Max Horkheimer





Max Horkheimer

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born
in Stuttgart, Germany
December 13, 1901

died
July 07, 1973

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About this author

Max Horkheimer (1895–1973) was a leader of the so-called “Frankfurt School,” a group of philosophers and social scientists associated with the Institut für Sozialforschung (Institute of Social Research) in Frankfurt am Main. Horkheimer was the director of the Institute and Professor of Social Philosophy at the University of Frankfurt from 1930–1933, and again from 1949–1958. In between those periods he would lead the Institute in exile, primarily in America. As a philosopher he is best known (especially in the Anglophone world), for his work during the 1940s, including Dialectic of Enlightenment, which was co-authored with Theodor Adorno. While deservedly influential, Dialectic of Enlightenment (and other works from that period) should not ...more


Average rating: 4.08 · 3,647 ratings · 135 reviews · 55 distinct works · Similar authors
Eclipse of Reason
4.11 of 5 stars 4.11 avg rating — 194 ratings — published 1947 — 21 editions
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Critical Theory: Selected E...
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4.06 of 5 stars 4.06 avg rating — 85 ratings — published 1975 — 9 editions
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Dialectic of Enlightenment:...
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4.08 of 5 stars 4.08 avg rating — 3,192 ratings — published 1944 — 35 editions
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Critique of Instrumental Re...
4.31 of 5 stars 4.31 avg rating — 45 ratings — published 1967 — 11 editions
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Between Philosophy and Soci...
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3.8 of 5 stars 3.80 avg rating — 10 ratings — published 1993 — 3 editions
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Traditional and Critical Th...
4.33 of 5 stars 4.33 avg rating — 6 ratings — published 1937
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Teori ve Pratik Üzerine: Bi...
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بدايات فلسفة التاريخ البورج...
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2.86 of 5 stars 2.86 avg rating — 7 ratings — published 2006 — 2 editions
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Gesammelte Schriften V. Dia...
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5.0 of 5 stars 5.00 avg rating — 4 ratings — published 1987
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Gesammelte Schriften IV: Sc...
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5.0 of 5 stars 5.00 avg rating — 6 ratings — published 1988 — 4 editions
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More books by Max Horkheimer…
“Although most people never overcome the habit of berating the world for their difficulties, those who are too weak to make a stand against reality have no choice but to obliterate themselves by identifying with it. They are never rationally reconciled to civilization. Instead, they bow to it, secretly accepting the identity of reason and domination, of civilization and the ideal, however much they may shrug their shoulders. Well-informed cynicism is only another mode of conformity. These people willingly embrace or force themselves to accept the rule of the stronger as the eternal norm. Their whole life is a continuous effort to suppress and abase nature, inwardly or outwardly, and to identify themselves with its more powerful surrogates—the race, fatherland, leader, cliques, and tradition. For them, all these words mean the same thing—the irresistible reality that must be honored and obeyed. However, their own natural impulses, those antagonistic to the various demands of civilization, lead a devious undercover life within them.”
Max Horkheimer

“Now that science has helped us to overcome the awe of the unknown in nature, we are the slaves of social pressures of our own making. When called upon to act independently, we cry for patterns, systems, and authorities. If by enlightenment and intellectual progress we mean the freeing of man from superstitious belief in evil forces, in demons and fairies, in blind fate--in short, the emancipation from fear--then denunciation of what is currently called reason is the greatest service reason can render.”
Max Horkheimer, Eclipse of Reason

“Philosophy is overwhelmingly complicated, its procedure depressingly slow.”
Max Horkheimer