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Socialism: Utopian and Scientific

3.97 of 5 stars 3.97  ·  rating details  ·  1,016 ratings  ·  34 reviews
In the medi]val stage of evolution of the production of commodities, the question as to the owner of the product of labour could not arise. The individual producer, as a rule, had, from raw material belonging to himself, and generally his own handiwork, produced it with his own tools, by the labour of his own hands or of his family. There was no need for him to appropriate ...more
Paperback, 98 pages
Published December 1st 2008 by Cosimo Classics (first published 1882)
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Bahaa Zaid
أسلوب إنجلس سلس جدًا وواضح ومتسلسل بطريقة منطقية، الكتاب سهل جدًا إذا كان عندك معلومات عامة سطحية عن الفلسفة والماركسية
يبدو أنه أن تقرأ عن الماركسية شيء وأن تقرأ للماركسيين شيء آخر
ويبدو أيضًا أن الاتحاد السوفيتي لم يكن ماركسيًا
In my opinion, this is a better introduction to Marxism than the Communist Manifesto. The first chapter focuses on utopian socialist who tried to make reforms but ran up against roadblocks of the bourgeoisie, and since it was based on an unscientific view, it lead to a "mish-mash of critical statements, economic theories and pictures of future societies," none of which had the momentum to implement their ideas. Unfortunately, this still sounds like the Left today.

The second chapter, talks about
The primary distinction of this excerpt from Anti-Duhring, found in the title of this book, is a dubious form of name-calling that appears to have been designed by Marx and Engels to make themselves seem more powerful. The only real difference that one can discern between utopian and scientific socialism is, that one didn't have state-power while the other aspires to it; although Engels says the real difference is that Utopians idolize the individual man of genius and conform society to a plan ( ...more
Очень сложно рассуждать о данном труде Энгельса, когда понимаешь, что принципом социализма является следующее утверждения – «кто везёт, на том и едут». Тех кто "едут" всегда неизмеримо больше, и как правило это малообразованная масса, которой легко манипулируют и с помощью которых ко власти приходят всякие мерзкие люди и в итоге в санки упрягают тех кто везёт. В истории много таких примеров.

Энгельс во многом ошибался. Идеальное мировое устройство наверное невозможно, но всё таки жаль, что он не
Useful as an easy summary of Marxian historio-philosophical thought and in its articulation of the differences between utopian (pre-Marxist) and scientific (Marxist socialism). Although it should be noted that a number of historians (Kowalkoski, etc) reject Engels's more positivist consideration of Marxian thought. Engels distinguishes utopian socialism from scientific socialism in that the utopians did not recognize the development of hsitory, or that it was historical development that created ...more
Marti Martinson
Economics and, by default, econometrics, are not things I can cognitively digest with ease. I will have to read this again, maybe more than twice. I still find no traces of the horrible, twisted, deformations by Lenin, Stalin, Mao, & Cie, but the "dictatorship of the proletariat" IS still a dictatorship. The passages on boom/bust, production/overproduction, and consumption/overconsumption are, however, quit convincing. Perhaps the night watch security guard with the bad allergies who patente ...more
Interesting. I read somewhere that Engels was actually the better writer of the Marx/Engels team. Does that make Engels the Garfunkel, or Simon? I don't know. But this was fun to read and interesting. So much passion.
Brilliant introduction to Marxist communism, a short read (about 50 pages) yet very thorough and covering all the essential ground - the roots of socialism (with the French utopian socialists), dialectics and historical materialism. I was familiar with most of the information but this particular text is written and formatted in such a way that it gives a really good grasp of the aforementioned contents, and this was the first time I really understood the dialectics of nature as distinct from the ...more
Benjamin A'Lee
Good in places. The first half or two-thirds were an overview, first of materialist philosophy and then of pre-Marxian socialist theorists, none of which I found of much interest. The final third started off with an analysis of the development of industrial capitalism, in the “historical materialist” mode. The gist of it was that, as economic conditions develop (international trade, advanced machinery, etc.), social conditions lag behind and are eventually too outdated to function; so, as techno ...more
Herman Gigglethorpe
Despite my two-star rating, this is an interesting read for those interested in the history of communism.

This is primarily a work of historiography. Engels interprets the history of Europe from the Middle Ages to the 19th century as class struggle. Feudalism was undermined by increasing commercial activity and finished off in the French Revolution. However, the French Revolution and its aftermath revealed the flaws of "bourgeois liberalism". Liberalism is designed to protect the property of the
Alex Billet
Much like The German Ideology and The Communist Manifesto, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific is among the essentials for understanding Marxism and the dialectical materialist approach to socialism. Frederick Engels, himself a rather undervalued influence on Karl Marx, is clear and concise in this book, laying out simply how it is that Marxism is a more viable way of looking at the world, and why workers' self-emancipation accompanied by an overthrow of capitalism points the most realistic way fo ...more
this excerpt from anti-duhring is an informative history of socialist thought prior to marx and a good introductory text for approaching marxism as a whole. for anyone interested in marxism it ought to be read, preferably early on, as it also provides concise introductions to historical materialism and dialectics.

it is also, especially the introduction to the english edition, wildly funny. poor engels is much maligned, either blamed for any inconsistency that appears in marx's writings or ignor
Ayse Sen
Kitap biraz ağır olmakla beraber, proleteryanın gelişimini çok iyi anlatıyor. işçi-burjava ilişkisini, 1640 ingiliz devriminden kapitalizme kadar üretim tüketim ilişkisini de ele alıyor.aAncak sakin kafayla okumanızı tavsiye ediyorum.Bu kitabı okuduktan sonra thomas more-ütopya ve tomasso campanella- güneş ülkesini kitaplarını okumanızı da tavsiye ederim.
"the fact that the type of the cat with the guile associated with it is found in animal form, stands on an even plane with the circumstance that a similar type of character is found also in human beings... There is therefore nothing mysterious about evil, unless someone wants to scent out something mysterious in the existence of a cat or of any animal of prey." -- Eugen Duhring

"Evil is — the cat. The devil therefore has no horns or cloven hoof, but claws and green eyes. And Goethe committed an u
Ibrahim Abdelghany
This is really short book that summarizes the utopian approaches to socialism in Europe and America, however, it not a good introduction to Marxism and Socialism in my opinion.
Not a good book to be reading when you get told at work they are halving your team, doubling your workload, and not paying you a penny extra.
John Hatley
More thoughts by a great thinker, noteworthy not only in their own right but also because of their applicability today - 132 years later.
I actually much prefer this book to the Communist Manifesto. Partly because of the deeper context which is undoubtedly due to the fact that Engels' thought is much more developed than it was 30 odd years earlier when he and Marx wrote the Manifesto, and partly due to the improved language which I'm guessing is the result of Aveling's translation (Aveling was Elanor Marx's husband and close associate of Marx and Engels). The language is not nearly so archaic or polemical. But perhaps it's just do ...more
Al Smith
In the end Engels' socialism wasn't all that scientific.
Many people consider themselves to be socialists. In this dense and serious piece of writing, Engels examines the difference between those who want to see the rich get less rich and the poor less poor by appealing to people's nice side, and those who see a materialist approach in which the working class mobilizes to receive what it has rightfully earned. For serious students of political science, this is very interesting. Not light reading.
This was really terrible (writing wise). All the points were murky and, in most cases, there was no driving point. Engels had moments of sheer brilliance and eloquence, which would then be quickly quashed by deliberate obscuring of his own reasoning. I did not get much out of this book, and I would really not recommend it either.
Marts  (Thinker)
Published in 1880 from a part of Engels work 'Anti-Dühring', Socialism, Utopian and Scientific seeks to distinguish between scientific socialism; a term used by Engels to describe a means of understanding and predicting varying economic and social phenomena by examining historical trends via scientific methodology and utopian socialism; which encompasses examining the same phenomena but via rational means...
Another classic of communism that I am glad I read. One can hardly understand marxist-communism vis a vis other branches of socialism and communism, and its appeal, without at least a one-time reading of several of Engels' essays, and this is a central one. Engels wrote clearly, linearly, and forcefully. Despite his mistaken premises, his arguments are persuasive.
Guilherme Martins
É uma obra tradicional do marxismo que ainda se concentra na propriedade privada e distribuição de riqueza, e "opressão" e "exploração" com a esperança dentro da emancipação proletária dentro modo de produção do capitalismo. Toda sua análise é assim marcado por uma dialéctica ascendente apologética ao sujeito de concretizar a história.
Jason Canada
Quick easily read introduction to Marx and Engel's theory of socialism. Discusses the industrial and French revolutions in context and provides the roots of dialectic socialism found in the utopian type as read in saint-Simon and Owens. Gave me an itch to read further into the works of Engels.
Good summary of the economic thought of Marx and Engels. It should be noted that this essay does skew more towards Engels views, especially in regards to inevitability of a take over of the means of production by the state and a stricter technological determinism than Marx advocated.
"It is the compelling force of anarchy in the production of society at large that more and more completely turns the great majority of men into proletarians; and it is the masses of the proletariat again who will finally put an end to anarchy in production."
First read in 1998 for a Philosophy course.

Basic & short. Get it free at Project Gutenberg.

My star rating is simply about how much I enjoyed reading it and not based on content. The content is fine and exactly what you'd expect from the title.
Engels is a surprisingly easy read. Cool introduction but I feel I still have a lot of work to do to fully understand all the points he brings forward. 4 out of 5 liberated Proletarians
Karlo Mikhail
A brilliant recap on basic Marxist concepts from the crisis of the capitalist system, the state as an instrument of class rule, and, of course, socialism.
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In 1820, Friedrich Engels was born in Germany into a wealthy family. Managing a branch of his father's business in Manchester, England, from 1842-1845, Engels became appalled at the poverty of the workers. He wrote his first socialist work, Conditions of the Working Class in England. After their meeting in 1844, Engels and Karl Marx became lifelong colleagues. While co-writing an article with Enge ...more
More about Friedrich Engels...
The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State The Condition of the Working Class in England The Communist Manifesto مباديء الشيوعية Anti-Duhring: Herr Eugen Duhring's Revolution in Science

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“Thus, as far as he is a scientific man, as far as he knows anything, he is a materialist; outside his science, in spheres about which he knows nothing, he translates his ignorance into Greek and calls it agnosticism.” 26 likes
“State interference in social relations becomes, in one domain after another, superfluous, and then dies out of itself; the government of persons is replaced by the administration of things, and by the conduct of processes of production.

Quoted in The Situationists and the City, pg. 194”
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