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A Ética Protestante e o Espirito do Capitalismo
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A Ética Protestante e o Espirito do Capitalismo

3.87 of 5 stars 3.87  ·  rating details  ·  6,025 ratings  ·  212 reviews
Publicado em 1904, 'A ética protestante e o espírito do capitalismo' ganha nova tradução brasileira, em edição que homenageia o centenário do estudo. A edição recupera a versão original do ensaio e a apresenta em conjunto com o texto de 1920, revisto e ampliado pelo próprio Max Weber.
Paperback, 288 pages
Published 2004 by Companhia das Letras (first published 1905)
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I think you could get away with reading just chapter five of this one - that is where the guts of the argument is. It is not that the rest of the book is completely uninteresting, but it is much less interesting. It is in this final chapter that the real thesis is worked out.

A thumbnail version goes like this. There appears to be lots more Protestant capitalists than there are Catholic ones. Also, Protestant countries tend to be more economically developed than Catholic ones - so why? Marxism w
Anthony D Buckley
One of the central disputes in Protestantism had long been that between the Calvinists and the Arminians. The Calvinist believed that every person had been chosen by God in the beginning to be either saved or damned, and that there was nothing anybody could do to change his decision. These “elect” individuals could not be certain of their salvation, but they might be identified by their tendency to live lives of piety and goodness. In contrast, the followers of Arminius thought that each individ ...more
For years we have been assaulted by politicians and religious leaders preaching the Christian "work ethic," yet I find little justification, if any, for the concept anywhere in the New Testament. I happened to be discussing this with my dad a while ago, who also happens to be one of the smartest people I know, and he recommended Weber’s book. First published in 1905, it provoked considerable controversy.

Weber's thought was grounded in a belief that history is of critical portance to the social
Even now, this is a profoundly interesting and detailed book, being the foundation of economic sociology, and is of considerable use today.

The main thesis is that several Christian denominations, mainly Calvinists, etc., believed that economic and social prosperity has a religious basis - that God has bestowed the gifts of success to these people, and therefore this should be imitated. Hence the Protestant Work Ethic - a religiously sanctioned form of capitalism.

As the prominence of religion wax
Hany Kalash
Protestants are truly enlightened. And their school of thought is the basis of western civilization today. I am a Muslim but out of fairness, I admire them.
Mohammad Mahdi Fallah
این کتاب تجربه یک متن کلاسیک به تمام معنا بود. از نظر من یک متن به واسطه ظرایف، دقایق و نکات غامضی که در برداره بدل به چیزی میشه که میتوان مکررا به آن رجوع کرد و هر بار تفسیر نوینی ازش ارایه کرد و بهره تازه ای ازش برداشت.
فارغ از موضوع مورد تحلیل روش وبر سرنوشت سازه که میشه ازش به عنوان تیپیک کار علمی ازش نام برد. خوانش متونی که هرچند به نظر دم دستی باشند ولی میتوشه ازش تحلیل یک عصر و به قول وبر روح یک دوران رو استخراج کرد کاری بود که وبر متناوبا روی نوشته های فرانکلین و باستر انجام میده و حتی چ
Protestantism is ballin'.

Amazing how much this book is about the hustler spirit: dude who'd buy in bulk, talk to his customers and push volume, figure out how to innovate to make a better product. Break with tradition. And apparently protestant women are very best at innovating, so says Weber.

Weber basically writes to Marx at a couple points, referring to "materialist" theories, basically saying that Southern US plantations had all the time and talk of capitalists but the northern homesteaders g
Rosa Ramôa
Max Weber (1864 – 1920),escreveu “A Ética Protestante e o Espírito do Capitalismo”, onde questionou o marxismo e o positivismo!!!

Foi ousado ao romper cânones tradicionais...

Produtivo.Estudioso."Tocou" várias vertentes do saber...

"Colapsou-se" com a vida que teve,acompanhada da depressão :(

Político sem vocação...Nunca se perdoou...

Retomou a vida académica.
Pesquisou e repensou.
Resignou-se e desistiu.
Quebrou e morreu*
This book has and continues to recieve positive acclaim. However, Weber's work is not only Euro-centric and anti-Catholic, but relies on the use of a dichotamous inclusive-exclusive framework of logic.

At the introduction of the text, the author endeavours to demonstrate the uniqueness of ‘Western’ civilization relative to others as well as emphasize its alleged “universal significance and value” . At first glance, being different and universal appears to be paradoxical. However, the author over
Ai naibii de grea cartea, mai ales pentru o minte profană. Stilul lui e Weber e groaznic, cu fraze extrem de întortocheate, ceea ce face urmărirea firului ideii foarte dificilă. O bună parte din carte se axează pe analiza dogmelor diverselor curente protestante, iar dacă nu știi prea multe despre ele, argumentarea lui Weber e un vîrtej în care te pierzi și nu mai înțelegi nimic. Ideea de bază e însă interesantă și trebuie înțeleasă în toată specificitatea ei, de unde și minuțiozitatea argumentăr ...more
This review concerns the Norton Critical Edition of Weber's work. The Protestant Ethic is a dramatic, seductive, original work that, despite its controversial premise, deserves an edition such as this. The edition employs the classic 1930 Parsons translation along with the translator's preface.

The text is left almost entirely unchanged. The editor occasionally modifies a footnote to clarify a cross reference or explain a foreign phrase left untranslated. A glossary of key terms or controversial
İsa Emiroğlu
'Çünkü 'azizlerin ebedi huzuru' öte dünyadadır; fakat kutsanmışlıklarını garanti edebilmek için insanlar bu dünyada 'gündüz olduğu sürece onları gönderenin işlerini yapacaklardır.' Tanrının kendi şanını arttırma ile ilgili açıkça görülen dileğine, boş zaman ve zevk ile değil, sadece çalışma ile hizmet edilir. Zamanı boşa harcama bütün günahlar içinde ilk ve ilkece en ağır olanıdır. İnsanın kendi mesleğini 'kesinleştireceği' yaşam süresi çok kısa ve değerlidir. Toplumsal yaşam içinde zaman kaybı, ...more
Draco3seven Crawdady
Webber describes one of the mechanisms of modernity or more precisely influencing factors of capitalisms as the protestant ethic or as he puts it the ethic of greed. What he points out is that along with the development of capitalism so also a set of ethical standards developed conducive to these goals of capitalism.
Although this is very Eurocentric, it was ground-breaking at the time. Also, it is fascinating to look at the connections between religious beliefs and social practices. Having lived in Italy definitely brought me face to face with my own Calvinist origins, and the black and white vision that that philosophy brings with it.
this book was somewhat difficult to get through because of the footnotes (i have trouble with footnotes), once you get that point though, it’s a fantastic book. it discusses why the capitalist system we have now, and the morality we have now is the way it is. we have all heard of the protestant ethic yes? it is that you must work hard, without pleasuring yourself too much, for the sake of pleasing god. working as hard as you can allows a person to ‘most effectively’ utilize the gifts god has giv ...more
This book makes me think of Edward Said's Orientalism, in the way that it is now generally accepted that trying to construct religious or ethnographical archetypes to explain historical phenomena is methodologically useless (besides being insulting) (as per Said), but still no one critiques Weber for having done exactly that. It's as though it's perfectly reasonable for him to have done because 1. it's about Westerners, so it's not insulting and 2. he's got proof to back things up, so it isn't s ...more
Weber's sociological magnum opus on the relationship between Protestantism, specifically Calvinism and Puritanism, and the development of the capitalistic spirit in the West.

He goes through all of his evidence thoroughly; between the text and the notes it is often easy to feel lost in the ocean of detail in terms of the history of the Protestant sects he describes. The evidence is necessary to develop and support his thesis: at least part of the story of the development of capitalism as the defi
Farzaneh Shafah
این کتاب شاید قوی ترین نقد را به تئوری مارکس درباره روبنا بودن فرهنگ ارائه می دهد. مایه مرکزی جامعه شناسی دینی وبر این است که برای درک یک هستی شناسی بشری باید منطق درونی آن ها را بر اساس دریافت ما بعد الطبیعی یا دینی بیرون کشید و نه فقط به ارجاع نهاد های اجتماعی و رفتار های طبقاتی توجه کرد. باید باز هم بخوانمش
John Alt
Religion and the Rise of Capitalism, 1926. R.H. Tawney. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, 1905. Max Weber

Both are classics in the literature of economic social science.

Tawney was born in 1880 in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and in 1960 was buried at Highgate Cemetery, North London, today a de facto nature reserve. He wore many hats: economic historian, social critic, ethical socialist, Christian socialist, and was influential in all of them. Add to that his great passion for adult edu
Essays like this don't leave much room for explaining what they're about; it's right in the title. I would have given this five stars, but it's a bit outdated, and I can't say I enjoyed reading it all that much. Despite Weber's exemplary powers as an essayist, and the continued importance of this essay in particular to sociology and anthropology, this was an assigned read that I never finished the first time, and still got a bit mired in the second time around.
Tara deCamp
This book is legendary, a must-read work. I wonder what it's like to be inside a mind like that. His contribution to the structure of sociological study is invaluable.

I read Frieden's tome "Global Capitalism: Its Rise and Fall in the Twentieth Century" just before this, and only when I reached Weber did I realize that Frieden never once attempted to define capitalism. Weber defines it as "identical with the restraint, or at least a rational tempering, of this irrational impulse. But capitalism i
Matias Dalsgaard
More than hundred years after its publication this book is still one of the greatest intellectual accomplishments in modern academic research. Through an impressive and truly inspiring reading of several centuries' Christian texts and traditions Weber shows how Calvinist Protestantism has shaped modern Capitalism - and at the same time offers deep insights into the Protestant tradition and the religious mind.
Katariina Ub
I think I'm not ready to read this book. His thoughts are way too far from me. I should read it again after I got my bachelors in Theology.
Caleb Ausbury
The thesis of Weber’s work is that Protestant views of asceticism, primarily influenced by Calvinism, played a significant psychological role in the development of the spirit of capitalism, which leads to the development of modern capitalism. The spirit of capitalism is characterized by the drive to make money as end in itself rather than a means. This drive also has morality attached to it. In other words, making more money than is needed is an ethical practice. This seems in stark contrast to ...more
4 stars, in my standards, means very good.

PE will present itself as something completely different to the utilitarian eye; but then again, commenting on such an aspect would be off-topic.

This work is unique in the sense that it substantiates an argument convincingly that would sound quite odd to someone unfamiliar to the concept; it's ironic in the sense that it originally hadn't been written as a work of sociology but ended up being one of the classics of the discipline; and a an eyeopener for
Michael Kearney
Max Weber's understanding of the Calvinistic belief system in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is both his greatest strength and his greatest weakness. Calvinists, because of their belief in a sovereign God, are often motivated to devote their lives to "advancing Christ's kingdom" in ways that benefit society. Realizing that every material gift and life itself are blessings from the hand of God, Calvinists will naturally act diligently and industriously. Their view of work is co ...more
A favorite read; this book offers a very insightful and plausible theory on the relation between Protestant asceticism and capitalism and of how the latter broke loose and became independent of religion. "The Puritan wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so."
Corbin Routier
The book amazingly describes how cultural and social habits can eventually transform into new institutions. Weber takes the work ethic of the Protestant religion (Calvanism specifically) and shows how the religious beliefs allowed for the creation of an economic system (Capitalism). The feelings and socially accepted traditions are specific to this group of people. By showing how the religious preferences differed from others, Weber shows how Capitalism takes on its form in America where other c ...more
While there is so much to quibble about in the details of Weber's thesis, that has been done enough in other places. What is central about his argument to me is the recognition, contra Adam Smith, that capitalism does not just rise naturally from human "truck and barter," but requires a distinct and overwhelming structural change in how economics work and more centrally how people treat one another. It is a not a natural law given by God or an invisible hand, but a movement of human intention. A ...more
A classic of sociology and economic social science. Readable and the Routledge edition opens with a useful introduction. It is very helpful if you approach this thesis with a working knowledge of the varying forms of Protestantism (among other parts of the historical context--but it’s the theological detail which takes up the longest chapters of the book). Whether or not you agree with Weber’s conclusions or methodology, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is certainly an essential ...more
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(Arabic: ماكس فيبر)

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber was a German lawyer, politician, historian, sociologist and political economist, who profoundly influenced social theory and the remit of sociology itself. His major works dealt with the rationalization, bureaucratization and 'disenchantment' associated with the rise of capitalism. Weber was, along with his associate Georg Simmel, a central figure in t
More about Max Weber...
Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology The Sociology of Religion The Vocation Lectures: Science as a Vocation/Politics as a Vocation The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism and Other Writings

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“specialists without spirit, sensualists without heart; this nullity imagines that it has attained a level of civilization never before achieved.” 31 likes
“The purely emotional form of Pietism is, as Ritschl has pointed out, a religious dilettantism for the leisure class.” 4 likes
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