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On Violence

3.87 of 5 stars 3.87  ·  rating details  ·  1,192 ratings  ·  82 reviews
An analysis of the nature, causes, and significance of violence in the second half of the twentieth century. Arendt also reexamines the relationship between war, politics, violence, and power. “Incisive, deeply probing, written with clarity and grace, it provides an ideal framework for understanding the turbulence of our times”(Nation). Index.
Paperback, 120 pages
Published March 11th 1970 by Mariner Books (first published 1969)
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بداية توضح حنة وبشكل مبدئي بأن العنف بسبب عدم توفر البديل الحاسم في السياسة، وأن دعوات اللاعنف التي ظهرت في القرن العشرين كانت ردة فعل على الحروب والمجازر وتهديد الأسلحة الفتاكة.
الكتاب في جزء منه نقد لليساريين في بداية ومنتصف القرن العشرين، ونقد للماركسية وارتباطها بماركس ولينين.
في حديثها عن الحراك المدني للطلاب في الستينات وما بعدها ذكرت بأنها ظاهرة عالمية، وحللت أسبابها، فمنها وعيهم بالكوارث الكونية وتهديد العنف والتطور السريع للأسلحة، والشعور بتهديد التواجد الإنساني نتيجة هذا التطور.
قدمت نقد
Justin Evans
Had this been written by Joan Bloggs, it would be out of print and almost certainly ignored. But it was written by Hannah Arendt, so it's in print. And given the lack of books on violence, that's probably a good thing. Unfortunately I suspect that it can easily be misread. The historical context here is everything: Arendt isn't writing about violence, she's writing about violence at the end of the 'sixties and start of the 'seventies, when for a brief moment fairly large numbers of people though ...more
This book makes clear that Arendt is amazingly well read... Though, given 50 years, I am always amazed at how much more we are supposed to read (and often how much less we do) as modern academics and students rather than academics in the 1950s and 60s.

While I can see the relevance of Arendt's writing on this subject in reference to the time the book was published and in response to authors like Sorel and Fannon, unlike many of the other reviewers I am not a fan of this book. Her, at times polem
فائق منيف
اقتباسات من الكتاب:

أرندت: كل انحطاط يصيب السلطة، إنما هو دعوة مفتوحة للعنف

أرندت: كلما كانت سيطرة النزعة البيروقراطية على الحياة العامة أكبر، كان إغراء ممارسة العنف أكبر

أرندت: التمرّد الطلابي ظاهرة كونية، لكن تجلياتها تختلف بالطبع اختلافا كبيرا بين بلد وآخر

أرندت: إن تنوّر المرء يقف على الدوام ضد طبيعته كصاحب مصلحة

فانون: الجوع مع الكرامة، أفضل من الخبز الذي يؤكل في العبودية

أرندت: العنف يظهر حين تكون السلطة مهددة، لكنه إن ترك على سجيته سينتهي الأمر باختفاء السلطة

أرندت: إن ذروة الإرهاب تكون حين تب
Hamad Altasan
كتيب يقع في ١٠٠ صفحة يتكلم عن ظاهرة العنف وظهورها مع السلطة وتوضح فيه أردنت أن العنف يطغى عندما تكون السلطة غير شريعة وما هو إلا أداة وأنه ليس على كل حال خيار غير عقلاني، كما أن خيار اللاعنف الذي إختاره غاندي يصنف أنه عقلاني، كما ترى حنة أن الوسائل في العصر الحديث بسبب تطورها الرهيب لا يمكنها أن تبرر الغاية لإستخدامها، يجدر الإشارة إلى أن الكتاب صدر بعد قيام الحركات الطلابية في أنحاء العالم تحدثت الكاتبة عن طبيعة هذه الحركات ومقاومة السلطات لها وخيار العنف واللاعنف، الكتاب غثيث نوعاً لأنه يتطلب ...more
Jwharah Alghamdi
تضبط حنه دلالات كل من العنف والسلطة، وتحدد أوجه العنف المختلفة سواء في الأنظمة السياسية او الثورات، وتندد بدعوات العنف وترى ان فيها نوع من اعادة لتوكيد التمايز الطبقي.
وتنتقد الأحزاب اليسارية وترى انها ابتعدت عن فلسفة ماركس بتبنيها أسباب عاطفية كالاخلاق في ثوراتها وهو ماسعى ماركس لتحرير الثورات منها لأسباب مادية وترى ان التقدم والتطور في الماركسية نتاج حتمي لتطور التناقضات للوصول الى طبيعتها التركيبية ، وتأخذ على الماركسيه اهمالها للتأصيل النظري لمجالس الثورات مقابل حضورها العملي كأسلوب للمشاركة
فاطمة عبد السلام

العنف لا يظهر إلا عندما تكون السلطة مهددة ، والسلطة والعنف يتعارضان وشرط وجود أحداهما يجعل الآخر غائبا ، ويقصد بتعبير السلطة (ليس القمع) ، وإن كان العنف يستطيع أن يدمر السلطة فهو بالضرورة غير قادر على خلقها.

العنف أحيانا ذو الغاية قصيرة المدى يكون فعّال ومجدي ولكن إذا تطرّف تغلبه الوسيلة وتتوه الغاية وتصبح غير معرفة وفي كل الأحوال ينزع لإيجاد مبرر.

أكثر أشكال السلطة تطرفا هو حكم الجميع ضد الواحد بمعنى تغالب السلطة ضد الأقليات وأكثر أشكال العنف تطرفا هو حكم
Robert Wechsler
Although structured as a three-part essay, this is essentially two intertwined essays in one. Each is interesting in a different way. The ideas of one, focused on the engagé moment, come out of the student revolutions in Europe and the U.S. (and, to a lesser extent, black power). This essay takes the reader back (if old enough) to an interesting moment that turned out not to have had a great effect, politically, on the future (its greatest effect, especially in the U.S., has been the reaction to ...more
John David
Arendt’s book begins by commenting on the paradoxical nature of violence during the Cold War. She says, “The technical development of the implements of violence has now reached the point where no political goal could conceivably correspond to their destructive potential or justify their actual use in armed conflict.” She is, of course, referring to the advent of the atomic age. In an age, then, when the victory of one party of another means the virtual annihilation of both, what political and id ...more
Dec 19, 2008 Jessica rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommended to Jessica by: John . Bova
political analysis of violence & power in the modern world. brief & lacking overview:

in pt 2 arendt defines power, violence, authority, force, & strength, clarifies their relationships w/ one another (stellar lines like [Violence] phenomenologically… is close to strength, since the implements of violence, like all other tools, are designed and used for the purpose of multiplying natural strength until, in the last stage of their development, they can substitute for it), & analyze
Now, this was disappointing!
Part I is clearly dated, I was ,nevertheless, surprised from Arendt's trivialization of black student movement, and generally from here "lumping" of the Neo-Leftists student movements across both sides of the Atlantic.
Part II, Arendt introduces here definition of Power, Strength, Force, Authority and Violence. Her definition of Power seemed simplistic to me (Where's Gramsci in all of this I kept asking). In this part she introduces the basic premise of the book and t
A fantastic treatise on the nature and function of violence, particularly in the modern period. However, the focus is overwhelmingly from the political dimension. Divided into three parts, parts 2 and 3 are essential reading. Part 1 oftentimes comes off as dated in its examples and outlook. But it is Part 2 that makes the entire book. In it, Arendt carefully delineates and differentiates definitions for "Power", "Strength", "Force", "Authority", and "Violence". All of which are useful if not nec ...more
يقول سوريل مشاكل العنف لاتزال شديدة الغموض .هذا فعلا ما وصلت إليه بعد الكتاب، السلطة والقوة و امتلاك الأدوات كل ذلك يزيد من تعقيد المسألة .

في الثورة تقول : نحن نعلم كم هي نادرة ثورات العبيد وانتفاضات المضطهدين والمحرومين على مدى التاريخ ، وفي المرات القليلة التي حدثت فيها انتفاضات من ذلك النوع ، كانت مجرد فورات غضب مجنون حولت الأحلام إلى كوابيس سقط الجميع في وهادها . وأن الانتصار غير المرجح ،لن يسفر أبدا عن تغيير العالم أو النظام بل عن تغيير قادة .

السلطة : حين نقول عن شخص ما أنه في السلطة فإننا
This was a really great work of political theory by Arendt. It explores violence, mostly through the lens of the 1960s when she was writing this book. It looks at the student rebellions across the world, in both democracies and communist countries. The coincidence of the uprisings is interesting, and she posits that they are both protesting for the same reason, albeit in different manifestations. Students around the world were looking for freedom. The students in communist countries were looking ...more
This is a 3.5 star that caprice has me marking a 3. I've been wanting to read this for a few years and have only got around to it now, as is my way. What made this an interesting read for me is the perspective she's writing from--1970 at the height of New Left activism and acceptance of violence. She has some interesting analysis on the leftist perversion of Marx (conversely she has some absolutely racist analysis of the beginnings of multiculturalism, which she calls "soul and Swahili classes" ...more
محمد عبداللطيف
قبل شروعي في قراءة هذا الكتاب , كانت توقعاتي في السحاب , وأحسست أنني سأقرأ تحفة من تحف الزمن التي تترك علامة خالدة في ذهن و عقل كل من يقرأه لكن و بكل أسف إكتشفت أنه كتاب ممل للغاية ، ولم يضف إلي جديد أو مفيد تقريباً , ملئ بالتنظير , و الألفاظ و المصطلحات الضخمة , و مكتوب بلغة تبدو و أنها متعمدة أن تكون بهذا التعقيد و الضخامة و الصعوبة
Jonathan Norton
Written in 1969, this is Arendt's brief appraisal of the 1968 student upheavals, and the civil disorder occurring across American cities at the same time. Some of it repeats ideas from "On Revolution" a decade earlier, but there is new commentary from her engagement (mostly sceptical) with the student literature. She didn't think much of Fanon, though acknowledged that he wasn't deeply studied by his self-declared disciples. Black Power movements also get a harsh assessment, though she recognise ...more
Rock Lamanna
While examining why the student movements of the '60s reached a boiling point, something I didn't expect when I first opened the cover, Arendt disentangles Mao Zedong's axiom that power grows from the barrel of a gun. By clearly and concisely distinguishing terms like power, violence, and authority, words we tend to use synonymously in political discourse, the true source of power is revealed--political action conducted in concert with others--which she then extends to explain the collective fee ...more
While there are a number of key insights to be had in this slim, late work and her formulation of the inverse relationship between power and violence is fascinating, it's all bogged down in cringe-inducing racism -- for instance, her assertion that black student activists who were unqualified to attend university supposedly misused their power to demand courses in "nonexistent subjects" such as African literature, or her assertion that yes, of course reverse racism is a real thing and that black ...more
Stephen Ullman
A rebuttal of Mao's famous statement that "Power grows from the barrel of a gun." Arendt distinguishes between power and violence and in social and political terms places them as isolated presences. Where there is power there is no violence, where violence occurs, it is a sign of weakness. This book is only getting more relevant.
Nicholas Gunter
Fascinating political philosophy examining the differences between power and violence. She claims power and violence are antithetical. Violence comes in the absence of power.

Also, there is a movie coming out about Hannah Arendt! Very excited to see the portrayal of Arendt's philosophy, coming out of World War II, on the big screen!
Arendt explains the dynamics and differences between power, violence, and authority, blending theory with examples ranging from university sit-ins to centuries of bloody revolution. Her understanding of these dynamics even seems to predict accurately some current conflicts--such as the wars on drugs and terrorism and backlashes against European and American economic demonstrations.

There are a few instances where her views on race are more than a little backwards -- she makes references to the f
Mark Fitzpatrick
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Read this alongside Walter Benjamin, Zizek, Quaker history, etc. as part of a larger examination I've been doing on the subject of violence. It's too big a subject for me to really synthesize my ideas here but I want to sketch a few thoughts.

The title of this book is a bit misleading, as violence occupies a relatively small (though important and valuable) portion of the argument. Arendt's concern has more to do with the ideology of "progress" and its relationship to "events" – specifically, the
Hannah Arendt's short book of political philosophy, On Violence, is a simple, fulfilling and digestible text that poses interesting questions for understanding politics, history, revolution and the State. While her writing is less than perfect - she often wrote in a rush and then had her books 'englishified' - her exposition and discussion of political concepts is both insightful and challenging. This book is certainly worth reading, and in all likelihood will not occupy more than an afternoon; ...more
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
This is the second Arendt book I've read, the first being Eichmann in Jerusalem. Both of them are top-notch. This is an incredibly even-handed treatment of the subject of violence. Arendt essentially dispels the left's worst ideological excesses when it comes to violence–both those who are against it no matter the context and those, like Mao, who wrote that "power grows out of the barrel of a gun." It's particularly impressive that she wrote these two essays in the middle of the massive upheaval ...more
Thiaggo Marrero
Sobre la violencia un ensayo sumamente corto pero con un contenido bastante denso. Es uno de los últimos escritos realizados por la fenomenal Hanna Arendt. El ensayo está dividido en tres partes, comenzando la primera parte con una exposición del mundo en plena Guerra Fría y el terror de toda una generación a la destrucción consecuencia de una catástrofe nuclear. En este marco, Arendt explora el imparable avance de la tecnología bélica, las interrogantes relativas a la utilidad de la guerra en e ...more
La violencia es algo natural en el ser humano, posiblemente es natural, sin más, y no hay nada que no se resuelva en la tensión: “Conviene saber que la guerra es común a todas las cosas y que la justicia es discordia y que todas las cosas sobrevienen por la discordia y la necesidad”, decía Heráclito de Éfeso. De hecho, por poco que nos paremos a pensar, nos daremos cuenta que no mantenemos nuestra vida nutriéndonos sin destruir en su forma, sin matar, nada de lo que nos sirve de alimento. La mue ...more
Hannah Arendt's On violence was published in 1970. In this tiny book she layed out her ideas on violence, power and resistance. The key points the book contains are as follows:
1) the rejection of the common idea that power and violence are each others synonyms (Arendt states that she thinks that they are actually opposites)
2) that violent marxist revolutionaries haven't read Marx and Engels properly according to her since they rejected the use of excessive violence to obtain goals (what about
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ملتقى الفكر التقدمي: في العنف 4 31 Nov 25, 2013 01:38PM  
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Hannah Arendt (1906–1975) was one of the most influential political philosophers of the twentieth century. Born into a German-Jewish family, she was forced to leave Germany in 1933 and lived in Paris for the next eight years, working for a number of Jewish refugee organisations. In 1941 she immigrated to the United States and soon became part of a lively intellectual circle in New York. She held a ...more
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“These definitions coincide with the terms which, since Greek antiquity, have been used to define the forms of government as the rule of man over man—of one or the few in monarchy and oligarchy, of the best or the many in aristocracy and democracy, to which today we ought to add the latest and perhaps most formidable form of such dominion, bureaucracy, or the rule by an intricate system of bureaux in which no men, neither one nor the best, neither the few nor the many, can be held responsible, and which could be properly called the rule by Nobody. Indeed, if we identify tyranny as the government that is not held to give account of itself, rule by Nobody is clearly the most tyrannical of all, since there is no one left who could even be asked to answer for what is being done. It is this state of affairs which is among the most potent causes for the current world-wide rebellious unrest.” 10 likes
“To sum up: politically speaking, it is insufficient to say that power and violence are not the same. Power and violence are opposites; where the one rules absolutely, the other is absent.” 0 likes
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