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Walden Two

3.46  ·  Rating Details ·  4,617 Ratings  ·  338 Reviews
Walden Two is a utopian novel by behavioral psychologist B.F. Skinner. It describes a 1000 person planned rural community in which the members are happy & productively creative. The community is governed by Managers, six Planners & supports a few Scientists. It promotes arts & leisure, requiring only four hours of work per member daily. Members subscribe to a C ...more
Paperback, 301 pages
Published March 1st 1962 by Macmillan (NY) (first published 1948)
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Apr 21, 2011 Melissa rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I have to say that I find it funny how often the user reviews call Walden Two "boring." I get as bored reading a philosophical treatise as the next person, but Walden Two is actually easy and engaging to read. It's even funny in the little ways the narrator mocks the hero Fraser as well as the daft intellectual Castle. Skinner has this great way of describing when conversation is awkward, or when people misunderstand each other in little ways, or when a person's ego is showing. I mean, ok, it's ...more
Erik Graff
May 05, 2016 Erik Graff rated it really liked it
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: Alan Jones
Shelves: literature
I don't much like B.F. Skinner's radical behaviorism, but I enjoyed his novel, Walden Two, assigned by Professor Alan Jones for his seminar, "Utopia and Society", at Grinnell College. My appreciation may have been exaggerated by having just read More's Utopia and Zamyatin's We, neither of which were easy reading, More because of my ignorance of his times, Zamyatin because of the turgidity of the translation. Compared to them, Skinner was a breeze, his book a pleasure.

Behaviorism began in Germany
Jul 05, 2012 Kaitlynn rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: owned, behaviorism
This book has two target audiences, really, and the quality varies strongly depending on where you fall.

As a fiction reader, this book falls short in so many, many ways. Characters are merely loudspeakers for the author, going so far as to be named after him. Most characters, while having distinct viewpoints and personalities, are one-dimensional. There is no discernible plot whatsoever. And I mean none. The plot is the same as a virtual tour on an apartment website. As this is a novel of a utop
Apr 30, 2008 Avery rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: People without attention disorders.
Recommended to Avery by: Eric Neibauer
Shelves: half-read
Walden Two by B.F. Skinner is one of those books that you, at the same time, love and hate. Personally, I thought that the idea was a ridiculously interesting concept in and of itself, and Skinner made a valiant attempt to implement it in a fictional novel, but ended up with a pile of literary shit powdered with intellectual diamond dust. I’m sure that both parts of my analogy can easily be explained; Skinner is a Psychologist and not a creative writer. I have to say, I think I liked the book bu ...more
May 25, 2016 Laurent rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Though I usually wait a few days before reviewing a book to properly let it steep in my murky mind, I could not wait to get my hands inky with Walden Two.

B.F. Skinner, a figure somewhat reminiscent of the incredibly talented and wonderfully intelligent Aldous Huxley, was a pioneer of Behaviourism: the position that all human behaviour is shaped and defined by a certain set of sociopolitical, economic, cultural and genetic factors. We could consider the science of behaviour the final blow to the
2.0 to 2.5 stars. Better as a review of Skinner's scientific theories than as an actual novel, this "utopian" novel deals with an experimental community based on solving problems via application of the scientific method. It has been a while since I read this and I may re-read this at some point to see if my opinion has changed.
Sep 24, 2014 Joe rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
'It's all one big debate. That's my problem.' Jim said as he and I crested the hill. 'The characters just go back and forth debating the merits of Walden Two's behaviorist society. So while there are basic story elements; characters, setting and so forth, it's not really much of a novel.'

'Would you rather Skinner wrote an essay; An Outline for Utopia, or something like that?' Kara replied as she joined us on top of the hill. 'Would that have made him more persuasive?'

'Oh, no no.' Jim said and la
Mar 18, 2011 Megan rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
One time, I threw this book out a window. That should probably tell you how much I detest it. It was required reading for a class, and I fully acknowledge that this "review" is basically just venting the resentment and bafflement that still lingers.

Part of my ire is that Walden Two is presented as a novel (albeit blandly written with no care for depth of characters, emotions, or plot), and man, do I as a reader detest poorly-written fiction that's ultimately trying to argue something. (Well-writ
Nov 21, 2008 Jonathan rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
My psychology professor informed us that Skinner at first intended to be a writer. I think the world is blessed in many ways that he changed his mind. My review of the novel (one star) is due to judging it as a work of literature, which is how he wrote it. It sucks. What he should have done was put forth a pamphlet of about 30 pages called "The Walden Two Manifesto" and described the construction, regulation, behavioral principals, etc, that make up the community. Lots of very interesting, progr ...more
Dec 18, 2008 Bruce rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: utopians, role playing game fans
When I think of stories about utopian societies -- Brave New World, 1984, The Time Machine, and Gattaca for example -- I really think of a genre that sends up a dystopia as a means of satire. It's like a subgenre of mystery, with a well-worn formula. The protagonist introduces us to an 'ideal' world whose darker implications are only later revealed (the mystery lies in the discovery of what these implications really are). In the end, the protagonist has either escaped, been co-opted or killed, o ...more
Jan 26, 2013 Joanne rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Thoreau would be appalled. Thoreau, of course, conducted an actual experiment based on his personal experience living at Walden. Skinner does the opposite: he conducts a mental experiment with a fictional group suggesting an alternative model for society.

The timing of the book is interesting, various ideas about behaviourism had been developing since the turn of the 20th century. Following WWII, the US military-industrial complex took a keen interest in behaviour modification. There are a numbe
Melissa Robinson
Jan 01, 2015 Melissa Robinson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: simplicity
Walden Two earns four stars not for its literary value (it's not terribly well written or compelling only as a story), but for the thought provoking social science concepts it raises. Intellectual stimulation earns it a place on my great books list.

The concept of behavioral engineering is both repulsive and intriguing to me. The line between behavioral engineering and brainwashing is just too fine. I have enough Professor Castle in me to balk at the ideas that freedom is nonexistent and democrac
Nathan Titus
an appalling vision of a utopia. Unlike most utopia visions, however, this one is completely honest. It's not about making a "perfect society;" it's about controlling the members. The perfect society is both an effect of that cause and a a tactic towards that goal. Create a society in which everyone is happy, and people will behave for the good of that society. their behavior will be engineered from day 1. and by day 1 I mean since birth; infants are cared for by the community, and their physica ...more
As a certified behavior analyst, I was excited to discover that Skinner wrote one book of fiction. I picked it up at my local library book sale and found multiple copies. I ended up buying the one that had the name inside the jacket of the woman who bought from us the last house I lived in--weird!

The society uses behavioral principles to teach people to not have jealousy, to have self control to delay gratification and accept slightly annoying circumstances. The goals is "escape from the petty e
May 12, 2013 ddjiii rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: to-reread
Walden Two was assigned to me by a professor who apparently thought Skinner's extremely half-baked notions of what would be a great society to live in had some value to us. I guess they did, because I had a great time writing as furiously sarcastic a review as I could (which I unfortunately can't find), but throughout the book I was astonished that a guy who clearly must have some brains, and who had devoted his life to the study of how people behave, could be so clueless about how they actually ...more
Sam Nordli
A fictional outline of Skinner's ideal utopian society. The characters are all very flat, and it is obvious that Skinner is using the story only as a vehicle to present his theories of social reform. Nonetheless, those ideas in themselves were interesting enough to hold my attention despite the mediocre writing. It is considered controversial because it espouses 'behavioral engineering' in a non-democratic societal arrangement. However, Skinner's arguments and examples are convincing and thought ...more
Feb 12, 2009 Charles rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: classics
As a novel, this is not a wonderfully written book. But as a fictional expansion on B. F. Skinner's idea of a utopian society, it is extremely interesting and extremely important. Skinner lays out his idea of a world in which all behavior is guided by clearly stated reinforcement.

Skinner makes the point in his writings, that we are all completely controlled by our world of reinforcement and punishment, but that we like to imagine that we have free will. This books lays out that thinking in a no
Mar 09, 2008 Beth rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book was amazing. I was completely seduced by the idea of behavioral engineering and I was ready to move into Walden Two after finishing it! The discussion of free will at the end was fun. I learned lots afterwards reading critiques of skinner's ideas by chomsky and others.

While I doubt the ideas would work in practice, the way of life presented in this story is what techonology SHOULD be used for: giving us more free time to pursue the things we want!
I remember liking this book in college and had to read it for a class I took. After reading it we had to write a term paper on what we considered a utopian society. Back in the early 70s I was interested in communes, but I doubt if any lasted due to problems within the commune. All I remember about this book is that the people changed their jobs from one day to the next so they wouldn't become bored.
Gerard Pairó vinardell
Jan 25, 2013 Gerard Pairó vinardell rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: caca
Es increíblemente aburrido, está horriblemente mal escrito y su filosofía subyacente es una porquería. Pero hay algo a favor de Skinner y es que es muy listo. En unos párrafos del libro le hace guiños al marxismo y al progresismo en general, y los aludidos caen como panchitos. La prueba es que el libro es más querido en foros progresistas que en psicológicos.
Aug 29, 2015 Henry rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
B. F. Skinner? More like B.F. Skin me alive because this thinly veiled "novel" is a rambling waste of time. By the end I decided I would have rather read anthem by ayn Rand six times over instead, and that is by no means a compliment.
Oct 16, 2016 Mike rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Iso Cambia
It's a classic, and I have a thing for utopia/dystopian novels. Skinner is a psychologist, not a writer, so read this one for its ideas not it's beautiful writing.

“A world which has been made beautiful and exciting by artists, composers, writers, and performers is as important for survival as one which satisfies biological needs.”

“The mob rushes in where individuals fear to tread, and Führers deceive themselves as to their support.” (37)

A wealthy class to provide
Aaron Slack
Dec 28, 2011 Aaron Slack rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
Brave New World Lite. Walden Two is a novel about a hypothetical scientifically-planned utopian community based upon Skinner's research. The overall premise is that most of society's problems stem from people being unhappy, alcoholism to cite an example. Have society train it's members to be happy, and the problems like divorce and drug-abuse go away mostly by themselves. How is this training accomplished? Power is placed in the hands of a few highly-trained sociologists who engineer the communi ...more
Jyotika Varmani
This book can be evaluated on two aspects: its writing style and content; albeit like any other book, but since the author has defended an entire psychological theory using this book, both the areas are completely distinct.

For the writing style: I did feel very interested at the start. However, the book became very monotonous with time. The narrative lacked any detail or anything interesting for that manner. It consisted mainly of dialogues between different pairs of characters. More description
Aug 10, 2013 Bria rated it really liked it
I would love it for the characters alone. They're both caricatures and realistic portrayals of the varied and complex and inconsistent behavior and beliefs of a person. The implication that the three main characters - Frazier, Burris, and Castle - are all embodiments of Skinner's own self: Burrhus Frederic Skinner, Burrhus means "fortification" or "Castle", Burris clearly not far from Burrhus; Frazier may not be so obvious or clear, but it at least sounds similar enough to Frederic - makes it al ...more
May 12, 2011 Kelsey rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I haven't read this book since taking that Honors Psychology 2 class my Junior year of high school, which was quite a while back. But I recently found it at a yard sale and had to pick it up. It's one of the best books I've read about behavioral psychology in a long time.

The first thing I remember enjoying about this book was that it didn't read like at textbook, but a Utopian, science fiction-y novel. (I myself enjoy a good Utopian book, so this was in my ballpark). Then as we got into the typ
Nov 30, 2008 Judy rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Judy by: can't recall
Shelves: desert-island
This was one of those very impactful stories I read during college (not as an assignment). Skinner creates a modern Utopia, in this story first published in 1948. The story is told as a visitor goes to the "commune" (I don't know how else to describe it), and he is shown around and various aspects of the society are described, discussed, observed, explained, and experienced. It was very fascinating to me as a young adult, to read a story in which many of our negative and violent behaviors are am ...more
Jul 19, 2013 Loretta rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Awesome concept!! I gave it 4 stars not for its literary value but for the book's exploration of the utopian ideal based on careful behavior modification. Each new concept controlled by the character Fraser brought up questions of the reader's beliefs...culminating with the major overall question of free will. Skinner explored society from all angles and tried to show how all decisions can be controlled by setting up the right environment.
Emilis Kuke
Feb 28, 2016 Emilis Kuke rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Galvojau, kad daug kas šioje knygoje ideologiškai nepatiks. Ir skaičiau labiau iš smalsumo. Ir vis gi - patiko! Knyga įtraukianti nuo pirmo puslapio. Kai kas buvo naujo, kai kas buvo tai ką jaučiau, tik niekada nedrįsau sau to pripažinti. :)
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topics  posts  views  last activity   
Future of the Science of Behavior at Walden Two 1 20 Oct 26, 2009 01:14PM  
Walden Two and the Outside World, Freedom vs Determinism 1 29 Oct 26, 2009 01:13PM  
Politics in Walden Two 1 14 Oct 26, 2009 01:12PM  
The Good Life at Walden Two 1 6 Oct 26, 2009 01:11PM  
Marriage and Child-Bearing at Walden Two 1 10 Oct 26, 2009 01:10PM  
Behavioral Engineering of Emotions at Walden Two 1 6 Oct 26, 2009 01:09PM  
The Nursery at Walden Two 1 3 Oct 26, 2009 01:07PM  
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Burrhus Frederic Skinner was a highly influential American psychologist, author, inventor, advocate for social reform and poet. He was the Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974. He invented the operant conditioning chamber, innovated his own philosophy of science called Radical Behaviorism, and founded his own school of experimental resea ...more
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“The only geniuses produced by the chaos of society are those who do something about it. Chaos breeds geniuses. It offers a man something to be a genius about.” 78 likes
“No one asks how to motivate a baby. A baby naturally explores everything it can get at, unless restraining forces have already been at work. And this tendency doesn't die out, it's wiped out.” 43 likes
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