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Rosa Luxemburg
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Sozialreform Oder Revolution?[Mit Dem Anhang "Miliz Und Militarismus"]

4.13 of 5 stars 4.13  ·  rating details  ·  765 ratings  ·  25 reviews
Ο τίτλος της μελέτης αυτής φαίνεται στην αρχή εκπληκτικός. Κοινωνική μεταρρύθμιση ή επανάσταση; Είναι λοιπόν δυνατό η σοσιαλδημοκρατία νάναι εναντίον της κοινωνικής μεταρρύθμισης; Ή μήπως αντιπαρατάσσει την κοινωνική επανάσταση, την ανατροπή του υπάρχοντος καθεστώτος, στην κοινωνική μεταρρύθμιση; Όχι βέβαια. Για τη σοσιαλδημοκρατία ο καθημερινός πρακτικός αγώνας για κοινων ...more
Published 2010 by Müller (first published 1899)
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Miquixote
Rosa was amazingly prescient. .She predicted that imperialists would continue to impose their style of democracy in the 3rd world where the rich are the only ones who get freedom. That they would continue to destroy whoever gets in their way: ie. military /CIA coups. That even in the 1st world, capitalism would capitalize on anything to pick apart our rights. Homeland security, the war on drugs, whatever excuse they can come up with. Liberals (blair, obama are no different and will we ever learn ...more
Will
Rosa Luxemburg was a firebrand socialist, a pioneering political woman and Marxist theorist. She was a member of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD, the same ones in coalition with Angela Merkel's conservative Christian Democrats over a century later!) and later the Communist Party of Germany. In 1919 Luxemburg was killed by German paramilitaries after a failed socialist uprising.

Luxemburg wrote Reform or Revolution as a reaction to a book by Eduard Bernstein, another leading figure in the
...more
Otto Lehto
A well written critique of Eduard Bernstein's reformist social democracy (or "evolutionary socialism"). Despite my disagreements with Luxemburg's starry-eyed adherence to Marxist doctrine, her discipleship does not dull her wit or make her pen run any less sharply across the yellowy page in condemnation of suspected bourgeois heresies. Highly recommended as a good summary of highly evolved Marxist dogma - in the form of "scientific socialism" - for any student of history.

It should be remembered
...more
Eric Gulliver
Reform or Revolution is Rosa Luxemburg's stark response to Eduard Bernstein's book Evolutionary Socialism. Despite the fact that this book does hold small excerpts of brilliance that encompass Luxemburg's ability to combine passion with intelligence, her rebuttal was all but out of reach for me. That is, for a person with an elementary understanding of the political/social atmosphere of Germany between the dates 1880-1900. The Introduction by Mary-Alice Waters is satisfactory as it gives the con ...more
tom
Pretty good polemic, but falls in the awkward position of not being a real introduction because it uses Marxist terms on the regular and is only really understandable from that perspective while also not really saying anything new to someone who's familiar with Marxism. There are quite a lot of good quotes that give good explanations for why x view is wrong - not comprehensively, but enough to give you a good idea *if* you're familiar with Marxism. Sometimes the writing is a bit bad and I had a ...more
Charlie
Powerful and clever writing in a delightfully short book. I really like this woman. Her penultimate chapter, "Collapse", was especially enjoyable to read, making the most of but/therefore rhetoric. Even though "Reform or Revolution" was largely focused on disproving and criticising the theories of Eduard Bernstein, the same way Lenin's "The State and Revolution" continuously denounced someone named Kautsky, Luxemburg gave rational and convincing explanations for her dislike that made for engagin ...more
Claudio Saavedra
A throughout critique of Eduard Bernstein's "Evolutionary Socialism" that goes to lengths to show the idealist nature of Bernstein's work and how, instead of presenting a consistent path towards the emancipation of the working class, it merely justifies the existing social structures and places social democracy as nothing but a tool for the amelioration of the conditions of workers, but always inside the limiting frame of capitalism.

Bernstein's work is particularly important because, through its
...more
Chelsea Szendi
Over 100 years later, the situation and the reputation of "revolution" has shifted, but the ever-expanding crises Luxemburg describes persist. I particularly like her emphasis that revolution demands qualitative change, and cannot be thought of as only a more rapid, spontaneous manifestation of reform. Her prose has teeth.
Yaser maadat
تقدم روزا لوكسمبورغ في هذا العمل مقارنات بين الثورة الاشتراكية التي تقود نحو مجتمع اشتراكي و بين الاصلاح الاجتماعي عبر نضال اشتراكي عمالي و نقابي و لكن في ظل مجتمع رأسمالي،محاولة أن تدحض نظريات المفكر
الاشتراكي الاجتماعي الالماني ادوارد برنشتاين الداعي الى اندماج الاشتراكيين في المجتمع الرأسمالي بعيدا عن الثورة الاشتراكية،تلجأ روزا لوكسمبورغ الى اسلوب الهجوم المباشر على افكار برنشتاين عبر التمسك بمبادىء الماركسية في حتمية انهيار النظام الرأسمالي و نهوض الاشتراكية عبر ثورة ثم دكتاتورية البروليتار
...more
Kristjhan
Within a year or so of her life in Germany and her involvement with the SPD Luxemburg had already developed such a profound knowledge of the internal conflicts of the party, represented here in probably her first major work, foremost a polemic against the revisionist/reformist trend lead by Bernstein and expressed in his book Evolutionary Socialism. Bernstein's basic argument is that with the development of capitalism in the latter decades of the 19th century, i.e. the progressive strengthening ...more
Peter
Dit pittige strijdschrift ageert vooral tegen de 'reformistische' politiek van Bernstein en andere figuren uit de vooroorlogse SPD. Haar stellingen ('de socialistische beweging is niet mogelijk als het socialistische einddoel ontbreekt' en 'de dictatuur van het proletariaat is een historische noodzakelijkheid, echter; het proletariaat moet dit in gaan zien') steunen vooral op een zeer orthodoxe vorm van het historisch-materialisme. In de bespreking van de 'afvlakkingsmethoden', die volgens Berns ...more
Josepha
In Reform or revolution (1899) Rosa Luxemburg wrote down her fundamental disagreements with the theories of Eduard Bernstein and Konrad Schmidt. They upheld the idea that socialism could be obtained by reforms instead of revolution. She responded to these claims that history and contemporary times show not a movement closer towards socialism but further away from it: that capitalism is actually strengthening itself, not weakening.
Her arguments we're strong and her analysis of the works of Schmi
...more
Max
A lot of ideas packed into a short work, this is a well-formed response to the centrist current in Germany's Social Democratic movement in the period leading up to WW1. A great deal of it is hauntingly relevant to today's political and economic issues (her take on Europe's credit crisis at the turn of the 20th Century could have been written a few short years ago). My only real issue with this is the exclusivist perspective she takes on strategy: she demonstrates the limitations of trade unions ...more
Benjamin A'Lee
In places it's clear that this is a product of a specific time and place; it's very much an attempt to refute a particular theory that was current at the time of writing, that of Eduard Bernstein, and does so with regular references to his book (and some specific quotation of late-nineteenth-century economic data). But the argument itself is general enough that it's possible to gain something useful from it even a century later; the reformist tendency is no less significant now than then, and th ...more
Brett
This very short book by Rose Luxemburg is considered to be a radical lit classic for reasons that are not entirely clear to me. Rife with Marxian jargon, it is overwhelmingly concerned with a internecine dispute in German radical politics at the turn of the 20th century. While I did find parts of it interesting, the modern relevance that some seem to find in the text didn't materialize much for me.

It's not hard to guess the answer to the question of the title in Luxemburg's view. For her, revolu
...more
Audrey Bee
A Socialist and Marxist Classic! I recommend this gem to those wanting to understand Socialism very highly!
Nativeabuse
Not as good as I was hoping, this whole book is just her arguing that revolutionary socialism is superior to reformist socialism.

The arguments are very flawed due to their age, and obviously she was on the losing side of the argument as history shows.

I will say this was much better than anything you would ever get from Emma Goldman.
Iris
It was really hard to get into this, but towards the end I did and I'd love to read it again. There's a lot of really great historical context involved, and its terribly encouraging to hear about people of the PAST who were so radical and had to be so in much more oppressive situations.
Sinem
akademik hakaret nasıl edilir, marksizm nedir ne değildir hepsini bi arada öğretti. üstelik sadece cep boy, 128 sayfada. ucuz reklam gibi oldu ama değil. marksizmin devrim boyutunu ikinci kaynaktan ve ucundan azcık öğrenmek için ideal.
Micah
No real beef with Rosa's arguments here, but she spends a lot of time on issues she could've covered briefly and a short amount of time on issues she should've gone into depth about.
Alex
Nice little book. Rosa Luxemburg is awesome. Read her. Love her. And revolt!
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Rosa Luxemburg (Rosalia Luxemburg, Polish: Róża Luksemburg) was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and activist of Polish Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, the Social Democratic Party of Germany(SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party and the Communist Party of Germany. ...more
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The Accumulation of Capital The Essential Rosa Luxemburg: Reform or Revolution/The Mass Strike The Mass Strike The Rosa Luxemburg Reader The Russian Revolution/Leninism or Marxism?

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