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الوضع ما بعد الحداثي: تقرير عن المعرفة (Theory and History of Literature #10)

3.82  ·  Rating Details  ·  3,181 Ratings  ·  89 Reviews
كتب "شريف يونس" عن الكتاب..على هذا الرابط
http://www.ahewar.org/debat/show.art....

يرى ليوتار أن النظر إلى التاريخ باعتباره تقدماً مستمراً نحو الحرية وسعياً نحو التقدم لم تعد تلقى قبولاً الآن. فقد انتهت الفلسفات التي تصف حركة التاريخ على أنها تسير نحو سيادة طبقة من الطبقات سواء كانت البورجوازية أو البروليتاريا، أو إلى سيادة جنس من الأجناس أو قومية من القوميات. فقد حكم ليوتار
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الطبعة الأولى, 109 pages
Published 1994 by دار شرقيات (first published March 1979)
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Glenn Russell
Mar 25, 2016 Glenn Russell rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition


Believe Anything by artist Barbara Kruger

Language games along with technology coloring knowledge and coding messages, anyone? Welcome to The Postmodern Condition by French philosopher Jean-François Lyotard (1924-1998). In the spirit of freshness and as a way of providing what I hope is a unique angle on the philosopher’s abstract theory, below are quotes from the text along with my observations incorporating what I judge to be a near-perfect literary example of Lyotard’s presentation of postmode
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James
Oct 03, 2015 James rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The Post-Modern Condition is a stunning theoretical performance. In a few short chapters the book evolves into hydra of eviscerating diagnosis and analysis, ending with a few words of modest advice on how we might redirect our energies and avoid the crude performative logic of productivity and power.

So what’s the book about? In a word: knowledge. Lyotard’s basic claim is that knowledge has lost its contextual ballast, its solid referential format. What we have now is best characterized by Wittge
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Jonfaith
Dec 22, 2013 Jonfaith rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: theory
Well before Big Data there were ominous whispers. That is how I recall this book's bark at my door: fear tinged with the excitement of change Sometime between the collapse of the Wall and the Towers, I was forever fearful of a mis-step. The world was tumultuous and I lacked all grace. I was late to the Theory party. I was blind drunk on my Nietzsche, sort of mumbled through the grotesque parts of Foucault (though it was his biographies that have resonated) with Derrida and the Rhizome Twins (D a ...more
Hadrian
A short expository piece about the meaning of postmodernism.

In short, there is no single Grand Narrative about human history anymore. Not religion, not the Enlightenment, not Marxism, not tradition, nothing. Everybody has their own individual Narratives and none of these necessarily dominate.

The reasoning behind this is apparently based on Wittgenstein's later work of language games, except taken under much more specific circumstances, where a single minor variation of a meaning or usage can co
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Panos
Apr 05, 2016 Panos rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philology
ΟΚ, ομολογώ πως επανειλημμένα μου έκαψε τον εγκέφαλο, ωστόσο υπάρχουν ορισμένα χωρία που είναι κατανοητά. Σίγουρα πρόκειται για έργο αναφοράς και δεν υπάρχει μελέτη για το μεταμοντέρνο που να μην αναφέρεται στο παρόν βιβλίο. Παραμένει όμως, κατά τη γνώμη μου, πολύ δυσνόητο.
Barnaby Thieme
I can't help but think the main reason this book remains in currency is because it is widely regarded as the locus classicus for a definition and analysis of the term "postmodernism," which Lyotard did not invent. Nor, in my mind, did he add much to European culture's self-understanding of the broad cultural tendencies amalgamated under that porous banner.

Lyotard loosely defines postmodernism as a suspicion of meta-narratives, arguing that ideas can no longer be afforded legitimacy purely by re
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Esteban del Mal
"The needs of the most underprivileged should not be used as a system regulator as a matter of principle: since the means of satisfying them is already known, their actual satisfaction will not improve the system's performance, but only increase its expenditures. The only counterindication is that not satisfying them can destabilize the whole. It is against the nature of force to be ruled by weakness. But it is in its nature to induce new requests meant to lead to a redefinition of the norms of ...more
sologdin
Mar 07, 2014 sologdin rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
author proclaims the end of liberalism and Marxism because Wittgenstein. Or Nazis. Or Something.
Steven Peterson
Jan 01, 2010 Steven Peterson rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This work, by Jean Francois Lyotard, is one of the signature works of postmodern theory. Say what you will of this perspective, this book is necessary reading in understanding the subject. This is not an easy work; however, those who persevere will be rewarded with interesting insights, whether or not one agree with postmodern thinking.

Lyotard defines Postmodern thought in contrast to modernism. Modernism, he claims, is ". . .any science that legitimates itself with reference to a metadiscourse
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John
Sep 13, 2009 John rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Lyotard spends the far majority of the main work describing society's move away from the two modern metanarratives: speculation and emancipation, representing the twin desires of knowing the unknown and knowing justice. The modern, scientific world has drawn on one or another of these two narratives in an attempt to legitimize its knowledge of the world, only to find that it cannot do so within itself. In other words, the modern world has been so concerned with creating a tight, logical totality ...more
Andrew
Its main saving grace is its brevity. For the parts that discuss science, I found myself perpetually asking "really?" While certain, small insights seem wise, I found the concept of the "decline of the grand narrative," which stands at the centerpiece of the work, to be a total pretention. Indeed, Lyotard considered the work a failure, yet it still stands as his most famous work stateside. Eh, fuck this book.
Eric Hines
Sep 26, 2009 Eric Hines rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: culture, society
cultural theory
gokce
Feb 09, 2008 gokce rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: spring-2008
The Postmodern Condition is about the dominance of scientific knowledge over that of narrative, and the related death of meta-narratives. The performativity principle underlined by late capitalism plays a crucial role in the subordination of the narrative form simply because narration is not instrumental in creating capital. Lyotard argues that narration seeks to consume the past and generate a way of forgetting, while on the other hand, scientific knowledge focuses on the prevalent shortages of ...more
Cid Medeiros
May 31, 2015 Cid Medeiros rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
O autor traça o caminho da crise de legitimação epistemológica do saber e da Ciência por meio das transformações mercantilistas a ocorrer no atual momento —convencionado como pós-moderno. As metanarrativas (relatos oriundos da modernidade que legitimaram o saber e a política até o pós-guerra, como, por exemplo, o saber como emancipador do ser/cidadão e propulsor da liberdade humana) não são mais capazes de sustentar a motivação sócio-econômica vigente, a qual se configura pela performance de me ...more
  LunaBel
Postmodernism, What now?

After the fall of the grand narratives, and the establishment of chaos as the philosophical reference to 'small truths,’ how can we succeed to find something accurate enough to last a long long time?

For Lyotard, the age of the ‘universal’ the ‘one-transcending-truth’ ‘I-understood-it-all’ fell down to let us swaying on unstable grounds. So what now? Will we rebuild once again our way to truth, a universal truth even? Or will we stay busy with local truths?
Valerie
Feb 22, 2014 Valerie rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: essai, philosophie
Là où ce livre est impressionnant, c'est qu'à partir de la fin des années soixante dix, il apporte une vision de la société "télématique" et informatisée qui s'est confirmée et est absolument juste. L'opus est court mais riche de beaucoup de théories du vingtième siècle, en particulier celles de la science et de la communication qu'il faudrait mieux maitriser pour en tirer tout le jus. Mais justement parce qu'il ouvre toutes ces perspectives de connaissances manquantes tout en rendant très clair ...more
Jacob Aitken
Lest some misunderstand Lyotard's thesis, this book is a *report* on knowledge, not a defense (or critique) of postmodernism. Written 40 years ago, Lyotard predicted the effects of "internet epistemology" and how it relates to society.

He is famous for his defining postmodernism as "incredulity towards metanarratives." His incredulity is not primarily based towards the Christian narrative (though I doubt he was a Christian) but towards the modern technocratic scientific elitism. He notes that any
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Aaron Cerda
Nov 14, 2014 Aaron Cerda rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In this book, Lyotard makes what has come to be the most accurate definition of postmodernism: "an incredulity toward meta-narrative" The post modern condition is not, at its heart, a belief that there are no absolutes (I'm still not sure who first defined it as such) but rather, a deeply ingrained inability to believe that there is a larger story, a metanarrative, in life. If we are just the result of random unguided forces then life is meaningless (in the ultimate sense) and there is no big pi ...more
Michael
Okay. Pretty heavy.

Notes:

p. 24 - On scientific rationalism - "as long as I can produce proof, it is permissible to think that reality is the way I say it is."

p. 25 - "Scientific knowledge requires that one language game, denotation, be retained and all others excluded."

p. 26 - "A statement of science gains no validity from the fact of being reported."

-"It is therefore impossible to judge the existence or validity of narrative knowledge on the basis of scientific knowledge and vice versa: the rel
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Lidiana
There are a few traits in Lyotard's theory that I cannot agree with, but either way it is a relevant reading to understand the post-modern world, specially when we associate it to Fredric Jameson's writing.
Dr. A
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Read this and reviews of other classics in Western Philosophy on the History page of www.BestPhilosophyBooks.org (a thinkPhilosophy Production).
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A foundational work in postmodern theory, The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge offers Jean-François Lyotard’s analysis of the transformation of science and the arts through the technological advances heralding the era of postmodernism. It thoroughly answers a very important question — how is knowledge produced under the current social,
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Loretta
Prescient but often tedious.
Orkhan Bayramov
Aug 07, 2015 Orkhan Bayramov rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
The fundamental concept of the book is self-refuting. Lyotard poses that the age of modernity is the end of grand metanarratives. This end gives rise to the beginning of the new age, modernity. Deciphered from the fancy words and complicated riddle-sentences, the book in fact has no original idea to build upon. Habermas' criticism of the book I consider decisive: what Lyotard presupposes, that all metanarratives are false, is itself a metanarrative. No wonder he called this book the worst he eve ...more
Phillip
Aug 23, 2011 Phillip rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I was debating between giving this 4 or 5 stars, but I decided to be generous (after all, it isn't like my rating matters in the larger scheme of things). The reason I was tempted to knock it down to 4 stars is that portions of the book are so focused on science that I simply got nothing out of them. I find the broad generalities of science interesting, its discursive methods and world view(s), but I don't know almost anything about specific scientists' work or what it means in context and so on ...more
Dan
Jul 10, 2009 Dan rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: cultural-study
While Fredric Jameson employs a Marxist approach to postmodernism, arguing that it is a reflection on the cultural level of transformations within capitalism, Jean-Francois Lyotard views the notion of capital as “totalizing,” and emphasizes instead the differentiation and discontinuity of postmodernism. Thus, he deploys a variety of approaches to the reading of postmodernism, and the interdisciplinary eclecticism of the approaches he deploys could be understood as reflecting his statement that p ...more
Pierre E. Loignon
May 17, 2012 Pierre E. Loignon rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophie
Évidemment, ce livre vous décevra si vous y chercher une affirmation politico-philosophique, idéologique, ou encore, moderne, de la postmodernité.
Dans la mesure où l’Occident trouve l’une de ses affirmations civilisationnelles la plus pleine et entière dans le concept de « modernité », la « postmodernité » correspond en effet à une prise de conscience de son déclin.
L’état morbide de l’affirmation de modernité actuelle en Occident, subsistant par force d’inertie, se révèle effectivement comme dét
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Rebecca
Reasonably accessible, as French philosophy/critical theory goes. The Translator’s Foreword is also really helpful in setting out the basic argument before you start, or to refresh your memory.

Lyotard’s basic premise is that in this postmodern & postindustrial age, knowledge is a commodity and a source of power- perhaps the most important tool of control. He looks at how this has happened and will play out in a number of ways, ranging from examining the ‘language games’ of social discourse (
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Adi Onggoboyo
Jun 24, 2007 Adi Onggoboyo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: All that interested in social science
Shelves: bukuserius
this book is very good:

Taken from H. Dwi Kristanto's abstract in his essay 'Ketidakpercayaan Terhadap Metanarasi', he described the content of this book:
Sains dalam masa modern mengklaim diri sebagai satu-satunya jenis pengetahuan yang valid dan melegitimasi dirinya dengan merujuk pada dua narasi besar: emansipasi manusia dan dialektika Roh.Narasi besar ini menjadi meta-narasi yang berfungsi menjamin adanya satu kebenaran tunggal yang berlaku universal. Dalam kondisi postmodern metanarasi semaca
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Adrián Sánchez
Saber narrativo vs Saber científico, aunque detalla como el saber científico puede ser fácilmente controlado por el estado me sorprende que no haga lo mismo con el narrativo que creo que puede ser manipulado más fácil todavía, me parece genial que para la época Lyotard tuviera una visión decente sobre el futuro de la tecnología aunque fuera de mala gana, me gustaría saber qué pensaría al ver que actualmente existen movimientos donde la información y el conocimiento no le pertenecen a una sola en ...more
Sophie
Mar 29, 2015 Sophie rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: maîtrise
Questionnement intéressant sur la place qu'occupent le savoir, la connaissance et les différentes sciences à notre époque et l'influence qu'ils peuvent avoir sur la société et sur l'avenir, La condition postmoderne est un ouvrage qu'il faut lire. La progression de l'argumentation se fait bien, les exemples sont très clairs, et chaque passage apporte de nombreuses réflexions.

Le texte "What is postmodernism?" placé en appendice est lui aussi particulièrement intéressant, surtout dans ma recherche
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Jean-François Lyotard ( 10 August 1924– 21 April 1998) was a French philosopher and literary theorist. He is well-known for his articulation of postmodernism after the late 1970s and the analysis of the impact of postmodernity on the human condition.

He was born in 1924 in Versailles, France to Jean-Pierre Lyotard, a sales representative, and Madeleine Cavalli. He went to primary school at the Pari
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More about Jean-François Lyotard...

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“Simplifying to the extreme, I define postmodern as incredulity toward metanarratives.” 19 likes
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