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رسالة في اللاهوت و السياسة

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really liked it 4.00  ·  Rating Details  ·  2,660 Ratings  ·  56 Reviews
This new edition of Samuel Shirley's translation of the Theological-Political Treatise - a revision of that published by E. J. Brill in 1991, based on Gebhart's Heidelberg edition of 1925 - is accompanied by a new Introduction and Notes prepared especially for this volume by Seymour Feldman. Included also are Spinoza's supplementary notes, and an index of Biblical referenc ...more
455 pages
Published by مكتبة الأنجلو المصرية (first published 1670)
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Vince Clancy He can be! Applying mathematical principles to philosophy can be very tiring-I hated geometry in school! I did, however, just finish reading "A Book…moreHe can be! Applying mathematical principles to philosophy can be very tiring-I hated geometry in school! I did, however, just finish reading "A Book Forged in Hell" by Steven Nadler. The book helped explain Spinoza a lot. He was already interesting in that he was banned by both the Jews and Christians(the Jews excommunicated him). He was definitely a champion of his times; not that I'm into secularism, he was the supposed originator of it.(less)
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Mohmed Abd el salam
هذا كتاب في فلسفة الأديان .. ترجمه للعربية د. حسن حنفي ، لا أعلم هل يمكن طباعته في العصرالحالي أم لا

كان من حظي أن وجدت نسخة قديمة مطبوعة

يسعدني مشاركتكم بنسخة ال pdf :)

http://www.4shared.com/office/k8uLTwV...

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بعد القراءة

" ياللعجب ! لقد أصبحت التقوى وأصبح الدين أسرارا ممتنعة ، وأصبح أصحاب النور الإلهي لا يعرفون إلا بشدة احتقارهم للعقل وبحطهم من شأن الذهن ونفورهم منه ، وقولهم أنه فاسد بالطبع . والحق أنه لو كان لديهم قبس طفيف فحس
...more
Owlseyes
Sep 07, 2015 Owlseyes rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
God is nature, and nature is God









An in-depth incursion, by an excommunicated Jew*, into the authorship of the Pentateuch and other Old Testament books. Moses at [the] stake. An insightful analysis of the language,by an expert in Hebrew language,as Spinoza was. The writings of the Apostles are approached too.

Finally, the analysis of the foundations of the State, the nature of the Law....and the main point of Baruch Spinoza: the King is not above criticism, but he may be the object of.

ON ÉTABLI
...more
Joe
Review:

June 2007

Philosophy, the Elite, and the Future

"Men would never be superstitious, if they could govern all their circumstances by set rules, or if they were always favored by fortune..." Thus begins one of the greatest books in the history of philosophy. Spinoza is an esoteric writer; he doesn't shout everything he has to say, though an attentive reader has a chance, however slight, to discern at least part of it. The existence of this philosophical-political esotericism, first adequately
...more
Mary
Apr 22, 2013 Mary rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The Enlightenment book on tolerance. Argues that scripture is not just interpreted subjectively but was written subjectively, because God can communicate to men only elliptically, using symbolism and cultural tropes. Calls for intellectual freedom all over the place.


"[P]eople must be governed in such a way that they can live in harmony, even though they openly hold different and contradictory opinions. We cannot doubt that this is the best way of ruling, and has the least disadvantages, since it
...more
Kelly Head
Like Nietzsche, who adored Spinoza and called him "the purest philosopher," and Hobbes, whom Spinoza had read and admired, there is a certain brutal honesty in Spinoza's philosophy that comes through vividly in the Theological-Political Treatise. This short work, produced in Amsterdam in the 17th-century at the height of Calvin's influence, was actually written after his more famous Ethics, though published before it. Spinoza here describes his views of the relationship between Scripture, the St ...more
Dima
Jul 07, 2008 Dima rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves:
Amazing work for seventeenth century! I have to admit that I just purchased bible on tape to try to keep up with the biblical analysis offered here :)
Mehmet Beşer
İflah olmaz bir Spinoza hayranı olarak TTP'yi ilk günkü heyecanla defalarca kez tekrar okudum. Her seferinde daha önce fark edemediğim başka bir boyutla karşılaştım. Hristiyanlığın Özü'nün Hıristiyan inanç sistemine yaptığı eleştirinin daha derin ve daha tutarlı bir formunu TTP'de görüyoruz.
Cemaatten çıkarılmış olsa da Baruch Spinoza çocukken aldığı sıkı İbranice eğitimi sayesinde Yahudi kutsal metinlerine "içeriden" eleştiriler getirebilecek bir donanıma sahip. Onun bu güçlü İbranice bilgisi s
...more
Otto Lehto
Oct 13, 2015 Otto Lehto rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
If there ever was a philosopher capable of endearing himself to the devoted and skeptical alike, it was Spinoza. Through his courageous example, we can learn to love God/Nature/Truth, and love to use our reason.

The philosopher's work on the Bible is a groundbreaking exposition of the historical conditions that underlie religious texts. It explains the Bible in strikingly modern, critical terms, and in line with Spinoza's other work, it provides an interpretation of God in rational, naturalistic,
...more
WT Sharpe
Dec 27, 2014 WT Sharpe rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This was a mixed bag for me. The Treatise was very forward thinking for it's time, but still contained much theological rubbish. Granted, Spinoza lived in a day when it was dangerous to speak certain opinions too plainly, and it was clear that he was hardly a fundamentalist by any stretch of the imagination, but I felt he accorded too much authority to the Hebrew and Christian scriptures.

That being said, there were some real gems between its covers. From the Preface:

"I have often wondered, that
...more
Jamie
Aug 10, 2014 Jamie rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Brilliant work by a genius. This book is very influential and Spinoza's insights are today and will remain topical so long as men have any sort of religion.

Spinosa starts with an analysis of whether it is proper for Judeo Christian theocrats to use divine authority as a basis for their power over society and, once that topic is basically exhausted by rigorous logic, then shifts to an argument that moral choices are personal and allowing individual choice is the best legitimate form of government
...more
JP
Jun 08, 2014 JP rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
Here we have a religious philosopher in the mid-1600's who finds religion very much a misinterpretation against the freedom that God intended and sees a strong distinction between the intent of religious practice and spiritual law. Superstition (including prayer and other religious beliefs) prevents people from using true reason. From the Preface: "I have often wondered that persons who make a boast of professing the Christian religion, namely, love, joy, peace, temperance, and charity to all me ...more
Grace  Morales
Mar 30, 2016 Grace Morales rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Relectura de la edición de Alianza Editorial.
Zouheir Bitar
Sep 01, 2014 Zouheir Bitar rated it it was amazing
لقد قام الدكتور حسن حنفي بمجهود راءع من حيث تعريب و تقديم هذا الكتاب ، و خلق سؤال مههما هل من حقنا ان ننظر الي الكتب المقدسة نظره علميه؟ ، مهما كان اختلافنا مع وجعه نظر المؤلف فإنني أتفق مع المترجم ان حريه الفكر والتفلسف لا تمثل خطرا علي الدين والتقوي او علي سلامه الدول حتي و لو قامت هذه الدول علي أساس ديني
Faez
Sep 13, 2014 Faez rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Amazing how this old book is so relevant to our present day, especially in the Middle East. It reminds you of the depth and power of the secular arguments.
Alan Johnson
I read the R. H. M. Elwes English translation of Spinoza's Theologico-Political Treatise (1670) and Political Treatise (unfinished manuscript written shortly before Spinoza's death) in 1967. Since I do not know Latin, I cannot vouch for the accuracy of any particular translation of Latin into English. However, I am aware that the Straussians and the Focus Philosophical Library (now an imprint of Hackett Publishing Company) attempt English translations that are as accurate and free of interpret ...more
Sarah Nichols
Oct 02, 2014 Sarah Nichols rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
If you have over-looked Spinoza (as I had), then this would be an excellent, introduction to his thought. This is an amazing work which prefigures the political and religious revolutions of the Enlightenment and the ideological origins of the US constitution. The discourse on prophesy in the scriptures and the human authorship of the Bible is as relevant today as it ever was. Compared to other 17th century philosophical works (Hobbes, Locke eg.), this translation is very concise and clearly writ ...more
Reed
Spinoza is frustrating. Not simply because he's "hard to read" (there's that), but because of the kind of inferences he feels warranted in making. Spinoza was a rationalist, so he believed (without a doubt) that there are certain immutable truths accessible to human reason. This might be true - I feel pretty confident in asserting that I know, with certainty, that 2 + 2 = 4 - but when he applies his rationalism to theological considerations, his reasoning gets tricky.

Take his essay "Of Miracles,
...more
David S. T.
“Since love of God is the highest felicity and happiness of man, his final end and the aim of all his actions, it follows that he alone observes the divine law who is concerned to love God not from fear of punishment nor love of something else, such as pleasure, fame, ect., but from the single fact that he knows God, or that he knows that the knowledge and love of God is the highest good”. (pg 60)

Spinoza's Theological-Politcal Treasise has intrigued me for a while, here was one of the earlier bo
...more
Kamran Swanson
Jun 20, 2013 Kamran Swanson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Summary: Published anonymously in 1670 Netherlands, Spinoza's attempt here is to address and critique the widespread religious beliefs and biblical interpretations that people use to justify various moral and political beliefs. Spinoza's ultimate stance is that the Bible is written by human hands, that prophets have insight to divine will but dress their stories in human imagination, that miracles are a testament to our own ignorance rather than supernatural intervention, and that the only true ...more
Shinynickel
Dec 28, 2010 Shinynickel marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Off this review:

Anthony, we’re going to talk about five books which weigh religion and secularism. I think that’s how we’ve decided to frame this discussion? This will be the first of a series of interviews with various people addressing the same subject from a number of different angles.

The first book that I’ve chosen is from a long time ago: 1670. It was written by Spinoza and published after his death. It’s called "Tractatus Theologico-Politicus" and there are a number of reasons why I think
...more
Robert
Nov 14, 2007 Robert rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: philosophy students
A formal study of the Bible, with one foot in (forced) respect and sanctity and the other foot in analytical heresy. In short, Spinoza draws a line between Biblical inerrancy (completely true) and Biblical infallibility (correct on spiritual matters, but incorrect science and history), and does from a great knowledge of Hebrew and the text. He debunks the ideas of Miracles because he believes that Nature is an extension of God, and that God cannot go against his own rules. He goes on to then exp ...more
Craig Evans
I'm on page 279 of 432 of A Theologico-Political Treatise/A Political Treatise:
I've now completed the first portion of this two-part publication after having left off at page 120 eight years ago I've taken 6 weeks to get to the end of the first portion. It's been interesting. There were numerous passages in A Theologico-Political Treatise where I thought to myself that those views and events and processes being described by Spinoza could really be applicable to the current political and social
...more
Terry
Sep 02, 2014 Terry rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Terry by: Spinoza's ghost
I had an interesting two and a half months with this renegade, excommunicated, 17th-century Jew, who had haunted my reading for a couple of months before I agreed to ponder his ideas. Samuel Shirley's translation is very readable and Spinoza's methodology and prose are crystal clear compared to what he used in his Ethics. His Biblical interpretation foreshadowed the 19th-century German historical-critical movement that transformed Biblical Studies. He provided an interesting perspective on the N ...more
matthew mcdonald
Jan 10, 2016 matthew mcdonald rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
Started reading the Ethics, but that was hard, so gave up for a while and tried this as a warm-up.

Philosophy is fun to read when you get to feel an emotional/intellectual resonance with the author. Basically the same experience as reading a novel that works for you. When you agree with what the author is saying, and you're aware that he was going to get into serious trouble for publishing it, it's easy to feel that human connection with the author.

Apparently written after the Ethics, but publish
...more
W. Littlejohn
Jan 25, 2012 W. Littlejohn rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book is modernity in nuce. It's all there—historical and textual criticism of Scripture, the development of a universal religion based on reason, the reduction of religion to the ethical, the creation of a full-blown concept of political religion, in which the state becomes the highest good, and the development of a distinctively modern rationale for tolerance. And, thanks to Jonathan Israel's masterful translation, Spinoza really feels like one of us; he speaks our language and our idiom. ...more
Slava Gorbunov
Oct 22, 2015 Slava Gorbunov rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book is very good, because author uses reason and logic to explain his ideas about types of governance and how it should be implemented. It's a pitty the book finishes abruptly, because it would be interesting to see what Spinoza thought about democracy.
Daniel Lema
Apr 19, 2015 Daniel Lema rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Excelente exposición de Spinoza de su forma de ver la religión, el Estado y la relación entre ambos. El último capítulo es una brillante exposición acerca de la libertad de pensamiento y expresión.
Rodrigo
Jun 04, 2011 Rodrigo rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I'm loving it. I had never thought much of Spinoza, I mean, his definition of love and hate, as well as all other "active" emotions were pretty awesome, but I had always thought of him as "that other rationalist guy", the "guy who's like Descartes only he's not", etc...
Turns out his work is just as ground-breaking, if not more, than Descartes' method.
The only thing that bothers me is his lack of an "epistemological experiment" thingy, like Descartes did. I mean, how the hell could he answer the
...more
dameolga
Okay, technically I skimmed parts of this, but I figured I read the majority of the text, so it should count. Spinoza's views on Biblical interpretation and democracy undoubtedly changed the playing field for theology, philosophy, and political theory during the Enlightenment. Nuggets of wisdom and brilliancy pepper the whole text amidst numerous Biblical examples. However, as I had to read this for my Enlightenment and Critics class, I found the text quite winding at times, especially because o ...more
Luke Echo
Jan 23, 2015 Luke Echo rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Clearly sacrilegious!
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  • Philosophical Essays
  • Essays on the Theory of Numbers
  • Elements of the Philosophy of Right
  • Spinoza: Practical Philosophy
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • The New Organon
  • Introduction to Metaphysics
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
  • Rules for the Direction of the Mind
  • Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone
  • Philosophical Fragments (Writings, Vol 7)
  • The Statesman (Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Epitome of Copernican Astronomy and Harmonies of the World
  • Principles of Human Knowledge & Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
  • De Anima (On the Soul)
  • Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit
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Baruch Spinoza (/bəˈruːk spɪˈnoʊzə/; born Benedito de Espinosa; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably ...more
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“No to laugh, not to lament, not to detest, but to understand.” 43 likes
“I have striven not to laugh at human actions, not to weep at them, nor to hate them, but to understand them.” 40 likes
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