act!" Maybe I was just phoning in the whole learning thing back then, or maybe the years since I stepped away from academia have ...more
peiman-mir5 rezakhani
دوستانِ گرانقدر، سفارش میکنم که این داستانِ بسیار زیبا و خواندنی را بخوانید و در این افسانه اندیشه کنید
با خواندن افسانۀ «گیلگمش» به نکاتِ زیادی پی برده و متوجه میشوید که بسیاری از داستان هایِ خیالی پیامبران و یهودیان خرافاتی و تازیان، از این افسانۀ اسطوره ای برگرفته شده است
متولد شدن «انکیدو» پهلوانِ بزرگ، از خاک و آبِ دهانِ خداوند... شبیه به داستان موهومِ «آدم و حوا» میباشد.. و باز هم نشان میدهد که تمامی ادیان بر اساس افسانه هایِ ایرانیان نوشته شده است
سفرِ «گیلگمش» به همراه «انکیدو» ما را به یاد
Richard Derus
BkC2) THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH: Not sorry I read it, but what a slog.

The Book Report: Evil King Gilgamesh is hatefully cruel to the citizens of Uruk, his kingdom. The gods, hearing the cries of his oppressed people, send Gilgamesh a companion, Enkidu. (Yes, that's right, a man.) Gilgamesh falls so in love with Enkidu, and has such big fun playing around and exploring the world and generally raising hell with Enkidu that his people are left alone to get on with...whatever it was that they weren't al
❁ بــدريــه ❁
كلكامش : الملك السومري الخامس الذي حكم
في المدينة السومرية " أوروك " بعد الطوفان العظيم .
كانت تحت حكمه حوالي (2500 ق.م)
قهرت أوروك دويلات المجاورة وأسست ما نسميه
أمة صغيرة ، وعلى مدى ألفي سنة ظل كلكامش
بطلاً ملحمياً في منطقة الشرق الاْدنى .

لطالما أسرتني أساطير الشعوب المختلفة
أعجبتني قصة كل من كلكامش وأنكيدو
لكن الفصل الذي تحدث عن قصة ..
أوتو - نبشتم : والذي يعني بالبابلية
(الذي أدركَ الحياة) و هو بطل الطوفان عند
البابليين . هو الأثير بالنسبة لي

وكما يذكر أن أوتو-نبشتم يقابله النبي نوح
في روايات
May 28, 2008 Greg rated it liked it
Shelves: poetry
I think I read this in class once, I don't remember it at all though. I wrote something stupid in the margin though that if I saw in someone else's book I'd think they were a moron, so I guess this proves I'm a moron, or was, or something. This version is a prose version, something I think is silly, I mean I've made fun of people (behind their backs) who buy the prose version of Homer instead of a verse version, so now I'm going to snicker behind my own back. Except I didn't buy this, or I did, ...more
Ahmad Sharabiani
گیلگمش، پادشاهی خودکامه و پهلوان و زمینی - آسمانی بود. دوسوم وجودش را ایزدی و یکسومش را انسانی بنوشته اند. حماسه ی «گیلگمش»، با بیان کارها و پیروزیهای قهرمان، آغاز میشود، به گونه ای که او را مردی بزرگ در پهنه ی دانش و خرد، معرفی میکند. او میتواند توفان را پیش بینی کند. مرگ دوست صمیمی اش «اِنکیدو»، ایشان را بسیار پریشان کرده، برای همین «گیلگمش»، پای در سفری طولانی، برای جستجوی جاودانگی میگذارد، سپس خسته و درمانده به خانه بازمیگردد و شرح رنجهایی را که کشیده بر گلنوشتهای ثبت میکند. حماسه «گیلگمش» د ...more
Here's the first book in the world, written around let’s say 2000 BC in Uruk, which is now Iraq, so when I set out to read all of the books in order a while back this was the first one I read. So it's nice that it's very good.

It’s about this king, Gilgamesh, who’s a dick. He’s a terrible king, a total tyrant. His best buddy Enkidu, on the other hand, is your archetypical noble savage guy, an innocent wild man. Enkidu gets civilized via the traditional method of having a sex priestess fuck him fo
David Sarkies
Mar 02, 2015 David Sarkies rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: History geeks
Recommended to David by: Adelaide University Classics Department
Shelves: myth
Explores the question of why we die
14 July 2012

With the possible exception of sections of the Bible (and many of the dates that we ascribe to the various books are speculative at best) this would be the oldest piece of literature that I have read and reviewed. The epic was discovered in 1853 and was first translated in 1870 which means that we have not had the actual story for very long, however its influences do stretch out over all recorded history, particularly with the similarities between
Kee Queen
Are you mongrels ready to talk about Gilgamesh? Okay, let's talk about the king of heroes then! Embarrassingly enough, I myself only discovered Gilgamesh last year when I was teaching World History to a few of my students, and one of the lessons was about ancient civilizations. For a story that is considered to be a very old one--if not one of the oldest ever recorded in human history-- The Epic of Gilgamesh sure retained a rather comfortable status of obscurity, mostly because we're more incli ...more
If you want the most interesting and the most banal analysis of anything simultaneously, reduce it to the sum of its fragments shored up against the one and only death. It is intriguing for its conscripting of any factoid into a series of Socrates soundings ("Why did they buy the house?" "They didn't want to die." "Why did they cross the border?" "They didn't want to die." "Why did they not resist being raped?" "They didn't want to die.") and monotonous to the point of pointlessness for the exac ...more
May 11, 2016 Zazo rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

“I will set up my name in the place where the names of famous men are written, and where no man’s name is written yet I will raise a monument to the gods.”
Sep 25, 2016 Teresa rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: n-portugal, g-poesia, e4
Gilgamesh é um antigo poema da Mesopotâmia com origem em lendas e poemas compilados, em tábuas de argila no Século VII a.C., pelo rei Assurbanípal.

(The Flood Tablet)

Narra a epopeia de Gilgamesh, rei de Uruk, que oprimia o seu povo. Os deuses, para sossego dos súbditos, criaram então Enkidu "semelhante a ele como o seu próprio reflexo, como um outro ele, coração de tempestade para coração de tempestade. Eles que briguem um com o outro e deixem Uruk em paz""
Juntos vivem aventuras que desagradaram
K.D. Absolutely
Sep 25, 2010 K.D. Absolutely rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to K.D. by: 501 Must Read Books (Classics)
Shelves: classics, 501
The Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient Sumerian poem first discovered in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) on December 3, 1872. It is among the earliest known works of literature. This is how the tablet containing a part of the poem looks like:

One thing that struck me, as pointed out also by some literary scholars, is the fact that in this epic poem, there is also a Noah-like great flood and other Biblical stories that exist here about 1,500 years before the book of Genesis was written. I mean, were there
Léonard Gaya
Nov 20, 2016 Léonard Gaya rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Le poème de Gilgamesh, composé, dans ses premières versions connues, il a 3 500 ans, bien longtemps avant Homère, est sans doute l'un des plus anciens témoignages de l'activité poétique et littéraire de nos lointains ancêtres de Mésopotamie, à l'aube même de l'Histoire. Cette épopée, comme chacun sait, relate le récit du roi d'Uruk, sa rencontre avec le sauvage Enkidu, l'affrontement du monstre Humbaba dans la forêt de résineux, la querelle avec Ishtar et le massacre du Taureau Céleste, la desce ...more
Roy Lotz
It’s always a special feeling when you read something that is almost as old as civilization. The Epic of Gilgamesh is the great granddad of World Literature: more senior than Homer’s poems—an old man who makes the Romans look downright sprightly. Sure, Gilgamesh is a little rough around the edges. His memory is going, so there are some gaps in the story. He does tend to repeat himself, and sometimes gets a little off topic. But you have to respect your elders.

As one would expect, this epic bears
Hazal Çamur
Günümüz ahlak kurallarının ötesinde, kendi döneminin örf ve adetleriyle bezeli, mitoloji kavramının mihenk taşı.
Yaşama dair her şey var bu destanda. Bunun yanı sıra, İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları'nin özenli çalışmasıyla döneme dair harika bilgiler de cabası.
Ama en çok, tüm o bilgilerin sonunda çevirmen Sait Maden'in Amerikalılar'ın Irak'a yaptığı bombardımanlarla bu tarihe dair daha başka bir şey öğrenemez hale geldiğimiz söylemesi koydu bana. Gılgamış harika bir destan, ama onu yazanla aynı insa
من این کتاب را از سرِ علایق ادبی خود خواندم، اما الان نمیدانم در کدام قفسه میگنجد. همین ادبی؟ دین و اخلاق؟ فلسفه و جامعه شناسی؟

گادامر و ریکور هر کدام، بحثی درباره اصالت اثر و پارادایم سازی آن دارند. آثار اصیل حقیقتا در بستر اصالتشان بینهایت مهمتر میشوند و سیطره خود را بر آثار ادبی، فلسفی، دینی و اخلاقی نشان میدهند
اجازه دهید واضحتر بگویم: چه حسی بشما دست میدهد اگر ببینید داستانی بسیار شبیه به داستان نوح، خضر و یوسف پیامبر در الواحی که منشا سرایش آنها 2400 سال پیش از میلاد مسیح بوده ذکر شده است؟ ا
Σωτήρης  Αδαμαρέτσος
Μετά την ανάγνωση του επους των Σουμεριων η κοινή μυθολογία των Σημιτικων λαών καθίσταται αποκαλυπτική. Το πρωτοδιαβασα το 1995 αντιλαμβανομενος ότι οι μύθοι των ανθρώπων ειναι κοινοι σε μεγαλύτερο βαθμό απ όσο οι θρησκείες θα ήθελαν. Θα πρότεινα επίσης τους "Ελληνικούς μύθους" του Ρόμπερτ Γκρειβς, ένα μυθιστορηματικης μορφής έργο της Ελληνικής μυθολογίας, σε σύγκριση με όλους τους μύθους των πρώτων λαών (Κελτες, Αιγυπτιοι, Σουμεριοι, Βαβυλωνιοι, Ασσυριοι, Χετταιοι)...
Bryn Hammond
Nov 29, 2015 Bryn Hammond rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: epic-and-romance
I can't go past the Andrew George translation for Penguin; it's quite poetic (it has rhythm) while being absolutely scholarly. It is not a composite but has the Standard Version, followed by:

-Babylonian Texts of the Early Second Millennium
-Babylonian Texts of the Late Second from Sites in Babylonia
-Babylonian Texts of the Late Second from Outside Babylonia
-The Sumerian Poems of Gilgamesh

So you have the lot (except for discoveries since) and you can distinguish or see the growth of the story. He
سمر محمد

- رحلة ممتعة وشيقة جداً تعود بك إلى التاريخ القديم وخاصة تاريخ بلاد الرافدين
لتتبع "أوديسة العراق القديم" ملحمة جلجامش أو كلكامش التي تعتبر من أقدم أنواع أدب الملاحم البطولية في جميع الحضارات
كما أنها أطول وأكمل ملحمه عرفتها حضارات الشرق القديم

- ملحمة جلجامش
الملحمة هي قصة شعرية طويلة مليئة بالأحداث قد تحكي حكاية شعب او حكايات بطولية وقد تدخل فيها الأساطير بشكل كبير
أما جلجامش فهو الملك السومري الخامس الذي حكم " أوروك " بعد الطوفان العظيم والذي يعني إسمه "المحارب الذي في المقدمة" أو "الرجل الذي
Sep 18, 2015 Yann rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

Héros maîtrisant un lion (Musée du Louvre)

Tout simplement la plus vieille histoire de l'humanité. Reconstituée à partir des tablettes cunéiformes mésopotamiennes. Beaucoup de lacunes malheureusement, mais quelle émotion de poser les yeux sur un message multimillénaire!
"The common man, the noble man,
Once they have reached the end of life,
Are all gathered in as one..."
"Immortal under the Sun are the gods alone,
As for mortals their days must end -
What they achieve is but the wind!"
"I must face battle strange to me,
Travel a road unknown to me."
"He who leads the way preserves himself
And keeps his companion safe."
"Fixing his gaze on me, he led me to the House of Darkness
There where Irkalla lives, He, the God of the Dead.
No one who enters that house comes fo
حسين إسماعيل
هل هناك ما هو أروعُ من الغوص في بعض اهتمامات إنسان ما قبل أربعة آلاف سنة؟
حُقّ أن يقال عنها أنها أم الملاحم.

لم أقرأ الملاحق بعد، فلستُ مهتماً حالياً بمعرفة تفاصيل أكثر لحضارةٍ كانت الملحمة أول اطّلاعٍ لي عليها.
ولمْ أعانِ أبداً في قراءة ترجمة طه باقر، وكانت سلسة وحواشيه مُثرية.
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Books about Ancient River Civilizations for Middle School Students 5 52 Oct 26, 2014 11:12AM  
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“Gilgamesh, where are you hurrying to? You will never find that life for which you are looking. When the gods created man they allotted to him death, but life they retained in their own keeping. As for you, Gilgamesh, fill your belly with good things; day and night, night and day, dance and be merry, feast and rejoice. Let your clothes be fresh, bathe yourself in water, cherish the little child that holds your hand, and make your wife happy in your embrace; for this too is the lot of man.” 47 likes
“Strange things have been spoken, why does your heart speak strangely? The dream was marvellous but the terror was great; we must treasure the dream whatever the terror.” 35 likes
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