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Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language: An Elementary Exposition
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Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language: An Elementary Exposition

3.95  ·  Rating Details  ·  646 Ratings  ·  19 Reviews
In this book Saul Kripke brings his powerful philosophical intelligence to bear on Wittgenstein's analysis of the notion of following a rule.
Paperback, 160 pages
Published July 15th 1984 by Harvard University Press (first published 1982)
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Jon Stout
Aug 23, 2010 Jon Stout rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: psychologists and mathematicians
Shelves: philosophy
Kripke is brilliant, and I only regret that it took me until now to read and to appreciate him. He gives an amazing exegesis of Wittgenstein, who was also brilliant, but obfuscated the fact by making his case with rhetorical questions. Kripke has figured out the answers to the rhetorical questions, and has tied up the loose ends.

Kripke argues that Wittgenstein’s gift to philosophy is a skeptical paradox, as well as a skeptical solution to the skeptical paradox, very much parallel to the skeptica
David Nagar
Sep 02, 2013 David Nagar rated it it was amazing
Can only be described as going down to hell and meeting the devil, who ends up being you. Shocked and amazed. True and honest.
Leonard Houx
Mar 05, 2011 Leonard Houx rated it it was amazing
A book so brilliant, it makes you feel brilliant too.
Mar 24, 2013 Thomas rated it really liked it
Shelves: non-fiction
As a piece of Wittgenstein scholarship, this is deeply flawed, and this can be established by spending a relatively short time with the Investigations itself. However, Kripke's paradox itself is a major contribution to the philosophy of language, and I find myself struggling with it to this day.
Connor Brown
Jan 01, 2015 Connor Brown rated it liked it
One of Wittgenstein's strongest points is that he understood style and structure could be used as vital elements of communication, as much so as sentences and words. Kripke similarly strives for clarity, but instead relies on iteration after iteration. Even his metaphors he cannot resist crucifying after formulation.
Despite this, he offers up a clear and deep analysis of the rule following paradox, alongside many digressions on a variety of topics. In order to examine the paradox, he had to ex
Jul 18, 2007 Eric rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
If you read _Philosophical Investigations_, read this afterwards. It does wonderful job of explicating Wittgenstein's arguments.
Apr 23, 2016 باحث rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition

كتاب فلسفي تخصصي
يعرض "كيربكي" نظرته وقراءته لمفارقة "فيتجنشتاين" الفيلسوف الألماني النمساوي
ثم يعرض جواب المفارقة عن طريق "حجة اللغة الخاصة" فيتكفل "كيربكي" بالشرح وقراءته لهذه المسائل
وهذه المفارقة لعلها أصيلة في المنهج الشكي عن طريق اللغة
وكما هو مشهور في المنهج الشكي عند ديكارت عن طريق الميتافيزيقا
أو الغزالي وأوغسطين عن طريق الابستمولوجيا
وبالإضافة إلى القسم الأخير في مسألة "الأذهان الأخرى" أو "العقول الأخرى"وهي في عرض مسألة النفس أو الأنا

مواضيع الكتاب
2-The Wittgensteinian paradox
Chris Lawrence
Sep 27, 2014 Chris Lawrence rated it liked it
Tough-going but not unrewarding. Clarity was not helped by the frequent and lengthy footnotes, some extending over a page and a half. The main thread was difficult enough to follow, without all the smaller-font twists and turns and afterthoughts, added I think to embellish an earlier version of the text. I was glad when I got to the end, somewhat tempered alas by knowing I'll have to read it all again to try to understand at least some of what I didn't grasp the first time. 'Elementary' in the s ...more
Silvio Curtis
May 06, 2010 Silvio Curtis rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is an interpretation of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. Wittgenstein's opinions about meaning hinge on a paradox about what it means to follow a rule. (Since he couldn't satisfy himself that he was doing the paradox justice in a book, I won't try to explain it in a paragraph). Wittgenstein wrote in short, loosely related, often metaphor-heavy paragraphs rather than connected arguments, and so it isn't always clear what he is trying to say. I read part of Philosophical Investiga ...more
Jul 03, 2007 Nat rated it really liked it
In David Lodge's Changing Places, some English profs play a game called "humiliation" where you mention works of literature you haven't read. You score points when other people have read the book you mentioned. One competitive prof tries to win and admits that he hasn't read Hamlet. It gets him a lot of points, but all the other profs are so horrified that he doesn't get tenure.

This book is certainly something that it would be embarrassing to say that you haven't read (if you're a professional
Josh Friedlander
Sep 23, 2013 Josh Friedlander rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
A great book on philosophy. Put very baldly, it posits that no word in our language can ever have a consistent meaning which can predict future use, and thus the only way we can define language is as something accepted by a group; basically (although Kripke doesn't use the phrase) a social construct, a "language-game" without any meaning outside of the group dynamic. This, a major reversal of the Tractatus, is from the the pragmatist late-Wittgenstein work Philosophical Investigations - although ...more
Jul 11, 2015 Eric rated it really liked it
Recommended to Eric by: Was considering Philosophy as a major, took a class with Kripke in the early 1990s
Shelves: i-own-one, philosophy
Technical comment: At least according to the information in the book (copyright page), this was released in softcover in 1982, not 1984 (though the 1982 softcover has a pink cover).

Jacob Stubbs
I used this work for my Undergrad Philosophy Thesis on Wittgenstein's "Private Language Argument" and concept of the "forms of life" as found in the _Philosophical Investigations_. Kripcke's understanding of this "Private Language Argument" yields very interesting results that can be found in a "sceptical problem." Overall, I benefitted a lot from Kripcke's "exposition" in this work. I hope to revisit this work the next time I need to read or work with the _Investigations_. I'd highly recommend ...more
Dec 08, 2008 Mari rated it it was ok
I thought I would remember enough from Philosophical Investigations that I woulnd't need to have it as a ready reference. I was wrong. But I lent out my copy ages ago - and now I'm looking for a copy online.

Jun 23, 2010 Bo rated it it was ok
I personally think Kripke didn't understand what Wittgenstein was talking about. But what do I know?
Jun 10, 2011 D rated it liked it
Shelves: philosophy
Kripke's (misguided, but very interesting) interpretation of Wittgenstein's response to skepticism.
erik d aker
Mar 10, 2011 erik d aker rated it liked it
This is a pretty good primer on the private language argument. I think it's pretty digestible too.
Derek Kern
Mar 27, 2011 Derek Kern rated it it was amazing
I used many of Kripkenstein's (i.e. Wittgenstein + Kripke) ideas in my MA thesis.
Aaron Bouey
Mar 18, 2013 Aaron Bouey rated it it was amazing
It does exactly what the title suggests and very well might I add.
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Saul Aaron Kripke is an American philosopher and logician, now emeritus from Princeton. He teaches as distinguished professor of philosophy at CUNY Graduate Center. Since the 1960s Kripke has been a central figure in a number of fields related to logic, philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, and set theory. Much of his work remains unpublished or exists only as tape-recordings and priv ...more
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