Ivor A. Richards





Ivor A. Richards

Author profile


born
in Sandbach, Cheshire, The United Kingdom
February 26, 1893

died
September 07, 1979

gender
male


About this author

Ivor Armstrong Richards was an influential English literary critic and rhetorician.

He was educated at Clifton College where his love of English was nurtured by the scholar 'Cabby' Spence. His books, especially The Meaning of Meaning, Principles of Literary Criticism, Practical Criticism, and The Philosophy of Rhetoric, proved to be founding influences for the New Criticism. The concept of 'practical criticism' led in time to the practices of close reading, what is often thought of as the beginning of modern literary criticism. Richards is regularly considered one of the founders of the contemporary study of literature in English.


Average rating: 3.73 · 343 ratings · 40 reviews · 58 distinct works · Similar authors
Practical Criticism: A Stud...
3.68 of 5 stars 3.68 avg rating — 69 ratings — published 1929 — 10 editions
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Principles of Literary Crit...
3.77 of 5 stars 3.77 avg rating — 47 ratings — published 1960 — 11 editions
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The Philosophy of Rhetoric
3.49 of 5 stars 3.49 avg rating — 37 ratings — published 1965
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Iliad of Homer
3.47 of 5 stars 3.47 avg rating — 19 ratings — published 1958
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How to Read a Page: A Cours...
3.25 of 5 stars 3.25 avg rating — 8 ratings — published 2000 — 2 editions
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Poetries and Sciences, a Re...
3.83 of 5 stars 3.83 avg rating — 6 ratings2 editions
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العلم والشعر
by
4.0 of 5 stars 4.00 avg rating — 6 ratings — published 1926 — 2 editions
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German Through Pictures
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4.25 of 5 stars 4.25 avg rating — 4 ratings — published 1953
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Philosophy Rhetoric V 7
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4.0 of 5 stars 4.00 avg rating — 3 ratings — published 2001
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Mencius on the Mind: Experi...
3.33 of 5 stars 3.33 avg rating — 3 ratings — published 1983 — 5 editions
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More books by Ivor A. Richards…
“A book is a machine to think with, but it need not, therefore, usurp the functions either of the bellows or the locomotive.”
Ivor A. Richards, Principles of Literary Criticism (Routledge Classics)

“The chief lesson to be learnt from it is the futility of all argumentation that precedes understanding. We cannot profitably attack any opinion until we have discovered what it expresses as well as what it states.”
Ivor A. Richards, Principles of Literary Criticism (Routledge Classics)

“An experience has to be formed, no doubt, before it is communicated, but it takes the form it does largely because it may have to be communicated.”
Ivor A. Richards, Principles of Literary Criticism (Routledge Classics)

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