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علم الأخلاق
 
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Baruch Spinoza
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علم الأخلاق

3.98 of 5 stars 3.98  ·  rating details  ·  7,781 ratings  ·  160 reviews
Published shortly after his death in 1677, Ethics is undoubtedly Spinoza’s greatest work—a fully cohesive philosophical system that strives to provide a coherent picture of reality & to comprehend the meaning of an ethical life. Following a logical step-by-step format, it defines in turn the nature of God, the mind, human bondage to the emotions & the power of unde ...more
406 pages
Published (first published 1677)
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Boris The translation is pretty good, except for certain small deviations from the text... Mainly the problems are these:

- the translator added paragraphs…more
The translation is pretty good, except for certain small deviations from the text... Mainly the problems are these:

- the translator added paragraphs to the lay out at points where the latin version does not contain this lay out. this is confusing sometimes, because it seems like Spinoza is clustering things together, whereas this might just be the choice of the translator
- be careful that sometimes one latin term is translated in many different English words... Self-love and satisfaction in Part V is such an example, if I am not mistaken.

Source: my lecturer who is crazy about this book!(less)

Community Reviews

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Esteban del Mal
If rationality is defined as the capacity to solve problems, anticipate consequences and understand causes of events, one would be hard pressed to find its more complete realization than in the philosophy of Benedict Spinoza. Indeed, in his masterwork, Ethics, Spinoza set out to prove certain theorems which are to be deduced from axioms in the manner of Euclidean geometry. Whether or not he was successful in this endeavor has been a matter for over three intervening centuries of scholarship and ...more
Hadrian
Baruch you beautiful magnificent bastard. Within these two hundred dense pages of Euclidean geometric proofs axioms and postulates you manage to construct an ethical system , upend the traditional conception of monotheistic G-dd, and instead make him synonymous with the Laws of Nature. This is the best last expression of scholastic theology, and one of the most influential and astonishing philsophers of ever. It is a system which is both beautiful in its logic and yet kind and sympathetic in its ...more
Ted
3 1/2 stars.



I’m putting this book on the maybe return to shelf. I have other books I want to read more (many other books). This is a genuine review of the first three Parts of the book, to which I’ve added a brief overview of the last two parts, which I only skimmed.

Spinoza’s classic is contained in an old book I have called The Rationalists. Also included are Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations; and Leibniz’s Monadology and Discourse on Metaphysics.

Historical context(view spoiler)
...more
Carl
If I were exiled to a desert island, imprisoned, or otherwise isolated, and there were only book of philosophy I could have to read and re-read for the rest of my life, it would be The Ethics of Spinoza.

Here Spinoza lays out a complete system that encompasses metaphysics, theology, physics, psychology, and ethics. Throughout Spinoza is concerned with what it means to be free, and what sort of beliefs are worthy of a free human being. To be free, he insists, means not to be a slave -- not to any
...more
أسيل



ثرثرة



ثمة كتب حينما تقرأها تحدث بصمة ما في النفس
لا تزحزها اي كتب اخرى بنفس الموضوع
فتحافظ على ثبات صفها في رفوفك,,, ربما لأنها لا زالت تشغلك
ولا زلت على ترابط بها في محاولة لهضمها
ومع هذا الكتاب كانت تحضرني افكار ابن مسكويه في النفس
والرازي ودراز بالارادةو العقل والاخلاق
وتضفي لي التساؤلات والغوص في التأملات والشطحات والشاردات
خرجت بقليل وزدت حيرة في الكثير من مكامن واسرار النفس!
فكل ما نصل اليه من تأملاتنا وسوانح افكارنا ليس له غاية نهائية
الا توجيه الانسان في حياته ومعرفته بنفسه
وربط كل تأمل عقلي بالا
...more
Alexander
Don't be cowed by the metaphysical tail-chasing of Books I, II, and V.

The piston-huffing, steampunk clockwork of Axioms, Proofs, Scholia, and Corollaries can pound the reader's nerves like the mechanized hammer in a belfry. Even hardcore Spinozists may differ on how or whether these moving parts all click into place, so don't be miffed if you feel you've wandered into some weird Kabbalah seminar MC'd by a Jewy mathlete poking at his graphing-calculator.

Or perhaps my slow-moving brain simply can'
...more
Joshua Nomen-Mutatio
Here's video footage of a pretty good discussion of a great, frequently glossed over, and far too often underappreciated philosopher who is one of my favorite philosophers of all time:

Spinoza, A Discussion

Steven Nadler is an excellent authority on Spinoza and has written a few books on him. I really like Catherine Wilson as well from this and now have several of her books and articles on my to-read list.

The other guys are sort of annoying and make some rather disagreeable points in my opinion.
...more
Lobstergirl
Jun 02, 2010 Lobstergirl marked it as perhaps-i-will-read-hard-to-say  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: own
Appears to be written in some kind of code.
Huda AbuKhoti
سبينوزا أبهرني.. لم أكن أتوقع من هذا الكتاب أن يكون مقنعًا لهذه الدرجة، أظن أن المنطقية الهندسية البحتة رفعت من مستوى تقبل المحتوى بصورة عظيمة.. كانت قراءة ممتعة و فريدة من نوعها

عالج الكتاب خمس مواضيع متتابعة و مرتبطة ارتباطًا وثيقًا.. فبدأ بالميتافيزيقيا ثم انتقل إلى معالجة الأخلاق لذلك من الصعب جدًّا فهم المحتوى لفصل من الفصول دون قراءة سابقيه

الفصل الأول يتحدث عن الله و الأمر الذي أثار اندهاشي هو أن الاستنتاجات التي وصل إليها سبينوزا في معظمها توافق الأفكار الإسلامية بصورة عجيبة! فالله لدى سبي
...more
Farah Al-Shuhail
الفكرة الرئيسية للكتاب هي برهنة اتصال الجزء بالكل أو ما قد يشير إليه سبينوزا بـ"الجوهر" ويعني بذلك الله, واتخذ الكاتب اسلوب التسلسل المنطقي طريقاً له في اثبات ذلك.

في الباب الأول ركز سبينوزا على اثبات وجود إله متبعاً نهج علماء الهندسة, فهو يستعين بالبراهين والنتائج العقليه ويزن الأمور بقسطاس المنطق, والمدهش حقاً انه يقنعك بوجوده دون التطرق - ولو لمره واحدة - إلى الديانات والرسالات والمعجزات والوحي, لذلك اعتبر هذا الباب مناسب للرد على الملحدين كونه منطقي بحت. والجدير بالذكر ان الإله عند سبينوزا ل
...more
Paul Bond
I idealized philosophy as the art of progressing from mundane, obvious facts to grand cosmic conclusions, all made unanswerable through the authority of logic. I now see that this is a fantasy of philosophy, though never more alluring than in Spinoza's Ethics. In a relatively small book patterned after Euclid's Elements, Spinoza lays claim to not only deep knowledge of the universe, but certain knowledge. It is difficult to keep from being swept up in Spinoza's audacious project. Here, he proves ...more
Stian
Perhaps it is the sentimentality that arose in me because of the circumstances under which I read the book that leads me to rate it five stars. There was something about reading this close to the window, with snow slowly trickling down from the pitch black sky, and the fireplace burning, and always at least 10 clementines by my side to be devoured while I read, that just made it so enjoyable. I don’t wish to make a detailed and big review here (there are other, better ones elsewhere, written by ...more
Cassandra Kay Silva
This book was incredibly surprising. I had heard a bit about Spinoza and perhaps had a very wrong view of his outlook/philosophy due to some lets just say pre conceived notions. Spinoza's God is amazing. If I had to choose a form of god to believe in it would be this. His point by point approach, and linking of each axiom was absolutely candy to my brain. I loved his approach and found it so clean cut. A god that had been stripped of its human tenancies, a god of nature, a god defined. Finally! ...more
Jeff
Difficult. I feel like this book found me when I needed it. Spinoza's conception of God resonates.

I admired Spinoza's dedication to reason without sacrificing the spiritual.
Luka Račić
A thorough connoisseur of Descartes, one of his most fervent critics, ever distrustful of any preconceived notion and superstition, with an immense ability for observing ethical problems concretely, Baruch de Spinoza was also one of the first philosophers who regarded Cartesius' ontology a serious step-back, perhaps even greater than the Medieval Radical Aristotelianism.

Written over the course of the later part of his life, unpublished during his lifetime due to furor Tractatus Theologico-Polit
...more
Moad
Can I jump farther and state that Spinoza may have killed God even before Nietzsche. I mean, forget the axioms and propositions. The idea of a God, in all human religions is very much contradictory and tricky, you want God to be superior, different, and 'unlike anything else' as is mentioned in the Koran. Yet at the same time, you attribute humane characteristics to this same God. Most importantly, is that he watches, guards, loves and hates every one of us. Well, Spinoza ingeniously took this i ...more
Rodrigo
It was...beautiful. Just beautiful.
I'd never read something as delightfully coherent and well structured as this strange little work. The format, if a little dry, was perfect for what it was trying to achieve: creating an entire system of thought based on independently conceived concepts, and their clearly defined relations. Wikipedia tells me that the format is called "Geometric", and that it is modeled after Euclid's "Elements", but that's just a description of the arrangement of the arguments
...more
أحمد علام
كتاب عظيم بالفعل , (سبينوزا) أخطر فيلسوف فى تاريخ الفلسفة فى رأيى , ربما لذلك كان يدعو (هيجل) طلاب الفلسفة أن يكونوا فى بدايتهم (سبينوزيين) على حد تعبيره

والحق أن الكلام عن (سبينوزا) _من جهتى_ بعد كل المؤلفات التى عالجت فلسفته يعد بلا قيمه , بل يعد آية من آيات الغرور الساذج , لكن مالفت الانتباه هنا موقف الإخوة الذين يقارنون بين رؤية (سبينوزا) , ورؤية الإسلام لفكرة (الله) زاعمين التوافق بين الرؤيتين

ربما لأنهم لم يتعمقوا فى فكر الرجل , فغرتهم ألفاظ بعينها , تشبه فى الظاهر مالديهم من تراث , لكنها
...more
David Balfour
This is a beautiful book that seems to echo many more modern notions. The idea that when things are often presented together, the one begins to evoke the other even if the other is not present, for instance, seems like a variation on the idea of unconscious association in psychoanalysis. Spinoza's idea of each individual being fundamentally self-asserting seems to reflect the natural struggle revealed by Darwinism. Spinoza's absolutely mechanistic world view is still fairly popular today, spurre ...more
Adam
One of the most incandescent books of philosophy or literature.
Salah Sameh
"سبينوزا هو أنبل وأحب الفلاسفة الكبار" –راسل, الفصل 55
الأخلاق, منشور بعد وفاة سبينوزا, مكتوب على طريقة الهندسيين –أمثال اقليدس- بتعريفات وبديهيات ونظريات وحواشي. الكتاب صعب ومُمل أحياناً كتير لأنه صارم في الإثباتات وده بشهادة مُعظم الفلاسفة الكبار. الكتاب بيتكلم عن 3 مواضيع: الميتافيزيقا وسيكولوجية الانفعالات والإرادة وفي النهاية بيوصل لوضع أخلاق مؤسسة على الميتافيزيقا وعلم النفس اللي اتقالوا قبل كده.
"والميتافيزيقا تعديل لديكارت, وعلم النفس يذكرنا بهوبز" –راسل
سبينوزا عنده جوهر واحد, الله أو ال
...more
Lisa (Harmonybites)
Jun 20, 2013 Lisa (Harmonybites) rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Philosophy Geeks
Recommended to Lisa (Harmonybites) by: Good Reading: 100 Significant Books
According to the introduction, “Baruch Spinoza, who wrote in the mid-seventeenth century, has been considered the first modern philosopher, for he was the first to write philosophy from a standpoint beyond commitment to any particular religious persuasion. He was also among the first philosophers in modernity to advocate democracy as the best form of government.” The introduction claims he was influenced by Aristotle, Hobbes, Descartes as well as such figures of Judaic-Arabic thought as Maimonid ...more
Scott Gates
Proposition 14 is the John 3:16 of Ethics: God is infinite, and all substance is ultimately reliant on him. To say that there is any substance outside of God is an absurdity. God is the only substance. Everything was not created by God, but actually is God. This is extreme monism.

Related to this, and moreover to this, there is no Logos or realm of Ideas for Spinoza, no higher template against which reality should be measured for its authenticity. Existence as we know it is the pure form. “By rea
...more
Ryan
In this work, Spinoza attempts to articulate a full metaphysics, and extrapolate from it knowledge of God, man, and ultimately the nature of the "good life." It is a towering and dense project, and its heights show us the challenges we face when reasoning about an infinite, all-powerful God: rather than use his rhetorical ability to affirm the traditional, comforting picture of a very human God, Spinoza confronts the concept of God in all its implications. For example, such a being could never m ...more
Jake
Some of it I couldn't follow, some I disagreed with, and some was brilliant. He was a lot more convincing at trying to persuade me that I have no free will than Sam Harris or Gavan Nelson were, but I'm still under the illusion that I have free will. I liked his discussion of greater goods and lesser evils. He made the story of Adam and Eve and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil make pretty good sense philosophically. I had to refer back to how Spinoza defines certain terms several times, bec ...more
Ronny
I'm not sure which edition/translation of this book I read... The book's title is somewhat misleading,as what Spinoza presents his his own system of happiness from first principles. He asks the question "what is the greatest good and how to achieve it?" and tries to answer it using a rigorous axiomatic method. Unfortunately, at times he seems to play word games (like his definition of God), makes leaps of logic and uses terms in a different way, which hinders understanding. If you read any editi ...more
Randall
Oct 15, 2007 Randall rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: the unemployed
a real bore of a chore, but a rewarding experience if you can wade your way through. i read it in school, and probably (definitely) wouldn't have stayed the course otherwise. from what i've read in philosophy (which isn't much), spinoza's definition of god is, to me, the most logical and most affecting. (spinoza was a liberal jew who lived in amsterdam in the 17th century. labeled an atheist, though he adamantly denied it, he was excommunicated from the jewish community and banished from his nat ...more
Andrew Olsen
A Dense Philosophical Hammer

The Ethics or Ethica of Spinoza is probably the most well known work by Baruch Spinoza, even though it was published after his death.

It covers a range of topics from epistemology, primal cause of the universe, moving through a dense philosophy of mind but really should be thought of as sequel to his previous work published anonymously, the Theologica-Politca Treatise. Because illuminates, develops, and solidifies prominent points in that work.

The most important thing
...more
Boris
I do not even know where I should begin with praising this book... The Ethics by Spinoza is one of the bravest and most successful attempts in philosophy. By applying an analytical method (beginning at the beginning) Spinoza unwraps for us a universe of joy, parallelism and determinism. His most notorious idea, and the reason why up till Kant every philosopher was scared to be called a Spinozist, is that God is not some loving guy with a beard. Spinoza's God is substance: the one thing that cr ...more
Beluosus
Ethikon librum Spinozae hodie finii, quem magis quam exspectaverm valde amabam, etsi nullo modo sententiis neve notionibus consentio. Vere Spinoza homines non intellexit ; non puto eum amicos habuisse. Atque mundum agi sicut horologium credidit seu voluit. Forsitan vero fuit robotum ; Skynet eum trans tempus remisit qui philosophiam scriberet.

Lectio autem delectabat, etsi opera Leibnitii eis praefero. Uter sit philosophus melior ? Credo historiam crustulis judicasse ; non exstitit Choco Spinoza
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Regarding the tranlation of "passion" / "passive emotion" 2 4 Feb 06, 2015 10:23AM  
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
  • A Bolt from the Blue and Other Essays
  • Spinoza: Practical Philosophy
  • Phenomenology of Spirit
  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  • Philosophical Essays
  • Naming and Necessity
  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
  • Philosophical Investigations
  • The Fall of the Athenian Empire
  • Brigadoon (Vocal Score)
  • The World as Will and Representation, Vol 2
  • Daybreak: Thoughts on the Prejudices of Morality
122092
Baruch Spinoza (/bəˈruːk spɪˈnoʊzə/; born Benedito de Espinosa; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably ...more
More about Baruch Spinoza...
Theological-Political Treatise The Ethics/Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect/Selected Letters A Spinoza Reader: The Ethics and Other Works On the Improvement of the Understanding Complete Works

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“Everything excellent is as difficult as it is rare.” 105 likes
“Those who wish to seek out the cause of miracles and to understand the things of nature as philosophers, and not to stare at them in astonishment like fools, are soon considered heretical and impious, and proclaimed as such by those whom the mob adores as the interpreters of nature and the gods. For these men know that, once ignorance is put aside, that wonderment would be taken away, which is the only means by which their authority is preserved.” 59 likes
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