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State And Revolution

really liked it 4.0  ·  Rating Details ·  3,189 Ratings  ·  146 Reviews
No, democracy is n o t identical with the subordination of the minority to the majority. Democracy is a state which recogizes the subordination of the minority to the majority, i.e., an organization for the systematic use of violence by one class against the other, by one section of the population against another.
Published January 20th 2001 by University Press of the Pacific (first published 1918)
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Apr 05, 2015 Jonathan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I lurk on reading people's recommended book lists (surely the sole purpose of that website) and this came up a few times.

I was, for many years, completely disengaged with the political process and the world in general, through some vague and incredibly privileged liberal sense that everything is bad, so who cares?

Various factors have led me back to worrying about the world and, subsequently, Marxism, but I am still very inexperienced in reading political theory of any kind and hesitant
محمد وفيق زين العابدين
في زيورخ عام 1917 بدأ لينين بكتابة هذا الكتاب تحت اسم (الماركسية والدولة) لينتهي منه في العام التالي في فنلندا تحت اسم (الدولة والثورة)، فيُعيد إحياء تعاليم ماركس الأولى بشأن الموقف من الدولة، وليخرج بفكرة جوهرية عن الثورة هي ضرورة تحطيم جهاز (الدولة)، ففكرة الاستحواذ على هذا الجهاز وتطويعه لخدمة الثورة أمر غير وارد، فهو مرتبط عضويًا بالطبقة البرجوازية المُستغلة الحاكمة، ولا يُمكن أن يتخلى عن دوره في تمكينها من استغلال الطبقات الشعبية العاملة الكادحة.

فهذه الطبقة العاملة التي ستُحرر المجتمع وتبني
Nov 04, 2013 Stuart rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
If you happen to get the version which has a forward by Richard Pipes, I strongly suggest reading the text of Vladimir Lenin first, maybe Google or Wikipedia some of the historical references, and draw your own conclusion. Richard Pipes is your classical establishment propaganda clerk who's job is to 'help' you see the text the way the State wants you to, that is, defanged of its revolutionary message.
Pipes slides in his prejudice hidden by historical facts, intent on having you view this remark
Feb 03, 2017 Abeer rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Extremely thorough and well written, deals with the question of the state after the revolution, makes distinctions between communists, social democrats and anarchists. Argues that anarchists and communists have the common goal of the abolition of the state, it is simply the methods that they disagree on. Wonderful read, I learned a lot!
Apr 06, 2009 Michael rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Anarchists, Communists, Russian historians
Recommended to Michael by: Bob Avakian
Shelves: politics
This is the famous book in which Lenin asserted (quoting Engels) that “the state will wither away” under Communism, and which is therefore sometimes oddly accused of being “utopian” and “anarchist.” It is neither of these, but it does require some work to parse out.

Historically, this essay was written at the moment when Lenin was in exile in Switzerland, after the February, 1917 revolution and before the October revolution which ended with him and his party in power. One would think that his min
Lynn Beyrouthy
The February Revolution of 1917 goaded the fall of the Romanov dynasty when tsar Nicholas II abdicated, and things started to look surprisingly auspicious for Vladimir Ilich Lenin and his Bolshevik party. However, the Provisional Government of Georgi Lvov, in the midst of the colossal military turmoil of World War I, wasn't particularly sympathetic of Lenin's anti-war stance. After his arrival in Petrograd (to be renamed after him Leningrad), Lenin was falsely accused of being a German agent and ...more
There's an episode of The Simpsons in which an enraged gigantic Lenin smashes out of his tomb and starts stomping on people in Red Square shouting "Crush Capitalism".

As far as I can recall this is a surprisingly concise and accurate synopsis of "State and Revolution" (so long as one substitutes the term bourgeoise for capitalism).

Presumably in the political context of 1917 this pamphlet urging readers to crush the bourgeoise was an attempt to create clear blue water, or choppy red water, between
Dec 08, 2008 Eric rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Being a dirty red, I found it amazing (and surprising) that I had never sat down with this piece. I had read sections in Marxism classes years ago, but it was refreshing to get back into it. Excellent. A must.
Lenin was the one to put the gulag system in place, not Stalin.
May 20, 2016 Pablo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Un clásico, no todo lo dicho por Lenin es util ahora, pero hay temas esenciales y trascendentales, que pueden ser aplicados aun hoy.
Ibrahim Niftiyev
Demokratiya azlığın çoxluğa tabe olması deyil. Demokratiya hakim sinifin aşağı sinifləri istismar etməsi məqsədi ilə azlığın çoxluğa tabe olduğunu qəbul edən dövlətin yaratdığı illüziyadır. "Dövlət və inqilab" əsəri ilə Lenin sinfi cəmiyyətdə baş verən istismarı (proletariat və burjuaziya arasında) "qanun" və "demokratiya" adı altında necə qanuniləşdirdiyini göstərir. Karl Marks və Fredirik Engelsin əsərlərinə əsaslanan Lenin, dövlət adlanan prazit quruluşun sinfi cəmiyyətin mənafelərinə necə xi ...more
Mar 15, 2013 Elagabaal rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
this was (perhaps unfortunately) the first work of marxist theory i ever read and as such has shaped a lot of my approach to basic political questions. to be fair, lenin provides an introduction to revolutionary theory and the theory of the state that is true enough to marx and engels and is very accessibly written. it covers some very important topics for people new to radical politics- the role of the state as an organ of class rule, the role of police and jails, and perhaps most critically th ...more
Jun 18, 2012 Operaista rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
If one wants to engage with Lenin, it's important to engage with him at his best. Yes, some of his flaws still shine through (mainly that, due to the class nature of the inner core of the Bolshevik party (a class nature encouraged by the Russian material conditions), Bolshevism was always given to bureaucratisation), but Lenin at his best - and what "could have been", had it not been for the isolation of the revolution and the emergence of the counterrevolution as the degeneration of the Bolshev ...more
Apr 04, 2014 Johnnie rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Essential reading for anyone interested in proletarian revolution and its relation to the state. Very well written, inspiring, and certainly has the fire of immediacy stewing in it. You can tell it was written with great energy, probably quickly. The only issue is that sometimes it's repetitive and sometimes Lenin goes into some very historically-rooted discussions that don't have as much relevance as it did when he wrote the book. For instance, he spends a fair amount of time taking Kautsky to ...more
Yaser Maadat
Feb 21, 2015 Yaser Maadat rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
يظهر لينين في هذا الكتاب نظرته للعلاقة بين الدولة و الثورة من ناحية حتمية اضمحلال الدولة عقب استيلاء البروليتاريا الثورية المسلحة على السلطة بناء على فهمه لآراء ماركس و انجلز،و لكن الظاهر للعيان عبر آراء لينين في هذا الكتاب هو ايمانه المطلق بهذه الحتمية و سعيه لأن ترى النور على أرض الواقع عبر السوفييتات التي يرى انها تشابه كومونة باريس التي يركز عليها في بسط آراء ماركس و انجلز حول ضرورة القضاء على وجود الدولة بعد استيلاء البروليتاريا المسلحة على السلطة،اضافة الى هذا يشن لينين هجوما شرسا على من ي ...more

I can see why Rothbard liked it, and reading it gave me new insights into Rothbardian political strategy. However, it also made me feel as though the Soviet Union as it existed was more or less what Lenin was aiming for, and what he describes in this book as the first stage of Communism. It just seems like the results were much different from those he envisioned, and that Communism never progressed to the "higher" stage. Also, lots of crazy sounding claims I've heard made about Lenin are
Aaron Crofut
Lenin's books are not worth reading. Calling upon people to destroy the state is easy enough; building up something after that, not so easy. Claiming that people will magically fall in love with laboring for others doesn't actually solve the problem, even if Marx (the great prophet) declared it so.

Also, I can't help but mock the "scientific" nature of Lenin's plans. As we all know, Russia was indeed ripe for communism. If only we could all live in a world as good as the Soviet Union! Oh, wait..
Feb 17, 2017 Francisco added it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: gente que opina de política
Un libro bastante útil para entender lo que Lenin entendía como un marxismo puro, el cual él creía que estaba siendo contaminado por gente que él consideraba "oportunistas": Anarquistas y socialdemócratas. Es interesante para entender cuál es la receta marxista "original" o si alguna vez escucharon "marxismo leninismo" y no sabían realmente qué era.
Jan 05, 2008 Michael rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
drawing heavily on the works of marx and engels, lessons drawn from the paris commune of 1871, and his own experiences from 1905 and 1917, lenin sums up the armed workers' revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat, and then outlines the eventual withering away of the state in the higher phase of communism.

throughout he berates the anarchists and social democrats for their opportunism, philistinism, and vulgarism. for lenin, there was a lot at stake at this historical moment as it was q
Eric Phetteplace
I always find it a bit preposterous when supposed "historical materialists" use fidelity to Marx and Engels as proof of truth. Isn't that exactly the sort of textual game reserved for postmodernists and literary critics, not historians? Lenin goes about refuting his opponents by repeatedly quoting M&E at length and calling them "philistine" which strikes me as an abject method of argumentation. Similarly, attacking Kautsky and other opportunists is a bit myopic; the book would be more releva ...more
May 20, 2008 C rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: phenomenal
"The state is a product and a manifestation of the irreconcilability of class antagonisms."

"Another reason why the omnipotence of wealth is more certain in a democratic republic is that is does not depend on defects in the political machinery or on the faulty political shell of capitalism. A democratic republic is the best possible political shell for capitalism, and, therefore, once capital has gained possession of this very best establishes its power so securely, so firmly that no c
Oct 07, 2008 Mr. rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Lenin's State and Revolution is the most crucial analysis of the Marxian theory of the state and its relation to class struggle. Lenin was a revolutionary determined to reveal the provisional government's capitulation to the forces of imperialism and to revivify the revolutionary edge of Marxism that "socialists" had attempted to obscure. Lenin writes
"According to Marx, the state is an organ of class domination, an organ of oppression of one class by another; its aim is the creation of "order"
Mar 12, 2014 Caligula rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I found this quite tedious for being such a short book.

It pretty much consists on a long rant, in which Lenin discredits his opponents by repeatedly quoting Marx and Engels. And it's done in a quasi religious way, reminds me of how the different branches of Christianism bash each other by claiming that theirs is the true interpretation of the Scriptures.

He argues (once and again) about the impossibility to abolish the state overnight and advocates for a more democratic proletarian state, which w
Rosa Ramôa
Jan 13, 2016 Rosa Ramôa rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Sobre a ditadura do proletariado...
"O proletariado só precisa do Estado durante algum tempo (...),utilizando temporariamente contra os exploradores (burgueses e contrarrevolucionários) os instrumentos do poder político - tal como +e necessário instigar a ditadura temporária da classe oprimida para abolir a sociedade de classes.(...)Sob a ditadura do proletariado, será necessário reeducar milhões de camponeses e pequenos proprietários,centenas de de milhares de empregados de escritório,oficiais e
Dec 11, 2013 Robert rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
This is a critique of socialists, anarchists, and "vulgarized" or "opportunistic" Marxism. Basically anyone who isn't itching for a bloody revolution is a fool or an imposter as far as Lenin is concerned. History has not been kind to his theories and assumptions. It would appear the vision of the Soviets was incomplete, and where the purpose and knowledge of the workers fell short, party communism stepped in and filled the void with totalitarianism.
Magdy Samy
Feb 11, 2015 Magdy Samy rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
في ذكري خلع حسني مبارك بحاول افهم ليه فشلنا..وبعد الكتاب ده جيه سؤال في دماغي ليه ساعتها توهمنا النجاح اصلا؟
احنا ازاي تشربنا اوي كدة ان احنا في لعبة شطرنج ولما الملك يموت نكسب؟
رفقاء نازلين الشارع للمطالبه باصلاحات سياسية بسيطة لقوا معاهم قوة جماهيرية كبيرة فرفعوا سقف المطالب حبة صغيرين وكل سنة وانت طيب
مفيش هدف واضح مفيش تنظيم واحد كويس (غير الاخوان،وقصدي كويس تنظيميا) وبعد السنين دي معدش في خالص
الكتاب هنا بيحاول يوضح ايه هي الدولة والدولة بتعمل فينا كدة ليه والثورة المفروض تعمل ايه.
Jan 05, 2012 Joshua rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A short pamphlet written on the eve of the Russian Revolution of 1917 expresses Lenin's view of the need to smash the capitalist state and create a workers state in order to win the revolution. Its relevance today is reinforced as the revolutions in the Middle East show the limitations of merely laying hold of the pre existing state machinery and running things through the official channels.
Apr 18, 2015 Emma rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
the first half of the book is definitely an interesting read, whereas the rest of the book is pretty much just repetition. However if you don't understand something in the first half you can be sure that he'll repeat it 6 or 7 times in the remaining part.
Mar 18, 2012 Monier rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
كتاب مهم جداً وبيقدم اسس كتير جداً للنظرة الماركسية للصراع وشكله ,,انا شخصياً حل ليا كتير من الاسئلة اللى كانت بتدور فى ذهنى
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Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich (1870-1924) - one of the leaders of the Bolshevik party since its formation in 1903. Led the Soviets to power in October, 1917. Elected to the head of the Soviet government until 1922, when he retired due to ill health.

Lenin, born in 1870, was committed to revolutionary struggle from an early age - his elder brother was hanged for the attempted assassination of Czar Alexande
More about Vladimir Ilyich Lenin...

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“During the lifetime of great revolutionaries, the oppressing classes constantly hounded them, received their theories with the most savage malice, the most furious hatred and the most unscrupulous campaigns of lies and slander. After their death, attempts are made to convert them into harmless icons, to canonize them, so to say, and to hallow their names to a certain extent for the “consolation” of the oppressed classes and with the object of duping the latter, while at the same time robbing the revolutionary theory of its substance, blunting its revolutionary edge and vulgarizing it.” 28 likes
“We are not utopians, we do not “dream” of dispensing at once with all administration, with all subordination. These anarchist dreams, based upon incomprehension of the tasks of the proletarian dictatorship, are totally alien to Marxism, and, as a matter of fact, serve only to postpone the socialist revolution until people are different. No, we want the socialist revolution with people as they are now, with people who cannot dispense with subordination, control, and "foremen and accountants".” 16 likes
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