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A Letter Concerning Toleration
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A Letter Concerning Toleration

3.87 of 5 stars 3.87  ·  rating details  ·  1,075 ratings  ·  56 reviews
For whatsoever some people boast of the antiquity of places and names, or of the pomp of their outward worship; others, of the reformation of their discipline; all, of the orthodoxy of their faith -- for everyone is orthodox to himself -- these things, and all others of this nature, are much rather marks of men striving for power and empire over one another than of the Chu ...more
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Published January 1st 2010 by MobileReference (first published 1689)
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Ben
Locke makes a very strong case for the separation of church and state and personal life. However, his logic breaks down several times and - Locke being a philosopher - that is a major flaw.

Firstly, he states that whether Christian, Jew, Muslim, Pagan, Buddhist you have an equal right to practice your religion wherever you are and that no government can 'determine' your religion for you. Good. Oh, atheists don't count, Locke just feels that they can't possibly be correct and consequently shouldn
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Rlotz
John Locke warms my heart.

As a thinker, Locke is formidable. Nonetheless, he is on a level somewhat below other modern philosophers, like Descartes, Hume, and Kant. This is because of his incorrigible habit of stopping his arguments just short of the point at which they would contradict common sense. This is a bad quality in a philosopher, but an endearing quality in a man (as you can tell from his great popularity in his lifetime). And, perhaps from sheer luck, even the logical errors that Loc
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عمرو عبدالعزيز
أحد الأصول التراثية للعلمانية في العرق التاريخي الغربي .. يتحدث عن فصل الدين عن الدولة ضرورته و أسبابه ..
جميل جداً ..
إحنا مال أهالينا بأه ؟!!
من يقرأ الكتاب الذي هو أحد أصول الفكر العلماني المعاصر في بلاد المسلمين لابد أن يتسائل في حيرة طوال الوقت : ما علاقتنا بهذا النموذج الذي يسعى الكتاب لتدميره .. أو تحقيقه ؟ من الذي قال أن الخليفة لديه الخلاص الروحي للمسلمين في الآخرة ؟ أليست كل نفس بما كسبت رهينة ؟ أليست لا تزر وازرة وزر أخرى ؟ متى كان عندنا طبقة كهنوت بيدها وحدها تخليص المسلمين من النار في
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Gilgamesh  Nabeel
في ظل تنامي ظاهرة التطرّف في الشرق الأوسط والعالم، والتي جعلتنا نعايش عصور وسطى جديدة، مع فارق وجود التكنولوجيا والتطوّر المادّي، تبرز أهميّة كتاب الفيسلوف الإنكليزي جون لون "رسالة في التسامح" التي كتبها في القرن السابع عشر في وقت كانت أوروبا تعاني فيه من الإنشقاقات الدينيّة وحروب عصفت بها وراح ضحيتها عشرات بل مئات الآلاف من الضحايا، لا لذنب إقترفوه سوى تبنّيهم لعقائد جديدة أو محاولتهم الحفاظ على عقائدهم القديمة في أماكن أخرى.

نكاد نلمح في رسالة الدكتور لوك بذور للأفكار العلمانيّة والليبراليّة وإ
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Rawiyah   Al-mousa
كتاب جميل جداً.يدعو فيه جون لوك إلى التسامح الديني بين جميع الطوائف والأديان السماوية,وإن يجب علينا ألا نتهم المذاهب المخالفة بالهرطقة للمذهب السائد في أي دولة,بأنها هيَ بؤر لتفريخ الفتن وألوان العصيان.
و يرى إن هذه التهمة لن تكون لها أي مبرر إذا ما قام التسامح ، فان السبب في وجود دواعي الفتنة عند المخالفين هو ما يعانونه من اضطهاد من جانب المذهب السائد.ولهذا فانه متى ما زال الاضطهاد واستقر التسامح معهم ، زالت أسباب النوازع إلى الفتنة والعصيان.
ويرجح جون لوك أن أسباب التآمر والفتن هيَ من استبداد ال
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Pedro
Even if the book dates from 1689, it's surprisingly applicable today. Locke arguments in favour of the separation of church and state. One of my favourite passages is when he explains that followers of an expansive religion as they were once the christians would accept the uses and laws of a society until the moment when they can impose their own religious view to that society and force the other citizens to be converted, exiled or something worse. Probably this is past water for Christianism, b ...more
أحمد البخاري

إن وجود كتاب للفيلسوف الأنجليزي جون لوك بمقدمة من العظيم والفيلسوف ورائد التنويريين المعاصرين مراد وهبة له كتاب يستحق الإحتفاء به ..


يأخذنا جون لوك في رسالة ملهمة ورائعة يرسلها إلى جيمس الثاني يتحدث له فيها عن التسامح الديني وأنه ليس من حق أي أحد أن يقتحم بإسم الدين الحقوق المدنية ويضطهد الآخريين ، هذه الرسالة أشبه بالملحمة ، فمن خلالها نتعلم مفهوم الدولة المدنية ، وأساس العقد الإجتماعي الذي صاغه جون لوك ، والتسامح ، وكيف أن الحقيقة المطلقة تقف عائقاً أمام تقبل الآخر والسلم الإجتماعي ..


الجدير با
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Melissa
I gave this 5 stars because I think that it is one of those staples that everyone should read. Now I realize that I'm a historian at heart, and not everyone is as interested in Englightenment-era literature as I am. However, I think that it really puts our modern world into perspective. Our world today is so different, and yet so strikingly similar to the one that Locke describes. I think it serves as a valuable lesson in human nature.

That being said, the writing is quite dense so some may find
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Ooi
Brilliant work. Locke laid down the arguments for the separation of church and government, religious diversity/pluralism (that it is not the diversity of opinions that produce war but the inability and unwillingness to tolerate different views) and examined the role of government in this work. Locke is a Christian but that does not deter him from seeing that the amalgamation between religion and politics would bring abuse of power, corruption and hypocrisy as well as defeat the real purpose of g ...more
Bryan Heck
I really enjoyed this, although it wasn't as much an eye opener for me because much of the stuff we all widely accept now. His arguments though, still to this day hold a lot of ground, but some don't. His view on Atheists, is one view where I would say his Logic definitely breaks down, whether due to a possible fear of consequences for supporting freedom for atheists or just a complete unfair bias against them, it definitely left an awkward hole in his "toleration" logic.
Shaimaa Ali
يُعد الكتاب نقطة فاصلة فى الحديث عن التسامح الدينى وقت كتابته .. وان لم يكن بالشىء الجديد او بالفكرة البراقة اليوم
السقطة الرئيسية فى هذا العمل كانت فى عدم تسامح لوك مع الملحدين .. وأعجب كيف لفيلسوف مثله ان يأخذ بهذا الرأى .. ربما كان ليغير رأيه فيما بعد مثلما غير رأيه المتشدد أولاً وقام بكتابة هذه الرسالة القصيرة والتى أخذت بها أوروبا بعد استنكار شديد لها فى البدء
التفاصيل شديدة التعقيد بالنسبة لى عن الفرق والأطياف المسيحية .. لم اكن ادرى بوجود كل هذه الطوائف..
Ali Abdul
قرأتها من نشر دار الغرب الإسلامي ، أعدها وترجمها من اللاتينية الفيلسوف عبدالرحمن بدوي ، والحقيقة أحمد الله أني قرأتها هذه النسخة ولم أكتف بقراءة المتن الذي كتبه جون لوك ، للقيمة الكبيرة التي أضفتها مقدمة بدوي .. بدأها بتاريخ الصراع في إنجلترا وكيف حدث التحول من الكاثوليكية إلى البروتستانتية ثم عرّج على ذكر بعض الرسائل الأخر التي طرقت هذا الطريق وأعطى نبذةً موجزة عنها ، والغرض من هذه لئلا يعتقد القارئ أن هذه بدعةٌ لوكية ، وانتهى بدوي بتلخيص محتوى الكتاب وأبرز الأفكار التي تحملها الرسالة ، ولا أبا ...more
محمد
تجزم بعد قرأتها بمعنى الفوارق التاريخية وجنايتها على المجتمعات لمن يُصّر أن واقع المسلمين كان كواقع أوربا عند كتابة هؤلاء المنظرين كِتَباتهم وبالتالي ينغي نقل التجربة ..

أقلوا علينا وأعلموا دينكم وتاريخكم ..
Puri Kencana Putri
Locke's primary argument is to make the bold border between civil government and religion practices. He touches as well the issue of innate morals, moral bound, and atheism; the indivisibility between moral and religion beliefs, and to some extent the dichotomy between morality and atheism. It is intriguing to examine and to contextualise his idea today. Nonetheless, I'm sure further debate on the issues of morality, humanity, stance between believers and non-believers will grow progressively to ...more
Paul
It is enjoyable to read a classical defense of toleration from a very important political philosopher. The ye olde English manner of expression can create a choppy reading experience and certain passages may feel dense, but Locke's ideas become accessible with some labor. Though it may not be the strongest defense for toleration and the boundaries of toleration he draws do not include beliefs, such as atheism, it is an important read for those who are trying to figure out the value of toleration ...more
W. Littlejohn
A fascinating read, and a perfect exhibit of the problem of liberal notions of "toleration"--namely, that they can only everyone's viewpoints so long as everyone agrees with their viewpoint. The "mere Christianity" that he advocates as a basis on which everyone can be tolerated turns out to be a very particular, radically Baptist, hyper-Protestant, heretical brand of Christianity, which must exclude other brands, like Catholicism (explicitly) and Anglicanism--by deduction.

What's scary is how ea
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Lanny
Definitely the most interesting Locke reading.

Commonplaces:

I must needs answer you freely that I esteem that toleration to be the chief characteristic mark of the true Church. For whatsoever some people boast of the antiquity of places and names, or of the pomp of their outward worship; others, of the reformation of their discipline; all, of the orthodoxy of their faith — for everyone is orthodox to himself — these things, and all others of this nature, are much rather marks of men striving for
...more
Yann
Passionnants, ces écrits de Locke, dont j'avais dévoré le "traité du gouvernement civil", le sont. Le 17 eme siecle s'achemine vers sa fin. L’Angleterre connait depuis la réforme et le schisme d'Henry VIII des troubles sans interruptions dues aux rivalités religieuses des différentes sectes protestantes, sans compter les nombreuses tentatives de restaurations du catholicisme. Face à la désolation que causent tous ces désordres, c'est par pragmatisme que Locke va plaider en faveur de la tolérance ...more
Mary
According to Adam Wolfson (Persecution or Toleration: An Exploration of the Locke-Proast Quarrel, 1689-1704), Locke offers three principal arguments in the first "Letter":
(1) The Argument from Consent-- People must consent to enter civil society, and so they must consent to the terms of that civil society. Since consent to English civil society did not include any agreement to the magistrate's control over confession, the magistrate has no authority to force confession.

(2) The Argument from Forc
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Ibrahim
رسالة كتبت بنعكاسات وقائع تاريخ الصراع في بريطانيا ما بين الملكيين والبرلمانيين وما بين الصراع في فرض تعاليم الكنيسة الكثالوكية على المجتمع اوالبروتستانتية. وبالتحديد ما بين تشارلز الثاني متبع الكنيسة الكثالوكية و البرلمانيين معتنقي البروتستانتية، حيث دافعوا عن تخلي انجلترا عن البروتستانتية وتصدوا لفكرة الرجوع لسلطة البابا الكثالوكية بروما.

بعدما اعتنق هنري الثامن (الملك) البروتستانتية اصبحت الكنيسة تحت سلطته ومنفصلة تماماً عن روما الكثلوكية في تعاليمها الدينية، وما ان توفى الملك حتى انحدرت انجلت
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Jeremy Egerer
A thoughtful, short treatise on the boundaries of civil government and religion -- absolutely essential to the religious liberties/first amendment debate, and the purpose of tolerance. Ends with a very useful note on heresy and schism, and whether or not certain sects may actually be different religions. No person who professes to understand liberalism should ever go without reading this short work.
Kristin
Wow. I would love to live in a country where everyone has read this and lives by it. It is a great, no-nonsense letter about tolerance. Holy moley! You mean I don't have to force someone to worship like I do? You mean we can all worship however we please without it being a major issue for everyone else? Imagine that!

I'm glad I listened to this. It was really good. Lots of quoteables should I ever get it in print.
Zedder
Although there's a lot of rambling going on here, this is a pretty damn reasonable book. Basically, if government's aren't tolerant of religious differences, it's just going to bite them in the ass by making hypocrites or seditious enemies of those they're intolerant of. And it's not going to do any good to try and force people to share certain religious beliefs, because we tend to arrive at beliefs by justification, not force.

The most basic claim, one that we would do well to remind ourselves
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Rachi
Me gustó, creo que su idea sobre la tolerancia es una bastante buena, sobretodo porque se refiere a la tolerancia entre religiones y entre Iglesia/Estado y viciversa.
Su idea sobre la tolerancia es, en general, que debemos ser tolerantes con los demás si sus actitudes no dañan ni la paz de la sociedad, ni a nosotros.
También dice que debemos ser tolerantes con las religiones de los demás, puesto que lo que hagan para agradar a Dios, o el daño que se hacen al no hacer cosas respecto a lo que Él d
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Cord Thomas
Fantastic philosophical work of protestantism. Turning current views on the separation between church and state on it's head by basically saying that both spheres should co-exist in all platforms, rather than governments placing rules about where and when certain religions can or cannot be practiced (schools).
Erutaerc
OK, I read a few reviews on this one and I have to say "Give the guy a break." This was written close to the time people would flee persecution in England to begin to settle America. These ideas were huge then. Did he have them all thought out and perfect toward every possible future or past religion? Obviously not! He didn't exactly have a bunch of contemporaries to set around with and work out the details. Some of them might have wanted to burn him at the stake if he had. This work is one of t ...more
Ghassan Sela
رسالة تشرح لماذا علينااللجوء الى فصل الدين عن الدولة والحكم وما يستتبعه هذا الفصل من اثار ايجابية على المجتمع وسلمه باسلوب مختصر وبسيط وسهل


بتقديري تستحق النجوم ال 5 بلا شك

سيما ان اخذنا ثوريتها بعين الاعتبار مقارنة بالفكرالمسيطر على الفترةالتي حررت بها ..
Varyjul
Mar 09, 2008 Varyjul rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: interesados en filosofía política y en Historia
Recommended to Varyjul by: Profesor Josep Delgado
Carta sobre la tolerancia es una obra fundamental para entender el pensamiento de John Locke y para entender los fundamentos teóricos de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica. Su base filosófica de libertad individual (del cual es el padre) se encuentra vertida a lo largo y ancho de esta pequeña carta, y aunque en un principio me emocionó por lo trascendente y aplicable de sus palabras en la actualidad (sobretodo en el contexto europeo en el cuál me encuentro), mi juventud no deja de juzgar las acc ...more
Ahmed
أفضل تعليق وجدته على الكتاب تعليق عمرو عبد العزيز :) فعلا الكتاب رائع ومفيد لكل مسيحي يؤرقه تاريخ الكنيسة الأسود أما المسلم الموحد المؤمن بالقرآن فما شأنه بكل هذه الهري
Amr Salah
كلمتين بسيطتين مفغاهيم مبسطة عن طرق الغاء الدوجما الدينية والتعصب وتحويلها الى مسامحة وتسامح كلامه سهل بس تنفييذه محتاج شوية سنين لقدام
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  • On the Citizen
  • Essays: Moral, Political and Literary
  • The Social Contract & Other Later Political Writings (Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Elements of the Philosophy of Right
  • On Duties (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • رسالة في التسامح
  • Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction
  • The Discourses
  • The City and Man
  • Political Liberalism
  • The Provincial Letters
  • The Principles of Morals and Legislation
  • The Statesman (Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality
  • Considerations on Representative Government
  • On Law, Morality, and Politics
  • The Spirit of the Laws (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment? (Great Ideas)
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John Locke was an English philosopher. Locke is considered the first of the British Empiricists, but is equally important to social contract theory. His ideas had enormous influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy, and he is widely regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenmen
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More about John Locke...
Second Treatise of Government Two Treatises of Government An Essay Concerning Human Understanding The Second Treatise of Government/A Letter Concerning Toleration Two Treatises of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration

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“But what if he neglect the care of his soul? I answer: What if he neglect the care of his health or of his estate, which things are nearlier related to the government of the magistrate than the other? Will the magistrate provide by an express law that such a one shall not become poor or sick? Laws provide, as much as is possible, that the goods and health of subjects be not injured by the fraud and violence of others; they do not guard them from the negligence or ill-husbandry of the possessors themselves. No man can be forced to be rich or healthful whether he will or no. Nay, God Himself will not save men against their wills.” 9 likes
“For the civil government can give no new right to the church, nor the church to the civil government. So that, whether the magistrate join himself to any church, or separate from it, the church remains always as it was before — a free and voluntary society. It neither requires the power of the sword by the magistrate’s coming to it, nor does it lose the right of instruction and excommunication by his going from it. This is the fundamental and immutable right of a spontaneous society — that it has power to remove any of its members who transgress the rules of its institution; but it cannot, by the accession of any new members, acquire any right of jurisdiction over those that are not joined with it.” 5 likes
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