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من العالم الثالث إلى الأول - قصة سنغافورة 1965-2000

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4.31 of 5 stars 4.31  ·  rating details  ·  789 ratings  ·  78 reviews
نبذة الناشر:

لم تتوقع سوى قلة قليلة من المراقبين أن تمتلك سنغافورة الصغيرة فرصة كبيرة بالبقاء حين منحت استقلالها عام 1965 فكيف –إذن- أصبحت المحطة التجارية النائية والمستعمرة السابقة حاضرة عالمية مزدهرة لا تمتلك أنجح شركة طيران في العالم، وأفضل مطار جوي، وأنشط ميناء بحري فقط، بل تحتل المرتبة العالمية الرابعة في متوسط دخل الفرد الحقيقي؟

الأب المؤسس لسنغافورة الحديثة، "لي كوان
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Hardcover, الطبعة الأولى, 1008 pages
Published 2005 by العبيكان (first published 2000)
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Appu In colonial times, Singapore was an entrepôt for the produce of British East Asia. Once the British left and Malaysia went its own way, Singapore had…moreIn colonial times, Singapore was an entrepôt for the produce of British East Asia. Once the British left and Malaysia went its own way, Singapore had nothing to export. Therefore Singapore repositioned itself as low cost but efficient base of manufacture for European, American and Japaneese MNCs. Also by improving infrastructure, it became a first world city right in the middle of the third world and became a centre of business finance and tourism (less)

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Hadrian
Part II of Mr. Lee Kuan Yew's memoirs.

Given his extremely busy life as a statesman over the past 30 years, this volume is not arranged in chronological order. Instead, LKY organizes it in two broad sections - the first on domestic policy, and the second on foreign relations.

The combinations of his political positions may seem odd to most Americans. In trade, he is a free market proponent, in domestic social spending he is a pragmatic social democrat, with a progressive but light tax policy. In t
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Huyen
I'm surprised this book is translated into Vietnamese. He makes no effort to hide his distaste for communism and the Vietnamese leaders who came to him for advice in the 1990s. Whether you like the way he's ruled Singapore Inc., he's an amazingly intelligent guy with a far-sighted vision for where his country was going and has largely succeeded and outdone many leaders of the West. From his fascinating description of other Asian countries, including many that had similar starting point as Singap ...more
Andrea
This guy just seems to get everything right. Take all the good stuff in Ayn Rand and turn it into something that's actually workable, and that adds in the concept of fairness. LKY is able to examine the policies of all the other countries that came before Singapore and take what's good and leave what's bad. His policies on "welfare," healthcare, retirement savings, you name it, it seems to be the ideal solution for dealing with the inherent problems of each of those things. His personal savings ...more
Mik Chernomordikov
Прекрасная автобиография одного из самых великих политических деятелей современности!
Толстая книга с подробными рассказами - но оно стоит того.
Имейте в виду, что где-то на первой трети начинается рассказ не про внутреннее устройство Сингапура, а про взаимодействие с другими странами - Великобританией, США, Китаем, Россией, Японией, Малайзией, Индонезией и другими.
Мне это понравилось больше всего, хотя, думаю, эта существенная часть книги может быть не всем интересна
Taisin
Fascinating and well worth reading. The story itself is great: a small nation, isolated, forced to import even drinkable water, obtains (forced into) independence. Ah, yes, small detail: British Empire, protector and developer of this big port, is moving out. And China is willing to move in.
Question: what do you do?
Majority's response: cry and die.
LKY's: whatever is necessary to make it work.
Amazing, what a team of people honestly dedicated to their country and utterly pragmatic can do, no?
And
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Lorong Cat
Dear Harry,

Thank you for your company during my daily lunch hour for the past couple of months. When I heave open the hard bound book that is the second volume of your memoirs, I feel as if I have been transported back in time to post-colonial Singapore. I have benefited from the peek into your early struggles and that of your colleagues Goh Keng Swee, Toh Chin Chye and Raja. I am intrigued by your account of The Plen (short for plenipotentiary), your moniker for Fang Chuang Pi, the mysterious
...more
Samuel
He was:
A free market supporter who also didn't mind some government intervention.
A die hard anti-communist who also supported gun control and unique social policies
A proponent of the rule of law but one who didn't mind using the state to jail and bankrupt his opponents in long court cases.
A dedicated classical liberal who also was willing to institute the infamous anti-chewing gum law and hang drug smugglers.
A founder of the most successful multi-cultural state in Asia but one who also be
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Nelson
A glimpse into a Cambridge-educated, economics-minded, personnel-obsessed statesman. This is his second memoir and includes stories of foreign relations.

His explanation for Singapore's bilingual policies is thus: If you can't speak English, you won't be able to find work and make a living. If you can't speak your native language, you'll lose your cultural identity, and hence your confidence, because no matter how well you speak English, you're not an Englishman.

He considers Hong Kongers to be dr
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Sergey
Безусловно, очень интересная книга одного из видных политиков на Востоке. Книга ценная тем, что подробно описывает шаги, которые предпринимались правительством Сингапура для развития страны, подкрепляя эти шаги комментариями от первого лица. Пребывание столько лет у власти - большой подвиг. Не меньший подвиг - работа над этой книгой.
Теперь о минусах. Автор претендует на то, что он рассказывает свою историю честно и от чистого сердца. Он не раз подчёркивает, что обходится также и со своим народом
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Khalil James
I dicided to read up on the history of modern singapore before I headed there for an international exchange later this year.

Lee and the other fathers of modern Singapore were able to fashion a Singapore with confucian values while capitalizing on western technology. The singapore we admire today was almost inconcievable back when Britain's depature threatened to leave the small island of 1.3 million chinese, indian and malay immigrants vulnerable to the whims of surrounding asian giants. Lee wa
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TarasProkopyuk
Очень хорошая книга от великого, сильного и главное эффективного лидера, который поднял крошечное островное государство Сингапур с колен и превратил в жемчужину не только азиатско-тихоокеанского региона, а даже и всего мира.

Ли Куань Ю конечно же не идеал, но я в большой степени восхищаюсь его способностями, многими взглядами на жизнь, и подходом к реализации больших и сложных задач, которые стояли перед государством.

Не понравилось в нём в основном его, как мне показалось, немного чрезмерный авт
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John Seno
A Broad overview of the policies and ideologies that shaped modern singapore. What really stands out is Lee Kuan Yew's almost religious commitment to improving the living standards of his people, he comes across as a man who detested politics for the sake of politics and endless discussions on ideology. This is Lee Kuan Yew's autobiography so he might understate the role of other stakeholders in Singapore's development story but nevertheless it is clear he did not squandered the trust of his peo ...more
Sashko Valyus
«Сінгапуру не потрібна демократія, йому потрібна дисципліна» Ось такими словами можна описати цю дивовижну книгу.
Автор — людина яка піднімала Сінгапур з аграрної країни-міста, до високотехнологічного мегаполісу. Книга описує не тільки розвиток усіх сфер від профсоюзів, до пенсійної системи, так і більша частина присвячена глобальній політиці між країнами. Крім власне історії Сінгапуру, ви взнаєте шлях розвитку країн південно схіної азії. Книга досить велика, але написана просто і розрахована на
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Tirath
A very interesting autobiography and history book.
Nicely segregated into 2 halves by the evolution of Singapore and Lee's views of the countries and histories around him.
Also nicely segregated by small chapters.

Substance: Singapore succeeded because of certain ideals that the 'founders' cherished - cleanliness, accountability, control of inter-racial tensions, need for real independence and the will to trade with the world or rather, facilitate trade.

China in 1976 was deplorable, and by 1992 thi
...more
Kolia Shlapak
Прекрасна книга. Цікава історія від першої особи про те як колишнє місто-колонія Великобританії перетворилося на азійського тигра.Історія становлення Сингапура як держави цікава тим, що місто мало дуже обмежені ресурси і складні національні конфлікти, однак зуміло зосередитися на своїх сильних сторонах та макисмально ефективно їх використовувати. Мемуари Лі Куан Ю - це не лише історія Сингапуру. З книги можна скласти гарне уявлення про історію та лідерів багатьох країн південно-східної Азії.
Samy
وجدته مفيدا جدا
Cristobal
One of the best books you'll ever read, period. Mr. Yew knows everything about how to build a prosperous country and nothing about political correctness. I'd never heard someone as accomplished as Mr. Lee describe with all honesty his dealings with super powers, heads of state and the common man.

If you're interested in learning how common sense, discipline and hard work can be combined to transform a country, you can't miss this book.
Mamdouh Saif
الشخص الياباني -بصرف النظر عن وظيفته- لديه رغبة في التفوق في دوره المرسوم والذي يؤدي إلى زيادة الإنتاجية.
Jim Awe
For anyone who has been to Singapore and wondered: How did this place get this way?, this is a must read. In fact, it explains a lot about how modern Asia in general came to be. But, it is way more than just a political memoir. He was Prime Minister for 30 years of a unique country (city-state) that emerged at the crossroads of international events. He personally weaves through all that history Forest Gump style, and you get to take an inside look at all kinds of events from around the world and ...more
Jopondo
can a country move form a poor third world nation to a modern firstworld centre of innovation, creativy and intellectualism? if u dont believe this read Lee Kuan Yew's 30 years at the helm of Singapore
Emad Mohamed
مقرتوش كلة لان فية فصول مش جوهرية بس تحربة بناء الجيش تجربة محترمة اوى تجربة بناء عدالة اجتماعية ناجحة شىء رائع وتبنى الدولة مصلح دولة العدالة الاجتماعية لا دولة الرعاية الاجتماعية.
Tair Kuanyshev
If you want to know how to build successful country with stable-growing economy and additionally to read history of the second part of 20th century, this book is for you)
Laura
Excellent book about the development of Singapore post British withdrawal. Not being conversant with Asian politics and history I found it an eye-opener. Clearly Lee Kuan Yew is a very intelligent man with a vision and outstanding leadership qualities. I particularly liked his memories of anecdotes and quibbles of world leaders. I found however that sometimes it read like a hagiography, which is why I have rated it four stars instead of five. I suppose any book that is written in first person ru ...more
Appu
This book is a statement of Lee Kwan Yew's political philosophy. It is also a memoir. Here are some of his key arguments:
(1) A good system/constitution cannot work unless the people who man the system are good. (2)Public servants, be they politicians or bureaucrats, must be selected on the basis of merit alone. (3) Provide them incentives to maintain their integrity by paying attractive salaries. (4)Welfarism is the root cause of economic stagnation(5)Policies must encourage people to be respon
...more
Andrew Carr
I had been meaning to read this book for a while, and after hearing of Lee Kuan Yews worsening condition last week I finally pulled it off my shelf. I’m very glad I did.

To be a ‘great man of history’ you usually have to lead a large nation or embody a clear and significant culture or ideology. Lee Kuan Yew did neither, but he was no doubt, a great man.

Lee led a small city state, which both joined and left a larger federation in his time, and was nearly swamped by the much larger states on either
...more
JoséMaría BlancoWhite
I had a great time reading what this great -and un-known to the West- leader wrote in this sort of memoirs book, and it was comprehensive too. It's not so much a memoirs book as his recollections of all things Singapore related during his long term in office. First of all, the book is easy and fun to read. That is the thing that most favorably surprised me, coming from a politician. It is sincere in tone, not ridden with sophistry or abstractions, but filled with common sense and expressed in a ...more
Arnold
Anyone visiting Singapore starting from Changi Airport (arrivals and/or departures) or any bookstore in town will be greeted by great piles of books from the city state's founding father. This has been going on for the past at least 8 years. As they are printed by his government's state owned printing company this is probably not a surprise.

For those of you interested in the history of Singapore since independence and the author's unquestionable and leading (some may say heavy handed) role then
...more
Ivan
Книга как Лии и его соратники за 30 лет превратили Сингапур в процветающее государство. Государство-няньку - с огромными штрафами, телесными наказаниями, и в тоже время с прекрасным фондом социальных льгот, квартирой для каждого рабочего. И добрая половина книги посвящена описанию политической ситуации Юго-Восточной Азии. Россия тоже упоминается.
Олексій
Цікава книга. Варто читати. Пізнавальний екскурс в історію постколоніального сходу. Та є вада - текст трохи переобтяжений занадто дипломатичними характеристиками владних персон та несуттєвих подій. Автор достойний поваги за свій політичний, суспільний та літературний внесок.
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“To straddle the middle ground and win elections, we have to be in charge of the political agenda. This can only be done by not being beaten in the argument with our critics. They complain that I come down too hard on their arguments. But wrong ideas have to be challenged before they influence public opinion and make for problems. Those who try to be clever at the expense of the government should not complain if my replies are as sharp as their criticisms.” 11 likes
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