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Totem and Taboo

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3.79 of 5 stars 3.79  ·  rating details  ·  4,636 ratings  ·  106 reviews
Widely acknowledged to be one of Freud's greatest cultural works, when Totem and Taboo was first published in 1913, it caused outrage. Thorough and thought-provoking, Totem and Taboo remains the fullest exploration of Freud's most famous themes. Family, society, religion - they're all put on the couch here. Whatever your feelings about psychoanalysis, Freud's theories have ...more
Paperback, Authorized 1950 Translation, 224 pages
Published May 17th 2001 by Routledge (first published 1913)
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Greatest Psychology Books
43rd out of 487 books — 575 voters
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality by Sigmund FreudThe Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund FreudThe Psychopathology of Everyday Life by Sigmund FreudTotem and Taboo by Sigmund FreudBeyond the Pleasure Principle and Other Writings by Sigmund Freud
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4th out of 30 books — 26 voters


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Community Reviews

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Alex
I found it incredibly 'stimulating' - a suitable word I think; considering a certain sexual implication that it carries. Not that I found it sexually stimulating or anything... it's mostly about incest... it's just... that it's Freud, because y'know... I'm not actually... oh, whatever.

...

But wait! Maybe I did. That's the point. Incest and our outlawing of it could well be the start of civilisation. If you didn't want to do it, you wouldn't need social taboos - and eventually laws - to prohibit
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Dayes Mohammed
اضطررت لحذف بعض المقاطع من أجل النشر : (

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يبدو الطوطم نظاما ً اجتماعيا ً أكثر من كونه دينيا ً ، فهو لا يسير وفق تشريعات تشابه إلى حد ٍ ما تشريعات الأديان ، إنما بأنظمة محظورات تشبه المحظور الديني ، و إن كنت أرجح ان كل محظور اجتماعي له ركيزة دينية ، و مع هذا فأنا لا أجزم حتى الآن أن هذه المحظورات لم تستمد قوتها من أفكار دينية ، كما أن الدين الذي يشكله الكاهن يقيم بفكرة الحراة مبدا السيطرة و السلطة المجتمعية و سلطاته الخاصة .

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يشكل مفهوم الحرام لدى فرويد ؛ فكرة الخوف من قوى خفية قادرة على الإيذاء و
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Cărăşălu
It's my first book by Freud and it was... impressive. First of all, I must praise his writing style (or, perhaps, the translator). It's a very readable book even if you are a total newbie to the subject matter of the book, and it's not some ordinary subject matter: combining anthropological data and psycho-analytical insight, Freud tries nothing less than to trace the origin of culture (more precisely of religion, morals, social organization and so on). The book has four parts, the first three o ...more
Leo Zukimi
this book is incredible
specially for those who love reading about psycho matters
and for those who are searching about religious matter and how it started
it was almost like a bible to me cause i feel like it's answering about 25% of my unanswered questions
and helps me to build up the perfect expressions for my own theory for life and universe
knowing how our ancestors lived their religious and organized their relations ... and the problems they face it ... their sexual life ... all these help us t
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Baraa Qudah
في سنة 1913 ارسل فرويد لصديقه يقول : (إنني إذ اكتب في الوقت الحاضر الطوطم والحرام , يخالجني شعور بأنه سيكون أهم اعمالي افضلها و ربما اخرها .. ومنذ تفسير الاحلام لم اكتب قط شيئاً بمثل هذا الاقتناع و هذا الفرح , ومن ثم أستطيع ان اتنبأ بما سيلقاه هذا البحث من استقبال : عاصفة من الاستنكار ...

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بهذا الكتاب يلقي فرويد نظرة على ظاهرة الطوطمية للشعوب البدائية و ارتبطاها بالتحريم .. وهي ظاهرة ملفتة .. الطوطمية هي شبه عقائد لبعض القبائل التي تقدس و تتسمى بحيوان معين و تفرض بعض العقوبات لبعض القوا
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Darren
Best bullshit history ever!!!! Better than the Bible!
Ameera H.  Al-mousa




وجد فرويد تشابه ملحوظ بين عصاب الأفعال القهرية وبين الطقوس والشعائر الدينية ، ووصف عصاب القهر بأنه دين خاص مشوه ، والدين بأنه قهري عام .

تناول التوتم والتابو بمافيه الفزع من الاتصال بالمحارم البارز لدى الأجناس البدائية منه لدى المتمدنية وكيف أدى إلى إتخاذ إجراءات خاصة للوقاية منه ؟

أيضاً فحص نواهي التابو ( أقدم صور القيود الأخلاقية) وبين الازدواج العاطفي ، فاكتشف في التصور البدائي للكون الذي ينسب الإرادة للجمادات مبدأ المغالاة في تقدير أهمية الواقع النفسي ، مبدأ القدرة المطلقة للأفكار الذي يوجد ب
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Lauren
Freud is not en vogue right now, but there's something compelling about his idea that culture began with the Oedipal event: the killing of the father. If you've ever wondered where the human taboos of murder, incest, and cannibalism come from, Dr. Freud has an answer for you. It's not so far out. For instance, it's easy to imagine cannibalism as means to a holy bond, uniting people with each other and the divine; as my professor pointed out, "eating the flesh" marks some of our most sacred/intim ...more
Richard
An engrossing myth of its own is presented to us in the Freud-Jung dyad. Carl Jung for all his flaws - and they were many - was possessed of a genius that was unafraid to tread into new and unsecured territory that challenged the narrow and limiting definition of “libido” insisted upon by Freud. The unhappy result was a parting of the ways for Freud the mentor and Jung the young protégé. What we have here is an unusually long treatise by Freud that stands as his necessary response to this painfu ...more
Laleh
Nov 18, 2011 Laleh rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: هر آن‌که در نظام تابویی می‌زید یا دوست دارد درباره‌ی نظام‌های تابویی اطلاعات کسب کند.‏
Shelves: psychology
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یکی دیگر از وجوه خط مشی انسان بدوی در قبال پادشاه، یادآور جریانی است که به فراوانی در بیماریهای روانی و به ویژه در بیماری معروف به هذیان اذیت و آزار دیده میشود. بدینمنوال که بیمار اعتبار و اهمیت شخص معینی را تا آنجا که ممکن است بالا میبرد و قدرتی نامحدود و باورنکردنی را به او نسبت میدهد تا آنکه بتواند با دلیل و به حق مسئولیت همه بلاهایی را که به سرش (بیمار) میآید، از او بداند.
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به نقل از متن کتاب، صفحهی 90

در کتاب «توتم و تابو»، فروید کاوشهای خودش را میگذارد کنار نوشتههای فریزر، وونت و چند تن دیگ
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HuDa AljaNabi
هذا ما إحتجتُ إليه بالضبط في الوقت الحاضر.
الكتاب مهم جداً, ولم يدفعني شيء لأكماله, كون التشويق فيه بحد ذاته أنه كتاب علم نفس, لا بل كاتبه فرويد!
أكثر ما كنت أفكر فيه في طفولتي وجدته هنا, لماذا نطلق لقب عمو أو خالة على أشخاص ليسو بالفعل أعمامنا أو خالاتنا, بل هي عادة وضرورة "إحترامية" مطبّقة عندنا.
كيف أن للأخ أن لا يذكر إسم أخته, ويستعيض عن الاسم بكلمة "البيت" في جهاز الموبايل ويعتبرها حرمة أن يذكر أخته أو ما يخصها, هو أيضا مذكور بعناية ضمن عادات الشعوب في هذا الكتاب, وتفسيرُ منع الحماة عن زوج الب
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Perderders
Tres estrellas que mucho se aproximan a solo dos. Lo que comenté respecto a la primera parte viene a ser igual en el resto del libro: planteamientos muy interesantes, y de nuevo, una enorme muestra de la cultura de Freud como antropólogo… Pero, como siempre digo respecto a los psicoanalistas, "hay que conocerlos y empaparse de sus ideas, pero no tomárselas muy a pecho".
Tatev
There are two ways to approach this book. One is that you treat it from the psychological perspective. In that case you being supposedly Freudian brings you greatest satisfaction since you are once again reaffirmed in your conviction that Freud knows everything and can provide an answer to every single question about Universe. Then again if you are Jungian all this book provides for you is all consuming irritation because your guru has long ago proved how wrong Freud was, has limited his underst ...more
Jason
although i am, at heart, a staunch jungian, freud has never failed to blow me away whenever i explore his work...i've read the introductory lectures on psycho-analysis and absolutely loved them, this collection of essays is no different...
admittedly, there could be no jung without freud...he did the essential groundwork upon which all other theoretical frameworks regarding human psychology are constructed...
here, his thoughts on the culture and the development of the super-ego are thoroughly and
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Alejo
First of all, Freud's theories are, to put it mildly, patchy. His observations are rarely proven substantially while the very scope of 'em requires a ton of examples and references. Funny how the man himself never hesitates to state it, immediately noticing that it doesn't bother him much.

Nevertheless, the puzzle that Freud lays down provokes introspection and reflection. Although I just can't find any of the Oedipus complex in me, his thoughts on the nature of the taboo and the ambivalence of e
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Matthew Leroy
Overall a tough book to summarize in a few pithy statements. For me Freud fulfills such a complex space, being both a genius and an incredibly naive product of his times. What Freud seems to think of his own conclusions about the primacy of the oedipal complex in the creation of culture at times stating boldly how important it is, and at other times discussing how there is complexity and he would not dare to be simple minded about these matters.

Freud discussed "primitive" tribes, and how they p
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Anoud


في هذا الكتاب يتحدث عبقري علم النفس ّسيجموند فرويد عن المقدسات و مصدر الحرام في المجتمعات ، مستنداً على نظام الطوطمية أو تقديس بعض الحيوانات لدى الشعوب البدائية ، أسهب جداً - بشكل ممل إن سمحتم لي بالوقاحة - بذكر أمثلة عديدة ، لكنه كتاب بأفكار قيمة فعلا و يحتاج لقراءة متأنية و نفس طويل

اقتباس من الكتاب عن تناقل المحرمات :

( تبقى المحرمات قائمة جيلاً بعد جيل ، وربما فقط بحكم التقليد ، المتناقل عن طريق السلطة الأبوية و الاجتماعية ، و من المحتمل أيضا أن تكون قد غدت جزءاً عضويا من الحياة النفسية للأجي
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Matt
I didn't love this one as much as I love some other Freud I read-- this is, to a surprising degree-- a book on anthropology more than psychology. Freud, I guess, wants to explore the roots of the incest taboo, and ultimately finds that the Oedipus complex explains it. But it's a long row to hoe before he gets there, most of which is taken up with summarizing examples from Fraser et al, material I found kind of boring in the individual books and moreso here, stripped of context and left as illust ...more
Ben
"In the beginning was the Deed."

This work is comprised of four short interrelated essays (in a style similar to Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality) and is Freud's first major attempt to apply psychoanalysis to the field of anthropology (he does this much more successfully, from my recollection, in Civilization and Its Discontents more than 15 years later). In this work he looks at the concepts of totemism and taboo in primitive societies and compares them to the modern cases of comp
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Mohammad
اطروحة الكتاب هي محاولة تفسير سيكولوجية من منظور التحليل النفسي لأقدم طقوس الانسان البدائي هي "الطوطم" أو الحيوان المقدّس وما ارتبط به من "تابوهات" أي تحريمات ومحظورات لقتل هذا الحيوان وتحريم الزواج الداخلي بين افراد القبيلة التي تنتمي الى نفس الطوطم. محاولة التفسير هذه يمكن أن تعدّ وجهة نظر جديدة لا يمكن التسليم بقطعيتها ولا مجال سوى الاندهاش من غرابتها، تنضم بذلك الى الدراسات الانسانية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية والسياسية المتنوعة التي اعتمدت نظرياتها على استقراء ما زوّدته الدراسات الاثنوغرافية ح ...more
Micah
Can social institutions be interpreted like dreams, symptoms, anxieties? Can we find emotional ambivalence and unconscious motives at their origins? Are there healthy doses of hypocritical remorse, barely-hidden hostility, perversion and fantastic paranoia even in our current penal, moral, religious, etc. arrangements? Have phantasies of anti-patriarchal rebelliousness and egalitarianism played a determining role in history? Freud of course makes wild generalizations, simplistic assumptions, ten ...more
William Durden
If you want to understand the 'band of brothers' and get a theoretical framework for democracy underpinned by not just psychoanalytic theory but research into tribal modes of existence, you'll want to read this book. Fits well with Derrida's "Politics of Friendship."
Morgan
«Χωρίς την υπόθεση μιας μαζικής ψυχής, μιας συνέχειας στη συναισθηματική ζωή των ανθρώπων, που κάνει δυνατό το ξεπέρασμα της διακοπής των ψυχικών πράξεων, διακοπή που οφείλεται στην εξαφάνιση (θάνατο) των μεμονωμένων ατόμων, η κοινωνική ψυχολογία γενικά δε θα μπορούσε να υπάρξει. Αν οι ψυχικές διαδικασίες δε συνεχίζονταν από τη μια γενιά στην επόμενη, αν κάθε γενιά ήταν υποχρεωμένη να υιοθετήσει από την αρχή μια αντιμετώπιση της ζωής, σε αυτόν τον τομέα δε θα υπήρχε καμία πρόοδος και καμία εξέλι ...more
Sina
ریشه و منشاء توتمیسم(که خود بعدها ریشه و منشاء دین و مذهب میگردد)، چیزی نیست جزعقده اُدیپ(پدرکشی، احساس ندامت به دلیل دوگانگی عواطف، مقدس دانستن پدر در ظاهری جدی)
این هم یک نظر و فرضیه بر اساس اصول روانکاوی. من قادر به تایید و یا رد کردنش نیستم
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§--
Lots of Montaigne-like catalogs of weird, primitive peoples. Fascinating stuff, even though it's all just Frazer regurgitated. Maybe just read Frazer. Most of the book is an overview of the data, the commonly observed practices among savages (excuse me: "the developing world."). Freud then provides another overview, this time of the major scholarly explanations offered [Frazer, Tylor, Lang, MacLennan, Spencer, Darwin]. Then, finally, he steps in and offers a contribution that he admits, does not ...more
Eduardo Sangarcía
Toda especulación sobre los origenes de la cultura y la civilización humanas resulta apasionante. Las ideas de Freud sobre la similitud entre ontogénesis y filogénesis me parecen muy seductoras, y si a eso le aunamos una exposición clara y amena - tan distinta de algunos de sus sucesores que parecen textos para iniciados en una oscura religión - todo está servido para que sigamos al austriaco en su viaje hacia el origen de la cultura, la religión y la ética: el parricidio, crimen primordial que ...more
Hamid Hasanzadeh
کتاب توتم و تابو یکی از معروفترین آثار پدر روانکاوی ، زیگموند فروید می باشد و به طور قطع می توان گفت که یکی از جالب ترین و بحث برانگیز ترین نوشته هایش است.
آنچه که در این اثر جالب است همان معادله ایست که فروید برای حل آن تلاش می کند، معادله ای که در یک طرف آن اقوام وحشی و بدوی و در سمت دیگرِ تساوی بیماران روانی قرار دارند.البته خود محقق بیان می کند که این تساوی تقریبی می باشد.

در قسمت اول این کتاب که عنوان آن ترس از زنای با محارم می باشد، به شرح مثال هایی از توتم پرستی و تابوهای ناشی از آن در اقوا
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Saeed Abdavi
در کتاب دو موضوع به هم پیوسته به نام های توتم و تابو به طور مستقل مورد برسی قرار میگیرد.البته تابو به دلیل اینکه اثار و نتایج ان تاکنون به گمان نویسنده باقی مانده و اثرات عمیقی بر زندگی روانی انسانها داشته بیشتر مورد توجهه قرار میگیرد.نویسنده میکوشد با توجه به تحقیقات و برسی هایی که در مورد زندگی بدویان معاصر انجام شده است به ریشه یابی به وجود امدن توتم و سپس منع های تابویی بپردازد .در این راستا عوامل مختلف روانکاوی از جمله عقده ادیپ،دوگانگی عواطف،سرکوب شدن غرایز و ...برای تحلیل رفتار افراد بدوی ...more
Mohammad Zakerzadeh
اطلاعات کتاب از تحقیقات انسانشناسان قدیمی در مورد قبایل بدوی قابل توجه و جالب است اما تحلیل خود فروید بر این موارد و اصرار عجیبش برای ربط دادن همه چیز به عقده ادیپ دور از شیوه علمی و بیشتر به خیالپردازی شبیه است.
با خواندن این کتاب بیشتر با نقد کتاب "افول امپراتوری فرویدی" همرای شدم که ورود تفکر روانکاوانه به انسانشناسی را فاجعه خوانده بود.

ترجمه و حروفچینی کتاب هم آزارنده ست که البته قدیمیبودن نسخهای که خواندم (سال ) در این بیتاثیر نیست.
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M Pereira
This is an interesting attempt of Anthropology and Archaeology by Freud. One thing that I found especially interesting is the wide variety of resources that he used and appeals to for these essays. I would never have expected Freud to have based his work on totemism on Durkheim for instance. I have to say though, there was a lot in this book I could not understand. If I attempted to understand this book, there seemed in my view, a large emphasis on sexuality and taboo, particularly on incest rit ...more
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Goodreads Librari...: Date first published 2 16 Jun 07, 2013 05:14AM  
What are the motifs and themes in Totem and Taboo? 6 107 Sep 27, 2011 06:10PM  
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Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality. He is regarded as one of the most influential - and controversial - minds of the 20th century.

Sigismund (later changed to Sigmund) Freud was born on 6 May 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now Pribor in the Czech Republic). His father was a merchant. The
...more
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The Interpretation of Dreams Civilization and Its Discontents The Ego and the Id Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis The Future of an Illusion (The Standard Edition)  (Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud)

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“No neurotic harbors thoughts of suicide which are not murderous impulses against others redirected upon himself.” 33 likes
“fear of death.” Our study of psychoneurotic disturbances points to a more comprehensive explanation, which includes that of Westermarck. When a wife loses her husband, or a daughter her mother, it not infrequently happens that the survivor is afflicted with tormenting scruples, called ‘obsessive reproaches’ which raises the question whether she herself has not been guilty through carelessness or neglect, of the death of the beloved person. No recalling of the care with which she nursed the invalid, or direct refutation of the asserted guilt can put an end to the torture, which is the pathological expression of mourning and which in time slowly subsides. Psychoanalytic investigation of such cases has made us acquainted with the secret mainsprings of this affliction. We have ascertained that these obsessive reproaches are in a certain sense justified and therefore are immune to refutation or objections. Not that the mourner has really been guilty of the death or that she has really been careless, as the obsessive reproach asserts; but still there was something in her, a wish of which she herself was unaware, which was not displeased with the fact that death came, and which would have brought it about sooner had it been strong enough. The reproach now reacts against this unconscious wish after the death of the beloved person. Such hostility, hidden in the unconscious behind tender love, exists in almost all cases of intensive emotional allegiance to a particular person, indeed it represents the classic case, the prototype of the ambivalence of human emotions. There is always more or less of this ambivalence in everybody’s disposition; normally it is not strong enough to give rise to the obsessive reproaches we have described. But where there is abundant predisposition for it, it manifests itself in the relation to those we love most, precisely where you would least expect it. The disposition to compulsion neurosis which we have so often taken for comparison with taboo problems, is distinguished by a particularly high degree of this original ambivalence of emotions.” 1 likes
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