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Triangle: The Fire That Changed America

3.97 of 5 stars 3.97  ·  rating details  ·  3,734 ratings  ·  330 reviews
“Sure to become the definitive account of the fire. . . . Triangle is social history at its best, a magnificent portrayal not only of the catastrophe but also of the time and the turbulent city in which it took place.” —The New York Times Book Review

Triangle is a poignantly detailed account of the 1911 disaster that horrified the country and changed the course of twentieth
Paperback, 340 pages
Published August 16th 2004 by Grove Press (first published August 1st 2003)
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Triangle: The Fire That Changed America is a moving and riveting account of the Triangle fire of March 25, 1911, the deadliest workplace disaster in New York City for 90 years. It destroyed the lives of 146 workers, the majority of them young immigrant women.

The author successfully brings to life the period before, during, and after the fire. He looks at the social and economic conditions of the time, working conditions in the garment industry, and the labor movement th
Ginny Messina
A fascinating read. It’s not just the story of the fire, but also describes historical trends--NYC politics and the labor movement—that preceded and followed the fire. There is some great historical detail here and von Drehle is a wonderful writer. The fire and its immediate aftermath are heartbreaking and so is the list of the dead at the end of the book. Highly recommended.

Triangle tells the story of the devastating 1911 fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory in New York. Von Drehle (who writes for the Washington Post, my favorite newspaper), tells about the tragedy, but also puts the fire in its historical context - touching on issues ranging from the labor movement, immigration, anarchy, Tammany Hall, corrupt courts, and how FDR got his start in politics. It is well written and easy to follow. Surprisingly (at least to me, who had heard this fire referenced bef ...more
Unbeknownst to me International Women's Day 2013 would take place while I was reading this book. Last month I read "Hellhound on His Trail" during MLK day and this month this history of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire which ultimately ushered improved workplace conditions and workweek hours. I'm on a roll!!!

The changes were largely brought about by women like Frances Perkins who became the first woman ever to hold a cabinet post, Secretary of Labor, under FDR and by the Women's Trade Union
A well researched holistic account not only of the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in 1911 in which 146 workers were killed, but also of what lead to the fire and what were it's long term historic repercussions. Von Drehle does a masterful job of creating the environment in New York City of not only the tenements and factories in which many of the workers lived and worked, but also the political environment - Tammany Hall, the Women's Trade Union League and the Consumer League which were ...more
OK, do you really want the truth....... I feel I ought to like this book. There is absolutely nothing wrong with it. BUT, but, but I was not all that engaged! Why?

There were too many people to get engaged with any one of them.

It read like a textbook, at least in parts.

This is a book about politics and labor unions, and this topic always annoys me. Improvements are made when it pays in the ballot box.

Every individual is thoroughly reviewed so that the reader completely understands why they make
The great garment district fire of 1911 killed 146 people in Lower Manhattan. This was the greatest workplace loss of life for decades before and 90 years after, until 9/11/2001.

The average factory loft (today converted into a swanky condo) was 10 or 11 stories, meaning four floors beyond the reach of the highest hook and ladder. Fire escapes were grossly inadequate and no-smoking rules usually ignored. Scrap heaps beneath each work table provided a highly combustible matrix--and cotton is incr
Aug 05, 2014 Trena rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommended to Trena by: Sheryl
In addition to giving a terrifying minute-by-minute account of the fire, Von Drehle puts the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire into its larger social context of strikes, socialism, Tammany, and labor reform. Though I knew a bit about the fire itself, I didn't know much about labor history of the time and the author does a nice job of keeping the pace going while still explaining the philosophy and tensions. There are parts that seem extraneous, but it was overall a well-written and engaging book. I appre ...more
On March 25, 1911, just before closing time, a fire broke out at the Triangle Waist Company factory in New York City and quickly raged out of control. Due to a combination of poor building design, a lack of proper leadership, and the absence of any type of disaster preparedness or safety protocols, the fire would kill 146 people, some as young as 14 years of age. This book presents the events of that day, the progress of the fire and the ensuing panic in vivid and frightening detail. The backgro ...more
An interesting story for those who like books on Gilded Age New York. The account of the fire and its aftermath was a gripping read, and very reminiscent of 9-11. What makes this disaster different than the hundreds of similar incidents before it, is that it followed a strongly awakened wave of activism among women garment workers. However, before the fire, Tammany was firmly on the side of the moneyed interests (ie. the factory owners), using their police force and hired goons, to beat up the s ...more
Bob Schnell
In the New York City public schools, students are taught the basics about the Triangle Waist Company fire in 5th or 6th grade as part of their local history studies. I would highly recommend "Triangle: The Fire That Changed America" to older students of history who want to learn more about the events that led to the fire and its aftermath. The story is not like narrative non-fiction where one person's POV leads the story. Instead, the story unravels from many different viewpoints, from the worke ...more
A gripping account of one of the worst tragedies in American history.
We might grumble and complain about long work weeks, commuter traffic, an aloof boss, catty coworkers, inadequate perks, and/or uncomfortable working conditions such as non-ergonomic furnishings/equipment or privacy invasive cubicle farms. But none of that compares to dismal, deplorable conditions and starvation salary eighty-hour work weeks in factories during the early twentieth century. And it certainly doesn’t compare to lack of labor-reform laws judiciously/equitably enforced, that could ha ...more
For a non-fiction book that is not "fictionalized", Triangle: The Fire That Changed America is an engaging account of the events before, during and after the tragic March 25, 2911 fire in the Triangle Waist Factory in New York City. (A "waist" was a lady's blouse.) Von Drehle provides a thorough context to the fire; the political, legal, social and labour background is described in detail.

My interest flagged once or twice during the descriptions of the union activities--maybe because Canada has
Extremely well researched and written "Triangle" is the story of the 1911 fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factor that killed 146 workers, most of them young women. David von Drehle not only writes about the fire, but the events leading up to the fire, including a prolonged strike by garment workers in 1909. The conditions the workers had to deal with are also described as well as the incredibly long work week (100 hours) for low wages which the owners tried to make even lower whenever they could ...more
Dec 31, 2011 Alisa rated it 5 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: everyone
Very moving story of the Triangle Waist Factory fire on NYC's lower east side in March 1911 where 146 people, 123 of which were young women, perished in a horrific industrial fire. The author did a superb job of bring to life the people involved in the tragedy, including those who perished, stitching together the forces of immigration which resulted in so many immigrant women working in low paying jobs, the rampant corruption which allowed the palid working conditions to go unchecked, the lack o ...more
146 people died in this fire. This 2003 book contains, in its appendix, a list of 140 victims, probably the most accurate list up to that time. Since then, a researcher has identified has identified the remaining six victims. Read about it here:

There is also a fascinating Cornell University website about this fire.

Trivial error spotting: In Chapter 8, Henry Morgenthau Sr. is incorrectly characterized as “a future sec
Sep 20, 2009 Bap rated it 4 of 5 stars
Shelves: law, labor
First read Michael Leccese's great review. Then go to Washington Square in NYC where the building still stands where sweatshop workers mostly young immigrant woman jumped to their deaths, sometmes holding hands with other workers to escape the flames. It is so eerily like the World Trade center in that regard. The doors to the factory had been nailed shut to prevent workers from taking breaks. The building codes were flimsy and unenforced. the owners were greed and sickenly escaped all liability ...more
One of the most fascinating books I've read in a long time. Highly recommended. The year was 1911. New York City was, like today, brimming with immigrants—from Russian Jews who escaped genocide to Italians who left hometowns that were destroyed by an erupting Mt. Vesuvius. They started their new lives in the land of opportunities. Some were fortunate enough to work their way up from poverty to become shop and factory owners, lawyers, and politicians. But most lived in tightly-packed tenements an ...more
Kressel Housman
The Triangle Fire is a well-known historical event in frum circles for two reasons: 1) most of its victims were young Jewish women, and 2) the fire was on Shabbos. Employees of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factories were allowed the option of not working on Shabbos, but they would lose the day’s pay for it. Most chose to work, and 146 lost their lives for it. Their Jewish employers faced a lawsuit afterward. Though they won (they were defended by yet another Lower East Side Jew), their reputations we ...more
Cynthia Kane
I read this finally just after the 100th anniversary of the fire... In fact this story has always haunted me and as I used to live not far from the building that housed the Triangle Waist Factory in the Village, I knew aspects of the story well. This is a well researched book, yet it's written with both intelligence and emotion. I found myself completely caught up in the story once more - I recommend it highly - and there are 2 new documetaries that could be recommended after reading, one is exe ...more
I really cannot say enough about this book. It was required reading for the US History course I am taking and otherwise would probably never have picked it up. I am so thankful to my instructor for this requirement. It moved me in ways that are indescribable. Von Drehle does an extraordinary job of describing in detail the fire that took 146 lives needlessly.

I was worried about the detail but found that while it was very truthful it was not gratuitous. I found myself, while sitting at Starbucks
Rachel Terry
This book sets the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire into its place in history and tries to show how it influenced New York and national politics. The author does a great job of illustrating the working and living conditions of immigrants in 1911. The description of the fire is horrific, and I had to take a break from the book for a while because it was just too much. But I came back to it, and I'm glad I did. My favorite part of the book was the chapter about the trial. It was as gripping as any ...more
Annette Robinson
We sometimes forget about the horrendous working conditions people-mostly young, immigrant women-were subjected to during the early part of this century as they worked in hell-holes for a mere pittance. This fire took the lives of 146 people, most of them young Eastern European or Italian immigrant young women in 1911. It was the most lives lost in NY in a work-related incident until 9/11.

The one good thing that came from it is that laws were changed, finally, for the betterment of workers.

This was a very well-written book. I would recommend it to anyone who is looking to get a good historical overview of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire, and a glimpse into labor history in general. Not only did the book contain some very good details of the fire itself, but it also talked about the labor situation that preceeded the fire, and some of the improvements that the fire resulted in. It is hard to believe that there was a time in America's not-too-distant past, when there were no sp ...more
The story of the 1911 fire itself, and workers who threw themselves out of windows because they were locked in and the fire department's ladders and hoses couldn't reach them, is heartbreaking and shocking. What makes this book exceptional, though, is the descriptions of the time period and what this fire and these workers (mostly young female immigrants)did for the labor movement. These were some seriously tough women, who were willing to be beaten and tortured in order to form unions and preve ...more
The saga of young immigrant workers in the United States at the turn of the century is a Biblical tome of wrongs and tragedies. The Triangle Shirtwaist inferno in Greenwich Village in March of 1911 killed 146 workers, mostly young women. Bosses vs. Unions vs. workers just wanting to get paid and punching their time cards. This account of one of the greatest workplace tragedies in our nation's history ... it made me sad and then mad as hell. I wonder how much has really changed.
Engagingly written account of NYC politics, the early days of the labor movement, and immigrant life in early 20th century NYC. The book does a particularly good job of humanizing the fire's victims. I finished reading it immediately prior to the 100th anniversary of the tragedy, just as Ohio and Wisconsin were passing fiercely anti-labor legislation. It served as a stirring reminder of what happens when there is a severe imbalance of power between employers and workers.
I felt like I knew turn of the century New York going into this book - I've been studying it since I was a kid. In middle school we learned about the Tammany political machine and yellow journalism. In college I learned how the Triangle fire led to changes in the fire code, and that exit doors should always open out instead of in. A couple of years ago I read A Tree Grows in Brooklyn and gained a ground-level appreciation of the time.

It turns out that was only the barest of frameworks. Triangle
Von Drehle writes as though the book and the story he has written is fiction, or even historical fiction, but these are real people and real facts. These things literally happened, and much of it with quotes. His unique style of writing a non-fiction as though it were a story set during the late 19th century and during the early 20th lends a certain separation for the reader from academic-heaviness-boredom. However, it does make one annoyed that all of the citations and notes are crunched at the ...more
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David von Drehle is the author of three previous books, including the award-winning Triangle, a history of the Triangle shirtwaist factory fire that The New York Times called "social history at its best." An editor-at-large at Time magazine, he and his family live in Kansas City, Missouri.
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