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Discurso del método

3.69 of 5 stars 3.69  ·  rating details  ·  9,868 ratings  ·  175 reviews
Descartes' Discourse marks a watershed in European thought; in it, the author sets out in brief his radical new philosophy, which begins with a proof of the existence of the self (the famous "cogito ergo sum"). Next he deduces from it the existence and nature of God, and ends by offering a radical new account of the physical world and of human and animal nature. Written in ...more
Hardcover, 88 pages
Published 2006 by Folio (first published January 1st 1637)
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Stephen
3.0 to 3.5 stars (though as mentioned below, the first four sections get 4 to 5 stars).

One of the most influential works in history of modern science/philosophy, the full name of the work is "Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences." It is a work that deals with the ascertaining of knowledge from "first principals" and creates a method from which all research into scientific principals could be based.

He begins by saying that because so ma
...more
Edward
Acknowledgements
Note on References to Descartes
Chronology
Introduction
Further Reading


Note on the Text and Translation
--Discourse on the Method for Guiding One's Reason and Searching for Truth in the Sciences

--Selected Correspondence, 1636-9

Note on the Text
--The World, or a Treatise on Light and the Other Principal Objects of the Senses (Chapters 1-7)

Note on the Text
--Rules for Guiding One's Intelligence in Searching for the Truth

Text Notes
Index
Rowland Bismark
The Discourse on the Method is a fascinating book, both as a work of philosophy and as a historical document. Descartes lived and worked in a period that Thomas Kuhn would call a "paradigm shift": one way of thinking, one worldview, was slowly being replaced by another. Descartes's work, while part of the new paradigm, still has one leg in the old mode of thought.

The old, waning worldview was scholastic Aristotelianism. The Aristotelian paradigm had a conception of the mind, of knowledge, and of
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Bugenhagen
Summary of my notes on the Discourse, by part:

I. The premise is introduced that reason is naturally equal in all, and truth is to be found by conducting it correctly. Descartes attempts to show how he himself has attempted this, not to dictate how everyone should.

II. The method. Descartes wished to rebuild the very foundations upon which his opinions and views were formed. He decided to do this by systematic doubt. The key point is to never accept as true anything that is not known to be evident
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Jesse
The Discourse on Method marks the decisive break between the old Aristotelian scientific method and the modern kind. Descartes sets out four steps for truth in the sciences: 1. Doubt methodically. 2. Break matters up into as many pieces as possible. 3. Proceed from the easiest to the most difficult. 4. Review for mathematical precision. This is the exact opposite of the Aristotelian method that ruled minds for millennia, where one first relies on intuition (where one cannot doubt), second breaks ...more
sahar salman
فكرة هذا الكتاب هي منهج العقل. ودراسات تشملها سنوات من حياة الفيلسوف رينيه ديكارت عن البحث عن الحقيقة والطريقة المثلى في التفكير وإنشاء كل الحقائق الإنسانية وكشف اللثام عنها بالطريقة التي ينتقيها كل إنسان في أصولية تفكيره. ما أعجبني في ديكارت هو توازنه الفكري، وإختلافه عن بقية الفلاسفة في الفكر وطريقة عرضه لأفكاره التي يحب أن يتأكد من صحتها كما أن إختلاف النسق الفكري عنده لدى الناس لا يمثل بالضرورة صحة أو عدم صواب أرائهم بل هو يعده "إختلاف" في النسق. فالمعرفة اليقينيه هي أكثر أفضلية من اتباع نسق ...more
Ahmed Azimov
لابد لنا من الوقوف هنا لننظر متأملين الى احدى مكتسبات الانسانيه

هنا مرحلة انعطاف هامه في تاريخ الهوموسابيانز والعلوم الانسانيه المكتسبه تماما حالها كحال منازعة كوبرينيكوس لافكار بطليموس القائله بمركزية الارض والتي روّج لها جاليلو لاحقا، وماديّة نيوتن، وتطوّر داروين، ونسبية اينشتين، وووو - رضي الله عنهم أجمعين -

يوم أن صُودر الكثير من العظمة المزعومة للانسان البدائي الذي كان يرى نفسه وكوكبه مركزا للأجرام السماويه حيث يدورون خضوعا له بينما هو يبقى ثابتا !! حتى بدى لنا أننا مجرد أجرام صغيره حقيره لا
...more
TrumanCoyote
Hard for me to take seriously someone who talks about perfection like it's a trait--when really it's more of a relationship between traits, or an aesthetic response to them. A master of taking 500 words to say something obvious (like Proust); and the relentless latinate style grew tiresome quickly. Also full of ridiculous insincerities: on the one hand he's leaving notes to posterity, then saying nobody cares about a schmucky little goober like himself. And with the last sentence he seems to be ...more
samar salman
يشارك ديكارت سقراط و أفلاطون في قناعته بأن العقل هو السبيل الوحيد للمعرفه وهو بذلك يعيد إنشاء المنظومة الفلسفيه وفقاً لقوانين محدده تتكون لتكون المنهج الذي يسير عليه ديكارت. فهو أولاً يبدأ بالشك في كل شيء ثم يأخذ المشكلات الفلسفيه من الصفر فيبدأ في تقسيمها إلى مشكلات أصغر منها ليبدأ بالسهل و ينتهى بالأصعب و الأعقد وبذلك هو يرتكز إلى العقل و يرى أن الحواس غطاء يعمي البصيره، كما أن الحلم مهما بدا واقعياً فهو أضعف من أن يكون حقيقه و بالتالي فالواقع هو الدليل الفعال للبحث الجاد عن الحقيقه. و من منطل ...more
Timothy Matias
Rene’ Descartes’ “Discourse on the Method” is one of the most difficult books for me to review, in that it is half inspiring to me, and half disappointing; what starts out as a brilliant doubting methodology, eliminating whatever can be doubted until there is nothing left than can be by any conjecture or hypothesis be reasonably doubted- arrive at a basic, fundamental truth, providing a firm rational foundation from other truths can be derived. Unfortunately, once Descartes discovers this truth, ...more
Mel Vincent
Rene Descartes is not only a pure optimist and a wide thinker but he too is very eloquent, charismatic, simple and very brilliant in how he fuses his ideas and arguments to that of different sciences such as anatomy and to an extent, psychology itself.

While reading this it is as if you are not reading a highly charged philosophy book but instead it makes you think that it is in fact a travel novel, which is amazing. Rene Descartes articulately draws his own opinions on the environs, perceptions,
...more
Daniella Insalaco
Even though I am not a fan of Descartes, I did enjoy the edition that I read (courtesy of The Focus Philosophical Library) because it contained a thorough introduction, great footnotes as well as an interpretive essay at the end. This is one of the reasons why I am giving it two stars rather than one.

I really disagree with Descartes on a number of levels and frankly I don't want to get into all of that on here because then I would have to divulge my personal beliefs and I don't feel comfortable
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Raúl
''La diversidad de nuestras opiniones no procede de que unos sean más racionales que otros, sino tan solo de que dirigimos nuestros pensamientos por caminos distintos y no consideramos las mismas cosas. No basta, ciertamente, tener un buen entendimiento: lo principal es aplicarlo bien''.

Se suele hablar de la revolución de 1600 en referencia al triunfo del helicocentrismo copernicano y al nacimiento de la ciencia moderna, pero estas cosas funcionan a su ritmo, y no hay que olvidar que en aquella
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Bilgehan
Brilliant yet wrong in almost every aspect.
Lana
There are certain books that no matter how many times you read, it is as if each time you read them again you're getting in touch with a new story, a new discovery, a new realization, a new reality. There are not many books to which I could attribute this peculiar characteristic, but the Discourse on Method is assuredly one of them.

I don't know how to describe what I think about this treatise seeing that every time I read it I find myself with different questions and conclusions. I cogitate that
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Ľuboš
Though I cannot deny the heavy influence Descartes' method had on the development of the modern period science, that it - so to speak - paved the way for the science, I cannot overlook some of the rather grievous ramifications it had on all of our understanding of the world.

One of them is the strengthening of the notion of privileged position of humans above all other beings (also explicitly explained in Part V). Also the unshakable faith in man's ability to discover truths about the world usin
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Διόνυσος Ψευδάνωρ
One of the very finest products of the history of philosophy, René Descartes' Discourse on the Method is, in this Focus Philosophical Library edition, translated by the late Richard Kennington. Of special importance in this edition is Kennington's very good interpretive essay, "Descartes' Discourse on Method," which is only elsewhere found in a posthumous collection of his essays, On Modern Origins: Essays in Early Modern Philosophy . My understanding is that this was originally a lecture deliv ...more
Yann
C'est agréable de se replonger dans ce classique des étudiants de terminale. Les trois premiers chapitres sont exemplaires. Descartes sert ici plus une autobiographie et une justification de son parcours intellectuel, qui consiste principalement en une remise à plat de ses connaissances suite à l'insatisfaction qu'il a ressentie des fruits qu'il a tiré de ses études, principalement Aristote. Il est clair que pour l'étude de la nature, on peut facilement trouver à reprendre les anciens. La méthod ...more
Blown
I find Descartes to be very narrow-minded. If you can sift through the run-on sentences, this book helps one understand the evolution of philosophy, but overall, this supposed "method" is nothing but a series of contradictions. For example, Descartes talks about God, saying that "it is highly probable that he in some way fashioned me after his own image and likeness." But he also speaks of God as a perfect being who is incapable of creating something imperfect. Obviously this is a contradiction, ...more
Ben Loory
HOW AWESOME I AM AND HOW I GOT TO BE THIS WAY

the first part's great, where he's talking about re-educating himself from the ground up and throwing away all the nonsensical crap that got poured into him by other people as he was growing up. but then once he gets started again from first principles or whatever, he immediately wanders off into some pretty shaky god stuff and then it just turns into a description of how the innards of the body work which hey, might be right, but ain't so interesting
...more
Sidharth Vardhan
The first four sections deserved full five stars for what they have done for thought-philosophy but last two sections are redundant to say the least and that is where my rating declined.
Katie Ozorkiewicz
I found it a rather interesting thought experiment, to try and wipe away everything we know and re-build the foundation of our existence is a rather large undertaking, especially when most people of our time must also focus on the daily grind required to pay for mortgages/rent, food, clothes, etc. I had read this a couple of times before, but it makes more sense now that I'm a few years older. I'd recommend it to anyone, it's a quick read and it provokes different thoughts at different periods i ...more
Asmaa
"ان المرء عندما يفرط كثيرا في الترحال فانه يصبح غريبا عن ارضه" ان الكتاب سرد الي طريقه فكر ، الطريقه في استخلاص المعلومات او الحقائق ، سرد لمشوار بحثي يخبر عن كون ديكارت اكبر من قائل لمقولة فقط واشتهاره بها عن الشك ، الطريقه التي جعلته كما يبدو في استنتاجاته ،فيبدأ الجزء الاول في محاوله بان يتحدث بشموليه عن شتي العلوم وانطباعاته.
ثم يتحدث في الجزء الثاني عن اهميه وجود المصمم الواحد ويضرب مثال اسبرطة علي ذلك وانه واقعيا لا يتم هدم كل الاساسات لوضع اخري بالرغم من انه لا يمكن بناء اسس صحيح علي قديم
...more
Tina Nazari
1.روش دکارت برای درست راه بردن عقل این است که همه آن چه آموخته رها کند و از نو شروع کند به ساخت نظام فکری خود به این صورت که از بدیهی ترین حقایق آغاز کند و حقایق دیگر را با استدلال منطقی از آن مقدمات نتیجه بگیرد. اولین اصل بدیهی هم که در می یابد و می خواهد باقی حقایق را از آن به دست آورد، جمله معروف اوست: " من فکر می کنم پس هستم." پس از آن سعی می کند وجود خدا را با روشی تقریبن هستی شناسانه اثبات کند به این شکل که چون من به کمال فکر می کنم و منشا این اندیشه خودم نیستم چرا که من کامل نیستم پس باید ...more
Bernardo Kaiser
The idea of grading a book like Discourse looks to me absurd when you consider I have almost no phylosophical knowledge. What did I tought of it? I guess I really respect all the idea of breaking down a thesis up to its most simples bases and deconstructing it under severe scrutiny. Thinking with jurist viewpoint (or more precisely, a jurist-to-be) we sure would make better laws in my country if we questioned its projects down to the core. I agree with Descartes when he says the best governed co ...more
Nick Anderson
Very simple, 54 pages or so. I'm surprised I didn't read it sooner. I guess there's a bias that old writings are hard to read.

Discourse on Method is written to be read in one sitting, but is divided into six parts for those who like me have to put it down to think about what he wrote. He writes in a first person candid manner, giving a sort of autobiography relating to how he developed his thoughts.

The basis of Descartes thought is that we cannot deduce from sense experience the true nature of
...more
Ali Reda
أولاً إنما مطلوبي العلم بحقائق الأمور ، فلا بُد من طلب حقيقة العلم ما هي؟ فظهر لي أن العلم اليقيني هو الذي ينكشف فيه المعلوم انكشافاً لا يبقى معه ريب ، ولا يقارنه إمكان الغلط والوهم ، ولا يتسع القلب لتقدير ذلك ؛ بل الأمان من الخطأ ينبغي أن يكون مقارناً لليقين مقارنة لو تحدى بإظهار بطلانه مثلاً من يقلب الحجر ذهباً والعصا ثعباناً ، لم يورث ذلك شكاً وإنكاراً ؛ فإني إذا علمت أن العشرة أكثر من الثلاثة ، فلو قال لي قائل: لا ، بل الثلاثة أكثر [ من العشرة ] بدليل أني أقلب هذه العصا ثعباناً ، وقلبها ، وش ...more
Shannon Thompson
In Discourse on Method, Rene Descartes discusses the philosophical and psychological aspects of being human, and I think that’s why this writing is easily accessible and relatable throughout the ages. Since there is a discussion on our nature, Descartes allows readers from his day and modern day to relate to one another and how they try to psychologically make sense of their life meaning. Descartes writes, “what we thus see or imagine is in reality existent; but it plainly tells us that all our ...more
Jorge Gómez
Descartes, el héroe del pensamiento, como le dijo uno por ahí, allende la frontera. Creo que es difícil agregarle algo a eso, Descartes despertó a Europa del letargo en la que la habían sumido los dogmas religiosos.

De todos modos, los postulados del mismo libro son profundamente rebatibles (por decirlo poco), mas su valor como documento histórico, en un momento de cambio de paradigma en Occidente, es lo que más valoro.
Cadfan
Fascinating book. Even though this book is old now you can still follow Descartes remarkable clarity of thought. Descartes was truly a great thinker in that he aimed in getting the maximum amount of clarity in his work that he could. This book can be slightly confusing at times due to the views of those times and the different sentence structuring but it is generally quite intelligible what Descartes is trying to say.

Descartes breaks down the human experience to its very basics, and in doing so
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الكتاب 1 5 Feb 11, 2014 03:05PM  
  • Pensées
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • The New Organon
  • Meno
  • Theological-Political Treatise
  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • A Letter Concerning Toleration: Humbly Submitted
  • Metaphysics
  • The Spirit of the Laws (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
  • Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking
  • The Philosophy of History
  • Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems: Ptolemaic and Copernican
  • Ptolemy's Almagest
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René Descartes, also known as Renatus Cartesius (Latinized form), was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer. He has been dubbed the "Father of Modern Philosophy," and much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which continue to be studied closely. His influence in mathematics is also apparent, the Cartesian coordinate system that is ...more
More about René Descartes...
Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy Meditations on First Philosophy The Philosophical Writings of Descartes (Volume I) Selected Philosophical Writings Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings

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“And thus, the actions of life often not allowing any delay, it is a truth very certain that, when it is not in our power to determine the most true opinions we ought to follow the most probable.” 175 likes
“At last I will devote myself sincerely and without reservation to the general demolition of my opinions.” 33 likes
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