The Open Society and Its Enemies, Volume 1 : The Spell of Plato (Відкрите суспільство #1)
Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin. He taught in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in anticipation of the Nazi annexation of Austria the following year, and he settled in England in 1949. Before the annexation, Popper had written mainly about the philosophy of science, but from 1938 until the end of the Second World War he focu ...more
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Platonism is hard to summarize concisely, but roughly amounts to an ontology (that is, the study of reality) which is grounded in the concept of the "form", that of an idealized and unchanging entity which is the pure, unadulterated essence of all objects in reality. ...more
My criticisms are not of Popper's treatment of Plato, but of some of his other contentions on the subject of individualism/collectivism and ethics. Popper himself creates a table in which individualism is opposed to colle ...more
People have tried to defend Plato against Popper's savage attack on his political theories, but it's pretty hard really. Plato was polit ...more
A fantastically written and powerfully relevant book. Popper lays the groundwork for a larger critique of historicism, an idea prevalent in the social sciences that claims history follows some set of logical or scientific laws that allow us to predict the future or make knowledge claims about how we ought to achieve societal and political change. Popper has in mind a critique primarily of Marx and Hegel and their theories of history, but in this volume, he opts for an in depth look at Plato's Re...more
I've read most of Plato's w ...more
La societa' aperta e i suoi nemici (vol. I e II)e' il libro che volevo leggere da sempre e poi per vari motivi non avevo mai acquistato, non ultimo un blocco "mentale" pensando che fosse troppo ostico. Ora che finalmente ho letto entrambe i volumi devo dire che ne e' valsa la pena. I libri sono una lucida analisi degli effetti che le due ideologie, prima quella di Platone e dopo quella di Hegel hanno avuto sulla societa' nelle diverse epoche. La cosa impre ...more
Apart from proposing this simple and attractive program of developing our society, Popper paints an interesting an ...more
I would like to read the other volume of The Open Society and Its Enemies, on Hegel and Marx, but don't yet have it.