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A Evolução da Física

4.21  ·  Rating Details ·  1,063 Ratings  ·  61 Reviews
From the original Publisher's Note:

"The layperson does not often have the opportunity of reading a simple exposition of advanced sientific thought written by the one who did the actual creative thinking. In this book, which is the result of a happy collaboration between the author of the theory of relativity, Albert Einstein, and one of his co-workers in research, Leopold
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Published by Livros do Brasil (first published 1938)
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Thomas Freeman
Sep 08, 2009 Thomas Freeman rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I really enjoyed the explanations given in this book. The author is Einstien but the writing is Infeld. He worked very closely with Einstien.

They begin with basic mechanics and work their way through field physics, special and general relativity and then finally to quantum mechanics. All of this is done without mathematic equations. It is all explained through analogies, theories and explanation or real world experiments.

It is a very interesting read if for no other reason than to see the devel
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Anna Hiller
Feb 15, 2009 Anna Hiller rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Dad
Recommended to Anna by: Marybeth
Shelves: physics
This book is so polite! Written in 1938, apparently more by Infeld than by Einstein, it is exceedingly proper and therefore delightful, as well as thorough. It is a beautiful book, very clear and precise, and should be read by all armchair physicists with a serious hankering to understand relativity theory, as well as the importance of the quantum theory.
مديحة حوري
كنز من التجارب الذهنية
تدرج الأفكار ومتى نقرر أن نظرية ما، أصبحت غير صالحة
تجربة تحول الفيزياء الى درراسة بنية الحقل
الفيزياء والمراجع العطالية وعلاقة كليهما بالهندسة
الهيولة، الأثير، الحراة، درجة الحرارة، الطاقة، المادة، الكتلة،العالة، الثقالة، السرعة، المسافة و الزمن

كتاب قمة
Ali Reda
Jun 28, 2015 Ali Reda rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: physics
نحن لا نستطيع أن نبنى علما دون أن نعتقد بإمكانية إدراك الحقيقة من خلال منشآتنا النظرية ودون أن نوقن بوجود تناغم داخلى في العالم الذي نرصده. إن هذا الإيمان كان وسيظل الباعث الرئيسى لكل إبداع علمي. فمن خلال كل مجهوداتنا، نلمح الطموح إلى الفهم والايمان الراسخ بتناغم عناصر الوجود ، ذلك الايمان الصامد أمام كل العقبات التى تحول دون إدراك الحقيقة.
Clif
May 26, 2014 Clif rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Einstein has a reputation not only as a physicist, but as a humanitarian. The clarity and style of this book reinforces the reputation.

Slowly, carefully and with great concern that the reader not be left behind, Einstein and his co-author tell what could be a bewildering tale by demonstrating how the science of the physical relationship of things evolved.

It did so for the reason that all science evolves: questions, in being answered, pose further questions. The pursuit of the unknown, with the n
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ابراهیم توللی
تاریخ علم فیزیک از زبان اینشتین شنیدن دارد. این کتاب به ما میآموزد که مفاهیم علمی به چه شکلی در مواجههی ما با طبیعت و برای فهم بهتر آن تولید میشوند و رشد میکنند. ضمنا نظریات فیزیکی در همین دویست سیصد سال اخیر چقدر عوض شدهاند و در یک روند رشدی چقدر از مفاهیم و نظریات به کناری ریخته شدهاند.
این کتاب برای آشنایی مفهومی و فارغ از ریاضی با نظریات فیزیکی از زمان نیوتن تا زمان خود اینشتین هم خوب است.
نکتهی جالب این که حتی یک نام هم از اینشتین در این تاریخ نویسی نیامده در صورتی که میدانیم اینشتین در همهی
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Steve Bolin
Aug 29, 2011 Steve Bolin rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Interesting book. Most of it was written by Leopold Infeld who was a colleague of Einstein and a fellow refugee from Europe. Infeld could not get a permanent appointment at Princeton due to a bitter rivalry within the Physics department so he came up with the idea of writing a popular, non mathematical monograph explaining the history of physics. Einstein readily agreed and this allowed Infeld to obtain a secure source of funding. Einstein's name appears first only because his was the better kno ...more
Mengsen Zhang
Feb 05, 2013 Mengsen Zhang rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Absolutely awesome! In my mind, this book is more about psychology or cognition rather than physics. I love books whose plots are connected by logic rather than irrelevant story telling.
More precisely, this book is about how human "create" knowledge and the nature of reality. There is in fact no force, no field, no charge. All we have is motion, along with, at best, the tendency of motion. The "scientific" concepts are artificially created to, and only to, classify unrelated events that only ma
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Krollo
Jun 03, 2014 Krollo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book is a pretty good explanation of the history of physics, from Galileo to quantum theory. It is set out in a fairly comprehensible manner, and there are a lot of analogies used. This isn't going to help you much with exams but it's a great way to get your head round the overall structure of physics.
Michael
Mar 29, 2014 Michael rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I first picked this book up thinking that it would provide a broad overview of the entire history of Physics. I really wanted Einstein's take on Aristotle, Lucretius and maybe even the pre-Socratics in a sweeping history of scientific thought. On this account, I was sorely disappointed. Einstein summarily dismisses all physics prior to Galileo, and I almost summarily dismissed the book as a result. It sat on my shelf for about two years until I recently picked it up thinking I needed a new way o ...more
Abdulrahman Algendy
هذا الكتاب رغم قدمه ولكني استمتعت كثيرا بقراءته واستفدت أكثر ، أنا لا أعلم مدى مشاركة تلميذ أينشتاين في الكتابة ولكني أستطيع ان أرى أسلوب أينشتاين في الشرح وإيصال الفكرة بكل موضوعية ، فقد بدأ بشرح تطور علوم الطبيعة منذ جاليليو وحتى ميكانيكا الكم وبداياتها على عهده ، وقد فعل ذلك بكل حياد وموضوعية دون أن يحتقر أو يتجاهل قوانين نيوتن والمياكنيكا الكلاسيكية بشكل عام ، بل أكد على أهميتها وعلى أن النسبية سواء العامة أو الخاصة ماهي إلا تعميم للميكانيكا الكلاسيكية ورؤية أفضل لعلوم الطبيعة ، وأسلوبه في إ ...more
Eli
Apr 30, 2016 Eli rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: physics
An accessible, straightforward journey through the rise and fall of various theories at the heart of physics, from Newton's time to the early 20th century era of Einstein and Infeld. Although "rise and fall" is not quite accurate; the authors stress that new theories tend to broaden the scope of the old theories rather than upending them entirely. Thus, for example, today we freely make use of Newtonian mechanics when dealing with non-relativistic speeds, or use Maxwell's equations when the elec ...more
Paparas
Nov 22, 2009 Paparas rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book offers two things:
1. A summary of physics, from classical mechanics, to field theory, general relativity and quantum theory (as it was understood in 1938 when the book was first published). The presentation is oriented towards laymen and avoids using any mathematical formulas. The explanations of the basic ideas of physics are marvelously clear and straightforward. However, the self-imposed strict avoidance of math, although probably appealing to the wide audience, sometimes resulted i
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Rosa Ramôa
Jan 13, 2016 Rosa Ramôa rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"da Teoria da Relatividade,depreende-se que massa e energia não são senão manifestações diferentes do mesmo fenómeno,um conceito pouco familiar para uma inteligência comum.Explicando a equação E igual a mc ao quadrado,na qual a energia é igual à massa multiplicada pelo quadrado da velocidade da luz,mostra que pequenas quantidades de massa podem ser convertidas numa grande quantidade de energia,e vice-versa.A massa e a energia são,de facto,equivalentes,de acordo com a formula mencionada.Isto foi ...more
Ahmed Alhefny
Jul 06, 2015 Ahmed Alhefny rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
باختصار: إذا أردت فهم مضمون النظرية النسبية فعليك بهذا الكتاب.
Luis Espinoza
Dec 30, 2016 Luis Espinoza rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is so far the most legible introduction/explanation of the development of physical theories I have read so far. The vocabulary is considerably simple and the illustrations are clear enough to make the basic concepts approachable for someone with no formal studies in the area like me. The book has no mathematical explanations, and Einstein says that in doing so he is sacrificing precision, and this is surely true, however the point of the book is not to present a precise understanding of phy ...more
Antoine Patt
Feb 05, 2017 Antoine Patt rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Einstein, through this book, unfolds the intricated lines of ideas that forged what is today's physics understanding. It gives a rather clear insight of why people put their faith and reason in some theories, and casted shadows of disapprovement on others. But the most interesting in my opinion is to learn more about the tipping points before each thought revolution. Those periods were highly tensed from the intellectual point of view. They reflect how difficult it can be for new and counterintu ...more
Alabbas Fadhel
Aug 22, 2016 Alabbas Fadhel rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
من الكتب القليلة التي تجمع بين البساطة والعمق , بالرغم من انه لم يضف لي معلومات كثيرة عن الفيزياء (ليس هذا الهدف من تأليفه اطلاقاً) فقد ساعدني على اكتساب فهم اكثر عمقاً للنظرية العلمية وعلاقتها بالواقع, وكيف يمكن ان يوجد اكثر من تفسير لظاهرة واحدة , وكيف رُفضت بعض النظريات ليس لسبب انها غير مطابقة للواقع او غير صحيحة وانما للصعوبات التي تواجهها او وجود تفسير ابسط واغنى (فالواقع كما يبين اينشتاين في الكتاب كساعة مغلقة لا نرى منها سوى الاميال تتحرك ونحن نحاول بجهدنا ان نفهم كيف ولماذا تتحرك), وجعل ...more
Ruchi Chaube
A novice or a layman would marvel the book for its simplicity in the presentation of the complicated physical phenomenon. This book is definitely a masterpiece for a beginner who is learning physics. As Einstein himself followed the science of deduction so has he approaced the same in the presentation of the physical facts in this book. You will see a glimpse of it as you read through this book. The book would turn out to be not so gripping if you're already familiar with some of the physical fa ...more
Bushra
Oct 05, 2016 Bushra rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

هكذا تكلم اينشتاين..
عن تاريخ تطور الفيزياء والجميل فيه انه يوضح تسلسل النظريات والحاجة التي أدت لكل تقدم جديد..
بمعنى كيف ولماذا يفكر العلماء وما الدافع لكل اكتشاف ونظرية..
مفيد جداً وهو موجه لغير المتخصص لكن لم أفهم كل الكتاب ولي عودة لقراءته ان شاء الله..
هذا الكتاب أفادني أيضاً نفس الفكرة بعض الجزئيات فيها توضيح أكثر ورسومات للتجارب وفيه معادلات على عكس كتاب اينشتاين:
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1...
معتز عناني

الكتاب رائع وانصح به لكل المهتمين بنظرية المعرفة - الابستمولوجيا

الكتاب اجمالاً يتكلم عن تطور/ثورات الأفكار في الفيزياء كما يتضح من عنوان الكتاب بدئا من افكار نيوتن وجاليليو الثورية - بناءاً على وقتها - الي ان تطورت النظريات لتهدم كل واحدة الأخرى الي وصول اخر النظريات ثورية في هذا الوقت - الذي طبع فيه الكتاب - ميكانيكا الكوانتم

الكتاب لا يناقش النظريات العلمية نفسها ،، ولكن اسباب وكيفية ظهورها ،، ولذلك الكتاب لن يضيف معرفياً للمهندسين والفيزيائين ولكن سيضيف لديهم ترابط الأفكار وتطورها


* انصح جدياً
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Arrion J.
Is reality real? Sounds funny but think about it, is reality real? My reality is not your reality is not Joe Shmoe's reality so how do we know how to respond to others? Do we go along with the median or general societal norms or do we dare diverge and suffer the consequenses of such? I believe the study of motion will better help to give the illusion of remaining congruent with socioty, while somewhat controling my soroundings, who's force will push society to be congruent with me.
Erickson
Dec 19, 2011 Erickson rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: physics
Very good expository by Einstein himself on his own take on classical physics as well as his own theory of relativity. The depiction is nearly so simple that a person who has not quite seen physics before would be able to understand the gist of what he is trying to say. The exposition is sufficiently detailed qualitatively, with intention to forgo all quantitative explanations, and I believe he did that without loss of any generality.
Arman
May 30, 2015 Arman rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A very interesting reading, especially for those who want to have an overall idea about greatest theories and most essential concepts of physics from classics to field and electromagnetism then relativity and quantum. It shares many moments of why and how, for example why even a relativity theory is needed, how they tried to solve which problems that end up having a new theory which is the most important to know before studying anything, specially natural sciences like PHYSICS.
Joe Colombo
Mar 14, 2013 Joe Colombo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Muito bom! Tive uma disciplina na Universidade quando cursava Bacharelado em Física na UFMS com um professor sensacional (Alfredo Salvetti!). O livro é excelente e ajuda a abrir a mente e ter um pensamento criativo e crítico!
Para quem reflete sobre como as coisas funcionam, é curioso, e quer ter um pensamento criativo eu recomendo! Olha que já faz quase 20 anos (1996) que li o livro ... e li aversão em portugues. Gostaria muito de tê-lo em casa para reler a vontade.
Austin Wright-pettibone
Great complement to introductory physics courses, or to non-scientists interested in learning about the psychology of physics. In traditional Einstein fashion, the explanations are clear, guiding, and informative: the authors make sure never to leave their reader behind, carefully building explanations in order to bring popular audiences along. I've recommended this book to many a friend looking to understand the motivation behind early physical research.
Ala'a
Mar 05, 2014 Ala'a rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
الكتاب قصير، مختصر، سهل القراءة، ويشرح الأفكار بشكل مبسط جدًا بدون أي تطرّق للجانب الرياضي من النظريات رغم أني أظن إن الجانب الرياضي يُسهِم في تعميق الفهم وتوضيح الفكرة. المزعج فيه إن المصطلحات الواردة هي مصطلحات قديمة، فيضيع الوقت في محاولة الربط بين المصطلح الوارد في الكتاب وذاك الذي أعرفه رغم أن الفكرة واحدة طبعًا.
أعجبتني ثقة الكاتبين في قدرة العلم على إيجاد تفسير كامل وبسيط للعالم؛ قلما تجد هذا في مؤلفات حديثة. كما أن غلاف النسخة العربية ظريف :].
Ethan
May 02, 2008 Ethan rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: scientists, nerds
Leopold Infeld mostly wrote the book. Einstein essentially added his name and editorial input to his friend's project, otherwise it wouldn't have been published so widely. It's a good thing, too, because Infeld writes much better than Einstein. The 1938 language notwithstanding, this is about as good an introduction to twentieth century physics as exists.
Doug Daley
Feb 25, 2015 Doug Daley rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book did a good job of explaining modern physics and how it evolved on a conceptual basis. No heavy math to cause sleepless nights or frustration. Just the authors presenting thought experiments and analogous to explain how we got where we are in physics and where we might go next.
Vance J.
Jun 27, 2015 Vance J. rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Really interesting to read this book 50 years (+) after it was first written. A simple introduction to the move from classical to modern physics. This will help fill in some of the gaps for those who are challenged by understanding the differences.
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How much math is enough? Too much? 1 6 Feb 22, 2014 04:43PM  
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In 1879, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Zurich by 1909. His 1905 paper explaining the photoelectric effect, the basis of electronics, earned him the Nobel Prize in 1921. His first paper on Special Relativity Theory, also published in 1905, changed the world. After the rise of the Nazi party, Einstein made Princeton his permanent home, becoming ...more
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“Science can only ascertain what is, but not what should be, and outside of its domain value, elly judgments of all kinds remain necessary.” 17 likes
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