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Umění být

4.13  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,776 Ratings  ·  72 Reviews
Between 1974 and 1976, while working on the book To Have Or to Be? at his home in Locarno, Switzerland, the aged Erich Fromm wrote far more manuscript and chapters than were actually used in the book, which was published in 1976. Some of these chapters are contained in the present volume. They deal entirely with the "steps toward being" that the individual can take in orde ...more
124 pages
Published 1994 by Naše vojsko (first published 1989)
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(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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Trevor
Aug 05, 2008 Trevor rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: psychology
I approached this work with trepidation. My shuddering become more pronounced when Fromm started talking about mediation and self-awareness and Buddhism. “Oh dear,” I thought, “We’re in for one of those books.”

That it wasn’t ‘one of those books’ really surprised and delighted me. My mum is always at me to take up mediation. I’ve, on occasion, even gone to such places and then they talk to me about Chakras and my spiritual self and other rot and nonsense and a deep depression engulfs my soul. The
...more
Hans
I stumbled upon this book on accident. I had never heard of Erich Fromm before. At times I feel like fate is playing games with me when I find something that enlarges and enriches my perspectives on life. This was one of those books.

This is a treatise on the identity of man. He brings up Freudian and Marxian theories frequently in discussing the estrangement of modern man from themselves. The middle class feels the bulk of the estrangement as they try to pull off an incredibly difficult balance
...more
Jon
Jul 29, 2015 Jon rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book contained a line, something like "most conversations are monologues," that has changed my behavior. With that line I realized how frequently I don't fully listen, am not fully present, how often I just want to hear myself speak rather than really connect. There's something powerful about being present.
Thaer Dieb
Jan 18, 2014 Thaer Dieb rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
قرائتي الثانية الكاملة لإيريك فروم
واضح تماما رد فعل إيريك فروم على القيم الاستهلاكية المادية التي فرضها المجتمع الاستهلاكي المعاصر.
سمة اخرى لأيريك فروم هي التعقيد في أسلوبه والفلسفة المعمقة التي لم تصل بعد الى حد التبسيط
الكتاب عبارة عن فصول انتزعها الكاتب من كتابه التملك أو الكينونة قبل طباعته ولذلك ستجدون الكثير من النقاش حول هذه الفكرة
الفكرة العامة هي في توضيح كيف يكون وجودك معتمدا على كينونتك أكثر من اعتماده على ما تملك ويوضح الكاتب بداية بعض المعيقات في تعلم فن الوجود ثم ينتقل لنقاش بعض الم
...more
William
Sep 17, 2007 William rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Every one
This book changed the way I view myself in relation to my culture and society. I would recommend it to any one who has ever felt torn between what they feel is right for them and what their society often suggests is right for them. It is a great and fascinating book!
Asmae
Feb 01, 2016 Asmae rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
: مقتطف من الكتاب
لقد أصبح الإنسان المعاصر أكثر نأيا عن الآخرين، و هو يواجه معضلة : فهو خائف من التواصل عن قرب مع الآخر ، و في الوقت نفسه من الوحدة و عدم وجود أحد ليتواصل معه
علی
یک راهنمای زیستن، با پرهیز از خشک اندیشی! فروم با اشاره های متعدد به فروید، تجزیه و تحلیل روان شناختی انسان، و سفارش استفاده از "ذن بودیسم" و تمرکز، خواننده را از فکر به "داشتن" منع می کند، و به تمرکز بر "بودن"، توصیه می کند. جدل فروم بر سر آن است که رشد خود شیفتگی و میل به تملک (داشتن) در جوامع صنعتی و مدرن، انسان معاصر را از "بودن" و لذت زندگی، به تدریج محروم کرده است. او به گونه ای غیر مستقیم معتقد است که میزان بالای دپرسیون در جوامع مدرن، ناشی از فراموشی لذت "بودن"، در مقابل لذت کاذب "داشتن" ...more
Alexander
Nov 21, 2015 Alexander rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: psychology
A reality show in which Kim Kardashian was forced to read this book would be immensely enjoyable to me.
Sarah Mostafa
ايريك فرود..

ذلك العالم الانسان حقا

ذلك العالم الذي _تقريبا في كل كتاباته_ يبدو وكأنه يتوق الى اعادة بث الحياة في انسان اختفى تحت ركامن الحداثة
انسان "سيبيري" مشوه مطلي..او مغلف بغلالة شفافة ولكن لها صلابة الفولاذ ..من التحمل والتصنع

هذه الغلالة جوهرها المادية و الرغبة المحمومة في التملك
هذه الغلالة التي تفصل الانسان عن ان يعرف جوهره ..ربما لا يعرفه على مدار حياته كلها ..

الانسان مستوى ومستوى ومستويات

لابد ان يستكشفها ويتعرف على تفرديته الحقة

ولكي يبدا في رحلته الى ذاته فيستطيع التعرف عليها وبالتالي
...more
Qi
May 27, 2016 Qi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The author, Erich Fromm, was as social psychologist of renown, and was associated with the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory. This book was published in 1989, with its English version in 1992. I mention the years of publishing to highlight its prescience and foresights into our own time.

What is the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory? It is based on principles from Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud in attempt to “liberate human beings from the circumstances that enslave them”. The circumstances inc
...more
Akbar
Dec 29, 2015 Akbar rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
فن الوجود

ضمن هذه المعالجة في فن الوجود كانت لفروم معالجة شبيهة بها في كتابه " الانسان بين الجوهر والمظهر " وخلاصته ان على الانسان ان يكف عن فعل الاستحواذ الذي يمارسه مع الأشياء ولا بد له من ان يعيش الكينونة أي نزعة الفعل .
السؤال الذي يسأله فروم في هذا الكتاب هو : ما معنى ان يكون لنا رغبة في الحياة ؟ على انه لا يمنع من الرغبة في الحياة الا المشاعر التي تكون أكبر من هذه الرغبة كما أشار الى ذلك دوستويفسكي في رواية الشيطان فقد حلل الانتحار بطريقة مختلفة بل تُنبئ عن التفكير العكسي عند دوستويفسكي فقا
...more
Shaima
Oct 16, 2013 Shaima rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"في حالة تملك الوجود فإن شعار المرء هو: أنا أساوي ما أملك،
و لكن بعد عملية التحول يصبح شعاره: أنا أساوي ما أعمل، أو ببساطة: أنا أكون ما أنا عليه."

ماذا يمكن عن القول عن الشعور؟ العيش بطريقة تشعر بها بالعيش!
بساطة كتابة إيريك فروم ناتجة عن تجارب خاضها بنفسه، لم يكتب شيء جديد إنما صوره بطريقة أكثر واقعية.
الكتابة عن هذا الكتاب تنقص من حقه.
من الكتب التي يجب أن تُقرأ و تُقرأ.
Ghada
Sep 28, 2012 Ghada rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 2-re-read
it about the difference between Being & Having
Ahmed Xahabi
Mar 30, 2016 Ahmed Xahabi rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
اوللا اوللا شقاعد یخربط فروم؟؟

و كل خرابيطه صح يالخمة، اسمع العم ايريك شيقول يالهيلقي:

يقول انه كلكم خمة و خوافين، لانكم بس تبون تحكمون عالشخص من ظاهره مو من باطنه، يعني تدرون انه مجتمعكم سطحي و حياتكم سطحية بس همن راضيين، لانكم خرفان! و السبب الثاني هو انه لانكم خايفين اذا كل واحد فيكم قام يتعمق بباطن و معدن و ح هر الثاني، الكل راح ينكشف للكل، فا تفضلون انكم تعيشون كذبة الحياة السطحية على الحياة الحقيقية

يالهيلق.
Rich Baker
Jun 09, 2015 Rich Baker rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Excellent read. I got a lot out of this book.

My one problem with it is that it makes a lot of claims that it doesn't seem to back up with facts always. Sometimes it does and that's great. And sometimes it makes claims that I happen to believe based on my own experience/research. But I just wasn't sure I could take everything it claimed with 100% certainty. Maybe in the physical book (not the audiobook) there are a lot of end notes that I missed out on.

Anyway, I do think that most people don't t
...more
Ali
Mar 13, 2014 Ali rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتاب جميل جدا، و هو ثاني كتاب أقرأه لفروم، بعد كتابه "جوهر الإنسان". يعطي فروم في هذا الكتاب خطوات و منهجا للحياة يقترب بها من المناهج الشرقية القديمة مع ازالة خرافاتها، و لكنه لا يخلو من وجهة نظري من بعض المثالية في التوجه.
John
Dec 28, 2015 John rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Even though there were some good points made by the author about self-awareness, meditation and self-analysis I found that they were too few and not fully explored. I also found that he focused too much on Sigmund Freud and karl marx to the point that this was not so much a book about the art of being as it was a book about Freudian and Marxist philosophies. Maybe that's what the intent of the book was supposed to be and I just didn't realize it prior to reading it.
For a much more helpful book t
...more
Hanan Sammoury
Jan 07, 2016 Hanan Sammoury rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
على قد ما كنت مبسوطة بهالكتاب ما كنت حابته يخلص..
"ما الذي يمكن معرفته عن نفسي ما دمت لا اعرف ان النفس التي اعرفها بشكل كبير هي عبارة عن منتج اصطناعي، وأن معظم الناس - بما فيهم نفسي - يكذبون دون أن يعرفوا أنهم يفعلون ذلك، وأن "الدفاع" يعني "الحرب" وأن "الواجب" يعني الخضوع وأن "الفضيلة" تعني "الطاعة" وأن "الخطيئة" تعني "التمرد"، وأن الفكرة القائلة بأن الأهل يحبون أولادهم دون تفرقة هي عبارة عن أسطورة، وأن الشهرة نادراً ما تبنى على أساس الصفات الإنسانية المثيرة للإعجاب، كما أنها لا تبنى على أساس الإ
...more
León Fernando
Apr 09, 2015 León Fernando rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is one of the finest books I have read offering an insightful analysis of the western mind and the faulty approaches to oriental thought
G
Dec 13, 2015 G rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: psychology
"Love, Reason, Productive activity..."

Fromm was somewhat overwhelmingly obsessed with mankind's struggle to battle its dependence from material world. He was fascinated with the way humans won their freedom and lost it immediately after that, and actually never managed to win it back. Since that collectively or individually, all we are looking for that freedom which appears extremely difficult to find. Most are aware something is wrong, and that feeling should be addressed, but how to deal with
...more
Yaser Maadat
Nov 02, 2015 Yaser Maadat rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
كتاب يشرح فيه اريك فروم بشكل مبسط عورات حياتنا التي "نحاول التغافل" عنها،من خلال تسليطه الضوء على أنماط حياة أكثر حيوية و صحية تشجع على التفكير الناقد و المثمر الذي يتم من خلاله صقل شخصية الانسان المنتج المتفاعل مع ذاته و غيره بصفة ايجابية.
العديد من الوصفات النفسية الهامة التي قدمها فروم في هذا الكتاب تتمحور حول الادراك و اليقظة و التركيز و أهمية التأمل في الطريق الى الوصول الى الشخصية المتفاعلة ايجابا،و لكن اكثر ما لفت انتباهي هو عرضه لعدد من الطرق التي تساعد الانسان على استخدام التحليل النفسي
...more
Celine
Sep 17, 2015 Celine rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: audiobooks
I would've gotten more out of this book if it wasn't too technical. I believe that I really could have enjoyed this more if I was in a better situation or a more convenient time. There are lot of good things to learn from in this book. However... One needs to completely concentrate when trying to go through this book. I picked up good points every now and then, but since it was too technical, it didn't really stick with me. I felt like it was more of a classroom lecture than a leisure read as I ...more
Jon Clucas
Oct 11, 2008 Jon Clucas rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
The Art of Being is a rare book that I agree with ideas presented in the books as often as I disagree with other ideas presented therein. Fromm of course takes large portions of his philosophy from Sigmund Freud (whom I rarely agree with) and Karl Marx (whom I rarely disagree with). The Art of Being, a collection of chapters that Fromm cut from To Have or To Be? which his family decided to publish after his death, lacks the punch of many of Fromm's works, largely because these chapters were ...more
Krom
Jul 14, 2008 Krom rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Anyone tired of consumerism, searching for meaning in life.
Recommended to Krom by: Varn Nine
This was the first book by Fromm I have read, and for me this book was full of some profound insights. I've seen some criticize this book as a watered down version of his earlier works, but there is value here and perhaps this is a better starting point for some. Fromm’s goal in this book is to lay down a roadmap for achieving a life of inner peace and contentment that is not derived from having the most of something.

Like any roadmap for inner peace or enlightenment, easier said than done. But
...more
Spicy T AKA Mr. Tea
I read this a year or two ago and LOVED it. Amazing. I was exceptionally pleased to read yet another Erich Fromm book and not be disappointed. His writing is accessible and eloquent and his messages powerful. I recommend this book.

P. 19, 20:

"I have devoted so much space to these movements because I think there is an important lesson to be learned. The basis for any approach to self-transformation is an ever-increasing awareness of reality and the shredding of illusions. Illusions contaminate ev
...more
Leon M
Jun 22, 2010 Leon M rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: fromm
In "The Art of Being", Fromm tries to give practical support to all of his readers who want to move from narcisstic selfishness and egotism to happiness and well-being. This is (probably meant as) a sequel to his larger and more well-known "To Have or To Be", adding ideas and practices for self-improvement to his psychological analysis of the having and being mode in our society.

Unlike other writers, Fromm is very concrete in his writing:: Learn to be awake, to be aware to concentrate, to medita
...more
Josh Friedlander
Fromm mixes psychoanalysis with anti-modernism and a Romanticisation of Eastern and pre-industrial cultures, so Your Mileage May Vary. The art of living, says Fromm, is about prioritising a state of being versus one of having: both in terms of commodities, but also in relationships with others. Mindfulness, rejection of consumer capitalism, and constant self-analysis are keys toward self-discovery and a happy, balanced life.
Keytrice Castro
Apr 12, 2011 Keytrice Castro rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
My habit this year has become reading short books in twos, so after reading Erich Fromm’s The Art of Loving, there was no other reasoning behind reading The Art of Being next, besides that fact. Fromm generates a seemingly coherent outlook on society, which, someone having an extensive understanding in different philosophical and psychological areas can undoubtedly appreciate, but I could not. It definitely has sparked an interest in what it means to be, what it means to live in our society, so ...more
Jamie
Sep 17, 2015 Jamie rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
Some interesting insights into the human condition and the downsides of our consumeristic, technological world, though it felt dated in places, specifically as relating to psychoanalysis.

As an aside, I was also puzzled at Fromm's apparent concern with (and supposed ability to diagnose) when someone displays altruism and generosity as a cover for or even expression of their sadism or narcissism. As far as I'm concerned, if a narcissist or sadist is behaving altruistically, that's about as good an
...more
Elena Dobre
Not recommend reading this book unless you first read Fromm's "To Have or To Be: The Nature of Psyche". This book was supposed to be included in "To Have or To Be", but Fromm decided to publish two separate books to avoid confusions among the readers. "The Art of Being" is like a short manual on auto-analysis, meditation, focus, but it doesn't go deep into the methods. I believe that the author is only trying to make us conscious of ourselves and present us some ways of how a human being can "be ...more
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Erich Fromm was a German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. His works include The Art of Loving; Love, Sexuality, and Matriarchy; and Man for Himself. He died in 1980.

Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other word
...more
More about Erich Fromm...

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“If other people do not understand our behavior—so what? Their request that we must only do what they understand is an attempt to dictate to us. If this is being "asocial" or "irrational" in their eyes, so be it. Mostly they resent our freedom and our courage to be ourselves. We owe nobody an explanation or an accounting, as long as our acts do not hurt or infringe on them. How many lives have been ruined by this need to "explain," which usually implies that the explanation be "understood," i.e. approved. Let your deeds be judged, and from your deeds, your real intentions, but know that a free person owes an explanation only to himself—to his reason and his conscience—and to the few who may have a justified claim for explanation.” 442 likes
“تعتمد قوة موقع الإنسان في الحياة على درجة كفاءة إدراكه للواقع, وكلما نقصت كفائته يزداد تشوشه وبالتالي يتنامى شعوره بعدم الأمان, فيصبح بحاجة إلى أوهام يتكئ عليها ليجد الامان الذي ينشده. وكلما ازدادت كفائته تزداد إمكانيته في الوقوف على قدميه وإيجاد جوهره داخل ذاته.” 13 likes
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