نان و شراب
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نان و شراب (The Abruzzo Trilogy #2)

3.84 of 5 stars 3.84  ·  rating details  ·  1,328 ratings  ·  106 reviews
One of the 20th century's essential novels depicting Fascism's rise in Italy.

Set and written in Fascist Italy, this book exposes that regime's use of brute force for the body and lies for the mind. Through the story of the once-exiled Pietro Spina, Italy comes alive with priests and peasants, students and revolutionaries, all on the brink of war.
Published (first published January 1st 1937)
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A fugitive socialist, disguised as a priest, sneaks back into fascist Italy in 1935 after 15 years of exile. Pietro Spina hates pretending to be a priest. Indeed, he is an atheist who sees the Church as having collaborated with Mussolini, but the clerical garb gives him access to the people whom he hopes to mobilize for resistance and revolution.

He befriends the peasants in the Abruzzi village where he hides, but he collides against their skepticism about calls to action and against their stubb...more
نان و شراب، ماجرای روشنفکرانی است که، میخواهند راه به جایی ببرند، نیز روشنفکران سرخورده، روشنفکران مایوس و روشنفکران سازشکار. کشمکش های درونی انسان هایی که، در جستجوی جهانی بهتر و انسانی تر هستند. یک نجار، یا یک کشاورز، در رژیم استبدادی، شاید خود را با وضع موجود تطبیق دهد، و به کار خویش بپردازد. اما، برای یک روشنفکر مفری نیست، وی، یا باید تسلیم شود و زیر بیرق حاکم درآید، یا، تن به گرسنگی و رسوایی دهد، و در نخستین فرصت مساعد، کشته شود
Kebrit !!!
آزادی چیزی نیست که آن را به کسی هدیه کنند. می‌توان در یک کشور دیکتاتوری زندگی کرد و آزاد بود. فقط کافی‌ست تا علیه دیکتاتور مبارزه کرد. مردی که با مغز خودش فکر می‌کند آزاد است. مردی که بخاطر آنچه که بر حق می‌داند مبارزه می‌کند آزاد است. برعکس می‌توان در آزادترین کشورها زندگی کرد و با این وصف اگر آدم باطنا منفی‌باف و پست و بنده‌ی منش باشد آزاد نیست و با وجود فقدان هرگونه اجبار و زور باز هم برده است...
نام پیشنهادی ارشاد

نان و سرکه
Masoome Ya
انقلاب نیاز انسان است به اینکه دیگر تنها نباشد و دیگر کسی او را به جان انسان دیگری نیندازد،تلاشی است برای باهم بودن و دیگر بیم نداشتن.نیاز به برادری است.
به واسطه خوندن کتاب خاطرات یک مترجم مرحوم محمد قاضی به سمت این کتاب کشیده شدم. کتاب زیبایی بود. یادمه تو دوره ای این کتاب رو میخوندم که امتحانای ترمم بود و من تو خوابگاه دانشگاه شیراز. با خودم قرار گذاشته بودم که 45 دقیقه درس بخونم و 15 دقیقه نان و شراب. اونقدر مست این کتاب شده بودم که 45 دقیقه ی درسی رو چنان با هول ولا میخوندم که هیچی از درسا نمیفهمیدم. یادش بخیر . همین کتاب بود که باعث شد کتاب دانه زیر برفش رو هم بخونم که واقعا کتاب ضعیفی بود از نظر من. کاش سیلونه هیچ وقت واسه این کتاب دنباله...more
Murica (Fontamara); Revolution is not a try for removing lonliness, but a try to stay together and not fear”.
در مورد آثار ایناتسیو سیلونه، لطفن اینجا را بخوانید؛
I an going on a limb here but this book is very good. Written in 1936 by an anti fascist writer who also had the good sense to break with Stalin in the early 30's. He has been compared to the Italian Orwell. It gets more complicated. It has been recently revealed that he also was a police informer for the fascists, providing information leading to the arrest of many left wing opponents of the regime.

Thsi background in mind makes the book very interesting. It is a story of a leftist who returns t...more
Maryam Hosseini
مادام که کوه فقیر است از آن ماست، اما همینکه معلوم شد غنی است دولت آن را تصاحب خواهد کرد. دولت یک دست دراز دارد و یک دست کوتاه
دست دراز به همه جا میرسد و برای گرفتن است، دست کوتاه برای دادن است ولی فقط
به کسانی میرسد که خیلی نزدیکند

.ما زن ها همه همینطوریم، می خواهیم کمک کنیم و سپس خودمان محتاج کمک می شویم
شیوه نگارش و با الطبع شیوه ترجمه کتاب قدیمی و از مد افتاده بودند به قدمت داستانی که نقل شد. اما همیشه کهنگی دلیلی برای از کار افتادگی یابی فایده بودن و بدی نیست. داستانی که نقل شد داستان همه روزهای انسان است از روزگاری که دانست حیوانیست اجتماعی. فارغ از جنبه های شعاری داستان که آن را بی شباهت به جزوه های حزبی نمی کرد آن جدال و به محاکمه کشاندن انسانیت را دوست می داشتم در این کتاب. .
I read this one in 1994 or so, prompted by Silone's associations with postwar French thinkers and the usual rot which attracts pseuds in their early twenties. I recall the crowd scene rather vividly as well as the author's afterward where he recalls encountering soemone reading his book while travelling on a train.
Tyler Jones
Ignazio Silone, a founding member of the Italian Communist Party and a virulent anti-fascist, was living in exile in Switzerland in the mid-1930's. Mussolini was at the height of his powers and the Italian invasion of Ethiopia was very strongly supported by a majority of his countrymen. If this wasn't discouraging enough for a man like Silone, he had also lost faith in the Communist Party as a viable alternative to fascism. Josef Stalin had begun purging the Party of his personal enemies, acting...more
این داستان گویای مذهب است اما در پنهانی ترین نقطه درون سوسیالیزم و در زیر پوشش ضد مذهب، قهرمان داستان به نوعی ، مسیحی ، دیگر است. همچنین تحلیلی است ژرف بر سیاست و زندگی توده ها – در ایتالیا ی زمان و قوع این داستان .و نیز تحلیل سه عنصر: سوسیالیزم ، فاشیزم و کلیسا که هر کدام از آنها به تنهایی خصایص آن دو دیگر را داراست و هر یک می تواند نمادی از تمامیت خواهی دو جزء دیگر باشد .

سپینا قهرمان داستان، نماینده تفکر سوسیالیزمی است که بر علیه فاشیسم می جنگد ، فاشیسمی که در بطن خود فناتیزم و ارتجاع سیاه مسی...more
Nicholas Beck
An absolutely fascinating story of Pietro Spina a communist activist on the run from fascist authorities in Italy. Spina assumes priestly garb in a remote Italian village and proceeds to confront weighty political and social issues all the while attempting to come to terms with his own beliefs and attitudes to his fellow communist agitators.

Even more intriguing is that it appears that Ignazio Silone himself was a police informer for the Secret Police from 1920 to 1930 approx. A scene in the nove...more
Mark Cugini
there were a lot of things that troubled me about this book: a unreliable discourse, lack of steady point of view, confusion abouts who was the main character for the first 50 pages, and a lack of a clear narrative objective. all these factors made it a bit of a difficult read.

but-- silone's work was some of the most popular of its time, and in subject matter alone it's an admirable text. i read this hoping to spark the revolutionary inside me, but what was really outstanding, however, was the a...more
I first read this book in my freshman seminar in college, "The Search for Meaning." From the very first time I read it, the story affected me deeply. The story is of a man who, as a result of his Marxist activities, has been exiled from Italy. However, he cannot live away from his homeland and returns disguised as a priest to a small town in the mountains. It is here that he comes to recognize that the movement to which he had dedicated himself in his earlier life had become the very thing again...more
Matthew Kunnari
I wouldn't say that the plot is outstanding, but the setting, the characters, the concept are sound. A semi-communist revolutionary returns to his fascist homeland, Italy during the announcement of Italy's invasion of Ethiopia. The intriguing aspect is the contrast of beliefs examined in the novel: Pietro is communist/agnostic/former catholic disguised as a priest, living in a Catholic/mystic town, in the middle of the fascist movement and a swelling sense of social-economic divide and the ensui...more
This was one of THE books to read in the early 1960s but somehow it got past me--so when I saw it at a book sale I grabbed it. The writing is so clear, simple, and unaffected! The author's "style" is not a style but a way of respecting, loving, and despairing about the human condition. This book takes place in a remote area of Abruzzi and in Rome---Italy during ascendency of Mussolini, in the late 30s before WWII has fully inflicted itself on Europe. The term "action" doesn't exactly apply since...more
Richard Bon
The two characters I'll remember most from this classic are Uliva and Luigi, two of many Silone created with their own stories of how fascism or the Church (or both) affected them.

When Pietro Spina, Silone's aetheist, anti-fascism activist protagonist visits his old friend Uliva, he finds Uliva despondent and defeated, and Uliva tells Spina it's a waste of time to organize against the government and that the only answer is violence. Soon thereafter we learn that Uliva and his wife die in an expl...more
رمان نان وشراب سرگذشت یک کمونیست ایتالیایی در زمان مسیو لنی وجنگ جهانی دوم میباشد شخصیت اصلی این رمان از طرفی با درون خود در حال مبارزه است واز طرفی می خواهد اقداماتی علیه جنگ انجام دهد . وحکومت دیکتاتور موسیو لنی هم به شدت محیط ایتالیا را خفقان آور کرده اند.
"دولت تبلیغات مردم را با مجبور می کند که با شور و اشتیاق در تظاهرات شرکت کنند"
"حکومتی که بر پایه وحدت کلمه استوار باشد تاب شنیدن نه را ندارد"
A book about change, about trying to change, about efforts and exhaustion, about disappointment and hope.

This is a book of all, what we believe in. You do not need to share the political view of the heroes to enjoy the book. You could see them as people who believe in change and try to change. A story of real people who still know how to make their own wine and their own bread.
Martin Blasco
Ignazio Silone, despite of his years in exile in France and Switzerland, due too the fascist dictatorship in Italy, was able to capture the esence of those days. Bread and Wine is a criticism of any form of totalitarism. Full of tension and surprises. Not even the mountains are a good refuge. Bravo Ignazio.
I had seen this book on a list of classics--now I know why!
What is life all about? Is there a God? What can you do when your
country is fired up to go to war and you oppose it? Although set in the 1930's, it still relevant today.
Mehdi khani
فضای غم انگیز و تیره ای دارد.حس خاصی به آدم میده.البته به نظر من از رمانهایی است که تاریخ مصرف دارد و البته تاریخش گذشته

Perhaps I just don't know enough details about Italian history pre-WWII, but I found a lot of this book to be...just meh.

A socialist who has been in exile for 15 years sneaks back into Italy. A lot of this book is his thoughts--disappointment in how the country is going and how the movement has NOT gone and how so many people in it have either given it up or been arrested, and thoughts on the church, thoughts of his old teacher/priest Don Benedetto (who has been shunned for his thoughts/acti...more
Mohamad shahvar
در این رمان، که سهم حسب حال سیلونه در آن بسیار زیاد است، او از انقلابی دل‌زده‌ای سخن می‌گوید که احساس می‌کرد در وجودش سربرمی‌آورد. در واقع، در گفتگوهای این کتاب بعضی از دلایل تصمیم نویسنده به ترک حزب کمونیست در 1930 دیده می‌شود. رمانی است به معنای آنچه استاندال (2) رمان می‌پنداشت؛ یعنی آینه‌ای که انسان را در طول راهی به گردش درمی‌آورد. سیلونه بازگشت غیرقانونی پیترواسپینا (3)ی مهاجر را به ایتالیا ترسیم می‌کند که برای بهتر مخفی کردن خود به لباس کشیشی درآمده و نام دون پائولو (4) را برای خود برگزیده...more
buku silone kedua yang rhe baca. lebih berkesan fontamara dalam menunjukkan kehidupan masyarakat lokal pada masa perang dunia. kali ini memandang masyarakat na dari seorang pelarian yang bukan sosialis tapi juga bukan borjuis. saat kemerdekaan italia sudah di depan mata tapi kemelaratan masih ada dimana-mana karena kerja kaum sosialis yang kata na memperjuangkan kaum buruh tapi memasang pajak tinggi bagi mereka para petani dan empunya tanah.

kebijakan-kebijakan lain yang juga menguntungkan segeli...more
This is a book I picked out at random one day when I was buying books for school at the beginning of freshman year. It was like winning the lottery. Bread and Wine is the story of a man trying to reconcile his idealism with the inhumanity of the world. The man, who is torn between the ghosts of the Christian faith of his boyhood and the atheistic Communist faith of his adulthood, becomes a anti-fascist partisan in Mussolini's Italy. While trying to evade the fascist authorities, the communist re...more
Un libro il cui stile non è catalogabile facilmente: verismo, neoralismo, etc. Il suo tema è la riscoperta delle radici cristiane di un'intellettuale comunista, Pietro Spina. Ma, a differenza dei tradizionali eroi temerari che reagiscono alla realtà con azioni coraggiose, Pietro pone termine alle sua angosce con la rivoluzione interiore, le scelte quotidiane riflesso diretto di un rinnovato e profondo spirito cristiano. Un cambiamento che verifica quando torna negli ambienti politici della capit...more
For those who enjoyed Silone's Fontamara, this is another fabulous work of fiction set in Fascist Italy. Silone's lively characters and compelling themes make for page-turning reading. This book has a bit of the simplistic, Anna Karenina country-good/city-bad theme hammered into it. While the main character is unquestionably socialist and seeking to carry out his Marxist agenda throughout, he is at the same time plagued by self-doubt. Additionally, those opposed to the character's ideals and/or...more
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Figlio di una tessitrice e di un piccolo proprietario terriero, perde assai presto il padre e la madre, nel terremoto che nel gennaio del ‘15 distrugge gran parte della Marsica. Interrotti gli studi liceali, si dà alla politica quale socialista attivo e prende parte alle lotte contro la guerra e al movimento operaio rivoluzionario; nel 1921 partec...more
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Fontamara Il segreto di Luca The Abruzzo Trilogy: Fontamara, Bread and Wine, The Seed Beneath the Snow L'avventura d'un povero cristiano یک مشت تمشک

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“Destiny is the invention of the cowardly, and the resigned.” 5 likes
“But you can live in the most democratic country on earth, and if you're lazy, obtuse or servile within yourself, you're not free.” 1 likes
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