Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
Start by marking “Socialism: Utopian and Scientific” as Want to Read:
Socialism: Utopian and Scientific
Enlarge cover
Rate this book
Clear rating
Open Preview

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

3.97  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,272 Ratings  ·  47 Reviews
In the mediaeval stage of evolution of the production of commodities, the question as to the owner of the product of labour could not arise. The individual producer, as a rule, had, from raw material belonging to himself, and generally his own handiwork, produced it with his own tools, by the labour of his own hands or of his family. There was no need for him to appropriat ...more
Paperback, 98 pages
Published December 1st 2008 by Cosimo Classics (first published 1882)
More Details... edit details

Friend Reviews

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

Reader Q&A

To ask other readers questions about Socialism, please sign up.

Be the first to ask a question about Socialism

This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Add this book to your favorite list »

Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
filter  |  sort: default (?)  |  Rating Details
Bahaa Zaid
Apr 26, 2011 Bahaa Zaid rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
أسلوب إنجلس سلس جدًا وواضح ومتسلسل بطريقة منطقية، الكتاب سهل جدًا إذا كان عندك معلومات عامة سطحية عن الفلسفة والماركسية
يبدو أنه أن تقرأ عن الماركسية شيء وأن تقرأ للماركسيين شيء آخر
ويبدو أيضًا أن الاتحاد السوفيتي لم يكن ماركسيًا
Sep 19, 2013 Valerie rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
In my opinion, this is a better introduction to Marxism than the Communist Manifesto. The first chapter focuses on utopian socialist who tried to make reforms but ran up against roadblocks of the bourgeoisie, and since it was based on an unscientific view, it lead to a "mish-mash of critical statements, economic theories and pictures of future societies," none of which had the momentum to implement their ideas. Unfortunately, this still sounds like the Left today.

The second chapter, talks about
Yaser maadat
Aug 31, 2015 Yaser maadat rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
على الرغم من المقدمة الطويلة (ثلث الكتاب)من غير داع! الا أن هذا الكتاب يعد مرجعاهاما يشرح رؤية انجلز خاصة و الماركسية عموما تجاه نوع الاشتراكية التي تنظر لها،فالاشتراكية التي هي المرحلة السابقة للشيوعية حسب انجلز لا يمكن التوصل اليها الا عبر التطور المادي للتاريخ المتمثل بهبوط الرأسمالية بعد ارتقاءها قبل انقضاض البروليتاريا على السلطة عبر الثورة.
على الرغم من عدم تحقق هذه الاشتراكية الافتراضية على ارض الواقع في حياة ماركس و انجلز الا ان انجلز يعدها اشتراكية علمية،فيما يعد اشتراكية روبرت اوين "ال
May 05, 2011 Jesse rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
The primary distinction of this excerpt from Anti-Duhring, found in the title of this book, is a dubious form of name-calling that appears to have been designed by Marx and Engels to make themselves seem more powerful. The only real difference that one can discern between utopian and scientific socialism is, that one didn't have state-power while the other aspires to it; although Engels says the real difference is that Utopians idolize the individual man of genius and conform society to a plan ( ...more
Очень сложно рассуждать о данном труде Энгельса, когда понимаешь, что принципом социализма является следующее утверждения – «кто везёт, на том и едут». Тех кто "едут" всегда неизмеримо больше, и как правило это малообразованная масса, которой легко манипулируют и с помощью которых ко власти приходят всякие мерзкие люди и в итоге в санки упрягают тех кто везёт. В истории много таких примеров.

Энгельс во многом ошибался. Идеальное мировое устройство наверное невозможно, но всё таки жаль, что он не
Jul 09, 2015 J.P. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A very short read & very interesting if you want to understand the change from feudal society to a capitalist society.

The first section is about where initial Socialist theories & their applications were flawed or went wrong. The second section is about history & understanding it not as random or unconnected wars or events but as things connected to control of society, the exploited & the people doing the exploiting.

The third section, which is the most interesting one, explores t
Useful as an easy summary of Marxian historio-philosophical thought and in its articulation of the differences between utopian (pre-Marxist) and scientific (Marxist socialism). Although it should be noted that a number of historians (Kowalkoski, etc) reject Engels's more positivist consideration of Marxian thought. Engels distinguishes utopian socialism from scientific socialism in that the utopians did not recognize the development of hsitory, or that it was historical development that created ...more
Marti Martinson
Economics and, by default, econometrics, are not things I can cognitively digest with ease. I will have to read this again, maybe more than twice. I still find no traces of the horrible, twisted, deformations by Lenin, Stalin, Mao, & Cie, but the "dictatorship of the proletariat" IS still a dictatorship. The passages on boom/bust, production/overproduction, and consumption/overconsumption are, however, quit convincing. Perhaps the night watch security guard with the bad allergies who patente ...more
Valdemar Gomes
Nice (chapter/)book! It's a chapter of Anti-Dühring that was made into an independent book, hence the mention.
I love to read Engels, he writes very interesting philosphical remarks and not that interesting, but still curious historical references.
This work doesn't have much to do with the title, just like the other work I've read of his (the housing question), it focuses little on it (although when he does say something about the subject, what he says is very good) and then enrolls in a discour
Roger Green
Jan 26, 2016 Roger Green rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I have a tremendous amount of respect for Friedrich Engels and his more famous intellectual companion, Karl Marx. The power of their critiques are overwhelming still, even if misconceived in actual 20th century politics. Many times I've wished I could commit to such projects. Even writing this way makes me feel like Arthur Brooke, the weak-willed uncle in George Eliot's Middlemarch (one of my favorite books of all time) who "used to go in" for all sorts of things. But, alas, I cannot commit. Lib ...more
May 13, 2009 Jack rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: politics
Interesting. I read somewhere that Engels was actually the better writer of the Marx/Engels team. Does that make Engels the Garfunkel, or Simon? I don't know. But this was fun to read and interesting. So much passion.
Jerrymel George
Jun 29, 2015 Jerrymel George rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
After The Communist Manifesto, I had an irresistible urge to follow it up quickly and this seminal work by Engels seemed felicitous. Given the knowledge of how communism came to be viewed,when put into practice,I wanted to know theoretical constructs behind the idea.Engels' criticism of the utopian socialism of the pre-marxist era lays down the platform on which he builts the framework for scientific socialism.He hammers home the point that scientific socialism was not a chance discovery and ,ra ...more
I thought Marx was a pretty clear and logical writer but his writing partner Engels is even better to read. He explains quite difficult concepts in deceptively easy language and turned what I expected to be a dry read into a delight. Chapter three was stunning and felt extremely contemporary. It was, sadly, an effective summing up of bourgeois/capitalist history that we can all relate to and understand, especially at the current time.

I have also always thought of Marx as quite prescient but Eng
Benjamin A'Lee
Jun 30, 2015 Benjamin A'Lee rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction, politics
Good in places. The first half or two-thirds were an overview, first of materialist philosophy and then of pre-Marxian socialist theorists, none of which I found of much interest. The final third started off with an analysis of the development of industrial capitalism, in the “historical materialist” mode. The gist of it was that, as economic conditions develop (international trade, advanced machinery, etc.), social conditions lag behind and are eventually too outdated to function; so, as techno ...more
Brilliant introduction to Marxist communism, a short read (about 50 pages) yet very thorough and covering all the essential ground - the roots of socialism (with the French utopian socialists), dialectics and historical materialism. I was familiar with most of the information but this particular text is written and formatted in such a way that it gives a really good grasp of the aforementioned contents, and this was the first time I really understood the dialectics of nature as distinct from the ...more
Herman Gigglethorpe
Despite my two-star rating, this is an interesting read for those interested in the history of communism.

This is primarily a work of historiography. Engels interprets the history of Europe from the Middle Ages to the 19th century as class struggle. Feudalism was undermined by increasing commercial activity and finished off in the French Revolution. However, the French Revolution and its aftermath revealed the flaws of "bourgeois liberalism". Liberalism is designed to protect the property of the
Alex Billet
Nov 19, 2013 Alex Billet rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: marxist-basics
Much like The German Ideology and The Communist Manifesto, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific is among the essentials for understanding Marxism and the dialectical materialist approach to socialism. Frederick Engels, himself a rather undervalued influence on Karl Marx, is clear and concise in this book, laying out simply how it is that Marxism is a more viable way of looking at the world, and why workers' self-emancipation accompanied by an overthrow of capitalism points the most realistic way fo ...more
May 04, 2013 Elagabaal rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
this excerpt from anti-duhring is an informative history of socialist thought prior to marx and a good introductory text for approaching marxism as a whole. for anyone interested in marxism it ought to be read, preferably early on, as it also provides concise introductions to historical materialism and dialectics.

it is also, especially the introduction to the english edition, wildly funny. poor engels is much maligned, either blamed for any inconsistency that appears in marx's writings or ignor
Ayse Sen
Feb 07, 2014 Ayse Sen rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Kitap biraz ağır olmakla beraber, proleteryanın gelişimini çok iyi anlatıyor. işçi-burjava ilişkisini, 1640 ingiliz devriminden kapitalizme kadar üretim tüketim ilişkisini de ele alıyor.aAncak sakin kafayla okumanızı tavsiye ediyorum.Bu kitabı okuduktan sonra thomas more-ütopya ve tomasso campanella- güneş ülkesini kitaplarını okumanızı da tavsiye ederim.
Oct 08, 2015 Court rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A quick, readable introduction to the ideas that Marx and Engels would examine more closely in more famous works like "Das Kapital" and "The Communist Manifesto." It occasionally expects familiarity with some obscure economists and philosophers, but other than that it is very readable and still feels pertinent today.
"the fact that the type of the cat with the guile associated with it is found in animal form, stands on an even plane with the circumstance that a similar type of character is found also in human beings... There is therefore nothing mysterious about evil, unless someone wants to scent out something mysterious in the existence of a cat or of any animal of prey." -- Eugen Duhring

"Evil is — the cat. The devil therefore has no horns or cloven hoof, but claws and green eyes. And Goethe committed an u
Ibrahim Abdelghany
This is really short book that summarizes the utopian approaches to socialism in Europe and America, however, it not a good introduction to Marxism and Socialism in my opinion.
Sayed Ismail ElMasry
برأيي الكتاب جميل جدا
لكنه لا يتحدث عن طوباوية فورييه و أوين و سان سيمون
بقدر مايتحدث عن تاريخ الاشتراكية ككل و تطور الفلسفة المادية
Not a good book to be reading when you get told at work they are halving your team, doubling your workload, and not paying you a penny extra.
John Hatley
May 18, 2014 John Hatley rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
More thoughts by a great thinker, noteworthy not only in their own right but also because of their applicability today - 132 years later.
Aug 16, 2015 George rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Engels is a better writer than Marx. A worthwhile read for anyone who wants a firm understanding of Marxist literature.
Jan 24, 2016 Faran rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Five stars for quality of explanation and effective summary of the relation to the broader history of ideas.
I actually much prefer this book to the Communist Manifesto. Partly because of the deeper context which is undoubtedly due to the fact that Engels' thought is much more developed than it was 30 odd years earlier when he and Marx wrote the Manifesto, and partly due to the improved language which I'm guessing is the result of Aveling's translation (Aveling was Elanor Marx's husband and close associate of Marx and Engels). The language is not nearly so archaic or polemical. But perhaps it's just do ...more
Al Smith
In the end Engels' socialism wasn't all that scientific.
Donna Davis
Many people consider themselves to be socialists. In this dense and serious piece of writing, Engels examines the difference between those who want to see the rich get less rich and the poor less poor by appealing to people's nice side, and those who see a materialist approach in which the working class mobilizes to receive what it has rightfully earned. For serious students of political science, this is very interesting. Not light reading.
« previous 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 99 100 next »
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Be the first to start one »
  • Wage-Labour and Capital/Value, Price and Profit
  • Reform or Revolution
  • The State and Revolution
  • The Revolution Betrayed
  • The Meaning of Marxism
  • A Companion to Marx's Capital
  • Why Marx Was Right
  • For Marx
  • An Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory
In 1820, Friedrich Engels was born in Germany into a wealthy family. Managing a branch of his father's business in Manchester, England, from 1842-1845, Engels became appalled at the poverty of the workers. He wrote his first socialist work, Conditions of the Working Class in England. After their meeting in 1844, Engels and Karl Marx became lifelong colleagues. While co-writing an article with Enge ...more
More about Friedrich Engels...

Share This Book

“Thus, as far as he is a scientific man, as far as he knows anything, he is a materialist; outside his science, in spheres about which he knows nothing, he translates his ignorance into Greek and calls it agnosticism.” 32 likes
“State interference in social relations becomes, in one domain after another, superfluous, and then dies out of itself; the government of persons is replaced by the administration of things, and by the conduct of processes of production.

Quoted in The Situationists and the City, pg. 194”
More quotes…