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Pour une morale de l'ambiguïté
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Pour une morale de l'ambiguïté

4.06 of 5 stars 4.06  ·  rating details  ·  2,297 ratings  ·  73 reviews
« Les hommes d'aujourd'hui semblent ressentir plus vivement que jamais le paradoxe de leur condition. Ils se reconnaissent pour la fin suprême à laquelle doit se subordonner toute action : mais les exigences de l'action les acculent à se traiter les uns les autres comme des instruments ou des obstacles : des moyens [...] Chacun d'entre eux a sur les lèvres le goût incompar ...more
Paperback, 322 pages
Published January 1st 2003 by Folio (first published January 1st 1944)
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Sep 01, 2014 Steve added it
Shelves: french, philosophy

L’homme est une passion inutile.

- Jean-Paul Sartre, L’Etre et le Néant (1943)

Le propre de toute morale c'est de considérer la vie humaine comme une partie que l'on peut gagner ou perdre, et d'enseigner à l'homme le moyen de gagner.

- Simone de Beauvoir, Pour une morale de l'ambiguïté (1947)


Any philosophical work is an expression of a culture at a particular moment of time as well as of the individual author's personality and experience. The middle class Parisian intellectuals who produced one
Oh, Simone. You lend thoughtful sobriety to Sartrean and Camus-ian existential whingeing.

Frankly though, existentialist writings (in the form of philosophical treatises, NOT novels - in fact, NEVER novels) tire me. This one got a bit tedious - I dislike zigzagging from grandiosity to brutal specifics - but things picked up in the end.

Favorite lines:

(1) "My contemplation is an excruciation only because it is also a joy."

(2) "The notion of ambiguity must not be confused with that of absurdity.
An experiment should be performed. Take someone living a shitty normal life somewhere. Speculate on how much normal life is like war; marginal explosions and maimings once a decade during a 99% anxiety induced sleep in the time of motivated wishes and whitewashes. Boredom, lack of ethics conundrums, specious choices as obvious as unmade beds, television for twenty years condensed into ten- take this person and see if things go any better in an artificially uncontrolled crisis environment where e ...more
De Beauvoir largely succeeds here in refuting the ridiculous claims that people used when trying to argue against the existentialists. Her prose is fairly straight forward (at least compared to Sartre's) and her arguments are very well crafted. You really get a sense in this work of how existential thought arose as a response to the butchery of the second world war. She puts a more human face on her ideas than Sartre. Her concept of ambiguity in the book's conclusion deftly predicts much of the ...more
Existentialism was, for a sweet minute, the new way to think about self and the world in the 20th century; but few—so very precious few—understood anything about it. Christians were probably the primary reason it bombed among traditionalists, but its novel language, complex ideas, and deep avowal of the value of personal choice were strong determinants of its unrecognized benefits. So what is it exactly that Existentialism offers? Simone de Beauvoir does a wonderful job drawing out the practical ...more
Good tips on how to not accidentally become a fascist, and other stuff. I'm not at all well-read in philosophy, but this relatively short text seemed to me to be an excellent introduction to existentialism. The whole idea around "ambiguity" (as I understand it) is that life isn't going to plop down a nicely wrapped package of Meaning into your lap - you have to create meaning in every moment. This contrasts with the idea of "absurdity" (see Camus), which suggests that not only can meaning not be ...more
I liked this book, but I am not sure I will remember it in a few weeks. I don't read a lot of philosophy, and I probably picked up this book because it was cheap at Half-Priced Books and because I like SdB and Sartre, and their separate discussion about freedom. However, I have not read Being and Nothingness, which I should read and then reread this book to know what the exact critique is. Still, I found it useful in "diagnosing" different people's types of covering up their knowledge that they ...more
The term "existentialism" has been, like "postmodern" or "hipster," so stretched to death that it has long since stopped meaning anything at all. But Simone de Beauvoir makes a good go of trying to fit the ethics of an existentialist age-- one defined, not by meaninglessness as is so often presupposed as ambiguity-- into a more comprehensive framework for understanding the world. She finds herself, in true existentialist fashion, developing more questions than answers, and more negations and dea ...more
Zach Irvin
It surprised me that I enjoyed this book so much, because normally I can't stand studying ethics. However Simone de Beauvoir made some very strong, valid points in this piece. Having lived through both the world wars and being very involved, along with Sartre, in the French political scene she was able to gain tremendous insight into the ethical dilemmas that come around with any human action on a large scale. The section titled 'The Antimonies of Action' was particularly interesting as she diss ...more
Sep 10, 2012 Samir rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: arriana
"Existentialism does not offer to the reader the consolation of an abstract evasion; existentialism proposes no evasion." SdB

As a nascent reader of philosophy I was fatigued by the on-again-off-again lucidity of her discourse, but not enough to quit. The accessibility and meaning of her prose oscillated; for me comprehension ebbed and flowed from page to page. However, the steadfast reader endures, trusting that at some point her heady prose will make sense and then BAM! they do, the proverbial
Nov 21, 2008 Craig rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: anyone interested in philosophy
Recommended to Craig by: Prof. Russon, also the best teacher in the world
This is one of my favorite books, and definitely my favorite philosophy book. It is by far one of the best books on existentialism. As you can tell from looking at the length of the book, she is very concise in her writing. This is a good thing as you don't have to put up with the fluff that some philosophers seem to enjoy so much. Don't be fooled by the length - this is not an easy read. I've read it 3 times and constantly want to go back for more because I get something new each time. For thos ...more
This is a good companion to Sartre's ‘Being and Nothingness’ as it simplifies and abbreviates B & N while using it as a reference throughout. There is much use of philosophical terminology that can stump you if you weren't a philosophy major. Overall it sheds some light on the morals of man, the reasoning behind war / war crimes and the true definition of freedom. Although written several decades ago, the references and comparisons have eerie similarities to our current political times.
When I read dense philosophy, I usually read it twice. The first time I read it all the way through quickly, as if I were reading fiction, in order to pick up the main ideas. The second time, I read it more closely, which takes longer, but I'm able to then probe deeper and gain a more full understanding of the work. I'm on the second phase with this book.
Not sure whether to rate this *** or ****, so going for **** out of charity. Beauvoir aims to provide atheistic existentialism with an ethics, which is not an easy task once freedom is made the main 'thing' about humanity. The weakness of the work is that Beauvoir sees that existentialists must go beyond Nietzsche, and beyond Kierkegaard too, but in order to go beyond them Beauvoir has to -- go back to Kant. Yes, Beauvoir foregrounds embodiment in a way that Kant does not, and yes, this is a shr ...more
Ralowe Ampu
sister. i was just having some connecting time with my close sibling simone de beauvoir about insurrecto-nihilsts. they have the atavistic fuckers in every age then, huh, like the mcflys. jeepers, the wheel-reinvention. i was like how did my journal get published in 1948? what are we gonna do about these corny weasels? her thought strays away from the ultimate fatalisms of existentialist absurdity but simply rests upon the vexing contingency of the nonsovereign, my buzzword of the hour. the body ...more
Draco3seven Crawdady
Aug 20, 2008 Draco3seven Crawdady rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Bourgeois or peti-bourgeois readers as far as background and serious studiers of philosophy
““If God does not exist, everything is permitted.” Today’s believers use this formula for their own advantage. To re-establish man at the heart of his destiny is, they claim, to repudiate all ethics. However, far from God’s absence authorizing all license, the contrary is the case, because man is abandoned on the earth, because his acts are definitive, absolute engagements. He bears the responsibility for a world which is not the work of a strange power, but of himself, where his defeats are ins ...more
María I.
La ética de la ambigüedad es la segunda obra de no ficción importante de Simone de Beauvoir, casi el doble de largo que su primera, Pirro y Cineas. Después de dar una conferencia en 1945, se encontró a sí misma afirmando que era imposible basar una ética sobre los cimientos del ser y la nada de Sartre, y un año más tarde, asumió el reto, teniendo unos seis meses más de la tarea y la publicación del texto primero en cuotas en Les Temps modernes, a continuación, como un libro en noviembre de 1947. ...more
Amazing Beavouir. Her language is a total indulgence (even after being translated in English). The notions in the book have well standings and can never cease to but impressively explain the lives of people in the 21 century. The second sex was great as in an elaboration of a vast amount of history facts and cultural opinions. This one is more free-flow and speaks the mind of Beavouir in a better sense. Totally fall for her wits. Such an amazing woman with great insights.
It is indeed a tour de force on de Beauvoir's part to succeed in turning the absurdity of the human condition into a dialectic of ambiguity which proposes that "we are absolutely free today if we choose to will our existence in its finiteness, a finiteness which is open on the infinite." This book is actually a very uplifting and liberating book which does not propose an evasion from our human condition but a way to transcend it.
Definately the most readable overview of existentialism around, and a good crack at what an existential ethics would mean. She twists herself up in knots trying to cope with Stalinism, but other than that is philosophically consistent in her political approach.
How else can one begin to into a book like this then start from the first quote in the book; "prima, quae vitam dedit, ora corpsit. The continuous work of our life is to build death," from Montaigne.
Crystal Vales
I love this woman. Her particular understanding of modern femininity, the world of the second world war, existentialism, fascism, humor, and the obscurity of our common anxieties.
Much more readable than Sartre's "Being and Nothingness," which is the essential book about existentialist philosophy. I don't exactly consider myself an existentialist, but there are quite a few concepts that I can relate to. "The Ethics of Ambiguity" for the most part seems to expand on and support many of Sartre's concepts. I like this novel a lot more, the writing is smoother and less bland and repetitive as Sartre's text and keeps things concise as opposed to Sartre's wordy descriptions. An ...more
This is a reread. Just as good and just as difficult as the first time I read it! Review eventually.
Grace Di
Female plus existential philosophy is so refreshing. Highly recommend.
Read this long ago in college. Just now adding it.
Khashayar Toodehfallah
de Beauvoir takes off where Sartre leaves off at the end of Being and Nothingness. She attempts to lay out an existential ethics and she is rather successful in her undertaking. The text reads fluidly from front to back, filled with many noteworthy paragraphs that would make any reread as delightful as the first. Having been through the war, she paints a more tangible idea of The Other, one of Sartre's main focal points, which later became the backbone of The Second Sex, an acclaimed piece of ph ...more
Moral redigida a partir de O Ser e o Nada de Jean Paul Sartre, está dividido da seguinte forma:

Parte 1: Explanação dos conceitos de ambiguidade e liberdade presentes na obra de Sartre, Beauvoir explicita que valores não são inatos e sim advindos de escolhas.

Parte 2: Elabora o conceito de liberdade pessoal e a interação com o Outro, de como os indivíduos fazem de tudo para negar a própria liberdade assimilando os valores dos outros ao invés de construir sua própria moral, embora há quem desenvolv
Jun 07, 2013 Gwenn rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Gwenn by: Lys
I don't have much background in philosophy, so I only got the vague shapes of the arguments and points. I liked them, but felt like I needed to do homework to understand the full details. Sorta like walking through a garden without my glasses on; he atmosphere and lighting are quite nice, the birdsong is wonderful, but I couldn't tell you much about the actual plants.
Even without knowing much about philosophy, the format of the arguments was clear and well laid out, so I didn't have trouble fol
Perhaps the best effort to derive systematic ethics out of existentialism. Beauvoir largely succeeds in claiming that a self-consistent ethical system can be found within existentialism, and her answer is a system of ethics founded upon "freedom." But this is not so much answering the difficult question, as merely translating it to another difficult question -- that of clearly defining the notion of "freedom." On this point, her success is somewhat questionable. Her initial approach is largely n ...more
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"Simone de Beauvoir was a French author and philosopher. She wrote novels, monographs on philosophy, politics, and social issues, essays, biographies, and an autobiography. She is now best known for her metaphysical novels, including She Came to Stay and The Mandarins, and for her 1949 treatise The Second Sex, a detailed analysis of women's oppression and a foundational tract of contemporary femin ...more
More about Simone de Beauvoir...
The Second Sex Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter The Woman Destroyed The Mandarins All Men are Mortal

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“Regardless of the staggering dimensions of the world about us, the density of our ignorance, the risks of catastrophes to come, and our individual weakness within the immense collectivity, the fact remains that we are absolutely free today if we choose to will our existence in its finiteness, a finiteness which is open on the infinite. And in fact, any man who has known real loves, real revolts, real desires, and real will knows quite well that he has no need of any outside guarantee to be sure of his goals; their certitude comes from his own drive.” 127 likes
“Today, however, we are having a hard time living because we are so bent on outwitting death.” 52 likes
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