Houari Boumediene

Houari Boumediene

in Guelma , Algeria
August 23, 1932

December 27, 1978



Houari Boumediene (1932-1978) was an Algerian revolutionary and military leader who won power by a military coup and led Algeria during a turbulent period after nearly 8 years of war.

Houari Boumediene was born on Aug. 23, 1932, into a poor peasant family in Clauzel near Guelma in eastern Algeria. His real name was Mohammed Ben Brahim Bou Kharouba, but in 1957 he adopted the name he later used as a nom de guerre. He derived it from the names of two western Algerian patron saints venerated by the population of Tlemcen and Oran, whom he helped organize for the revolutionary war.

Until the age of 14, Boumediene attended French and Koranic schools in Guelma, then went on to a conservative Moslem religious school in Constantine. When the French c

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“Independence has made us Soft”
Houari Boumediene, The Battle Against Underdevelopment: Being The Text Of His Keynote Address To The United Nations' General Assembly, In The Special Session On Problems Of Raw Materials And Development

“L'Algérie ne peut renoncer à ses principes politiques et à son droit de proclamer le principe de l'autodétermination, sans préjuger pour autant de sa position définitive quant à l'avenir de la région, que celle-ci devienne marocaine ou mauritanienne, qu'une partie aille au Maroc et une autre à la Mauritanie, l'essentiel pour nous est que le Sahara redevienne arabe et musulman."
Discours du président Boumediène aux cadres de la nation (le 19/6/75). Révolution Africaine (592) 27-3/7/1975, p. 19-34”
Houari Boumediene