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No Crystal Stair: A Documentary Novel of the Life and Work of Lewis Michaux, Harlem Bookseller
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No Crystal Stair: A Documentary Novel of the Life and Work of Lewis Michaux, Harlem Bookseller

3.94 of 5 stars 3.94  ·  rating details  ·  852 ratings  ·  213 reviews
Coretta Scott King award-winning author Vaunda Micheaux Nelsons great uncle was Lewis Micheaux, owner of the famous National Memorial African Bookstore. Located in the heart of Harlem, New York, from 1939 to 1975, Micheauxs bookstore became the epicenter of black literary life and a rallying point for the Black Nationalist movement. Some of its famous and most loyal patron ...more
Hardcover, 188 pages
Published February 1st 2012 by Carolrhoda Books (first published December 29th 2011)
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Newbery 2013
23rd out of 116 books — 1,120 voters
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Community Reviews

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This is a biographical novel about Lewis Michaux, who was an influential bookseller in Harlem. It was called a "documentary" novel because it includes real documents, such as photographs and newspaper clippings, and then the author wrote the narrative based on her research about Lewis, who was her great-uncle. It's geared toward YA, but I think it has crossover appeal for adults.

Lewis wanted to encourage blacks to read more about their history, so he started selling books by blacks and for black
It's a problem that I suppose every reviewer -- maybe even every reader -- experiences at some point. What happens when your take on a book is starkly, radically different from the consensus? How does that change the way you approach your discussions of it?

As I read No Crystal Stair, I have to confess that I didn't find it very effective. Vaunda Micheaux Nelson is on the record as saying that she initially conceived of the book as a pure biography of Harlem bookseller Lewis Michaux, but was unab
Amy Sherman
What is there to like?
The subject, Lewis Michaux, and the role he and his bookstore played in the civil rights movement and 20th-century black culture and history are well worth learning about, and this book does a fine job of bringing greater attention to Michaux's work, presenting it in an easy-to-read package. The inclusion of federal documents, newspaper clippings, and photographs from the time are an interesting glimpse through history, and bring it to life.

What's not to like?
Considered as
Barb Middleton
This interesting twine of factual and fictional material brings to life the charismatic bookseller Lewis Michaux who pushed for education and literacy in the Harlem community. He believed that the power of knowledge that came from reading would move blacks from being victims of injustice to educated citizens producing leaders in the community. He created an institution with his bookstore that not only sold books "for black people, [books] by black people, books about black people here and all ar ...more
Almost a five-star and maybe it ought to be. This is a compelling book and a challenging one; it is black literature through and through, reminding me of books from what I vaguely think of as a heyday for black-focused children's literature in the seventies, when four of the ten Newbery winners (plus some scattered Honors) had African American authors and/or themes and/or characters, when I met far more black characters in the pages of my school readers than I did in real life in southeast Portl ...more
Jun 16, 2012 elissa rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommended to elissa by:
I guess documentary novel (in the subtitle) about covers it. Fascinating look at the life of Lewis Michaux, who ran an extremely influential bookstore in Harlem for more than 3 decades. I love that this was written by his great-niece (the granddaughter of his brother Norris). I read part of it a couple of months ago and it took me a long time to get back to it, but when I finally picked it back up, I had a hard time putting it down. Also, the other 3 people in my family all enjoyed this, too.

There are a lot of them out there. Everyman heroes--men who accomplish great things; inspire and touch lives. They frequently do so with no fanfare or spotlight. This is the story of one such man. I really enjoyed reading about Lewis Michaux, who had a bit of a rocky start in life, but who eventually found his niche selling books. In Harlem. Where people told him books were not exactly a high-demand item. But for nearly forty years his bookstore was the "third place" of Harlem, a center of cultu ...more
Jun 30, 2012 Jamie rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommended to Jamie by:
Not quite a true biography, but rather a fictionalizes one. I found this book fascinating, and I think teens would too. Mr. Michaux was not perfect, in fact, much like Malcolm X, he started out as a bit of a criminal. But upon moving to Harlem, he determined that the best thing to uplift the race was to open a bookstore. Starting with only 5 books, the store grew to be the largest African American bookstore, and a real hub of African American literary world.

Vaunda Micheaux Nelson was his great n
Monica Edinger
Outstanding. To say this is the story of a Harlem bookseller is true, but not only was Michaux and his bookstore clearly hugely influential, but through him the author gives readers a riveting history of the time in which he lived. Fictionalized, but closely and carefully researched, this is an amazing work. Highly, highly recommended. My blog review.
Michelle Pegram
This informational book tells the story of Lewis Michaux, the proprietor of the National Memorial African Bookstore in Harlem. Michaux started the book store with 5 books, a small stake, and the belief that what black people lacked most was a knowledge of their own history and culture. One banker, when turning Michaux down for a loan, told him he should sell fried chicken because black people did not, and would not, read. Michaux's store became a center for cultural knowledge, conversation and e ...more
Paul  Hankins
Early prediction: Vaunda Micheaux Nelson's title will be short-listed for the Coretta Scott King Award for 2012.

Aside from the authentic voices that come out in this book, No Crystal Stair serves as a super example of what a non-fiction, illustrated text could look like within the Common Core State Standards.
4.5 stars!

If you're an experienced reader, you can often guess the whole plot of books just by reading the summary. In this case, I thought I knew exactly what NO CRYSTAL STAIR was about from the very start - another "I-accomplished-my-dream-despite-all-odds" book. Nope! Vaunda Micheaux Nelson is too smart for that!

This book has a most interesting narrative: Characters take turns telling their stories in short "accounts," as if they're personally talking to you. It's a very intimate and effectiv
Summary: In this work of historical fiction, Nelson tells the story of a man with a passion for knowledge and of a bookstore whose influence has become legendary.

This was a book that I didn't want to put down. It was very interesting. The author writes this book about her great uncle trying to find out as much as possible about Lewis Michaux, a man who opened a bookstore in Harlem to black people with books, artifacts, pictures, and other items so that black people could read material by black a

this book will become a regular gift to give. biography of an african american bookseller in harlem (and also his family, one of which was a famous black preacher).

there are stories of kids reading langston hughes and paul dunbar for the first time, stories of dr. king and malcolm x. there is even a paragraph by ashley bryan(!) i can't praise this book enough, belongs in every library and bookstore in america.
and to be read by anyone wanting a great history of bookselling, african amer
Doctor Sax
Simply outstanding!
The vision and success of Lewis Michaux and his legendary Harlem bookstore make for tremendous reading. A bookstore in name only, his establishment was the hub for Malcolm X and other Black civil rights leaders. The bookstore also spawned generations with a foundation of black history that previous to Michaux had rarely if ever been available to the masses. Fantastic effort!
Judi Paradis
I have a new hero. Lewis Michaux knew that knowledge was power and set out to empower the African-American community by opening the first bookstore in the United States that sold books by and about African-Americans. His store, opening in New York's Harlem neighborhood in the 1930s, became a gathering place for Black intellectuals. He was friends with a number of important writers and political leaders, including Malcolm X, who often stayed in his store reading all night long. Many in the Civil ...more
Shelby Zimmerman
This book is a documentary novel about the life of Lewis Michaux. He was raised in a time where African American people were not treated equally. They also tended to not have the opportunity to have an education. He was always getting into trouble when he was younger and that carried into his early adulthood. His brother, Lightfoot, started a church that became huge and very successful. When Lewis and his other brother got into some serious trouble with the law, Lightfoot gave him the opportunit ...more
Saleena Davidson
This is a biographical novel about Louis Michaux....and it is informative and fact, my only problem with it, is that it is a biographical novel...which means MOST of it is factual, with a few liberties taken to add conversations they know about but don't have copies of, things like that....but what it means in reality (and in a library) is that it's a hard's not just facts, it's not just fiction but a hope is to get people to read it, and then encourage them t ...more
Lewis Michaux begins his career as a thief in Virginia and ends it as one of the most respected businessmen in Harlem. His bookstore, the National Memorial African Bookstore, thrived during the fifties and sixties when the Black Nationalist movement was beginning to stir, fueled by Malcolm X and other blacks thirsty for justice against a tradition of racism. What makes this book worth reading are the direct quotes of Michaux, a self made, self educated man, an ex convict whose closest brother is ...more
I have been on an interesting journey, beginning with the reading of National Book Award finalist, "Revolution" by Deborah Wiles, which I thought was tremendous. I followed this with reading National Book Award winner "Brown Girl Dreaming" by Jacqueline Woodson. Both deal with the Civil Rights era - from differing perspectives. As I prepared my most recent student booktalks, I noted that with the 50th anniversary of Freedom Summer, many excellent books were being published on the subject. Combin ...more
Laura Gardner

Very cool book about a Harlem bookseller who transformed many young African Americans into readers and influenced many black leaders. I loved the style of this book...newspaper articles and photographs were interspersed with imagined musings of characters surrounding Lewis Michaux. Young readers of this book will learn about Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, MLK and others all from a very unique perspective.
The title is from a Langston Hughes poem.
"Well, son, I'll tell you:
Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.
It's had tacks in it,
And Splinters,
And boards torn up,
And places with not carpet on the floor --
But all the time I'se been a-climbin' on,
And reachin' landin's,
And turnin' corners,
And sometimes goin' in the dark
Where there ain't been no light.
So, boy, don't you turn back.
Don't you set down on the steps
'Cause you finds it kinder hard.
Don't you fall now --
For I'se still goin', honey,
I was so impressed with this book and horrified that I had no knowledge of this incredible man. I came away wishing I had been one of the lucky people to sit in the back room and explore the wealth collected there. Nelson did an outstanding job of giving me a sense of Michaux as a person, his passion and commitment.
For all who are interested in books, culture, black history, biographies, inspirational figures, and history-you-haven't-heard-of. Written in conversational style appropriate to the style of its subject.
All librarians should read this to remind themselves how important and potentially powerful they are.
Amazing book about a bookstore like no other. Brilliantly conceived, this documentary novel surprised and enlightened me. A wonderful way to capture a long lost time and place, Lewis Michaux's Harlem bookstore, its hero of an owner, and the importance of books and booksellers! Check it out.
This was a mason jar pick. Not sure how it ended up in there (People magazine review of books? If so, go People magazine!) but very glad it did. Would never have picked it up based on the cover/size/a flip through - definitely looks like a very young read - but am very grateful to have read it. Sometimes you can learn a lot from a book for a young audience, and I definitely learned a lot from this one! Lewis Michaux was an incredible character, right up there with Sonya and Julia in terms of ins ...more
Karol K
I can't wait to read this and have been waiting a long time to see something in print about my Uncle. He was a great person, mentor of many and humble. Published today Jan 28th, 2012.
Edward Sullivan
A fascinating portrait of the pioneering and influential Harlem bookseller and literacy advocate in a wonderful mix of biography and fiction.
"And the books. The books. They're still here but, without you, when I open them, the pages seem blank."

Alyse Erickson
This informational book tells the story of Lewis Michaux, the proprietor of the National Memorial African Bookstore in Harlem. Michaux started the book store with 5 books, a small stake, and the belief that what black people lacked most was a knowledge of their own history and culture. One banker, when turning Michaux down for a loan, told him he should sell fried chicken because black people did not, and would not, read. Michaux's store became a center for cultural knowledge, conversation and e ...more
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Vaunda Micheaux Nelson loves bringing books and children together and feels lucky to have two careers that foster this. The children's librarian and author says, "It was destined from the day I was born. My mother found my name in a novel she was reading."

Vaunda's first book, Always Gramma, was selected by the Children's Book Council as a Notable Children's Trade Book in the Field of Social Studie
More about Vaunda Micheaux Nelson...
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“Everybody keeps saying be satisfied with Jesus's love, and he will give us our daily bread. I keep waiting, but we never get any bread, so I have to go out and do things for myself.” 5 likes
“A person has to have confidence in what he's going to do. If he don't, he's not going to do it long. He has to have confidence first in his idea and next in himself.
Two men have different ideas and they go to work on them. Now the first fella's idea may come up soon. Your may linger a long, long time, but any idea, if it's well done, will come up in its own time.
You can plant five seeds at the same moment - tomato, potato, cabbage, lettuce, beets - place them at the same moment. ANd they all don't come up at the same time. If the beet would get discouraged because the cabbage come up in front of him, then there wouldn't be no beets. And if the cabbage would get discouraged because the tomato come up before his program, then there wouldn't be no cabbage.
Now the evidence of a test that's gonna come in your time of doing is the sacrifice. Hungry - that's in the making of the program. Broke - that's in the making of the program. All these things will discourage you. But you can't let them discourage you.
I believed that I would do a thing, and I went to work doin' it.
-Lewis Michaux, Harlem Bookseller”
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